Turku (Turku)

Turku (Turku)

Turku (Turku) or Swede. Abo (Åbo) – Port city in the southwest of Finland, located 165 km from Helsinki, in the Auraioka River in the Archipelago Sea. River divides the city into two parts – Northern and South. Population – 177 342 people (2010).

Turku is one of the oldest cities of the country, until 1809 was the capital of Finland. The city is also an important cultural and economic center, in 2010, together with Tallinn, he was elected the cultural capital of Europe 2011.

The city is officially bilingual: Finnish language as the main one is used by 87.7%; Swedish is native for 5.3% of the population.

The best time to visit the Turku – Summer, when, in addition to attractions, you can also fully enjoy the picturesque Finnish nature, as well as visit the regularly held festivals here.

Turki Cathedral (Turun Tuomiokirkko) – Main Lutheran Temple in Finland. Built in the second half of the XIII century in the north-gothic style and is consecrated in 1300 in honor of the Virgin Mary and the first bishop of the country – Holy Heinrich, having killed Finland.

The first stone cathedral was much less than the current. His facade was on the place where the department is now located. Below was the arch, overlapping space.

In the Middle Ages, the cathedral was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded. In the XV century, side chapels were attached to the cathedral. A little later, the height of the central neopa arch was increased to modern sizes (24 meters). In 1827, the cathedral was seriously injured by fire. 101-meter tower of the cathedral was built when restoring the cathedral and became a symbol of the city of Turku. In 1980, a new 81-register body was installed in the cathedral.

Open daily from 9:00 to 19:00 (until 20:00 from the middle of April to mid-September), the entrance is free.

Turku Castle (Turun Linna) – Swedish castle in the city of Turku, built in 1280. Is one of the most remarkable medieval castles of Finland. The castle in the Middle Ages and later, in the XVI century, during the Renaissance period, repeatedly expanded.

At the beginning of the new time, as a result of changes caused by military events, medieval castles lost their importance. Since the end of the XVI century, the Turku Castle was used primarily as a prison and storage. And from the end of the XIX century he served as a museum, although it was badly damaged in the summer of 1941 as a result of the bombardment of the Soviet air force. As a result, the castle had to carry out wide repair and restoration work.

Currently, Turku Castle is among the most important monuments of the history of Finland’s construction. In the premises of the castle there is a historical museum of the city of Turku, jumped by the district museum Turku. In addition, the chapel of the castle is popular as a place of weddings, and the Renaissance halls of the castle can be rented for the holiday.

Luostarinm Museum (LuostarinmäEN KäSITYöLäISMUSEO) – Open-air Museum in the center of Turku, located near the Hill of Vartioori.

Represents 18 blocks in which in more than thirty authentic wooden houses preserved at the initial places, presented traditional craft workshops and residential premises and through them – Construction traditions, the use of wood, as well as the everyday life of Finnish artisans living in the XIX and XX centuries. Among others, presented, for example, at home Sailor and carpenter, watch masters workshop and tobacco manufacturer house.

The museum has its own mail and a small store in which you can buy vintage sweets and Finnish handicraft products. In addition to old housing of the XIX century, the house of men who lived in the museum in the 1960s are also presented here. and one-room apartment of an old woman who died in the 1980s., The last resident in the museum.

The first houses on the territory of Luzainarmäki were erected at the end of the XVIII century abroad of the then city as a residential area for lower estates: middle class and artisans. The oldest plot was measured in 1789., And the newest – In 1803. Practically a residential area at the beginning of the XIX century was in the famous clappers. The area that escaped from the fire of 1827 was located aside, next to the hill of Vartiovuori, who at that time was a solid rock, so the sparks could not get to the roofs of Luzontarmäki.

Preserved after the fire structure according to the development plan to. L. Engel was ordered to disassemble. But the idea of ​​the preservation of the area and the foundation of the museum of artisans led to the creation of the museum, and the museum was opened on June 29, 1940. In 1943. The museum organized the first days of handicraft arts, which were subsequently expanded to the artistic art of handicrafts held at the end of August.

Sailing Fregat Suomen Joutsen (Suomen Joutsen) – Finnish Naval Forces Training Ship, now ship Museum. The sailboat was built and launched on October 16, 1902 in France.

