10 most famous Egyptians
History of Egypt is 6000 years of development of civilization. During this time, Egypt gave rise to an insane number of great rulers, religious figures, scientists and other famous people. All of them are worthy of attention of our respected readers, but our rating is not rubber, and I had to choose the 10 most. These people built important attractions of Egypt, you will see them on advertising posters and souvenirs during a trip. They are better to know in the face and have an idea of their achievements and heritage.
IMHOTEP (XXVII century BC.NS.)
The most famous scientist and architect of ancient Egypt
Why on this list: Everyone knows, as the image is very actively used in mass culture
Why only 10th place: people know not himself, but an image
He was the main priest of the RA God and the main adviser with Pharaoh Joser from the III dynasty. He is one of the few figures of ancient Egypt, which was deified, and Immechapa wanted as the God of Medicine.
It was Imhotep that built the first Egyptian pyramid, erecting several MastaB on each other. This first pyramid is called "Stage Pyramid of Joser" and is located in Sakcara’s necropolis 25 kilometers south of modern Cairo. Surprisingly, she was well preserved outwardly, although inside was relieved in the first transition period.
Russians almost unknown real scientist Imhotep, we better know his artistic images. Most of all it glorified three pieces of the film "Mummy". Photo above – Frame from this movie. What a real imheotep looked like, it’s hard to say. We have only statues of the period of the new kingdom, which is unlikely to reliably depict it.
The tomb of Imhats was never found, and probably, we still expect a loud archaeological discovery associated with his name.
Mohammed Ali Egyptian (XVIII-XIV century n.NS.)
The most famous ruler of Egypt of the new time
Why on this list: His role in the history of Egypt is huge, his reforms were for the country "jump" forward
Why only the 9th place: In the mass consciousness, his famous boxer Casius Glue, who took the name of Mohammed Ali
Mohammed Ali Pasha was an officer of the Army of the Ottoman Empire, when he arrived in Egypt in 1798. He was sent here with a small detachment as a reinforcement in the war with Napoleon. In war with the French, Mohammed Ali did not succeed, but began to do a political career in Egypt. By 1905 he was prescribed by the governor of all Egypt.
But this for Mohammed Ali Pasha was a little, he was already tolerated the reform plan. In 1830, Egypt ceased to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire and began to defend independence. In his rule, the reforms of the army and the management were carried out, which made Egypt modern for their time. Egypt has become actually independent, although nominally considered part of the Ottoman Empire.
In our country, Mohammed Ali Egyptian know badly, so he has a total of 9th place in this list. Visiting Mosque Mohammed Ali – Mandatory part of any excursion to Cairo.
Rudolf Hesse (XX century)
German Politician, National Socialist
Why on this list: and you might think he is an Egyptian?
Why only the 8th place: not so he and the Egyptian
The faithful companion of Hitler and one of the founders of the National Socialist Party in Germany. Rudolf Hes was born in Egypt in Alexandria in 1894. In Egypt, he conducted his previous childhood, and then returned back to Switzerland.
We do not know how the Egyptian environment affected him. We hope that Egypt did not participate in the formation of his worldview.
Rudolf Gess became famous for the fact that the plane sat down in 1941 and flew from Germany to England. At that moment the countries have long been in a state of war. Why did he do it and what he wanted to achieve? We still do not know, as all documents are classified as British intelligence. Hitler declared him crazy and traitor. In 2017, they must declare these documents, then we will find out the truth.
Gamal Abdel Nasser (XX century)
Egyptian President (1954-1970), Hero of the Soviet Union
Why on this list: The most active leader of modern Egypt
Why only 7th place: we don’t know him so well
In the middle and late 60s, Gamal Abdel Nasser became the hero of jokes in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and the star of the Hero of the USSR. The Soviet people could not understand this step, and this misunderstanding was expressed in a satirical form.
For Egypt, it was a real hero. Gamal Abdel Nasser was a very skilled politician, he masterfully played world leaders like puppets. As a result of his rule, the Soviet Union built a large hydroelectric power station for Egypt in the city of Aswan almost free. The countries of the Warsaw Agreement were supplied by Egypt weapons of the newest samples at low prices and with deferred payments.
Nasser led Egypt during two Arab-Israeli wars 1956 and 1967, and both wars were extremely unsuccessful. Nasser turned out to be a good politician, but not the most skillful commander. In honor of him in Egypt, dozens of streets and reservoirs are named.
Pharaoh Ramses II (XIII century BC.NS.)
3rd pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Why on this list: Pharaoh, who ruled Egypt 66 years old – this is a record
Why only the 6th place: he is known to the Russians, but not as good as the following characters
Pharaoh Ramses II lived 90 years, and 66 of them he was the ruler of Egypt. He had 6 official wives, and God knows how many concubines. The number of his children historians are calculated so far, and the figure has already switched the mark 100. It is called Ramses II Great.
Tourists Ramses II is known for the famous Temple Abu-Simbel, who was transferred by scientists to a new place during the construction of the Asuan dam. It is assumed that it was Ramses II was the pharaoh of the outcome. The last fact is not proven, but in time everything converges. He smashed heights in the battle of Kadeshe, conquered his china and Syria.
In the mass culture of Pharaoh Ramses II, the last time appeared in the film "Exodus: kings and gods", in the cartoon "Prince of Egypt" he acts as one of the main characters. And, of course, he heads the Nation of Egyptians in the Sid Meier’s Civilization Series Games.
Pharaoh Heops (XXVI century BC.NS.)
