10 most famous Cubans
To list the leaders of the Caribbean countries, in 99 cases out of 100 you will hear Fidel’s names and Raoul Castro. And, in general, all. Cuban revolution and the Caribbean crisis that followed it was one of the key events of the 20th century, so it is quite logical that its leaders know the whole planet.
But the Castro brothers and Che Guevara are not the only famous representatives of Cuba, just fame of other famous Cubans are not so comprehensive. Or their activities, like Andy Garcia, are not associated by the majority with the "Island of Freedom". Let’s get acquainted closer to the top of the "most-most" Cubans.
ten. Guillermo Cabrera
Cuban writer, essurah and journalist Guillermo Cabrera not very well known to the general public. Nevertheless, his work is quite interesting and unusual. Cabrera works are characterized by "jazzness" of rhythms and compositions, bright grotesque, widespread use of Havana slang and colorful descriptions of the nightlife of the Cuban capital in the pre-area. Founder and the first head of the Havana Cinema.
nine. Andy Garcia
Andres Arturo Garcia Menendes, a better known worldwide as Andy Garcia, took the ninth place only because he is primarily an American actor, director and producer, and already in the second – a native of Cuba. But it would be very unfair to throw it out of the rating, because it is fame and popular with many other applicants for the title "The most famous Cuban".
Andy’s vital filmography, yes, you yourself will certainly remember a lot of films with actor participation. For example, the "Great Father 3", "What to do the Dead in Denver", "Eleven friends of Owen" or "Ghostbusters".
eight. Alicia Alonso
Alicia Alonso was born in the 1920s in Havana. Ballet The youngest of four children from Spain, who moved to Cuba, began at eleven age. Girl taught the art of ballet Nikolai Yavorsky, a leaving from Russia. Among the teachers of Alias Alonso were other representatives of Russian emigration, to the state of the dancer Alexander Fedorov.
Moreover, the first success of young ballerina was also in some way connected with Russia. Let it be in the Havan scene, but the first enough modest fame of the twelve-year-old dancer brought execution of the Solo of the Blue Bird in the "Sleeping Beauty" Tchaikovsky. Alicia Alonso created the national ballet Cuba and engaged in pedagogical activities, teaching young cubes of ballet mastery.
7. José Raul Kapablanca
José Kapablanca – the legendary Cuban chess player of the first half of the twentieth century, the author of a variety of works on the theory of chess and the third world champion in chess, holding the champion title for six years, from 1921 to 1927. For eight years, from 1916 to 1924, Jose did not lose any party, earning the nickname "Chess Avtomat".
Many experts believe that the champion title of Capablanca lost in many ways in its fault. Alekhin, who made the title of world champion in the Cuban chess player, was considered a weaker player. This opinion confirmed the results of previous matches. However, Cuban, unlike a competitor, never prepared for competitions and did not study the tactics of the enemy, for which he paid.
6. Teofilo Stevenson
Theofilo Stevenson, a native of the city of Puerto-Padre Cuban Province of Las Tunas, became one of the three three-time Olympic world champions in boxing. By the way, in the triple of triple champions there is another cubinet – Felix Savon, also six times the world champion among fans boxers.
After the Olympics’76 producer Don King (USA) offered a two million dollars athlete for moving to professional boxing and a fight with Mohammed Ali. For Cuban revenues two million – a large amount. Understanding that by taking the King’s offer, he will forever close the path to his homeland, Stevenson refused. "I prefer the love of 8 million Cubans with 2 million dollars," answered the athlete to offer a producer, which raised his ranking inside the country to heaven.
5. Fulchensio Batista
Most people of Batista are known exclusively in the context of the events of the Cuban Revolution. Ruben Fulchensio Batista and Saldivar – a typical representative of the classic Latin American junta. He was the actual military leader of the Caribbean from 1933 to 1940 and held the presidential chair from 1940 to 1944, from 1952 to 1954 and from 1954 to 1959, until Fidel Castro and his "beardes". During this time, he managed to arrange two coups with a difference of two dozen years, in 1933 and 1952.
Batiste failed to neither pull out the country’s economy from the deep systemic crisis, despite the financial support of the United States, nor improve the life of the people, most of which were on the verge or beyond poverty. The result was natural – ended up the batter mode fell. After the fall in the regime, the dictator left Cuba with mostly the country’s gold reserves and the residue of life spent in emigration.
4. Arnaldo Tamayo Mendes
The Pilot of the Cuban Air Force Arnaldo Mendez became not only the first Cuban cosmonaut, but also the first person of African origin and the first Latin American, who saved the shackles of earthly attraction.
In September 1980, Mendez and Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko came to the near-Earth orbit on the "Union-38" and held in space almost eight days, having completed 124 turns around our planet. Subsequently, Mendez headed the Cuban version of DOSAAF, became a brigade general and held high positions in the Air Force and the Ministry of Defense of Cuba.
3. Raoul Castro
Raoul Castro, the current head of state, until recently was in the shadow of his older brother. He also participated in the 1959 revolution, after which the post of military minister was held for half a century. Raul Modesto Castro Rus took over the leadership of the Caribbean country in 2006 and picked up a course for liberalization, both political and economic.
2. Ernesto Che Guevara
Ernesto Che Guevara is not less famous than Fidel Castro, a long-term ruler of Cuba. Let the Comanthand of the Cuban Revolution be born in Argentina, and died in Bolivia, but most of his conscious life was connected with the "Freedom Island".
After his tragic death, the commandant, he is not surprising, became a legend not only among the left all over the planet, but also in the "World of Public". But if for the first he is a folk hero and a flame revolutionary, then capitalism, against whom Ernesto fought all his life, turned it into a popular brand.
1. Fidel Castro Rus
Fidel Castro has become one of the most iconic figures of the XX century. For some, he was almost a representative of the devil on Earth, for others – the hero of the "Island of Freedom" before the many times superior to the forces of imperialist US (albeit with the help of the "Big Brother" from Ocean). In any case, Fidel was a bright and extraordinary person who managed to make almost impossible.
Having dried by corruption and rotting the batter mode, Castro received a tiny island country with scarce resources and an economic blockade stretching for many decades by the United States.
In 1961, the Cuban leader allowed the Soviet Union to accommodate strategic nuclear missiles in Cuba, which, on the one hand, helped protect the conquest of the revolution and strengthen the geopolitical position of the USSR, and on the other hand, it put the whole world on the edge of the nuclear war.
Fidel’s activities are also ambiguous. On the one hand, he managed to provide Cubans a rather high level of social protection, high-quality education and world-class medicine, and on the other – the level of income of the population is extremely low.