10 cities that transfer you to the past

In this article — Review of the Ten not the most popular cities in Russian tourists who will postpone you in the past.

1. Virginia City, USA

National Monument in the Spirit of Victorian. The most famous of the miner cities of Nevada.

History: Founded in 1859, the settlement for the year became the center «Golden fever» and largest community region. Success The city is obliged to open the rich field of silver ore. Gold-killers from all over the world mined hundreds of millions of dollars from mines and tunnels. The prospectors wrote down expensive furniture, clothes. Silver Comstock Mine was as much as she had enough to finance the US government. These money were built cities. For example, San Francisco.

The co-owner of the site gained a nickname «pancake» (as it prepared only this dish for breakfast). Round out that he was lazy — he himself did not work, and for orders hired American Indians.

At the peak of development in a successful megalopolis, approximately 25,000 people lived. Among them — Mark Twain. The owners of numerous Salunov Mighty exploit this fact of his biography. And only on one of the buildings hangs the plate «Mark Twain never appeared here».

How to get: Located 35 miles southeast of Reno, in Nevada. Landmark: Virginia Range and Mountain Davidson.

When it is better to go: The city has a walk, so it is better to choose clear days with a temperature of 18-26 o C (characteristic of the end of June to mid-August).

What to pay attention to:

  1. Grant Ulisse Museum.
  2. The former editorial office of the newspaper (now in the building Museum Mark Twain).
  3. Saloon (for example, authentic «silver Dollar», in which domestic drinking). From the rear terrace overlooking Virginia City.
  4. Excursions on the tram, tractor or train. In 20 minutes you will tell you everything about the history of the city.

2. Luoyang, China

Cradle of Chinese civilization.

History: The oldest continuous populated city of Asia was built 4070 years ago and became the capital of 13 ancient dynasties of the Xia dynasty. The city is surrounded by beautiful mountains with Chinese Buddhist temples and monuments cut out on the slopes of the hills.

How to get: Luoyang is located on the Central Plain of China at the Merge Plate of the Luo River with the River and. The easiest way to get there by train (walks from most cities in China). Nearby city — Xian. From him in Luoyang follows high-speed express.

The caves and grots Lumen are located in sixteen kilometers south of Luoyang in the province of Henan, on the banks of the river and. Temples and gardens — 7-10 km. They walk buses from Luoyang.

When it is better to go: In the spring or autumn. In April, the annual festival of peonies is held in Luoyan Park Vancheng.

What to pay attention to:

  1. Temple of white horse — First Buddha Sanctuary in the country. Founded in 68 of our era. Many halls are separated by yards and well-kept gardens. total area — 13 hectares.
  2. Lumen Caves with Iskal Pictures, Calligraphic Casting and Works. In 2000m, included in the World Heritage Object.
  3. Garden Bai refers to Mausoleum by Bai Juyi — famous Chinese poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty.
  4. Loyan Museum with 1700 cultural relics in five exhibition halls.

3. Edinburgh, Scotland

City of castles, knights and their ghosts, Walter Scott and his characters. Edinburgh — UNESCO World Heritage Site. Therefore, modern buildings do not encroach on the space of the majestic buildings of the XII century. From vintage times the city is distinguished only by crowds of tourists in modern clothes yes cars.

History: Edinburgh reminds a gloomy theatrical scenery that the surrounding rocks and military history of the city complement. It is not easy to be the capital of an independent country, the center of education and science, when the British Empire is regularly attempted to freedom.

The Old Town is located on the castle rock, overlooking the surrounding plain. «New» The city was designed and built up between 1767 and 1833.

Victoria Street has become a place of pilgrimage of Harry Potter fans — she reminds them oblique alley. What are the owners of local shops and hang a sign «Magic Village store».

How to get: Located 640 km north of London, from which it can be reached by train or fly on the aircraft.

When it is better to go: If in London +25°C — In Scotland +10°C and blow shrill winds. In winter, the temperature in Edinburgh is rarely lowered below 1°C, and in the summer — Raises more than 20°C.
Most precipitation falls in January and October. The solar and warm period — from May to September.

