Air-conditioned country

30 years ago, when the University of Friendship of Peoples and his students were in focus of attention, anecdote walked: Mom from the depths of Africa, let’s say, from Zambia, writes a letter to his son who is studying in Moscow, and asks him how he tolerates the Russian winter, which, They say very sourov. I carry green winter well, the son answers, but the white is very hard.

Two times of year can, of course, be only in a joke. But three – in fact. Warm and wet season – from December to April. Cold and dry – from May to August. Hot and dry – from September to November. And they are characteristic of Zambia, which is located in the southeastern part of African mainland at an average of 1300 meters above the ocean and is called "Country air conditioned", Because nice weather stands there all year round. In the hottest month – October – the temperature keeps at 26-30 degrees, and the average "Winter" hesitate around 20, although the nights are cold enough. However, Zambia can be proud of not only with its climate, but also the seventh miracle of the world.

Waterfall Victoria, one of the largest in the world, we saw from the windows of the aircraft who went to land at the airport of Livingston, which is in the south of Zambia. Where one of the great African rivers – the River Zambezi – suddenly interrupts his fairly smooth flow to overthrow from a 120-meter height, hung a huge cloud of water dust, penetrated by a bright rainbow. With a terrible roar through the upper cut, stretching 1800 meters, down 5 million cubic meters of water per second fly, having risen on the stones in a deep and rather narrow crevice in front of a long and flat, tightly covered with a greenery, which is called for her form "blade knife". It is possible that this huge stone block once fell off from the current upper cutting of the waterfall. However, now it creates an artificial barrier for huge masses of water, which, with an incredible force, rushes into a narrow cleft, so that the flow is again "Extermine" In a wide, full-flower river. In the same place, everything roars and rinsing, and rising high in the air billions of the smallest water droplets form a snow-white cloud, strosled in the blue sky. Local tribes are rightly called waterfall "Mosi-o-tuna" – "Grounding smoke".

"Blade of knife" With a wooden flooring, stretched to his town of a flat maquer of the mountain, is a kind of viewing platform from which you can see a significant part of the waterfall, and the water blood pressure at its foot, and the deep gorge for which Zambezi rushes away. But to go through "blade knife", It requires a certain proportion of courage, especially when you have to overcome a rather deep crevice on a wooden bridge, although it is on both sides and fenced with railings. Constantly blowing a very strong wind and strives to knock off the legs, and from above, despite the absolutely blue sky, it rains rain, or rather – flows brought by the wind of falling water, so that the bridge turns out to be covered with it to the ankle. Despite the revealed umbrella, which is supplied with each driving on this "Excursion", The man swells to the thread in the first minutes, especially since the umbrella’s umbrella turns out inside out. Everyone tries to go on the bridge, holding the middle, but at the same time it does not leave the feeling that here is about to blow you and wash down. The resulting pleasure, however, stands and experienced fear, and wet clothing, and crushing shoes!

Next to the waterfall – a large straw canopy, under which there is a browse trade in local souvenirs, among which the skilled carving of the red tree is distinguished. At the sight of the diversity of the shapes and the ingenuity of the cutters, eyes are running. But the choice is most often determined by the amount of money that is possible to give. I have at home on the wall hanging a narrow shield of a length of centimeters 80, which is a few strokes of a person’s face, antelope heads with curly horns and sitting between bird-fisherman’s horns. It is the strokes, since there is no shield as such. Only contours. And between the outlined figures stick out the crusted crosswise two arrows.

Not far from the waterfall – two villages. One residential belonging "Chifu (tribe chief) Mukuni", Her structure, as claimed, persists from the XIII century. And the other is a kind of craft workshop where souvenirs are made. Both are on the way to the city of Livingston, named after the discoverer of these territories, the Great English traveler. A very interesting Museum of David Livingston serves as an attraction center for all those visiting these edges.

From here 40 minutes to Lusaka, the capital of Zambia, where the vintage residential quarters of the poor and scattered in abundance of the villa coexist with a modern city, which is characterized by the rigor of the lines of modern buildings. And all this is drowning in bright and contrasting tropical greenery, colors and. Medical.

Zambia is often called the country of copper, the development of which is concentrated in the northeast in the so-called copper belt. And when you go to Lusaka on Cairo Road, the main trading artery of the capital, the circle, ranging from the showcases of solid stores and ending with mats, laid out on the sidewalks along the road part of single traders, see products made of red metal. (By the way, it is on Cairo Road that the national tourism management is located, in which 19 national parks and reservations are under.) Vases and ashtrays, cups and candlesticks, baskets and whole pictures – and all of the copper.

