Agra (agra)

Agra (agra) – City in North India, in Uttar Pradesh. Population – 1,650,000 people (2008).

Agra is one of the largest tourist centers of India – thanks to the facilities of the Epoch of the Mughal Empire and, in particular, Taj Mahalu.

Agra is founded in the XV century. In 1526 Agru captured Babur; The first fortifications appeared in His Board. In the second half of the XVI century, Agra became the capital of the Great Mughal Empire; The era of prosperity agry began; There have been more than 500 thousand in the city. residents, a fortress on the right bank Jamna was built. However, in 1658, Aurangzeb moved the capital to Aurangabad, and a period of decline of agra began.

In the XVIII century, the city has repeatedly changed its rulers; Agra was subjected to strong destruction from jams, Persians and Afghans. In 1784 Agra was devastated by Maratha. Finally, in 1803 the city was captured by the British, driven from Marathov Agrhru. Under the control of the British Empire Agra became an important trading city; Industry began to develop; Agra was connected by rail from Delhi, Benares and Calcutta.

In 1857, during a major folk uprising, the British left the city and defended in the fortress; To suppress the uprising in Agra, large compounds of the British army were sent, which defeated the rebels.

From Delhi to Agrie walks the train «Shatabdi express», Which leaves from the New Delhi Station station at 6:00 am, back at 20:40 (travel time 2 hours). "Taj express" departs from the station Nizamuddin Station at 7:15, back at 18:50 (time on the way 3 hours). In addition to them, all trains on Calcutta, Mumbai and Gwalior go through Agra.

In addition, the agra can be reached by bus (express from 3 o’clock), taxi (2000 INR) or ordering a group tour (from 1500 INR, including entrance tickets).

The main attractions of Agra are Red Fort (XVI-XVII century) and Mausoleum Taj Mahal (1632-1650), recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Agra (agra)

Taj Mahal (Taj Mahal) – Mausoleum-Mosque, which is a five-populated structure with a height of 74 m on a platform, with 4 minarets in the corners (they are slightly tilted away from the tomb in order to damage it in case of destruction), to which the garden with fountains is adjacent and pool. Built by order of the emperor of the Great Mogolov Shah-Jahan in memory of the wife of Mumtaz-Mahal, who was dead at childbirth (later she was buried here and Shah-Jahan himself). Taj Mahal is considered the best example of the architecture of the Muga style, which combines elements of Persian, Indian and Islamic architectural styles.

Red Fort (Red Fort of Agra) – a fortress construction that served in the era of the Empire of the Great Mughal Residence of the rulers. Located above the River Yamuna just 2.5 km from Taj Mahala. Part of the Red Fort Area today is used for military purposes and is not available to visitors.

The grave of Akbar – Sikandra (Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra) – Emperor began the construction of his own mausoleum from red sandstone immediately, as she climbed onto the throne. After the death of Akbar, the tomb was finished with his son, Shah Jahan.

Togil of Itimad-Ud-Daula (I’tim&# 257; D-UD-Daulah) – This Mausoleum standing in the center of the Persian Garden built for his parents Queen Nurgehan. Warm yellow marble with inlaid from white and black marble, mosaic with precious stones, adorning the interiors of the mausoleum, give the construction of a special charm.

40 km from Agra is an ancient city Fatechpur Sicry, who was the capital of the Great Mughal Empire during the reign of Akbar I in 1571-1585, then lost this status, apparently due to lack of water. Fatechpur-Sicry Buildings show the synthesis of various architectural schools, such as Rajput and Mogolskaya. This is due to the fact that architects from different regions were involved in their construction. Since 1986, the ancient city of Fatechpur-Sicry is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Agra (agra)

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