July, August and late December — Peak of the tourist season and raising prices for hotels and air tickets. Nevertheless, August and December — Time of musical, book, national festivals. Therefore, if you are traveling for emotions and impressions — Focus on these seasons.

What to pay attention to:

  1. Edinburgh castle. Researchers found that the cliff was settled 3000 years ago.
  2. Royal Mile S «Land Market» and «Yolchka» residential neighborhoods.
  3. Cathedral of St. Giles and parliamentary square
  4. Gardens Princesses Street with the world’s first floral clock. Located between old and new cities on the site of the drained northern lake.
  5. Edinburgh Zoo in 1913 with the world famous Penguin colon.

4. Uglich, Yaroslavl region

Presumably Uglich founded in 937. Standing in the place of steep bend of the Volga in «corner» rivers aside from «Brothers» Golden Ring. This affects the level of service, and in the state of the city (a little further from the center is encountered with broken sidewalks, dust). But in this launch, the images of the Soviet times and the untubbing Russian province appear.

History: Because of the borderline location, the Uglich was repeatedly ruined and burned. And every time the city was revived, developed and built up.

Soviet builders of HPP flooded the Pokrovsky Monastery and demolished most of the temples, churches. Additional buildings of the XV-XIX centuries are partially preserved to this day. Preserved. The layout of the city center corresponds to the development plan at the time of the end of XVIII in.

How to get: bus from Moscow, Yaroslavl, Rybinsk, Myshkin. By car on Yaroslavl or Dmitrovskoye highway. In navigation — on the motor ship along the Volga.

When it is better to go: For visiting museums — Round year. For rest on the banks of the Volga — in the summer months. Climate — moderately continental, reminds Moscow.

What to pay attention to:

  1. Savior Transfiguration Cathedral with frescoes and stucco.
  2. Kremlin — One of the oldest in Russia. Here, with mysterious circumstances, the younger son of Ivan Grozny died, after which the Great Smoot began in Russia.
  3. At the site of Tsarevich, after 60 years, they set the temple of St. Dmitry.
  4. 10 Cities that transfer you to the past
  5. Museum of Russian Vodka or author’s doll (by interests).

5. Varanasi, India

One of the oldest continuously populated cities in the world. Sacred abode with mystical river and old buildings. For thousands of years, neither temples, nor the dishes, nor clothes of local residents have changed in the city. Except advertising gained.

History: settlement several thousand years, and found his god Shiva. So it or not — no longer check, but Varanasi refer to one of the seven sacred cities of India. Pilgrims believe that the deceased in Varanasi is freed from the cycle of births and deaths and go here from all over the country (cleanse karma in the Gang River. And there — if we get lucky).

Today’s Varanasi — Center for Aryan Religion, Training and Philosophy, Muslin Trade, Barchie and Silk Fabrics. Small temples are used for daily prayers and rituals of local residents, larger connected with Hindu history and mythology.

How to get: Airplane from Delhi or Mumbai. By bus from Uttar Pradesh cities or neighboring states. Train, car or taxi.

When it is better to go: from November to February. The average temperature of winter — 5 o C, but it is moved easier than exhausting summer heat.

What to pay attention to:

  1. The Temple of Durga (Cali), famous by flocks of monkeys and a statue that the goddess itself produced according to the legend.
  2. Legendary University. Mark Twain wrote about him: «Benaras older history, older traditions, older even legends and looks twice as older than all of them combined».
  3. Pre-register boat walks on the river gang.
  4. Fort Rnagar. Sample of the Great Mughal Architecture. Built by Raja Balvan Singh in 1750. Fort was home Maharaja and then — His children. Often used for filming movies. The museum on the territory of Fort shows rare collections of vintage cars from America, as well as products from ivory, sedans, gold and silver palanquins in the shape of a lotus and an elephant saddle. In the weapon hall you can look at swords and weapons from around the world.
  5. Tablet Village, in which locals produce silk sari Banarasi. These sari are known all over the world and inherent in the culture of the city.
  6. Jantar Mantar — Solar Observatory 1737 Buildings. On the territory there are tools used in ancient astronomy.

