33 main attractions of Paris
From the list of the main attractions of Paris, only Eiffel Tower and Louvre come to the mind. Meanwhile, the city is full of historical and cultural monuments. In this article, I will describe the most important attractions of Paris, missing which you do not make a complete impression about this city.
Perhaps all over the world does not find the more famous city than Paris. All world history, one way or another, is associated with the capital of France.
Paris has long been the cherished dream of many lovers travel around the world. The capital of one of the leading states of Europe, one of the oldest cities in the world and old world, the center of art, fashion, cooking, one of the most beautiful and romantic cities on the planet. Listed the advantages of Paris for a long time.
The main sights of Paris
These places – Paris business cards. Without them Paris is not Paris. And the point is not even that by visiting them, you put yourself ticks in the tourist diary. This is the official face of Paris for the guest – his "living room".
The Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower rises above the center of Paris a little over 100 years old, but it was she who became a symbol of the French capital.
The main tourist masses are fixed to it, it is photographing more often than other sights of Paris. It is estimated that in the entire history of the tower, it was visited more than 200 million people.
Metal design with a height of 324 m erected to the opening of the World Exhibition in Paris 1889.
The construction was worth 7.8 million francs, but the Eiffel Tower took off after the exhibition. Further operation turned out to be very profitable. Say that the tower produced a furor, which means nothing to say. Nobody remained indifferent.
Crowds of admirers confronted a considerable group of tier enemy construction tower. Among them were writers a. Duma Son, Gi de Maupassan, composer sh. GUNU. But the tower stands still and attracts the attention of tourists from all over the world.
You can rise to the tower can anyone who bought a ticket can.
About how not to stand in line for the Eiffel Tower, you will learn here.
On two levels of facilities there is a buffet and a restaurant.
In the middle of the XVIII century, Louis XV has identified this territory as a plaster for military school cadets. The building of this school is crowned by Marso field on the other hand. There were parades, jumps. The most famous folk assemblies were held at the Marsfield, for example, the oath of the first French Constitution 1790. Important events of the uprising 1791. also passed here. Later here began to arrange exhibitions and patriotic festivals.
Today, Public Park in the VII County – Recreation Center and the Important Attraction of Paris.
People come here with rolls and snacks, even candles bring to spend time in a pleasant atmosphere. And when the Illumination on the Eiffel Tower is turned on in the evening, the Marso field becomes especially attractive for Parisians and guests of the capital.
Cathedral of the Parisian Mother of God
Notre Dame de Paris – the colossal gothic structure of incredible beauty and power – long ago and unconditionally considered the "heart" of Paris. To visit Paris and never approach the Cathedral of the Parisian Our Lady – the sacredness for the traveler.
This wonderful cathedral was laid in 1163. and erected in just 182. According to the standards of middle ages – this is a shock construction.
According to the legend, there was an ancient Christian church on the site of the current cathedral, and the sanctuary of God of Jupiter was located here. The place was sacred since the first settlement of people on the island of Sita.
The importance of the cathedral for the life and history of France is difficult to overestimate. Crowns and emperors were crowned in it, the monarchs were married to the altar, the richness considered the best repository for their wealth, the knights took the blessings for the Crusades, the poor and the beggars for centuries came to Notre Dame for help and received her.
In the time of the Great French Revolution, the fate of the cathedral hung on the hairs, he almost blew up. Yes, and then contradicted more than once: do not demolish it old? Savior Cathedral Victor Hugo, who wrote his famous novel.
For more than 800, the Cathedral of the Parisian Our Lady admires Parisians and guests of the capital of France. It is beautiful, mysterious, mystical and strong.
The cathedral stores the thorns and part of the cross, on which Christ was crucified, and one of the nails, which the body of Jesus nailed to the cross.
In 2019, a terrible incident happened – a fire in Notre Dame. Fortunately, the cathedral lost only the roof and spire. Now attention to this attraction of Paris is even stronger.