Posankka – Statue in the Finnish city of Turku. Located in front of the hotel-water park «Karibia», The symbol of which is, in the immediate vicinity of the campus of the University of Turku and the Student Town. Is a hybrid image of pigs and ducks. Looks like a pink animal with a body and a duck head, but with a pork patch and tail. The statue designed Alwar Gullichsen in 1999. Initially, the statue of swimming on the Auraioki River. In 2001, the statue was placed on its current place

A restaurant «Puetorin Vesse» (PUUTORIN VESSA) – The attraction of the city of Turku. The restaurant was opened in 1997 on Puutori Square («Wooden Square») Indoor, where from 1933 to 1986 there was a public toilet. The furnishings inside the restaurant operates the theme of the former use of the building and is saturated with a specific «Toilet humor». Restaurant Owner – Last Musician Lasse Laasons.

The exact date of the base of the city is unknown, however, according to Russian sources, in 1191, Novgorod, together with Karelami, make a marine campaign to Finland against Swedes, during which Abo.

In 1318, the Novgorod residents burned the city, after the conclusion of the world, the city began to rejuvenate.

He received the right of city in the 1290s, but only after 1309 there is a document in which Abo is called the city. From this time, the print and coat of arms are known.

In 1323, the Orekhovsky world was concluded, which established the borders between the Novgorod Earth and the Swedish Kingdom. The collisions with the Novgorod Republic ceased, and from these years the prosperity of the city began. To this period also includes the entry of the city to the Hanseatic Union.

In 1409, their own money was launched in Turku, which differed in value from those used in Sweden.

In 1628, the King of Sweden Gustav-Adolf established a gymnasium, which since 1640 by the efforts of the Graph Pen Brage was transformed into a university – the Royal Academy of Abo.

In 1713, during the Great Northern War, Peter I began military actions in Finland and on August 28, Russian troops under the superior of Peter I and Admiral General Count Apraksin took Turku – the capital of Finland. This period is noted in history as a great lighter for the civilian population. The troops remained in the city until the end of the war in 1721.

During the Russian-Swedish war, 1741-1743 Russian troops under the superior of the Bruce graph on September 8, 1742 took Turku. After the conclusion of the Abosh world, which completed the war, the Russian troops occupied the city.

In February 1808, Russia and Sweden began the war again. Already 10 (22) March 1808, the army of General Dmitry Shepelev took Turku. According to the Friedrichsgam world, signed in 1809, Finland went to Russia.

Turku retained the value of the capital of the country until 1817, when the Finnish Senate was translated into Helsinki. After that, the Turku became the provincial city. He was the end point of the branch of Toyala Turku of the Finnish Railway, and also remained the location of the governor, Lutheran Archbishop, foreign consuls, the court chamber.

In 1827, a huge fire happened to the Turku, which almost completely destroyed the city. After the fire, he was built on a new plan, with straight, wide streets; home low, almost solid stone. Also after the fire, the university was transferred to Helsinki.

According to the 1880, the population of the city was: Finns – 53.6%, Swedes – 41.9%.

In the Russian civil war, the Turku was, as well as all major cities, in their hands, «Red». War, however, was fleeting, and by the spring of 1918 the red retreated from the city.

In 1918, a Swedish-hour University of ABO Academy and Finnoad University of Turku were recreated.

During the winter war and the Soviet-Finnish war 1941-1944, the city suffered from bombing of the USSR. The Turku’s castle was also injured, and its surroundings and the Martti region were almost completely comparable to Earth.

During the winter war, the Soviet Union dropped about 4,000 bombs on Turku, because of which over 600 buildings were injured. 52 people died from bombardments, and 151 were injured. Turku was the second after Vyborg the most bombarded city.

After the final of the war, the President and Commander-in-Chief of Finland, Gustav Mannerheim, was the idea of ​​transferring the capital from Helsinki to Turku, since after the conclusion of the Moscow truce in 1944, Finland was obliged to submit the USSR for rent instead of Cape Hanko Pokcall Peninsula with surroundings, which is just 17 km from Helsinki.

Turku – FINLAND MAIL TRANSPORT KNOT. The city intersect car and railway highways, there are large marine and river ports, as well as airport.

The basis of the road network is the motorway E 18 leading through the port in Sweden and Norway, and in Finland along the route: Turku – Helsinki – Kotka (and further to St. Petersburg);

highway E 63 Connects: Turku – Tampere – Jyvaskyul – Kuopio;

highway E 08 Connects: Turku – Rauma – Pori – Vaasa – Kokkola – Raahe – Oulu – Kemi – Tornio – Tromso.

Old Royal Road runs on the route Turku – Hämeenlinna – Vyborg.

Urban transport

City Transport Turku – Bus. The bus network is developed, the timetable is observed. Home TRANSPORT IN THE CITY – TRADING SQUARE (KAUPPATORI), where almost all buses come. There are no lines in Turku on which buses drive through the city in a circle, so to cross the city, you need to get to the market square and already there to take the bus, next in the right direction.

