10 seats in Helsinki, who will not show "batch" tourists
Walking through a narrow shopping streets, clamped between laconic, strict modern buildings, tourists complain about the lack of attractions. Basically, in the capital of Finland come for one day to make stylish purchases in the design quarter and try dishes of local cuisine, after which they are sent to other Scandinavian countries or return to Russia. Meanwhile, the sights of the city are not only the street Alexandankatu, Senatskaya Square with the Cathedral and the Market Square. If you collapse from the tourist trail, Helsinki will pleasantly surprise the beauty of sea landscapes and a pacifying atmosphere, and photographs against the backdrop of little-known sights will decorate the profile in Instagram.
Unfortunately, see the most interesting places Helsinki will not work as part of the excursion group – most of them are outside the center. To view all the attractions from the list, it is most convenient to purchase a pass for 2-3 days and use comfortable public transport.
Bastion system of fortifications of the XVIII century, also known as Sveaborg (“Swedish fortress”), is located on seven islands in three kilometers south of the market square. The fortress was erected after the end of the Russian-Swedish war in 1743 and initially served as the main base of the Army Fleet. In 1808, Sveaborg seized the troops of the Russian army, and a year later, Finland entered the Russian Empire, and the fortress began to be used to protect Helsingfors and approaches to Petrograd from a possible German invasion. In 1917, the independence of Finland was proclaimed, after which Swaveborg was renamed Suomenlinna – “Finnish fortress”. Until the end of World War II, the fortress was used for its intended purpose, then it was abandoned. In 1973, Suomenlinna received the status of the Helsinki district, and in 1991 it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The main attractions of the islands are the remnants of fortress structures, the royal gate, vintage cannons and bunkers, resembling hobbit houses. No less interesting museums Suomenlinna, wooden residential buildings of the XIX century and the church, on the site of which once stood the Orthodox church. And on coastal stones still preserved “Autographs” Fortress inhabitants cut over 150 years ago.
How to get
From the pier near the market square from 6:00 am to 2:20 Nights regularly walk ferries with the inscription “Suomenlinna – Sveaborg”, which are included in the city transport service Helsinki. You can buy a ticket to the fortress with turnover for 5€ Or take advantage of travel. The ferry route and departure time are displayed in Google Maps. Entrance to the territory of the fortress is free.
Wallisaari Island was known for navigators long before the foundation of Helsinki due to a pond with fresh water. The first buildings appeared here in the XVIII century – Wallesaari then was used to serve Svealection. On the island of grazing cattle, cut off the forest on the firewood and gained fresh water in the lake. Soon in the north-western part of Wallisaari settled Lotsmans, which spent ships through the strait of Kustanmikek. The defensive structures on the island were absent – that is why in 1808 the troops of the Russian army easily captured Walisaari and fired from him Sveaborg. Since then, the Russians have repeatedly used the island for military purposes. When Finland gained independence, the Finnish military artillery placed here. At the same time, more than 300 people lived on Wallisaari, who were engaged in agriculture. On the island there were a school, a shop and even a squaut’s squad and a dramah, but over time, people began to move to cities. In 1996, the last residents left Walisaari. Until 2013, the island belonged to the Defense forces of Finland, then was transferred to the main forest management. In 2016, the island took the first tourists.
Now Walisaari can visit every wishes: here you can see the lake, the dwellings of Lotsmanov, the remains of the fortress and the vintage cannons. From the observation deck there is a beautiful view of Suomenlinna. Wallisaari Island is connected by sandy oblique with the island of Kuninkaanceari, where the remains of vintage fortress structures are also preserved.
How to get
The small passenger vessel of JT-Line runs between the main jet of Wallinisaari Island and the market square several times a day from May 1 to September 30. Ticket worth 10€ Valid within one day and allows you to visit three islands at once: Lonna, Suomenlinna and Vallesaari. Staying on each island is not limited.
Helsinki was founded in 1550 by the Swedish king Gustav Vaz. Then the city center was located at the mouth of the Vantaa River – in the northwestern part of the modern Finnish capital. In 1647, a port was built at the Cape Vironnia, and the city began to grow around him, and Vanhakaukuka (“Old city”) came to the launch. The buildings of the XVI-XVII centuries to this day did not preserve, but this place is one of the most picturesque in Helsinki. Where the Vantaa River is divided into two sleeves, a powerful artificial waterfall is built. On one bank of the river there is a hydroelectric station here, and on the other – the mill. The shores of Vantaa are interconnected by a bridge from which beautiful views are opening.
Another attraction of Vanhakaukukunka – Technical Museum, founded in the middle of the XIX century. His exhibits tell the history of the development of equipment and industry in Finland. Now it is possible to interactive interaction with many exhibits: for example, you can ride on an old elevator and twist the dial dial.