The famous Louvre on the whole world was originally the royal palace, grew out of the castle fortress.
On the etymology of the name, disputes are underway until now. Most researchers tends to the version that "Louvre" means "fortress, strengthening".
To say about the temporary framework for the construction of the palace: it began to build at the end of the XII century, and then expanded and rebuilt, connecting his story with the history of Paris. About Louvre The reading person knows mainly due to the novels. Duma. But he wrote about people who existed in reality and lived in these walls. Events, as described, for the most part occurred in the Louvre.
Today, Louvre is a huge museum, the first on attendance in the world. His collections covers not only the works of fine art of Europe, but also the richest meeting of the creations of the ancient East, Egypt, Greece, Etruria, Rome, including the beautiful collection of art of Islam.
The Louvre collected tapestries, furniture, figurines, secular and church jewels from the Middle Ages to the XIX., Excellent exposure dedicated to the history of the Louvre.
The most famous exhibits of the Louvre – Antique Statue of the Nickie Samofraki and "Jocona" Leonardo da Vinci.
We have a lavory guide in PDF format. There is written how to go through the museum for 1 day and see all the most important.
Located on the square with a dual name – Charles de Gaulle or Star Square.
Charles de Gaulle – a military leader who headed the movement of resistance during the Second World War, which became the most famous president of France. Star – Because from Square, like rays, 12 avenues are diverged. Among them and the Elysees fields.
Arch conceived and began to build Napoleon Bonaparte to commemorate the great victories in 1806.
Ironically, it happened so that neither the customer Napoleon, who soon began to endure defeats, nor the architect Jell Shalgren, the author of the project, the end of construction did not see.
Triumphal Arch was built for quite a long time – 30 years.
And yet Napoleon experienced his triumph and passed under this arch. In 1840. Mourning procession carried the remains of a long dead emperor under her arches. Then the Triumphal Arch has served more than once for the posthumous triumphs of the great people of France.
The majestic arch reaches a height of 50 m, widths – almost 45 m. On all sides, it is decorated with allegoric bas-reliefs. Under the arches there is a grave of an unknown soldier. In the Arc itself, there is a museum telling about its construction and the triumphal processions, which were under the arches.
From the height of the triumphal arch, fascinating views of Paris open.
Basilica Sacre Cor on Montmartre
Snow white basil of the holy heart (Sacre-Kor) rises on the top of the Montmartre hill since 1914.
Construction of basilica began forty years earlier, but the construction slowed down the work to strengthen the hill. The walls of the basilica are built out of a special stone, which when you wet whites.
Montmartre opens a breathtaking view of the city.
Inside the Basilica perfectly decorated: wonderful stained glass windows, mosaic panels, frescoes. Before entering the Basilica, you will meet horseback statues of Jeanne d’Ark and King Louis Holy. And if you grab the leg statue of St. Peter, which is inside the temple, then in Paris you will definitely return.
From the Basilica you descend to the streets and the square of the very real Paris, which is known for us on the literature of modern and decades.
Montmartre became a city district relatively recently – in 1859.
In ancient times, there were two pagan temples on the hill, gypsum was also mined. In the Middle Ages, the hill received the fame of the sacred place, because here he was beheaded by the Holy Dionysius. In place of his death founded Saint-Deni Monastery.
In the XVI B. A row of windmills for grinding gypsum were built on the hill. The slopes of the hill covered vineyards.
In the XIX B. It was on Montmartre originated Paris commune. At that time, Montmartre attracted low prices for the housing of artists, artists and musicians. Wag Gogh, Toulouse-Lotrek, Picasso, Modigliani.
Since then, Bohemian Society – Constant Satellite of Montmartre. On the squares and streets of the district you will find artists who not only exhibit their work for sale, but also readily draw your instant portrait.
Here is a huge number of bars, cafe, variety.
About artists and writers read in the article: How to feel the spirit of Paris 1920s.
