10 most poisonous snakes in the world
Habitat: Australia, New Guinea.
What snake the most poisonous? This question takes not only bloggers on Yandex.Zen ", but also scientists. Top 10 among land reptiles tops Tipan. The most dangerous snake in the world is 50 times more poisonous than Cobra, and 10 times – than a rattling snake.
In 2018, the Specialists of the Australian Park Reptiles have extended from one individual of this type of 3,1027 g poison, which is twice as many second doses. Scientists calculated that One bite Typan can kill 100 people . In the Australian state of Queensland, where Tapanen most, every second bite dies.
Even in the city: Mesh Brown Snake
Habitat: Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia.
In the list of the most dangerous land reptiles, a mesh brown snake is only inferior to Tapane. But if the latter prefers to settle away from people, This reptile can be found near the farms and even in an urban feature . Cause – a diet consisting mainly of rodents.
Where only reptile is not closed in search of food! And since she hunts the day, in Australia, it accounts for most victims of snake bite. The first in the attack is not rushed, but if it is disturbed, let his weapon.
From the sea: Snake Belcher
Habitat: Indian ocean water.
One of the most dangerous snakes in the world is rightfully considered the serpent of the leather, she is the most poisonous sea snake. One of her bite can kill up to 1000 people!
It is known that poison of sea snakes has a greater toxicity than land . All because cold-blooded animals, which include fish, are sensitive to poison less warm-blooded.
A man suffers from the bite of the snake whiter rarely. First, reptile peace-loving. She prefers their weapon to use during hunting. Secondly, if the most dangerous snake of water depths still applies poison as self-defense, it allocates only a quarter of its "stocks".
The fastest in the world: Black Mamba
Large, poisonous, aggressive and cruel snake from the family of Mamba is a thunderstorm of the continent and is one of the most poisonous in the world. And she listed in the Guinness Book as the fastest. Black Mamba can move at a speed of 18 km / h, which is approximately equal to the average running speed of the trained person.
One bite her usually little. She prefers to finish the victim and therefore injected several servings of poison, introducing from 100 to 400 mg. Man to die, just 15 mg.
Poison of black mamba is not only fatal weapon, but also powerful anesthetic. French biologists have used one of its key components – toxic Mamblegina proteins – for the manufacture of analgesics. He is stronger than morphine and does not cause addiction.
Non-conflict: Tiger Snake
Habitat: Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.
One bite of tiger snake is enough to kill 400 people! Fortunately, Reptilia Peacewave, and I don’t have much poison to spend him wasted. Seeing the danger, she prefers to wage. Never crashes in the dwelling and generally prefers to stay away from person by resorting to his weapon only as self-defense.
To annoy the tiger snake, you must first notice her, and Reptile – the masking master. Skin coloring is completely dependent on the season and the environment and can be brown, orange, gray, green or black.
Small but dangerous: sandy efa
Habitat: India, North African countries, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan.
According to experts from the University of Melbourne, from the bites of sandy efa, Gadyuk Russell and their kindred species dies more people than from the bites of Australian reptiles. For example, The bite of this small snake, the length of which is usually 50-60 cm, is enough to kill five people .
Consequently, the most poisonous snakes in the world live not in Australia, but in Africa and Southeast Asia.
Very beautiful: two-color pelamic
Habitat: Water of Indian and Pacific Oceans.
One of the most poisonous snakes is also considered one of the most beautiful. For people, Reptil attacks exclusively as self-defense, but if it bits, it is certainly. Her poison is able to kill three people.
On the example of a two-color pelamide, a group of scientists from the USA, Australia and France found that Sea snakes can do without water up to seven months . Biologists have observed the reptiles for three years and found that they quench the thirst only with fresh water, the marine does not drink. When the "drought" comes, use the body reserves, losing up to 25% of body weight.
The largest: royal cobra
Habitat: South and Southeast Asia.
Royal Cobra is considered the largest poisonous snake in the world. It usually grows up to 3-4 m, but separate copies can reach 5 m.
Cobra – one of the main enemies of other reptiles. She enters the fight even with the longest serpent representative – Mesh Piton (6-7 m). However, in this case, both: Python – from poison, Cobra – from suffocation.
After the bite of the royal cobra, a person can die after 15 minutes, but deaths are rare. Firstly, this snake is distinguished by extreme patience and, if it is not provoked, herself will slip away. Secondly, most often, trying to scare away a person, the royal cobra bites, not injecting poison. After all, he will come in handy her for hunting.
Do not confuse with this: Violek ordinary
Habitat: Europe, Asia, including Russia.
Most of the ordinary viper gives a zigzag pattern on the back. Biologists from the University of Yuyvasyulyu in Finland proved that it does not simply signal predators: "Caution!Depending on the situation, the pattern can help stay unnoticed, scare the enemy or go away from persecution.
This skillfully uses water unlike any danger. For the external similarity with ordinary violence they are often confused. Nevertheless, there are a few differences: water has an olive, brown or greenish color, dark spots on the back, placed in a checkerboard, reddish or yellow belly with black spots.
Viper lives almost throughout Russia: in the fields, swamps, in mixed forests, on the shores of the reservoirs.
Not visible, but I heard: Hardening snake
Habitat: Southeast Asia, South and North America, Russia.
The most poisonous snakes in the world also includes reptiles with "ratchet" on the tail – such are called real rats. In the process of hunting, they frighten the enemies with a loud crash, which, when vibration, makes a special process at the end of the tail. Sound ratchet is heard from a distance of 30 m.
Between the nostrils and eyes of the rattling snake there are two fiber-thermal imager. With their help, the snake feels the difference in the body temperature of the environment and its potential victim. It is because of this fossa that the subfamily is called "Jambol". In Russia, the name "Harm".
Total rattle snakes more than 120 species, and their poisonousness is different. So, two types: an ordinary and eastern shielding – found in our country. Their bite is considered painful, but not fatal. Giant in the family of jetty – Bushmester, is considered the largest among the poisonous snakes of America. Its length – up to 3.6 m. The opposite is the chain dwarf destroyer, its length is only 50-80 cm.
For physicians, a terrible ratty is of particular interest. In early 2020, scientists from the Institute Butanhan in Sao Paulo developed a method that reduces the toxicity of the main component of its poison – Crotoxin to use as an anesthesia.