How to get
Not far from the main attractions of Vanhakaukuka there is a stop “Tekniikan Museo”, to which you can take the bus number 55, 57 or 78. Most likely, it will have to go with transfers, therefore it is most convenient to purchase a ticket for zone A and in. You can also take a tram number 6 or 8 to the Arabianranta stop and walk to Vanhakaukunka in the path, running along the bay and elite residential buildings. Ticket price in Technical Museum – 8€. For children, retirees and students there are discounts. On Thursdays admission is free.
4. Tokoinranta and Kaisaniemi (Kaisaniemi)
In the heart of Helsinki, on the shore of Elyatarhankhanlachti (ELäINTARHANKAHTI), is located the city park of Tokochnrant. The park was created in the 1960s and was named after a prominent politician Finland Oskari Tokoy. Enjoying the views of the bay with a large boat parking lot and the house of workers on the opposite shore, here you can truly relax from the city bustle. Urban residents ride here on bikes and scooters, some walking friendly dogs. There is a playground, a restaurant and a complimentary toilet in the park. In the warm season, SapSerfers train here.Also on the territory of the park is the city theater.
Kaisaniei Park is opposite the apentrant. Almost all of its territory occupies the Botanical Garden of the University of Helsinki with a glass greenhouse of the XIX century. Another sight of the park – “Mason’s grave”, Where is buried Swedish royal knight Fredrik Grantenhelm (1708-1784). The southern part of the park decorates an artificial square pond. Kaisaniemenlahti Bay (Kaisaniemenlahti), on the shores of which is located Park Kaisaniy, smoothly goes to Elyatarhankhanlahti. From the west side, the bay crosses the railway, harmoniously inscribed in the city landscape.
How to get
Next to the Tokochnrant Park there are metro station and tram stops and bus stops, all are called the same – “Hakaniemi”. In Kaisani Park closer to stop “KaisaniemenPuisto”, where the tram also stops and the bus. Next to each park there is a car parking, but if time allows time, more interesting to reach from one park on foot to another on cozy embankments and pedestrian bridges.
5. Tolo (TööLö)
Cozy, quiet area is located on the west coast of the mainland Helsinki. It is here that a huge number of attractions are concentrated, but tourist groups usually show only a monument to the composer Jan Sibelius. Start a walk along Tolo best from the Palace of Congresses, which stands on the shore of Tiolonlachti Bay (TööLönlahti). Then it is necessary to see the amazing building of the Finnish National Museum, but those who are interested in history can be bought. The exposition of the museum is small, but very interesting: a lot of interactive, ancient exhibits can be torn with hands.
Next to the museum is the Church of Tempeliaukio, cut down in the rock in the 1960s. It is worth not only to go inside, but also climb to her roof and admire with multi-colored residential buildings. Admiring the strict, homogeneous architecture, you can walk along the street Runeberginatu, and then go to the promenade and get to the popular cafe “Regatta”. Most tables are located in the open air, and visitors drink coffee, enjoying idyllic Finnish landscapes. It is always crowded here: the first cup of coffee costs 2€, and the following pour free. In addition, there are delicious desserts and sausages here. Cafe is located next to the Sibelius Park, so after the snack you can go to the main attraction of the district.
To avoid the collision of excursion groups and make beautiful photos against the monument, here you need to come in the early morning or in the afternoon. Another interesting attraction of Tolo is a free railway museum. The entire exposition of the museum is represented by six old trams; Visitors can touch them, as well as sit behind the steering wheel and signal. Museum especially like children. Finally, it is worth visiting the winter garden, which has been left one of the most beloved places for more than a hundred years. In the covered greenhouse, more than 200 species of exotic plants, which please even in winter. Entrance to the winter garden is free, but on Mondays the greenhouse is closed.
How to get
The Palace of Congresses can walk or take a bike from Kaisaniei Park. Near the palace there is a bus stop and tram “Kansallismuseo”. In other parts of Tolo, there are also stops.
On the island of Katajanokka (Katajanokka) is one of the most popular tourist attractions – the Orthodox Assumption Cathedral, built in 1868. His visit usually enters the program of any excursion, after which tourists are put on the bus and take off. Meanwhile, Katanokka is one of the most authentic places in Helsinki. From the waterfront, a beautiful view of the harbor and marina is opened, the cries of the seas are heard everywhere and smells of the sea. The architecture is quite modern, but at the same time, distinctive: residential buildings are built in the style of medieval castles.