Alexander III Bridge
Being in Paris, be sure to pass through the Alexander III bridge.
It is considered the most beautiful and elegant bridge not only in Paris, but in all of France. It is built in 1900 g. in commemoration of franco-Russian friendship. The bridge swung across the Seine, connecting the shores with an elegant arch, which is perfectly visible and at the same time does not interfere with the contemporary types of the Elysees fields.
The bridge is decorated with bronze allegorical sculptures, and the middle of the image of the nymph of Seine and Neva with the coat of arms of France and Russia.
The current residence of President of France was built at the beginning of the XVIII century for the Evreh Count family. After the palace acquired Louis XV for Madame de Pompadur, then moved to distant relatives of the monarch. For the first time the palace was used to work the government under Napoleon.
In the halls of the palace, President of France takes foreign guests. On the days of national holidays in the palace and park around the celebrations.
What else is worth a visit in Paris
Paris full of iconic places. After visiting the main attractions, it is worth "consolidating the effect". For the uninitiated person, the opening of these objects will give a lot of new impressions.
Luxurious opera house building laid in 1860. under the Board of Napoleon III. Opera built 15 years. The reason was the complexity of the landscape, and political troubles.
The first includes the soil swampiness and the detection of a large underground lake at the construction site, to the second – the Franco-Prussian War, the fall of the empire and the emergence of the Paris Commune.
Beautiful theater is famous not only by its art and amazing interiors, but also by many mystical stories. One of them was the basis of the famous musical NS.L. Webber "Ghost Opera".
The infamous ghost named Eric still has its own lie in the Theater Hall.
In front of the building, Garnier plans to establish a monument to Russian entrepreneur Sergey Dyagilev, Whose troupe "Russian ballet" gave performances on stage of this theater.
Opera Gartens can be visited not only for the sake of the play. Excursions are held here.
You will see numerous stairs, a luxurious hall with a flappon painted by himself Mark Shagalom, Beautifully decorated rooms and halls. Theater Square is so great that it seems that it may not be enough for an inspection of this attraction and the day.
The 60-storey monster towers on the Montparnasse Boulevard from the beginning of the 70s. last century.
According to the results of the survey, Montparnas Tower ranks 2nd among the most ugly world buildings.
After the construction of this height of Paris, Paris decided not to build more skyscrapers in the historic part of the city.
And yet is the attraction of Paris, to pass by which is undesirable. Moreover, Montparnas Boulevard has long been famous for its cafes, theaters, bohemian history and a situation.
The tower is asked for a height of 210 m. There is a roof Observation platform with views of Paris and Eiffel Tower. Offices are located in the skyscraper, and on the roof – cafes and restaurants.
Where to walk in Paris
Paris is not only palaces, museums, cafes and cabarets. This city, full of parks and recreation areas. Parks are the same sights of Paris as museums and everything else. They have a long and interesting story, so we will talk about the parks separately.
Luxembourg Garden and Palace
Luxembourg Garden is divided at the very beginning of the XVII century around the Luxembourg Palace, Mary Medici Residence. This is my favorite place in Paris.
In the palace today is sitting the Senate of the French Republic. And the garden for a long time to our days was and remains a favorite place for walking and rest Parisians.
The territory of 26 hectares is divided into two parts and is framed in the form of flower and terraces. In the Luxembourg Garden there is a stone theater "Ginol", playgrounds for playing basketball and tennis, an open scene, where concerts are constantly held.
Two beautiful fountains decorate a park ensemble. In a large central fountain, you can launch a small sailboat for rent, and a baroque fountain Medici retire and relax from the city bustle.
The Elysees Fields stretch from the area of consent, on which Luxor Obelisk is installed, to the star of the star with the Triumphal Arch in the center. They are conventionally divided into 2 parts: park and trading.