In the heart of the city rises a majestic statue of freedom. Stupid of bronze African with a powerful jerk breaks the chains with which his hands were applied. He gained desired freedom, but on his wrists, handcuffs of economic dependence on former colonizers are still preserved.

You look at this expressive monument and you can not remember the exposition at the Livingston Museum, where the old flag is exhibited "British South Africa". On the cloth "Union Jack", What is called the National Flag of Great Britain, – a circle with a lion in the middle. In one of the paws, he holds an arrow, resembling a three-moisture bayonet – a clear reminder to local tribes, on which the power of colonizers held. This company for almost a whole century was the mistress of an extensive territory, where two independent states – Zambia and Zimbabwe are currently located. On a museum bench "Union Jack" and flag "British South Africa" Fit the National Flag of Zambia above them: a green cloth with an eagle-plated wings in the upper right corner and three stripes under it – a red, symbolizing the struggle for freedom; black, oliar people of the country; orange-red (under the color of copper) – state wealth.

By the way, the history of the opening of copper, which reaches 90 billion. tons. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the hunter, which manufactured in the mountains located north of Lusaka on the border with the current Zaire, chased in the jungle for Antelope. He overtook her near the rock with protruding outwardly unusual green streaks. As it turned out, it was the exits of copper ore. The mine emerged here later called "ROAN" – "Antelope", which, like others, is now under state control.

Air-conditioned country

When Zambia was already independent, and the neighboring Zimbabwe was still colonial Rhodesia, on the railway bridge near the waterfall Victoria was a well fortified block post with machine guns: the republic was afraid of provocations. I remember – at the block post stood a pillar with a sign "To Salisbury – 889 kilometers". To Harare, as the capital is now being called free Zimbabwe, the distance in kilometers has not changed. But the previously closed bridge unites two friendly states. And many tourists go to admire "Mosi-o-tuna" On both sides of the river, and from the territory of Zimbabwe – to fly over a waterfall on a mini-helicopter, more precisely, the wing with the engine. Visitors can take a walk on the ship, to try to force in a canoe, and desperate – like the guys from the extreme – test yourself jumping from a high bridge on a rubber rope over a stormy part of the Zambezi River.

National Parks and Reservations – Genuine Wealth of the Country, which offers tourists a stunning symbiosis of beauty-nature and an exotic animal world.

Two hours drive from Lusaka – and you are in the biggest National Park Cafu Cafa at 22 thousand square kilometers. Huge plains with soft evergreen grass, forests with the rocks of trees, which we could hear only botany specialists, as well as tick groves, in which elephants love to be. This park is the most famous habitat of elephants, buffaloes, hippofans, antelope and their numerous "relatives". And in addition – 400 varieties of birds! For tourists – hotels and "Hunting houses" With all modern top-level comforts, concerts of traditional African music and dancing performed by amateur artists from local tribes. These entertainment tourist will receive during safari (after all, in Africa do not go to parks and reservations, and the safari do!) Everywhere. In the country 73 officially recognized ethnic groups, and each can boast of their cult ceremonies and dancing. Tribal ceremonies in different parts of the country are held throughout most of the year, but most often in August and October, during the most favorable season.

Luangwa River Valley is one of the most prestigious parks in the world. Fed by the waters of the river vegetation serves as a refuge for a wide variety of mammals. Especially there are many elephants, lions and antelopes. Everywhere on the world look down giraffes. River inhabits the nation’s largest population of Nile crocodiles.

Several national parks of the north, adjacent to Lake Tanganyika and other, less well-known, in addition to elephants, buffalo, hippos, zebras, many. But it is possible "become acquainted" with lions and leopards, and during the migration of birds to watch a fantastic spectacle – "clouds" Pink flamingo. Birds and many other parks and reserves of the northern and eastern regions of Zambia – where there is a lake, and along the Zambezi River and its islands. In total, the country has 740 species of birds (here expanse for birdwatchers!) And a national symbol is an eagle fisher. V "camp Schiavo", located not far from Lusaka, except for birds, you can watch the elephants bathing directly from their "huts". In many parks, hunting is permitted. Of course – for big money.

Zambia is often called "The real Africa", because there is one of the wonders of the world – Victoria Falls, large animals belonging to "world’s top ten", and species that are found only here and nowhere else in the world, the wealth of bird flocks, the possibility for the most amazing safari and active sports. Finally – distinctive tribal art. And no wonder that tourists come to this country from all over the globe.

Air-conditioned country

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