Those who grew up on the books of Tuva Jansson about Mumina-Trolls, it is worth visiting the theme park near the Assumption Cathedral. And the best view of the main attractions of Katayanokka opens with the North Beach (Pohjoisranta) with a small protrusion near the restaurant “Oy Majakkalaiva AB”.
The restaurant itself is located inside the old bright red ship and is open only in good, weak weather: the tables are located on the open deck overlooking the Cathedral and Marina. No less interesting view of Katayanokka opens from the desert island of Tervasaari.
On the opposite side of the island there are a ferris wheel and a terrace overlooking the port, market square and endless marine spaces.
How to get
On the island of Katayanokka there are several tram stops where Routes №4 and 5 stop. From the Senate Square you can walk to the island on foot past the vintage merchant houses.
7. Species terrace on Katayanokka
Allas Cafe&Terrace, located on the west coast of Katanokka Island, is popular with local residents. On the terrace you can go up for free, while not ordering anything in the cafe. There are both tables with chairs and soft chairs and bags and large pillows. People come here to chat with friends, work for a laptop, read the book or just admire the marine landscapes alone. From here a market square, port, island and ferris wheel are visible. Near the cafe there is a paid outdoor pool with warm water. Cafe itself is also worthy of visits: here serves delicious dishes of national cuisine. Desserts and pastries deserve separate attention. The average check in the cafe is about 50€ for two.
But the ferris wheel usually disappoints Helsinki guests: to look at urban landscapes with a small height through a tinted blue glass, you have to pay 13€.
How to get
Long staircase leading to the terrace is located on the part of the presidential palace. It needs to be climbed to the topmost level of a complex building.
eight. Ethnographic Museum on the island of Seurasaari
Surasaari Island is in the western part of Helsinki. His main attraction – an open-air ethnographic museum, created at the beginning of the 20th century. Samples of rural architecture – residential buildings, barns, sheds, windmills, saunas – brought from all over the country. Of all the buildings, wooden houses of the XVII century are highlighted, built without a single nail, and cats – huts covered with reindeer spools. The houses collected the objects of peasant life, thanks to which you can imagine how the Finnish peasant family lived more than 100 years ago. In some sheds, you can see long church boats, on which villagers sailed at the wedding and funeral.
In the summer of Festivals and fairs of folk crafts pass on Seurasaari. Finnish and foreign artists sell their products and give master classes for the whole family. On a hot day you can swim on the beach of the island.
On seurassaari a lot of protein. They are completely not afraid of tourists – in the hope of getting a treat, animals can jump on the head or clinging for clothes.
The entrance to the island is free, to inspect the vintage village buildings outside also without a ticket. And to see the interiors, you have to pay 10€ For the entrance ticket. The museum is open from May 15 to September 15.
How to get
From the center of Helsinki you can get to stop “FöLISöN” By bus number 24, then get to the island on the pedestrian bridge. Parking is also located outside the island – for 4 hours you can leave the car for free.
nine. Church of St. John
Near the market square there is a Lutheran Church of the XIX century, built in a neo-style style. This is the largest stone church in Finland: it accommodates more than 2500 people, and her height of her spiers – 74 meters.
The interior of the church is richly decorated with stained glass windows, chandeliers, arches and columns. The church is a valid, every day worships are held here. In addition, famous European organists often give concerts here. A large green park with a playground is broken around the church. In winter, part of the park turns into a rink.
How to get
The Church of St. John is located at Korkeavuorenkatu, 12. Next to her a few bus stops and tram: “TarkK´ ampujankatu”, “JohannesenKirkko”, “Viiskulma”, “Femkanten”.
ten. Ateljee Bar Lookout
Multi-storey buildings – rarity for Helsinki. That is why from the open balcony of the Ateljee bar, located on the 15th floor of the hotel Solo Sokos Torni, the entire capital of Finland as a palm. From here a student’s house, railway station, Cathedral, Church of St. John, Church of Agrikola with telescopic spire, Northern Modern Masterpiece – Church in Kalio, Finnish Bay, Suomenlinna and, of course, countless gray, green and red roofs.
You can get on the observation platform. You need to go to the hotel building and climb the elevator on the 14th floor, from where in the bar leads a narrow screw staircase. To reach the balcony, you need to go through the bar, but it is not necessary to order something at the same time: the cashier has always a big turn, and the prices are unnecessarily high. It is worth keeping in mind that the bar only works from 14:00 – until this time, the elevator will not go to the top floor. Female toilet Bar Ateljee is considered one of the most unusual in the world: the toilet is located directly opposite the panoramic windows.
How to get
Solo Sokos Torni is located at YrjöNKATU 26. Next to the hotel many public transport stops, so it is easily accessible from any part of Helsinki.