From the area of consent to the round area, on both sides of the avenue, a park for walks, which is divided into several squares:
- Square ambassadors with hotels,
- Elysee Square with the Elysian Palace – the residence of the President of France,
- Marigny Square with the theater of the sameater,
- Square Ledaien, where the restaurant "Ledaien" is located,
- A large square of holidays in which there are large and small palaces with a museum of discoveries and inventions,
- Clemanso Square.
In the trading part of the Champs Elysees, which begins on the round area, concentrated banks, offices of various major firms, exhibition pavilions, travel agencies, restaurants, cinemas.
This is one of the most expensive streets in the world. It is almost impossible to live here because of the high cost of renting.
Avenue Elysee Fields – a venue of the most festive events and parades of France. Despite all solemnity and high cost, the Elysee fields – the most charming place in Paris. It is worth walking on this avenue, singing in a low-voice famous song Joe Dasshen, to feel your own involvement in the unique atmosphere of the French capital.
Tuilery Garden is located in the heart of Paris, in 1 county. The garden lies between the Louvre, Seine, Rivoli Street and Concord Square.
Until the second half of the XIX century, the park surrounded the Palace of Tuileries, which burned down in 1871. in the period of the Paris commune.
The garden was laid on the orders of Queen Catherine Medici and arranged in all the rules of the regular park, that is, with the limiting geometric clarity and in accordance with the architectural severity. The garden is decorated with marble and bronze sculptures, which are located on the flower beds, in plane rosters and fountains. On green, smoothly trimmed lawns, you can lie and breathe flavors of rare trees that are planted along the tracks.
Sieve Island and Downey Square
Site Island – the oldest part of Paris.
In the ancient times on the island in the middle of the village there was a Celtic tribe Parisiev, The settlement with the name was founded Lutheration. Later on the island housed the royal residence.
In the XIX B. The development of the island almost completely updated. Nowadays, the island of Site is connected to both shores of the Seine nine bridges.
- Notre Dame de Paris,
- Saint-Chapel Chapel,
- Palace of Justice,
- Palace Conciergeri,
- Flower and bird market,
- Dofina Square.
Dofina Square Formed during the reign of King Henry IV, when 2 small island attached to the island of Sita to increase its area.
Statue of Heinrich you will find close to Square.
The name of his place was in honor of Dofina, the future king Louis XIII. Dafin Square has always been a favorite place of artists, musicians and stray artists.
From XVIII B. Debutant exhibitions were held here. At first, the holding of exhibitions was spontaneous, later they were held regularly. Exhibitions were waiting for artists, and painting lovers. Thanks to the exhibitions, became famous artists Fragonar, Charden, Lanya and other painters.
Nowadays, from those buildings that surrounded the Dafin Square initially, only two remained. Sometime, noisy area today loves her peace, silence and charm.
Who did not hear about the infamous Parisian prison – Bastilly Fortress?
She rummaged in the middle of the city from the XIV century and eventually became the most gloomy object of French history. Bastille seemed indestructible, went to the saying: "If Bastille falls, Paris falls". But in the days of the Great French Revolution, the fortress fell, and for 3 years she was dismantled by the pebble. On the site of the fortress, the area was broken, where only laid out on the blocking feature (Bastille contour) and the name, giving the name of the area remained from the frightening symbol of France.
Square has become very popular with Parisians. Massive events are held here: fairs, concerts, manifestations, demonstrations.
July 14, on the anniversary of the Great French Revolution, on Bastille Square give ball.
What sights of Paris you Here you will find:
- Opera Bastille,
- July column built in honor of the July 1830 revolution.
The area is located on the border of four urban districts – the 3rd, 4th, 11th and 12th. Around the numerous cafes and restaurants, which are very popular with Paris youth.
Boulogne Forest call "Light Paris".
A huge park area of almost 8.5 kV. km Located in the western part of the French capital. Once on the site of the Boulogne forest was the old Forest of the RUVR, where the kings and courtesy hunted.
Philipp Beautiful after pilgrimage in the Boulogo-on-Sea (Boulogne-sur-Mer) ordered to lay in the suburban forest Church of Boulogo Our Lady. So the name of the forest appeared.