To stop the required regular bus on the track, the passenger gives the driver by the driver’s hand sign (raises his hand). Inside the bus passenger presses the red button in advance «Stop» (Buttons are located above the seats or on metal orders) to stop transport. In Finland, it is customary to sit while moving in transport. Front places (for the driver) are usually left for older people and people with limited physical abilities.

Ticket (KERTALIPU) costs 2.5 euros, it acts within 2 hours and allows you to travel to different bus routes. The cost of the daily travel ticket for 24 hours (Matkailulippu) – 5.5 euros. There is a discount system.


The Auraioki River divides the city into two parts – North and South. Shores bind seven bridges. In the lower river the river, where the bridge would interfere with navigation, crossing pedestrians and cyclists carries free ferry (FöRi), running from 6:15 to 21:00 (23:00 in the summer).

Intercity buses

In the central part of the city there is a bus station (Linja-Autoasema), from which long-distance buses are sent. An international bus to St. Petersburg through Helsinki every day.

Payment of travel is carried out both on the bus station and directly from the driver (or a cashier running on the line). The passenger calls the driver the place of its following (or stop). When buying a ticket to both End (Meno-Paluu) gives a discount (the return ticket is valid for 30 calendar days).

By taxi

Ride the Turku on a taxi is convenient, but quite expensive, the cost of filing a car about 5-8 euros, after which it will have to pay 1-2 euros for each mile.

Railway transport

Turku Railway Station (Turun RautatieSema) – Large Transport Knot. It is located close to the historic center and connects the city with all the largest settlements of Finland.
Transportation is carried out by VR.

Passenger trains coming to Turku Train Station from other cities, followed by the port of Turku, to Ferries on Stockholm.

Sea transport

Port Turku is located on the banks of the Archipelago Sea to the West from the city center. Through the port goes per year over 4 million. tons of cargo and over 4 million. Passengers. The port is the only country for the adoption of railway ferries.

From the port of Turku daily walk ferries Silja Line and Viking Line in Stockholm and the Aland Islands in Mariehamn and Longnes.

An airport

Turku Airport is 8 km north of the central part of the city. Bus number 1 goes to the airport from shopping square. In addition to domestic flights, flights to Stockholm, Copenhagen, Riga and Gdansk are carried out.

By plane

Turku Airport is 8 km from the city. Domestic flights from Helsinki, Mariehamna, Oulu and Tampere, as well as regular international flights from Budapest, Riga, Warsaw, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Tallinn and Gdanska.

From the airport to the Market Square Turku hosts the bus number 1.

By train

The VR trains depart from Helsinki (2 hours in the way, ticket costs are 30-35 euros), Tampere (1.5 hours, 25-27 euros), pikesymyki (6 hours, 50-60 euros) and Kuopio (7 hours, 60-67 euros), in addition, there are night trains from Rovaniemi.

On a ferryboat

The port is located next to the Turku castle, to the city center from it can be reached by bus number 1.

From the port of Turku daily walk ferries Silja Line and Viking Line in Stockholm and the Aland Islands in Mariehamn and Longnes.

Two months in Central Asia

Two months in Central Asia

We warmly spent 2 months in Central Asia and we want to briefly tell how it was. In our post there will be photos, then some remembered funny stories and useful information.



Our route

On him liked most:Fan Mountains, Dushanbe, Bukhara.
And a little bit in opinions were separated by: Anya liked Alai, Sasha – Pamir.

I remembered the roads:
From Kulyab to Khorog all FIG!
From Murgab to Osh oh the road is good!


Below – Useful Links-Addresses for Budget Travels in Central Asia.

The hotels are quite expensive, so we perfectly fit into a private hostel for students of theatrical university at ul. Glinka Gai, d. 13. Hostess call Shahid, very colorful lady.

Lived at the local woman Mahabat with her cheerful grandson. On the square of the minor there is a hookah, he should be on your left hand – go to the arch. On the first turn to the left, there until I stop, then right, house 6. We paid $ 10 per day. For cash, Mahabat may help with registration.

Generally, in Uzbekistan, sometimes it is more profitable to spend the night in the train.
So we did: from Bukhara to Samarkand and from Samarkand to Tashkent spent the night in the train.
Buy tickets in advance. PlazcarPurt is replenished quickly.

Lived at the local, behind the city at the foot of the mountain next to the Suliman Mountain, if you go from the city. The house is on the opposite side from the automotive market.
You can ask where the family lives, which gives the rooms to travelers.
Cost per night – about $ 5 for two.

