Aista – Fight: contraception of ancient
In the Middle Ages, one of the most common causes of death in women had a complication for childbirth. More often, hardly time to appear, children died. The World Health Organization claims: it is thanks to the methods of modern contraception, it was possible to reduce maternal mortality twice, and infant – in three.
Now these indicators remain high only in poor countries, where they continue to use the same methods of contraception, which were in the go, what is called to the flood. What were they?
Ancient Egypt: Condom, Resin
As well as crocodiles litter, acacia honey decoction, sour milk, cotton fiber, animal guts, magic
Some of the first testimonies of the use of "night socks" were found in Egypt (also the image of something similar to the condom was found in the French cave of Grotte de Combarelles; Figure about 12 000 – 15,000 years). They made them of leather and animal guts. This luxury is available only to noble.
Poor used tools used. Here at least crocodiles litter – in front of the sex act, the women gave them genitals from the inside. This partly worked – viscous crocodile feces delayed the sperm stream. Sometimes for greater density, the agent was mixed with honey. Especially squeamish used only acacia or resin honey collar, wetting the cotton fiber twisted into the tube and overlapping them the entrance to the uterus. Often lubricated the launo and acidic milk mixed with different herbs. In addition to viscosity, these compositions have some destructive spermatozoa effect.
The latest tool from unwanted pregnancy was magic. Men appealed to the signs that were trying to make them barren by complex rituals. Whether it helped – the question.
Scientists calculated that contraception in the world is able to prevent 22 million unplanned childbearing (population of Moscow and New York taken together), 25 million abortions (4.3 Singapore population) and 150,000 cases of maternal mortality (67.5 "Titanicians").
Ancient Greece and Rome: "Lace Anna" and span compresses
As well as cedar oil, sulfate copper, cotton tampons, elephant manure, herbs champs, seeds of wild carrots, pomegranate, ginger, pessaria, chisania
Antiquity with its ideals of faintness took up the work of struggle with the stork even more fiercely. Crocodiles are not found in the old world, so Grechany, and with them and the Romans used as contraceptive ointment elephant dung. And still impregnated cotton tampons with copper copper and cedar oil. Sometimes used pessaries – special rings made from bronze (later they began to be used to prevent various pathologies of the genital organs – both in men and women).
But all sorts of herbs were especially loved in ancient elderly. To provoke a miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy, girls drank breeze with swamp mint. The main thing was not to abuse – a large number of infusion caused strongest poisoning and fatal outcome. Hippocrat himself specialized on the use of plants in contraception, which advised to chew seeds of wild carrots, today called the people of "Lace Anna". Seeds of this plant and in fact oppress sexual functions, the main thing is to use the tool immediately after sexual intercourse, and not for the purpose of prevention. The problem is that the "Lace Anna" are similar to very many fatally poisonous plants, so beautiful elling risks for life were prevented.
But there were akin tips. One of the ancient healers named Sororan Efesse said that vaginal candles made of ginger and pomegranate juice useful in contraception (the latter and actually possesses a spermicidal action). Another advice from COOP is useless: immediately after sexual act, sit down and deaf to sneeze. The sharp stress of the abdominal muscles, in his opinion, should have "push out" from the female body all extra fluids. As if this is not enough, some ladies in Eldead laid their genitals. Spiders or simply made compresses or tampons from a web, creating a filter medium.
Ancient Rus: Wedding Rings and Bees
As well as: urine, sauna, breastfeeding
The first tool from any Handra from the Slavs was a bath
The Christian Church of the time of time condemned the unwillingness to have children, so contraception measures were not very popular. Not to mention that out of 10-15 children who gave birth for their life the average Slavic woman, at the level of medicine, the time could only survive half, and even less.
Often, however, the extra mouth was simply not to feed, then women were puzzled by preventive measures. The first tool from any Handra from the Slavs, as you know, was a bath. Used it and to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It was enough just to get up immediately after Socia. The running method was and dumping his own urine. The first special effect did not provide, and the second could cause various diseases of the organs of the small pelvis.
They believed our ancestors and that reliable way to protect themselves from the rating is any acidic product – from sauerkraut to the distancering milk. All this was abundantly used in or made compresses, like the Greek. Hope for saving acid reached the point that the girls advised to eat. bees (they contain bee acid). It helped it or not – it is unknown, but the fact that such a method could easily send to the light of a woman prone to allergies – fact.
Practiced and long breastfeeding. Even today, many believe in this "miraculous" method, what to say about the former times. The consequences of such faith – the children’s weather.
There were no intrauterine spirals before, but the idea itself originated for a long time. For example, to prevent the appearance of undesirable offspring, in the XIX century began to practice the introduction of a wedding ring in the Lohn. It was necessary to do it immediately after childbirth until the cervix still began to shrink. Among other things, it was believed that the ring from precious metals should have a bactericidal action. Partly, such a method really worked – Women then wore these rings in their womb so long that they often got rustled into the cloth. Many cases are known when, after the revolution, 90-year-old old women complaining of bleeding came to gynecologists. Doctors got old of the old wedding rings from their internal organs, "laying" there for 30-40 years.
Ancient China and Japan: mercury
As well as vegetable oil, cedar resin, alum, pomegranate juice, silver balls, bamboo paper, warm water