During the age of century, the forest was a thieves and gangsters, then there were two roads through the forest, later built a Boulogo castle (not survived to this day), began to use the forest for holidays.
From XVIII B. Boulogo Forest Parisian chose for walking. Louis XVI with his decree turned it into an open public park.
In the second half of the XIX in. The park plan was radically revised: the alleys were laid, the lakes were pulled out, put new trees.
Sights of the Boulog Forest:
- Palace Park Bughatel with Rosary,
- 2 hippodrome,
- Children’s Park with Amusements,
- Orangery Otay,
- Garden Pre-Katel.
The street of cresty in Paris will enjoy lovers of pedestrian walks and collectors of curious architectural details.
This quarter is called "Little Britain", Since they are built and decorated at home in a typical British style. Houses brightly painted in the colors of the rainbow, in the summer windows and doors Residents decorate flowers. Every house has its own, only inherent in it, decor.
The first floors are given to the shops and cafes. Walk along a street in a length of 144 m and a width of 7.5 m, examining at home, looking for secrets of the decor, nice to any weather. But especially cozy on the streets of Krekit in the streets of the spring day.
Museums of Paris
Paris Polon Museums, like an ancient jewel box. I chose 4 museum, which are particularly noteworthy.
Napoleon’s Disabled House and Tomb
House of persons with disabilities – the first in Europe of the Laddle, shelter for veterans and disabled of war.
A great complex arising from the order of Louis XIV, built enough quickly – from 1671 to 1677. The church at the disabled house was built much longer – almost 30 years.
Already in 1710 g. About 1500 veterans lived in the house. Their life was subordinate to church and military regulations. They worked in shoe, tapestry workshops and in workshops to paint the engraving.
In the Church of the House of Persons with Disabilities Napoleon handed the first Order of the Honorary Legion.
Over time, the house of persons with disabilities began to perform the functions of the museum. From the Louvre here, the mocks of cities and fortresses were postponed, later opened museums of weapons and the history of the army, which subsequently united in Museum of Army.
Paris House of Disabled – Beautiful Architectural Monument. Spacious square – Esplanade of the disabled – planted with rows of trees and opens the facade with a high dome and columns.
House of disabled and today performs the functions of the charity: 150 host veterans live here.
Paris guests are interesting to the museums of the houses of disabled and necropolis. First of all – Tomb of Napoleon.
Crypt with Sarcophag Napoleon is under the dome of the cathedral of the disabled house. Other French military leaders and son Napoleon are buried in necropolis.
By the way, Napoleon’s sarcophag is made from Shokhinsky quartzite, mined in Karelia in the vicinity of Onega Lake.
Museums of the House of Disabled:
- Museum of Plans and Reliefs,
- Museum of Army,
- Liberation Order Museum,
- Museum of modern history.
This is the third most popular museum in Paris. In his halls there are works of European art, created between 1850 and 1910.
Orsay Museum – Something like a link between the Museums of the Louvre and the expositions of modern art in the center of Pompidou.
If you are a connoisseur of the painting of impressionists and art in the Art Nouveau style, then you here. If you are interested in the story of photos and movies, you too.
The main exposition of the Orsay Museum is changing every 2-3 years. In addition, a large number of temporary exhibitions are held in the museum, performances and concerts. Each year, the museum takes the festival dedicated to the movie.
Center of George Pompidou
Pompidou Center is a huge cultural center created to support and explore contemporary art in all its views and directions.
The idea of creating the center came to the head of the President of France. Pompidou in 1977. Announced a competition for the best building project for the center, who won the team of architects – Englishman. Rogers and two Italians – R. Drunk and D. Francini.
Their project introduced the center building, like a huge glass parallelepiped, all communications and technical designs of which are derived from the building. This is done for liberation within a larger space for exposures and exhibitions.
