Adygea Republic (ADYGEA)
Adygea – The Republic of the Russian Federation, which is part of the Southern Federal District. Its territory from all sides is surrounded by the lands of the Krasnodar Territory, the south occupies the foothills of the Grand Caucasus, the north part is flat. The capital of the Republic is the city of Maykop.
The population of Adygea is 446,406 people (for 2014). Here they live mostly Russian and Adygei, as well as Armenians, Ukrainians, Kurds, Greeks and others.
Administrative-territorial Republic is divided into two urban districts – this is Maikop and Adygeisk, 7 districts, 3 urban-type settlements and rural settlements.
Tourism is an important sphere of economy: Adygea offers active sports, wellness recreation and pilgrimage to religious shrines. In addition, several environmental zones have been created in the republic. Including Caucasian State Biosphere Reserve and Natural Park «Mountain Adygea».
Tourists are very popular with trekking mountain and horse robes. Local recreation centers can take about 2,000 vacationers at the same time.
According to the finds of historians and archaeologists, the current Adyghe land was settled for a long time. In the mountains were found tombs of a tomb culture belonging to the bronze age. Finds in the Krasnogvardeysky region belong to the Scythian Motor period. The ancestors of the indigenous inhabitants of the region of Adygov are Zihi – tribes who lived in the North-West of the Caucasus.
The recent history of Adygea is saturated with events. During the Russian-Caucasian war of 18-19 centuries, most of Adygs expelled to the Ottoman Empire. In the 20th century, after the revolution, the Adygei Autonomous Region was formed, but its Board was located in Krasnodar, which was not part of the region. In the next few years, autonomy was as part of the North Caucasian Territory, then Azov-Black Sea, and then joined the Krasnodar Territory. Maykop became the central city in 1936.
In 1990, Adygea disconnected from the Krasnodar Territory, and in 1992 it became the Republic of Adygea. The first president of the republic was Aslan Jarimov.
The climate of the Republic of Adygea is generally characterized as moderately warm. At the same time, despite enough small territory, the climate is distinguished by a variety when driving from north to south. In the flat part, it is to moderately continental, and in the south, in the mountains, respectively, to the cold climate of the highlands. Such a variety of weather conditions are also suitable for agriculture, and for the development of tourism.
The average January temperature is about -2, in July it reaches +28. During the year there are almost 250 clear days. Winter and autumn there are strong winds and dust storms. Summer in Adygea usually lasts from May to September.
Almost all the mountainous part of Adygea is the UNESCO World Heritage, so it’s hard to describe all the interesting places – After all, here are so many: waterfalls, caves, rocks, gorges, canyons, rivers, alpine meadows, pine and fir forests and t.D. The area is suitable for both mountaineering, speleology and rafting and flights on deltaplans and simple walking tourism.
One of the most famous and popular tourist routes is Khajokhskaya Tesnin, representing a part of the River Gorge White and Southeast South-West from the village of Kamennicorova.
On the other side of the village, on its northern outskirts, you can see Hajokhsky Dolmen – ancient construction of presumably ritual destination. And very close to the dolden is the real miracle of nature – a tree of 14 stems growing from one root.
2 km from the same stone-terrain village, up the White River, are located Waterfalls of the Rufabgo stream. In total, 16 waterfalls were formed in the gorge, but tourist trails are not laid all. The highest of waterfalls is called Maiden Kosa – His narrow stream breaks down from a height of 15 m. About the same high waterfalls Dry and Grandiose, And all together they represent an incredible spectacle.
National Museum of the Republic of Adygea was created in 1925, but first located in Krasnodar and only after a while moved to Maykop. Now the museum keeps a unique collection of clothes, coins, musical instruments – only about 270 thousand exhibits. The main expositions are devoted to the culture and everyday life of Adygs, as well as the events of the Great Patriotic War.
An excellent architectural monument and one of the places of pilgrimage of the republic is Mikhailo Afonovskaya Doggy Desert. This is an Orthodox monastery, built in the late 19th century. With the arrival of the Bolsheviks, the monastery lost all his lands, and on its territory they arranged a holiday home. In the 40s, all desert temples were blown up. In 2001, part of the monastery was given in possession of the Russian Orthodox Church. A Trinity Monastery was restored and a monument to Prince Mikhail Nikolaevich was established. Now in the Mikhailovsky desert, particles of the relics of many saints are stored.