Agriculture Finland. How does Finnish farmer live
Today in Finland there are about 70 thousand farms in Finland.
85% of farms have an area of up to 50 hectares, large farms – up to 76 hectares. The main thing in Finnish agriculture – animal husbandry. A significant part of arable land falls on feed herbs. Over 60% of forest lands belongs to farmers. Revenues due to forest blanks in many Finnish farmers are quite high. Finnish farmers sometimes provide help each other in the height of harvest and agricultural sharing.
Agriculture in Finland is both greenhouse production, and animalism, and horse breeding, and fish farming, and fishing. Tseators, cucumbers, salad, flowers grow in greenhouses.
For the quality of food, Finland is ahead of many European countries.
Where does this quality come from?? Such a question is asked by those who try Finnish products for the first time. And why a small country almost fully satisfies its population with the main food and exports to other countries?
- Workers horses
- Milk Valio
- Finnish horse
Northern country with changeable weather conditions ensures itself and significant shares of vegetables, fruits and garden berries. How do they manage not only grow, but also to keep the crop?
Having joined the European Union, farmers thought how to withstand competition with such countries that have favorable climatic conditions, how to confront these countries? The answer was found, as always typical of Finland, – We must defeat the quality. Everyone has already known that this is the national idea of Finns, which is closely related to hard work and responsibility.
This quality of its products and the farmers are valid, presenting exceptional demands.
The quality of the product means the taste, and the appearance, and the safety of properties, and safety, and packaging with all the necessary information. – Fair cooperation of all production links. And this is the investment, and the conclusion of contracts with trade organizations, and the fast delivery of the product to the consumer.
Thousands of Finnish farms work for this on environmentally friendly lands of Finland and produce an environmentally friendly product, evidence of this is that the Finnish population has long understood that its products are better than imported.
The farmers of poultry farms are also constantly monitoring the quality of their products, but also themselves under the control of relevant services. For example, after the introduction of the law that since the beginning of March and until the end of May, the whole poultry should be indoors in the avoidance of contacts with migratory birds, one farmer family was forced to answer the court for violating the law.
In Finland, 5.3 million people about 60,000 horses, from the bottom of 23,000 – the Finnish horse – a universal breed, derived here in Finland, unpretentious, very diligent horse. Her breeding began at the beginning of the twentieth century, trying to preserve her breed. In terms of its qualities, it is divided into a lyry, horse, small and working. The lynis is used in business and has its success on the racetracks, which in Finland quite a lot. Horses breeding supported by state subsidies. At horse races, Finnish lyric horses occupied high prizes. The riding breed of the Finnish horse is used in equestrian competitions, if the horse does not reach the corresponding sizes, it is intended for children’s sports. They are children and led by horse riding, which is also popular in this country. The smallest riders also learn to ride. Often in tourist villages are offered services in training horseback riding. Most farmers and families living on farms have a working horse – the faithful assistant to the owner.
To pig farms also their increased requirements. In Finland, there has been a collection of information for a long time, the state of farms is tracked, there is a computer program, and each farmer makes data on his pig farm daily. Livestock information is updated constantly. In Helsinki, in the Center for Information Collection, know about the number of all animals of Finland. This concerns and pig households and cattle farms.
The observation of animal health is constantly monitored and clearly controlled. Feeding and diet for different age groups of animals is paying close attention, dry feeding is common here. In the feed plants, animal feeding counselors work. The average daily weight gain at a moment of growth from 30 to 100 kg is about 1130 grams. Therefore, for the quality of products, which today Finnish farmers will supply to Russia, first in Vyborg, and later in St. Petersburg and to Moscow, they are confident.
Continuing control checks on the state of premises in which there are animals and a bird, although it is finners to this certain complaints. In cowshes, poultry farms, pig farms. Pure and light.
The Finnish farmer lives separately, near the farm and its own living quarters, on its own hectares of the Earth it grows and root, and herbs. fertilizers for which only organic. The use of mineral fertilizers is strictly followed. Cows should be powered only by the fact that the quality of milk will not change. The farm is surrounded by forests, air is clean. Before entering a barn, dress white bathrobes and disposable booties.
Everything is on full automation, on a farm, where the husband and his wife and his wife are manifested before the fifty cows and young people, and also children, regardless of age, they are always aware of farm affairs, always assistants, their parents are prepared for their work. Of 2-3 children, and such a number of children is characteristic of a farmer family, there will always be one who will like far work.
Each animal on the farm has its own biometric passport and navigator, which is attached to each cow. All computerized.
In Finland, driving past cows pasting on the meadows, admire their breeding and extension. The ideal rural picture is in sad thoughts, when you think about another country, where the launched fields of the villages are forgotten by the taste of real milk, where the sinks of the cows and rzhana horses are not heard, where the children will see domestic animals only in pictures.
But milk is the health of children and adults. Finnish scientists proved the special benefit of night milk (daughter to daylight). This milk is useful, strengthens the nervous system, contributes to a good sleep and is the prevention of cancer.
Farmers rarely take employees for a long time, usually only for the summer, when there is still additional work on the fields. Only 5% of farms apply hired labor. And among more than 10 thousand dairy farms typical of those where, mostly, copes with their farm Farmer family itself. So-called family farm.
The state keeps accounting for animals, monitors the purity of the breed, all cows are registered, a strict selection work is carried out. Farmers in this matter formed and themselves know the heredity of their cows. Sick cow’s milk destroy. It should be noted that before the milk gets to the consumer, it passes multiple control.
Many farms supply their milk from one of the largest producers of milk and dairy products – firm "Valio", about which they know everywhere in the world and in Russia too. The price of milk is quite permissible that farmers are satisfied, banks give good loans for the purchase of expensive equipment, and farmers buy the most modern, knowing that, thereby paying off his farm, reducing the working day, increasing labor productivity and milk quality.
In winter, each farmer is doing something else. More free time. Own workshops, some hobbies contributing to additional earnings. One farmer breeds dogs, the other is engaged in wood products – makes beautiful outdoor hours, the third sews covers for guns. Many different hobbies and their wives. Many families in winter go to relax where warmer, or travel to see the world.
Farmer’s life takes place in close connection with the Earth, with nature, with the animal world. This is a difficult work, whatever Civilized country.
So lived their fathers and grandfathers, and so their children will live, feeling this continuous connection of generations, the life of which is associated with the rural structure, and which are in any country that part of the people, which is the root of the nation.
And when you see, like a small son of a farmer on the same little tractor repeats what he is doing his father near, it will believe that it will always be here.