Each communication has its own color: reinforcement connections White, wiring – yellow, water supply – green, elevator farm and escalators painted in red.
The Pompidou Center includes: Museum of Contemporary Art, Library, Institute of Research and Coordination of Acoustics and Music, Cinema, Concert and Exhibition Places.
Lafayette Gallery can not be attributed to museums. This is a shopping center.
But not any shopping center becomes the attraction of the capital of the state, besides, historical landmark. In the last decade of the XIX in. The Kan Brothers opened a haberdashery boutique in Paris, which for several years grew up in a large universal store, and then in the shopping center, located in a luxurious building in the center of Paris.
The current gallery of the lafayette is a whole network of shopping centers around the world.
Parisian gallery – Your opportunity to get into a fairy tale.
You will find here the goods for every taste, your most secret desires will be gone. The gallery is able to satisfy the requests of any client: there are cafes and restaurants from McDonalds to the most exquisite cuisine.
Of particular fabulousness of the atmosphere in the gallery lafayette reaches in early December, in the midst of preparation for Christmas, when a huge fiery firing is established in the main hall.
Architectural attractions of Paris
Pantheon is located in the Latin Quarter 5 of Paris County.
The building in the style of classicism was erected in 1789. Architect Jacques-Germain Suffro. It was built for a long time – for 30 years, due to the complexity of the project and allowed during the construction of errors with material.
Due to the long-suffering changed and the purpose of building.
If the XV building laid down at the kettling, the building was conceived as a church, then by the end of the construction of the construction, the political system was already completely different. The revolutionary government decided to make the great people of France from the new church of the Mausoleum.
Then change the forms of government in the country more than once changed the generation of the activity of this building: then the church, then again Pantheon. In the end, in 1830. After the July revolution, the church of St. Genevieve was finally transferred to Pantheon.
In the Pantheon, the philosopher Volter and Rousseau, Mathematics Lagrange, Writers of Hugo and Zola, Physics Pierre Curie and Maria Sklodovskaya-Curie and many other great French.
University of Sorbonne
Sorbonne – the old name of the University of Paris, the history of which begins in the distant XIII in.
The name of the university gave the theological college, founded by the confessor of the King of Louis of St. Rober de sorbonon. Over time, this educational institution for children of the poor acquired a high reputation, entered the university as a division to the university, gave him his name.
University of Paris today is a huge complex of educational buildings scattered throughout the city. Sorbonna is located in the Latin Quarter. It is worth a baroque building of the church sorbonna.
On the building of sorponna excursions are held.
Large, like a castle, Palace, which stands on the island of Sita, was originally a royal residence.
Conciergeri / Photo Bruno Abatti
His story is long, like the story of Paris himself. And she begins with Chlodv traffic, the king from the ancient Dynasty of Meroving, And this is the VI century. The palace grew out of the castle-fortress, which became the residence of the French kings. And when kings moved to the Louvre, immediately became the Palace of Justice.
Here and the prison was posted, and I heard this prison most harsh.
In the chambers of this prison, expected the execution of the queen of Maria Antoinetta. Here was sentenced to death Mata Hari. In the halls of the Palace of Justice, Dreifus and Emil Zol.
Visiting the Concierger Palace, you will see both His Ipostasi: and the Royal Palace, and the court with prisons.
Saint-Denis Gate and Saint Martin
Gate Saint-Denis and Saint-Martin – 2 Triumphal Arches, built during the reign of Louis XIV in honor of the military victories.
The first arch is built by architect f. Blonde in 1672., Second – P. BULLL IN 1674. The gate of Saint-Denis is built on the site of the old city gates included in the city wall still with Carlo V.
Both arches are decorated with bas-reliefs with images of battle scenes and allegories. Both became the prototype of Napoleonic triumphant arches.
Hotel de Ville
"Hotel de Ville" is not at all a hotel. This is an exquisite architecture building – Town Hall, Paris City Hall.
