Anchorage (Anchorage) – the largest city of Alaska, is the most northern of large cities in the US. The population of Anchorage 300 with a small thousand people (2013 data). In total, 374 thousand people live around Anchorage, which is more than half of the total number of residents of Alaska (approximately 700 thousand people).
Anchorage is in its own unique city, from all sides by national parks. The city is squeezing between the two sleeves of the bay of Cook and the slopes of the mountains of Mount Chugach (Chugach Mountains) and essentially is the largest human enclave inside the huge natural territory of Alaska. Anchorage – the most convenient point from where you can go on a trip to different Alaska reserves. But just a few kilometers from the city center, you may encounter scenes of wildlife, more rare what can be seen in most national parks.
Most settlements in Alaska appeared around fishing crafts or places where minerals mined. No one, no other in Anchorage. Perhaps there would be no city here, if B in 1914, this place was not chosen for the construction of the railway. Anchorage city status received by the 1920s and in subsequent years rapidly grew and developed. In addition to the railway, air transportation was actively developed, the military settled firmly in the region.
In 1951 he earned the main airport in Alaska – Anchorage International Airport named after Ted Stevens (Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport). Today is one of the most downloaded airports in the world by cargo transportation. This is due to the fact that the arrangement is held through Anchorage between the United States and Asia, in addition, the airport is abundantly supplied with aviation fuels with refineries in Alaska. Directly at the airport and on the works related to its functioning, is occupied by approximately the tenth of the city’s population. In addition to the railway and air traffic, the port is also an important role in the economy of the region, through which 95% of all goods arriving in Alaska is unloaded. Also important role in the economy playing tourism.
The main tourist season on Alaska lasts only four months and most of the arrivals on the peninsula originally fall into the anchorage. From Anchorage, you can easily get to the south to go fishing on the Kenai Peninsula or north – in Denali National Park (Denali) or Fairbanks – the second in the number of residents in Alaska.
Historical monuments of the beginning of the 20th century, reminiscent of the formation of the city, practically no left. Similar to that major earthquake that occurred on March 27, 1964. The great Alaskan earthquake with a magnitude of 9.2 points is still included in the top three of the largest earthquakes, the strength of which was technically registered. Anchorage, located 120 km north-west of the epicenter of the earthquake, got the biggest damage. Despite the fact that the Tsunami wave did not hit the city, Downward Anchorage, like some other areas, suffered very much. Miraculously in the city died only 9 people.
As already mentioned, the main interest for tourists is the wildlife of Alaska and numerous reserves, however, and in the city itself there is something to see:
- Alaska Native Heritage Center (Alaska Native Heritage Center)
- ANCHORAGE MUSEUM AT RASMUSON CENTER)
- Museum of History and Arts Anchorage (Anchorage Museum Of History and Art)
- Aviation Museum (Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum)
- Alaska Zoo (Alaska Zoo)
- Lake Hood Hood (Lake Hood Floatplane Base)
- Farm with shebians (Musk Ox Farm)
Also not be surprised if you meet in the city of wild moose.
The racial composition of the population of Anchorage:
- White – 60.4%
- African Americans – 5.8%
- Indians and indigenous people of Alaska – 7.1%
- Asians – 8.2%
- Latin American – 8.6%
- The rest is mixed and other races
According to the United States standards, 6.7% of the townspeople live below the poverty line.
Anchorage is located in the subarctic climatic zone. However, due to the fact that the city is protected by the Mountains of Chugach, the Alaskan ridge and heated by the Pacific trends, in Anchorage, a completely temperate climate with great marine influence. The average temperature of January is -9 C. Snow falls in moderate quantities (less than in the middle lane of Russia). Summer in Anchorage is soft, but rainy, the average temperature of July 14.7 C.
The geographical latitude of Anchorage (just north of St. Petersburg) significantly affects the duration of the daylight. The minimum duration of the day is 7.5 hours and is usually happening around December 21. The maximum duration of the daylight happens on June 21 (19 hours) during the summer solstice. At this time, long dawns and twilight prolong the day and in Anchorage, you can read newspapers on the street at 2 o’clock in the morning.
In Anchorage, there is a real opportunity to see the Northern Lights. Many local hotels provide a service «Northern Lights Wake Up Call», When in case of the emergence of the Northern Lights, you will be wondered. The greatest probability to see this rare phenomenon appears with cold and clear winter nights.
Alaska Standard Time (AST) operates on Alaska. Time in Anchorage for 1 hour behind the time on the west coast, 4 o’clock on the east coast and 12 hours from Moscow time. Thus, when in Anchorage 8 in the morning, in California 9 am, in Washington, noon, and in Moscow 8 pm.
You can get by plane to Anchorage in 3 hours from Seattle, 5 hours from Los Angeles or Chicago, 8 hours from Washington. The highest mountain in North America – Mac-Kinley Mountain (Mount McKinley) or as it is also called Denali (Denali), located 380 km from Anchorage, you can reach it on average for 4 hours. The main port city of Alaska – Seward (Seward) is located 2.5 hours south of Anchorage.