Bastille Day. Holiday and Tragedy: Conciergeri – Paris, France – Tourist Blog

July 14, all France in a single rush celebrates its main national holiday – Bastille Day. As described this day in his song, the famous Yves Montan:

À Paris
Au Quatorze Juillet
À la lueur des lampions
Au Son De L’Accordéon
Dans Les Rues

Depuis Qu’à paris
Et à chaque carrefour
Il y a des gars
Qui Sur Les Pavés
Font Des Tours Et Des Tours
À Paris

In Paris
the 14 th of July
In the light of the lantern
Dance without stopping
Under the sounds of Accordion
On the streets

With pore pore as in Paris
Took Bastilia
In all the oracle
And at every intersection
There are young men
And there are girls
Which on bridges
Without stopping the night and day
Spin in dance
In Paris

Beautiful festive picture. This is today when the doors of museums open on this day and even in the Louvre can be found for free, but not without a queue, of course, when the best dishes are put on the table and the best wines are spread … In our present, the fall of Bastille marked the beginning of difficult years of terror, massacres and executions, robberies, hunger and fear.

Remember this event on the spot notorious fortress prison is not worth. It is only an area with a column and a large transport node under it.

But there is another place that reminds the historical consequences of the events of the end of the 18th century, the fall of the Bastille and the monarchy, the French revolution. This is the Concierger Museum on the island of Sita.

Museum visits little, mainly at the same time with the neighboring famous Capella Saint-Chapel or not far standing Cathedral Notre Dame. The museum is included in the Paris Museum Card, which provides the right to a very profitable visit to many Museums Il de France (Big Paris).

Concierger’s building itself is a majestic building, palace, today is part of the Palace of Justice. He resurrects the novels of the ramp and sword in the memory of the novels, and, if at this time there will be a river tram, which is the name of the famous actor Jean Mare, then the memories of his roles will even revive this impression.

The story of Paris back in those days when he was called by Lutection, started with the island of Sita and from the first palace, which was built in this place in this place. The name of the concierge appeared much later only in the 14th century, and the castle in such an older times was built by the King of Franc Chlodwig.

From 6 to the middle of the 14th century Palace, with the exception of the period of the Board of the Caroling Dynasty was the Royal Residence. He repeatedly stopped, burned and restored after fires and finally gets his current appearance.

In the middle of the 16th century, when the royal residence becomes Louvre, in the former palace for the first time there is a prison. Then the building receives its name concierge. It happens due to the fact that the building should have been driving a concierge – an official endowed with great power and privileges. Lived concierge here.

On the tower concierges installed the first hours in France. It was in the 14th century, they were not preserved, and those that can be seen today belong to the end of the 16th century, they are decorated with bas-reliefs with allegorical images of the law and justice.

Its the most gloomy appearance of a prison, from which alive could only get into the place of execution, concierges became in 1793 after the fall of the monarchy. At the time of the revolutionary Tribunal, she won the fame of the most severe prison of France, for those two years that Conciergeri performed her gloomy function, there were about 3,000 people in it, among which there was a overthrown queen of Maria Antoinette and the inspiration of terror Robespierre.

In the mid-19th century, the concierger prison was closed, the status of a historical monument was appropriated and later made a museum.

To get to the museum you need to go down the steep stairs into a huge summer room, the arches of which support low massive columns, sounds here are given extremely gulco. This is the Guard Hall, in the appearance of the early 14th century, he is one of the most ancient medieval halls in Europe. It is difficult to believe, but with Philip IV is beautiful, the very thing that destroyed the Templars was cursed by the grand master of the Order of the Order of Humanity and, who overtakes this curse, this room was a receptionable in front of a large parade hall in which the king spoke justice. By the way, the catcher of Philip is beautiful in the destruction of the Order of the Templars Angeran De Marigny, damned together with the king, became one of the first prisoners of the prison concierger and his curse found an incarnation in the cessation of the genus and execution.

In the times of the French revolution 1793-95. The revolutionary tribunal.

Guard’s hall (also called the hall of the warrior or guards hall) was used as a dining room for about 2,000 people. The huge premises were heated four no less huge fireplaces. A fragment of the royal dining table from a black marble was put at the southern wall of the hall, it was behind him that the court of the Tribunal began during the revolution.

In Conciergeri, there was a big interestingly organized kitchen pavilion, which was first built in the King John II good in the 14th century. Only its lower level with strokes and four huge foci in the corners has been preserved to this day. Every hearth was intended for cooking strictly defined food: birds, meat, fish, vegetables.

In lessness when conciergeri was a prison, the western flight of the Guardians was separated from the rest of the hall with lattices. In this part, which was called the Paris Street were in sharpening the poorest prisoners, as in conclusion in more comfortable cameras, it was necessary to pay, as a bed, the satellites served.

