10 seats in Istanbul who will not show "batch" tourists
In recent years, the tourist flow to Istanbul has increased significantly, but there are huge queues near the main attractions and the ubiquitous restoration do not cause anything other than disappointment. But aside from standard excursion routes a lot of other interesting places.
The popularity of Istanbul as a tourist destination is increasing every year. A huge number of architectural monuments, a picturesque landscape, a mild climate, a variety of shopping, low prices for housing, food and transport, as well as a high level of security attract tourists from around the world – as “Package”, So independent.
However, in 2019, many tourists who arrived in Istanbul for the first time experience deep disappointment: all the main attractions of the city are at the same time on the restoration.
They are still open, only in the next few years, visitors will have to admire not on the ancient walls, but on scaffolding with decorative canvases, almost completely closing the interiors of mosques and palaces. At the same time, the cost of entrance tickets has increased significantly compared to 2018.
But it is not necessary to despair and cancel the trip: In addition to Ayia Sofia, the Blue Mosque and Basilica Tanks, in Istanbul many other interesting places that are not included in standard excursion programs. Almost all little-known objects are disposed of Sultanahmet from Square, but it is easy to get to public transport. To save on the passage, you need to buy an Istanbulkart transport card, and make up the optimal route will help the application “Mobiantt”.
1. Church of Saint Irina
One of the most ancient preserved Byzantine churches is located in the first courtyard of the Topkapi Palace. The Orthodox Church of St. Irina (AYA İrini) was erected in the IV century. NS. And before the construction of the Cathedral of St. Sophia had the status of the main church of Constantinople. It was here in 381 a meeting of the Second Universal Cathedral. The Church of St. Irina was repeatedly burning and destroyed by earthquakes – the facade of the building, preserved to the present day, was erected in the VIII century. At the same time, the iconocrocal movement was originated in Byzantium, and a richly decorated the interior of the church of the Golden Mosaic with the images of the saints was destroyed.
In 1453, Constantinople won Osmanians, and almost all Byzantine churches were turned into a mosque. Church of Holy Irina, this fate did not complain – there is a weapon warehouse in it. In the XIX-XX centuries, various exhibits were exhibited in the church, and in the 1980s she was converted to a concert hall.
Now inside the Church of St. Irina, there is practically nothing – only the ancient walls, a ascetic mosaic cross in Konhe and a flock of birds under the dome. This church is one of the few places in the city, where you can still feel the spirit of ancient Constantinople. And if you get around the church around, you can see an excavated foundation of the IV century.
The cost of the entrance ticket – 30 LIR, also the Church of Saint Irina can be visited by Istanbul Museum Mount.
How to get
The closest to the Church of the Holy Irina Tram Stop – “GüLHANE”. Conveniently combine visiting the church and Palace Topkapi.
2. Ruins of the Palace Bukoleon and the Embankment of the Marmara Sea
The Byzantine Imperial Palace was built in V-IX centuries. He occupied a huge area – from the current square of Sultanahmet to the Marmara Sea. In the XI century, the construction of a largely Varhransky Palace, and Bukoleon Sarayı, and Buccoleon Sarayı lost his importance as the official residence of Byzantine emperors – now only government meetings were held here. In 1204, Constantinople was captured by the Crusaders and appointed the capital of the Latin Empire. The plundered and partially destroyed Buccoleon again became an imperial residence.
In 1261, the Latin Empire fell, and the palace came to the launch. By the time of the conquest of the city, the Ottomans Buccoleon was already in an extremely deplorable state. The palace was disassembled for several centuries in the process of building the city, and in 1873 the remaining structures were demolished during the construction of the railway. To this day, only a wall with marble window openings are preserved, seized by wild grapes, and a defensive tower.
Now the Bukoleon serves as an ornament of the seafront of the Marmara. Explore the ruins will not work – from the side of the embankment they are fenced with a fence. Sometimes holes appear in the fence, but even in this case there should be no risks: Wooden slums are built right on the walls of the palace, where Istanbul Lumens are refuge.
The sea embankment is clean and well-groomed – here you can meet the dawn, watch the fishermen, ride a bike and just relax from the name, which are found at every step in the vicinity of Sultanahmet Square.
How to get
Near the Bukoleon bus stops number 81. Movement interval – hour and more. It is better to combine a walk along the Marmara Sea with an inspection of other attractions of the Area: pass from the tram stop “Sultanahmet” Through Sultanahmet Square, then the streets of Nakilbent and Aksakal (Aksakal) and Aksakal (Aksakal) to go onto the widespread street Kennedy (Kennedy Ave). You can also go longer and visit the Church of Saints Sergius and Vakha (Little Ayu Sophia). There are no pedestrian crossings here – the locals are waiting for cars, and pass the roadway anywhere. From the Buccoleon on the embankment you can walk to the port of Yenikpa.
3. Pantokrator monastery
Ancient Pantokerator Monastery or Mosque Rack (Molla Zeyrek Camii) – the second largest after Ayia Sophia surviving a monument of Byzantine architecture. In the XII century, the monastic complex included the church, library, a stirrerinth with a hospital, a degree and a psychiatric hospital.