Square in front of the building once wore the name of the Grevskaya Square. On it stood the houses of the merchant guild. The place of one of them by order of the king was given to the construction of the mayor’s office.
Construction was carried out more than 90 years. But but the palace turned out to be exquisite, beautiful as the work of the French pastry.
Town Hall stood until the 70s of the XIX., – Paris commune broke out, and the town hall flashed with her. The fire left only the stone coziness of the building. 2 years after the fire, the mayori began to restore.
The present building externally – an exact copy of the old palace. Inside is pretty much changed design. In the halls of the palace, full ceiling and wall paintings, stained glass windows, the decoration is pompous and solemnly. It is worth seeing the hall of banquets and balls – this is an exact copy of the mirror hall in Versaille.
Paris Attractions for Children
Paris would not be Paris if it was not able to meet the needs of any taste and any age. For children there are wonderful entertainment.
The theme park of attractions, named by the famous character of Asterix, will not let you bother either a child nor an adult.
The park is divided into thematic areas:
- "The Roman Empire",
- "Intersection of time".
Each zone has its own unique rides. In the park 36 attractions. Among them, 8 American and 4 water slides.
The huge complex of amusement parks of Walt Disney is located on the square of 1943 hectares. For children, all the main attractions of Paris are here.
Disneyland Center – Sleeping Beauty Castle.
Around the castle there are 5 thematic parks:
- The country of adventures (attractions "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Dangers", "Adventure Island", "Refuge Robinson on a Tree", "Pirates of the Caribbean");
- Border country (American roller rides, "house of ghosts", Children’s playground "Indian village of Pokalontas", "Tarzan Show");
- Country of discoveries (the show "Legend of the King Lion", romance romains of Jules Verne);
- Country of fantasy ("Dragon Cave", "Snow White and Seven Dwarfs", "Flight Peter Pan", "Labyrinth Alice", "Journey Pinocchio");
- Main Road US (Disneyland Railway, Night Light Parade, Fireworks over Sleeping Beauty Castle).
The park is constantly updated by new attractions and shows. There are many bars, cafes, restaurants, shops. There are hotels and hotels.
Disneyland is located outside the city. With Paris he is connected directly. You can get on suburban trains RER.
What to see in the suburbs of Paris
The suburbs of the French capital are no less interesting and attractive than the sights of the center of Paris.
Commune Fontainebleau is 55 km from Paris.
The main attraction – Palace Fontainebleau – the residence of the French kings from the XII century.
Fontaineblo Forest was always a monarch of hunting grounds.
The first palace appeared here at Louis VII. The current palace is built in the XVI century under Francis I. This is the first residence in Europe without defensive functions.
Artists represented by Italian mannerism were invited to design the interiors of the palace. There was a whole school Fontainebleau. Beautiful halls, yards, galleries and gardens will tell about the country’s countryside of the French kings.
The huge palace-park ensemble, arising by the will of Louis XIV, long ago and firmly became a symbol of the era of the king-sun.
Louis designed Versailles as the most luxurious and majestic royal residence in the world. So he became. Construction went on marshy soils for decades, but the incredible work of architects, builders, artists, sculptors, landscape designers created a masterpiece of palace-park architecture.
Halls of the palace, separate buildings, the park with an incredible series of fountains deserve a separate article. Tourist will not have enough day to meet this beautiful ensemble.
Palace in Le Viscount
This palace, located 55 km from Paris, was built by the main financade of the courtyard King-Sun Nicolas Fuce.
Fuka collected the trio of wonderful creators: architect l. Leo, landscape architect A. Lenotra and artist on the interiors w. Lebrena.
The owner did not have to live long in the rebuilt palace. Almost immediately after the housewarming, he was accused of spreads and other crimes, for which he was in prison, where he died. The Trinity of the Palace Foods passed on the beginning of the king for the construction of Versailles.
The palace in different years has changed the owners, survived the period of launching and plundering, but now restored and can admire guests.