Currently, the premises of the south of the hall of the warnikov are recreation of the decor of the prison of the Konsether Epoch of the Revolution. The first floor is a corridor of the prisoners who served as a place for prisoners, then the workplace of the court secretary is the official who concluded the lists of convicts. Then you can see a concierge room that managed the building and asked for security. The next room is toilet, she did not have anything to do with hygiene, in her sentenced to death before serving to the place of execution were selected personal belongings, the collars took off and cut their hair on the back. Such a "haircut" is associated with the historical fact. According to custom, the executioner took a severed head by the hair and showed it to the crowd to then quit back to the basket. It was also done with a chopped head of Charlotte Cord, who killed Marat. When showing heads to the crowd, the assistant executioner hit her on the cheek, and the cheek unexpectedly blushed, whether the processes, including blood circulation, cannot be terminated in the body, whether the hands were blurred, but the effect on all This produced.

Bastille Day. Holiday and Tragedy Conciergeri - Paris, France Blogs and Travel Notes

On the first floor there is also a chapel of the Girondists. It was built in the Middle Ages, but hears the name-Girondist deputies, which in 1793 kept here before execution.

In Conciergeri there is a chapel of Mary Antoinette. It was built on the command of Louis XVIII, which was ruined by France at the beginning of the 19th century, after the expulsion of Napoleon, in a short period, when the monarchy was restored in the country. Capella stands on the place where the prison chamber was not famous and tragically deceased queen. They say that in the same chamber spent his last hours before execution and Robespierre.

Eastern half of Capella Maria Antoinette reproduces the situation of her prison chamber, it is recreated on the basis of historical certificates about the interior of the camera during the French Revolution: inside the wax figure of a woman wrapped in black, followed by a security guard. A woman sits back to visitors and holds a book in her hands, most likely it is a prayerbook or the Bible. A crucifixion hangs on the wall, the heraldic lilies of the bourbon dynasty are depicted on the wallpaper. Paul stifles the authentic carpet of the 18th century.

From this camera, Maria Antoinette was taken to the scaffold, they say in the last hours of death waiting, it turned out of a completely blooming woman in the old woman. But the tragic metamorphosis did not kill the proud aristocratic spirit, the place of execution of Maria-Antoinette rose with proudly raised head and performed by greatness. Waiting for the execution of the former ruler, the crowd feared especially wildly and, suddenly, in one instant she sacked, which was struck by an incredible composure of his best, but still the Queen. The last words of Maria Antoinette were addressed to the executioner, strikingly, but it was just a polite conversation. Sitting to the guillotine, she accidentally came to the master to the master on foot and, as was the pupil to the man, said: "I apologize, messenie, it was not intentionally".

To block fresh air, you can get out of the corridors of the prison museum into the female courtyard, where the stone table and fountain are preserved, in which prisoners were erased their belongings. The courtyard surround the cameras, staying in them was paid. One of the premises is called "Corner of twelve", Here, men and women might talk to each other through the grille.

For some reason, it is this open place without a hanging ceiling and the semitime makes the most painful impression, as if in it the souls of those unfortunate, which was allowed for the last time before shipping on the guillotine to get out of raw dark chambers on sunlight.

Rising to the second floor in the first hall you can see a list of prisoners of prison, which were executed on the guillotine. In the neighboring halls, documents and engravings dedicated to the 500-year-old Concierger story were exhibited.

No description can give that sensation that leaves concierge. Prayer, gloomy, reinforced from the first steps with a nearby hall with a low hanging ceiling. Next, as you inspect, these sensations are enhanced. Maybe people less susceptible there will be just interesting. But in my opinion, under the arches, the conciergers still live experiences, sharpened in her people, or their souls still can’t find peace, experiencing again and again happened to them.

Conciergeri was only a prison, her prisoners were dying not here. Before the revolution, they were taken to the Grevian Square, now the hotel is the hotel de Ville, near the river. During the revolution, the final scaffolds stood behind Seine, Louvra and Tuilery Garden in Square. Which then wore the name of the revolution itself, to her from concierges to go about 20 minutes.

Years of terror, blood, fear and mutual hatred of citizens of one country finally passed. The people who were horrified by the deed stopped. Then the area on which the main scaffold stood, flooding France with blood was renamed to the area of ​​consent, marking the consent of all the country’s estates. Of course, the country suffered irreparable damage. For many decades she returned, but never returned to itself exceptional positions in the world. But the image of France in the eyes of other peoples is the image of beauty and well-being. Maybe we don’t succeed exactly because the people can not stop and terrible in his history, and maybe because in Russia for almost a hundred years there is no ruler, which Fiasko’s victims could find the strength to rise to the scaffold with Gordically raised head.

À Paris
Au Quatorze Juillet

Il y a des gars
Font Des Tours Et Des Tours

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