In the short era of the Latin Empire, the monastery was served by the Palace of Emperor Baldhina II, but after the overthrow of the Crusader’s power in Constantinople reigned the Orthodox life again, and the monastery of the Pantokrator again became a spiritual center. After taking the city of Osmans, the monastery was turned into a mosque and named after the wage sage. The mosque is valid to this day, and anyone can visit her for free.
How to get
At the stop “Unkapanı”, Located 200 meters from the monastery, buses of thirty different routes stop. But in the vicinity of the monastery there are many attractions, so it’s more convenient to first visit the Fatih mosque, then go down to the aqueduct of the Valentee and the Ataturk Boulevard to reach the Pantokrator Monastery. And visiting the monastery, you can go to the Mosque Suleymania.
4. Walls of Constantinople
Walls of more than 5.5 kilometers long were erected in the V century under the Emperor of Feodosia II to protect Constantinople from barbarians. The walls were subjected to significant damage during the 740 earthquake, after which they were rebuilt and strengthened, also died. After the siege of Constantinople Troops Mehmed II partially destroyed walls were restored, and for the golden gate appeared unit – a powerful fortress with seven tower.
In the XIX century, the fortress walls have lost their meaning, as a result of which they were gradually launched. In 1985, Konstantinople walls were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and renovated. Along the ancient walls you can walk to the Balat area or Mosque Mikhrima, and you can relax at the pond in Topkapi Park, enjoying the view of the towers. Also near the Feodosium Walls is a museum “Panorama 1453”.
How to get
The ruins of the ancient Byzantine walls are near stops tram T1 “Topkapı” and “Pazartekke” and tram T4 “Topkapı” and “Fetihkapı”. Also here can be reached by metro station to the station “Ulubatlı”.
One of the most beautiful Istanbul quarters of ArnavutköY was built on the shore of the Bosphor in the 1850s and is populated by Arnauts – the subecadical group of Albanians. Embankment, along which there are multi-colored wooden mansions in the Ottoman style, decorates the canal with a small decorative boat.
Doggy of the quarter leave narrow winding streets, drowning in greenery. In the coast, countless boats are harvested; Here fishermen are sitting in waiting for catch.
How to get
In order not to stand in traffic jams, it is better to take a tram T1 to the final stop “Kabataş”, then transfer to bus number 22, 22E, 25E or 40 and go to the stop “Arnavutköy”. Also several times a week from the pier “EminöNü” walks ferry. The main thing – when building a route not to confuse the Arnavutki region with the city of the same name, which is located next to the new airport.
6. Anadolukhuar (Anatolian Fortress)
The oldest Ottoman construction in Istanbul was built in 1393 to prepare the siege of Constantinople. Anadoluhisarı fortress with three guard towers and powerful walls were used as an observation point. The defenders of the fortress prevented the passage of Byzantine ships through the strait, the Ottoman fleet was also grouped here.
For some time after the fall of Constantinople, the fortress served as a customs checkpoint, then a military prison. The defensive value of Anadolukhwar lost to the end of the XVII century and gradually came to the launch. At the end of the 20th century, the fortress was renovated, after which Anadolukhar became the decoration of the quarter. Near the fortress leaks River Geksu.
Now inside the Anatolian fortress there is a summer theater, which hosts concerts during the festivals. At another time, it is impossible to get into the fortress, but the majestic 600-year-old towers are impressive and outside. Especially this place will like those who love to take pictures and take pictures – there are many interesting photo galocation.
Not far from the fortress is the villa Kyucheux, built in the middle of the XIX century in the style of Ottoman Baroque. A beautiful park is broken in the villa. The cost of visiting the villa is 20 lira, working hours can be clarified in Google Maps.
How to get
On weekdays you can get to Kucushku or Anadolukhawar on the ferry “Şehir Hatları”. Ferries go three times a day, you can find out the current schedule using the application “Moovit”. At the same time, ferries to Kucushux are departed from the pier “Kabataş”, and to Anadolukhuar – from “ÜSKüDar”. Anadolukhart is not a final stop, so it is important to monitor the movement of the ferry on the navigator. On weekends, these ferries do not go, so you need to first get to the ochadar, and then pass on the bus number 15 or 15D.
7. Rumelichisar (Rumel Fortress)
Rumel Fortress (Rumeli Hisarı) was erected in 1452 exactly opposite the Anatolian fortress. 3,000 people were attracted to construction, and after 4 months and 16 days Rumelichisar has already started functioning. Thanks to the two fortresses, Ottoman troops received full control over the ships running between the black and marble seas.
Thus, Rumelichisar played a major role in conquering Constantinople. Until the XVII century in the Rumel Fortress, as in Anatolian, there was a customs checkpoint, then the fortress began to be used as a prison. In the XX century, Rumelichisar was renovated and received the status of a museum. Now it is a quiet and peaceful place where there is almost no tourists. Vintage fortress walls and defensive towers, as well as views of the Bosphorus and Bridge Sultan Mehmed Fatiha amazing imagination. That is why Rumelichisar is one of the favorite places in Istanbul at Travel-photographers.