6. Chichen Itsa, Mexico

Maya city on Yucatan Peninsula. In 2007, recognized as a new miracle of light.

History: The sacred place was one of the greatest centers of Maya, and then Toltec. According to some sources, the city was founded at the beginning of the 400s of our era, but a number of scientists believe that construction began in the middle of the fifth century. By the 600th year of our Era of Chichen Iza became the Center for Maja Politics and Economics. He even had «Suburbs» — Small houses on the outskirts of the city. All buildings Chichen-Itsy tied the network 100 Sacbe — Potted roads and sidewalks (which was amazing taking into account the lack of such roads to Europe). It is believed that at the peak of a heyday in the city there were up to 90,000 people of various nationalities (including — immigrants from Central America).

How to get: Chichen Itza is 120 miles from the modern resort town of Cancun, in the north of the Mexican Peninsula Yucatan. Please note that the city is located in a different time zone. From October to April, less than an hour from time can. From April to October, the time is the same.

When it is better to go: from November to March. In the summer it becomes very hot, and in June it rains. At the end of November, there are no numerous crowds of tourists in the city, so the immersion in an ancient culture passes deeper.

The city opens at 8 am, it is better to come in advance to be among the first visitors. Either come after 15:00 when tourist groups are gone.
Separate adventure — Visiting the city at night. At this time, omnipresent souvenir sellers do not stick to you, there are no crowds of tourists in the city, and a light show is broadcast on the Pyramid of El Castilio.

On Sundays, Mexico citizens are allowed in Chichen Iza for free, so in the city more visitors than on other days of the week.

What to pay attention to:

  1. El Castillo («lock», Kukulkan temple) — 30-Timest Pyramid in honor of the Pernomate Snake deity Maya. In 2016, inside her found a smaller pyramid.
  2. Las Monhas — Government building.
  3. Big Senot (sacred well or source). Located in the northern part of Chichen-Itsi. Presumably, the place of sacrifices. During the excavation of the soil, precious artifacts made of gold, turquoise and jade, as well as human remains with traces of wounds.
  4. Big yard for playing ball, temple warriors (pyramid) with sculptural decorations — Characteristic buildings of meso-American architecture.
  5. Steam bath: included a water bath and a steam chamber, operating with heated stones.
  6. Sacbe — One of the crucible streets of the city with a length of about 270 meters.
  7. Group of thousands of columns. Presumably, they supported a large roof.
  8. Karakol — Round Star Observatory with Screw Stairs.

7. Sigishoara, Romania

Place of birth of Vlad Charesh, also known as Dracula. One of the oldest and best of all preserved residential citades in Europe. UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History: The city founded the Saxon merchants who arrived in the region at the invitation of the Hungarian king. Citadel erected from 1100 to 1500 years. Transylvanian Saksa built a city on the ruins of the Roman fortress. Saxon traders turned to Sigishoar in the fortress with towers and guns — And even now the landscape is quite impressive. The hour tower that served as a defensive structure towers over the ominous horizon, dyed with teeth and needle spiers.

How to get: The city is located 300 km north of Bucharest and 115 km from Brasov.

When it is better to go: late spring, summer or early autumn.

At the end of June, the annual medieval festival is held in the Citadel, cascaders, knights and «Dear masters».

What to pay attention to:

  1. An hourly tower of the XIV century with a sightseeing platform and a historical museum. At the base of the tower there is a Museum of Medieval Weapons. From the side of the citadel on the tower, the scenes of the allegory of the world, justice, as well as the statues of two angels representing the day and night. From the side of the Nizhny city there is a dial with a group of seven digits, denoting days of the week.
  2. Square — Central vessels and campaign witches.
  3. Place of birth count of the Dracula — The infamous ruler, inspired Bram Stoker to create the same novel. Some castles of Romania are considered his inefficient mistaken — and local guides are in no hurry to dispel these legends.
  4. Rattle Tower, Protecting Northwestern Walls Citadel. Side of her Lives a caretaker of an evangelical cemetery.
  5. Church of the Dominican Monastery (XIII century). Known by a carved altar of the era of the revival of transylvania, the eastern carpets and the current body of the XVII century, next to which the statue of Vlad Charesh is installed. Bronze Fike for baptism was cast in Sigishoare in 1440.
  6. Covered staircase — connects the upper citadel with an area, dates back to 1642. Wooden canopies and walls were built in order for students to get to school in the church, even in bad weather when snow lay on Earth.
  7. Reserve Breith with meadows and pastures, among which rages and oaks grow (some of them — 800 years).