Castle Monte Cristo
Chateau Monte Cristo is not a historical castle at all. This is a manor built by Alexander Duma in the Ivelin Department.
The building is built on the money received from the publication of the novel "Count Monte Cristo".
Castle in 3 floors of golden sandstone is built in the style of Renaissance.
Of the interesting premises of the interior – the Moorish living room in oriental style.
Near the castle there is a pseudo-native building, called the writer "Castle IF". She was designed to work. The external laying of this "lock" is decorated with the names of the writer’s works.
Saint-Clock Palace to this day has not been preserved. His life began in the XVI in. Under Catherine, Medici, and ended with a fire from a cannon shooting in the days of the Franco-Prussian War.
A few surplus buildings remained from the luxurious palace, beautiful parks with fountains, cascade and sculptural scenery. Parks created by Lenotrus include French and English parks, as well as Rosary Mary Antoinette.
Benedictine Abbey Saint-Denis
Saint-Denis Abbey is based on the spot where, according to legend, came with his severed head in the hands of Holy Dionysius.
The heyday of his abbey reached in the XII., Then the first Gothic Church was built, which influenced the development of a Gothic style in France.
In XIII B. Louis Holy ordered to transfer his predecessors to the church and bother them there. Since then, the abbey of Saint-Denis has become Royal Necropole. Under stone tombstones lie 25 kings, 10 queens, 84 prince and princesses.
Unusual sights of Paris
It remains to mention those attractions of Paris, which are difficult to attribute to the usual categories of attractions. It is not museums, and not palaces, and not church. But the glory of Paris was created and they too.
Cabaret Moulin Ruzh
About this cabaret removed not one movie. "Red Mill" (the name is translated) works today. Shaw "Faria" collects full halls.
Opened in 1889., Cabaret "Moulin Rouge" immediately attracted attention. Here were Picasso, Wilde, even Prince Wales watched the ideas of this cabaret. And the famous artist Toulouse-Lotrek was regulant. His paintings and glorified "Moulin Rouge".
Paris Catacombs are a network of underground tunnels remaining on the site of ancient mayor. Today is a huge underground cemetery.
This is what Paris Catacombs look like
In the period from the XVIII to the middle of the XIX centuries. The remains of almost 6 million people were brought here. Giant delight appeared on a fairly banal reason. In former times, the church welcomed the burial in temples. It brought her considerable income. Urban cemeteries in Paris grow up, more precisely, deepened, accompanying in one grave to a tent of the tel, and became semi-seen epidemics.
Churchists desperately opposed prohibitions on burial outside the city. In XVIII B. Urban authorities after several dangerous incidents decided to clear the cemeteries. The remains of many generations Parisians were taken out and buried in the former quarries.
The most famous dead people buried in the catacombs: Revolutionaries Danton and Robespierre, Chemist Lavoise, Physicist Pascal, Writers Perro and Rabel.
About how to go down in the catacombs, see the messuary and how it all appears, read here (not for impressionable).
Per Lashhesis – the most famous cemetery in the world. Artists, singers, artists, writers, poets, composers are resting here.
There are graves of our compatriots. An important attraction of the cemetery has become Wall of Communarov, who were shot by the participants of the Paris Commune.
Celebrities under the plates of Per Lesheza: Onor de Balzac, Georges Bizeta, Marcel Marso, Edith Piaf, Sarah Bernard, Jim Morrison, Frederick Chopin.
Not far from the Basilica Sacre Cor on Montmartre there is an amazing sculpture "Man passing through the wall".
Bronze man – "Great Man on the Surname Diytel", Hero of the story of the writer Marseille Eme.
Marseille Eme lived on Montmartre for many years, wrote a considerable number of works. This sculpture is a tribute to the memory and respect for an excellent writer.
There is a belief that you need to hold the left hand of sculpture, then luck will be favorable to you. You must take the hand and ask for a secret.
And what are your favorite sights of Paris? Share in the comments.
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