Previously, the stairs and the fortress walls were open to the visit, but after an accident, fences and prohibitive signs appeared everywhere, and the vigilant security would not allow extremes to taste adrenaline. Violators immediately remove from the fortress, and in some cases they can finf. To see the fortress, it is better to take a tour of the Bosphorus to the Black Sea.
The cost of the entrance ticket – 18 lire, also the fortress is among the objects available for the visit on the museum map Istanbul.
How to get
Bosphor’s embankment is very beautiful, walking through it – one pleasure. Therefore, you can walk to the fortress from Arnavutkoy on foot or reach the rented bike. Bus to Romel Khisara go the same as Arnavutkiy: №22, 22re, 25e and 40. Entrance to the fortress is only one – on Yahya Kemal Street (Yahaya Kemal Caddesi) near the parking lot.
ÜSKüDar – One of the most authentic regions of Istanbul, located in the Asian part, stands on the site of the ancient city of Chrysopol. In the time of the Byzantine Empire, military outpost was located here, and Ottomans read this part of the city sacred, since it was the least removed from Mecca. Going to Hajj, pilgrims were shot down here in caravan. Osochydar to this day remains quite religious quarter: most locals dress strictly on Sharia, and mosques in the area especially many.
At the Emergeader’s Embankment there is an unusual cafe. Visitors are sitting in the open air on soft pillows, admiring the opposite shore coast of the Bosphorus, Swinging Ships and, of course, the main decoration of the district – the Girl Tower (Kız Kulesi). Every 15 minutes from the pier, salands go to the tower. The cost of visiting the observation deck is 25 lir, you can also booked a table in an expensive restaurant, which is located inside the tower.
It is worth seeing the unusually beautiful staircase near the coffee shop “Payedar”. From the top terrace of the coffee shop itself overlooks Mosque Mikhrima Sultan and Bosphorus. And to see colorful multicolored houses, you need to go to the Quarter Kuzgundzhuk.
How to get
Faster from the European part of Istanbul to get to the station “ÜSKüDar” on the metro branch “Marmaray”. More long, but an interesting way – on the ferry from any pier.
nine. Hill and Chamlyja Mosque
Unique cultural and religious complex ÇAmlıca Mosque in Istanbul opened only in the spring of 2019, but already called the people with a new symbol of Turkey. Chamlyja Mosque is located at the highest point of the city and can accommodate more than 60 thousand people. External appearance and interior decoration of the chamjezha mosque combine the elements of the architecture of three eras – Ottoman, Seljuk and modern.
The mosque complex also includes a museum, art gallery and workshops, library, conference center and parking. The mosque is open to representatives of all denominations that follow the dress code. To evaluate the colossal sizes of the mosque, it is worth climbing the elevator on the gallery.
The hill opens a breathtaking view of the whole Istanbul – to the Asian and European parts, for the Bosphorus and the Marmara Sea. This is one of the best places in the city where you can meet the sunset.
How to get
Nearest stops to the mosque – “BüyüK ÇAmlıca Camii” and “Ferah Mahallesi”. You can only get by bus – most likely with transfers. The route is better to build using applications.
ten. Princes of Islands (Adalar)
Princes&# 39; Islands, located in the Marmara Sea 20 kilometers from Istanbul, from Byzantine times served as the place of references of the imperial relatives who fell into disrespects and imperial children. The tradition and Ottoman rulers continued, but in the XIX century, the wealthy citizens chose the islands as a resting place. Links have long stopped – now people will voluntarily run on Adalar from the city bustle. Islands are so popular with Istanbulians that almost all local people are employed in tourism.
The main feature of the islands is the lack of cars. Bicycles are used as a vehicle here, and tourists who are hard to overcome on foot Holly terrain, the island is delivered horse harnesses. For those who prefer active rest, there are bicycle rental services. In the season you can swim in the Marmara Sea – it is very clean here, unlike Istanbul, where water is contaminated with shipping and wastewater.
The archipelago includes nine islands, but are populated and open to visit only four: Kynalyada, Burgazada, Hebeliad and Bureukada. Kynalyada is located closest to Istanbul. Vegetation here is much less than on other islands of the archipelago, but also there are almost no tourists. Burgazada – small and cozy.
Sights of the island – Church of Ayia Yani, Monastery of Christ, Hospital of St. George, Saint Source Ayaza. Halebeliad – the second largest and the most green island of the archipelago. On the island, several Orthodox churches, and the main shrine – the monastery of the Holy Trinity. The farthest and largest island – Bureukada, the most sights and most advanced infrastructure. To comfort your time for Adalar, it is better to plan a trip on a weekday.
How to get
Journey to the islands will take about 1.5 hours, the fare of the ferry by Istanbulkart – 5.20 lire. To have time to take a sedentary place, it is better to go to Adalar with Emineu. Those who enter the islands of Burgasada or Heibeliad, on the way back, most likely, will not be able to take free spaces, but you can spread right on the floor raincoats, newspaper or plastic bags.