eight. Rothenburg-Ob der Tauber, Germany

History: The peasant war of 1525 and the thirty-year war of the century later plunged the prosperous imperial Rothenburg-Ob der Tauber in poverty. Construction stopped, and at home remained intact — After the wars, the population fell twice. Development stopped by leaving the city with the heritage of the well-preserved buildings of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

The bombing of the Allies of the USSR inflicted Rotenburg serious damage. After World War II, connoisseurs of history conducted a detailed reconstruction of the city. Germans and representatives of other countries participated.

Now Rothenburg looks almost like four hundred years ago and embodies the image of medieval Bavaria. The city was recreated so well that evidence of destruction will be seen, except experts in the field of history and reconstruction.

How to get: Rothenburg is located on a romantic road from Würsberg to Füssen (in which there is a medieval castle Neuschwestin), approximately 416 km from Berlin. Here you can drive by train, bus or car.

When it is better to go: Round year.

In the summer, visitors admire architecture in winter — Christmas lights. The city looks like a foreign postcard of the beginning of the XX century.

Visit Rotenburg is possible «one day», Therefore, the crowds of the people are walking down the streets. The best way to enjoy the city’s atmosphere — stay the night. To feel silence that comes when shops are closed, buses are sent, and the crowds of people return home.

What to pay attention to:

  1. Rorthsk Gate and Tower of the Urban Wall of Rothenburg with a sightseeing platform.
  2. Rarerskaya Arch 1200 g of construction
  3. Ratstranchtube. In old times — Restaurant for city council members. In the XVII century, the clock was installed on the building that still act. From 11:00 to 15:00, and from 20:00 to 22:00 two windows open with figures that show the scene of the legendary rescue of the city of Burgomistrome.
  4. Fortress garden with a sightseeing site on the southern part of Rothenburg.
  5. Klinkovaya Tower. Served the role of defense and water constructions.

nine. Angkor, Cambodia

Archaeological park with a length of more than 500 acres on an area of ​​150 square miles. In English, rarely move on foot — Tourists take a bike or hire a tuk-tuk.

History: The mysterious city of the building of the XII century was the capital of the Empire Khmer and in many ways exceeded his time. Scientists have found that Angkor had a complex network of drainage and filing, developed infrastructure connecting temples.

How to get: Nearest (and largest) city — Siem Rip. It can be reached by bus or plane. Angkor Wat is 5.5 km away— It is easy to get on foot or on a bike.

When it is better to go: In the dry season from the end of November to the beginning of April.

What to pay attention to:

  1. Angkor Wat in the predestal clock and at sunset. The sky paints merge and «Play» with sunbeams.
  2. Detailed bas-reliefs of deities on the walls of the temples.
  3. National Museum Angkor with a collection of relics of an ancient empire
  4. The temple of Angkor Wat, whose area is compared with the Vatican.

ten. Pompeii, Italy

History: Ancient Roman city has been preserved to our days due to the six-meter layer of Vesuviya. The volcanic eruption occurred in 79.NS. The first excavations of the city began in the middle of the XVIII century. Later archaeologists found that empty space was formed on the site of people and animals. Scientists filled «Dips» plaster and recreated poses of the dead.

How to get: from Naples along the coast of Amalfi approximately once in half an hour a special train. You can sit on it along the way or at the Central Station of Naples.

The trip takes about an hour, the ticket costs 4-5 euros. Entrance ticket to the city — about 15 euros. Arrival station is near the excavation area.

When it is better to go: in spring, summer, at the beginning of autumn. From June to August, the air heats up to + 35 o C, without water and sun protection tools Walk through the stone dusty city will be extremely tedious. At Pompeii, it is advisable to allocate all day.

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