2nd Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Why on this list: his pyramid knows everything
Why only 5th place: We know the pyramid, but very little knows about him
Hope’s pyramid is known to everyone, but few readers can say something about him. It is rare about him in writing sources, and the funeral temple near the pyramid is almost no preserved. Its only image is a small statuette size of only 7.5 centimeters, found in one of the temples in ABIDOS. You can see this statuette in the photo above.
But it was his pyramid at the time of construction that became the highest construction on Earth and remained such more than four thousand years. The Board of Cheops – Apogus of the Development of Egypt during the ancient kingdom.
Tsarina Nefertiti (XIV century BC.NS.)
Pharaoh Ehnaton’s spouse from XVII dynasty
Why on this list: Known legends about their beauty
Why only 4th place: She did not accomplish something important for her life
It is amazing as a wife who has not accomplished anything important for his life, ahead of her husband’s popularity – the great religious reformer of Egypt.
Pharaoh Ehnaton conducted an important reform in Egypt – he introduced the worship of the One God Athon, that is, introduced monotheism. The reform was "with slipping", which we will not talk in detail now. Ehnaton would be wonderful everything, but he had no heir. And his wife Nefertiti gave birth to him 6 daughters and not a single son. The probability of such a coincidence – 1 to 64.
After the death of Nefertiti Tsaritsa on the 13th or 14th year of the Board of Ehnaton, Pharaoh married his daughter, but the heir was not born. Incest did not bring anyone to the good. After the death of Ehnaton himself, his name was given to the oblivion of Amon Priests, previously persecuted.
But, the memory of Nefertiti itself remained in centuries, as about one of the most beautiful women of Ancient Egypt.
Sultan Saladin (XII century H.NS.)
The most famous ruler of Egypt in the Middle Ages
Why on this list: This is a hero of any book or film about crusades
Why only 3rd place: he has more famous competitors
For the first time mentioned in classical English literature Walter Scott, Sultan Saladin (Salah Ad-Dean) became a symbol – the main enemy of the crusader knights.
Later, his image began to appear in any works concerning crusades. And no matter what period. In most cases, the authors confuse his actual lifetime, and in works he fights with all the crusaders, from the very first to the last. The last loud appearance of this character in the mass culture is the film "Kingdom of Heaven" director Ridley Scott. The role of Sultan Saladina performed the Syrian actor Gassan Massouse.
It was Sultan Saladin that built a Cairo citadel, which has long become a mandatory part of the excursion program in Cairo. Also tourists he is familiar in the fortress of his name near the resort of Taba on the Sinai Peninsula.
Pharaoh Tutankhamon (XIV century BC.NS.)
The most famous pharaoh of ancient Egypt
Why on this list: His name I know almost all Russians
Why only 2nd place: He became famous for quite by chance
It is amazing! Pharaoh Tutankhamam actually did not rule Egypt. He nominally joined the throne at the 10th age, regacts ruled for him. In 19 years he died, and it is unclear exactly exactly what. Perhaps he died, falling from the chariot on the hunt, and maybe from illness. He was so quickly prepared for the burial that poured mummy oil. At the time of extraction, the mummy was badly damaged, and it is not possible to determine the cause of death.
He became famous for the occasion. Almost all tombs in the valley of the kings were looted back in antiquity, and only one archaeologists found almost untouched, it was the tomb of Tutankhamon. Its content was found intact and is kept now in the Cairo Museum. The most famous find in the tomb is a funeral mask made of gold and weighing more than 10 kilograms. This mask is depicted on a coin 1 Egyptian pound.
In Russia, he is very famous thanks to the song Rock Group "Nautilus Pompilius". Remember, "True always alone. Pharaoh said it, he was very smart, and he was called Tutankhamon for it ". We love Vyacheslav Butusov for "candidate", for the "Titanic", for the "wings", but the lyrics about Tutankhamone – Full Belibard.
Cleopatra (I century BC.NS.)
The most famous government of Egypt
Why 1 place: She knows everything
Feminists, rejoice! First place in the list of the most famous Egyptians occupies a woman. This is not our whim, it really is.
In the royal kind of Ptolemyev, all men were called Ptolemy, and all women were Cleopatrami. Correctly call a woman known to us as "Cleopatra VII". She reigned at the Egyptian throne at the moment when the country had affected by Rome. Her whole life was associated with the Romans. She consisted in a civil marriage with Julia Caesar, and even gave birth to him. After the murder of Caesar, she married the Roman commander Mark Anthony and gave birth to him three children. After the defeat of Anthony, the queen broke up with life, giving biting himself a snake.
The image of Cleopatra has always been Oweyan Romance, which has become insanely popular in mass culture. He is written dozens of literary works, and it appears in dozens of films.
Dozens of objects – Laguna, Islands, Bays and Beaches are named after Egypt resorts. In Hurghada there is a single nudist beach, and it is called "Cleopatra Beach". In Charm El Sheikh in her honor, there is a gorgeous hotel 5 stars, and even the Water Park "Cleo Park". The most famous cigarettes in Egypt are called "Cleopatra". Among Russian tourists are also known "Poland Poland" in Turkey.
The legitimate first place occupies the queen Cleopatra.
– Many of the characters from this article are depicted on Egyptian coins and banknotes. Who exactly, look at the article "What Money in Egypt";
– About those such modern Egyptians by origin, read in our article "Population of Egypt".
Read the other articles about Egypt (Links below).
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My opinion that Nefertiti should be on the first. Or on the second. But the 4th is too little.
I wanted to express my opinion, I think the 1st place should take Mohammed Salah First in the history of the football player who won the Champions League was the best scorer of the APL and Liverpool! It is the achievements of the whole Egypt country and it should take 1st place!!
Alexander – Glavred site
Salah know. In the next version of the ranking, it will appear. At what place? Do not know.