Sarah Mogol
This village on the road to the basic camp at the peak of Lenin. Lived in CBT camp (Community Based Tourism). Cost of the place for the tent per night about 200 rubles. But for Russian students, tourists can also pass the place for 100.

Peak Lenin
Near the Pamir Expedition camp in the tent lived in the basic camp. Did not pay.
Ate from local residents living nearby. $ 5 per plate Plov / soup. Such prices.

Pleasant city. Very nice.
As a result, we returned 3 times in Dushanbe. It was very great.
And in our opinion, it was the best place: we were going to go beyond the city to spend the night in a tent, but here we noticed a beautiful hill. Local living on the hill accepted us sincerely: gave water to wash and warm cake.
Separate theme – these are views from this hill to the city. Just a bomb! How to find a place:
If you leave the city from the "waterproof", standing near the market on the right, see the hill ..

Visas. Permites. Borders.

Visas to the countries that we visited is not needed, only registration is needed.

Everything is simple here, if you stay in the hotel, then you can register automatically. But hotels there are not cool and expensive, and we took advantage of the rule that in the first 3 working days registration is not needed. Therefore, for the first time we went to Kyrgyzstan in three days, and for the second time – to Kazakhstan. Between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, a convenient boundary located 30-40 minutes by bus from Tashkent. Light boundary, though crowded. Everything went fast, this is the favorite story of Sasha that he was in Kazakhstan as many as 25 minutes ..

Registration costs about 600 rubles (90 somon). Is given for a month, and even if you leave the country and drive back, you do not need a new one. Comfortable. Registration is done in any OVIR. Required documents: passport, photo, migration card and copies. We did in Murgab.

Pass in GBAO. In Gorno-Badakhshan, the necessary pass is done for a long time and is quite expensive. He is done in Dushanbe. But there is a small trick – if you drive from Osh, it’s just nowhere to do, we wanted to do in Dushanbe and return. They tried to arrange him in Murgab, we were refused, they said, what can be done only in the capital, so we drove the Pamir without skipping.

Kyrgyzstan. The most friendly country. No registration and visas, and even enter the Russian passport.

Transitions. The most important and positive news: you are foreigners, so on all borders we were conducted either in a separate window, or without a queue. It is convenient and pleasant, because many borders are too loaded ("Pigs, noise Color Asia .."). Under this rule, all boundaries are suitable, except for two.

1. Border between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan by Osh. There are no people at all, it’s not very convenient if you are driving hitchhiking. We were there in the evening and managed only to leave Kyrgyzstan. The border of Tajikistan was already closed, so we spent the night in neutral territory.
2. The border between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Cute tanning with Tajik border guards who wished us good luck, we got into hell, called Uzbek customs. If for Tajiks we were great travelers, besides, Russians, then for Uzbeks – drug addicts, which in all pockets were carrying herb or something worse.
But we had only a lot of condoms, in Tajikistan, they are cool and cheap (probably because of the unrequisite). There were 20 of their packs 20, and they all were carefully folded by Sasha in my backpack. They were also in the belt bag and in the pants, in short – in the eyes of the customs I looked at a minimum pornstar. In a light shock, she asked why so much, what a honest answer was received – do not want children. The day for her clearly did not ask, because, continuing the inspection, she removed from my backpack for hands and fingers. For a second, she thought, apparently, comprehending all the information she got about me from my personal belongings. After that, apparently, she pierced deep sadness, and she quickly finished my inspection.

Sasha was a worthy guy of his girl and at that very moment patiently explained the border guards of the names of the tablets, and he had countless many. They were not soared and asked – not exactly prohibited? He was well done until he scattered from a plastic bag his protein. All, gently, speaking alert. But Sasha smiled and offered to try, naturally explained why he needed. They politely refused.

I tried to describe it positive and fun, but in fact it was all pretty tedious and long. So be patient and get rid of condoms and protein.

About the city that seemed to us the most friendly, fresh and positive – about Dushanbe.

  • Mark Chung-Chang and UFO – according to Sasha.
  • For my taste, ice cream from automatic machines tastier))

: I remember Dushanbe the lack of traffic jams, delicious ice cream, our open shower overlooking Dushanbe, old trolley buses and a common warm, homely atmosphere.

Botanical Garden in Dushanbe.
Sasha was interesting to see the rosary. He came to the guards and very politely asked:
"Tell me, please, and where is the rosary?"
The guards responded in the same way: "Che?"
I realized that this is not an option, but Sasha did not lose "Please tell me where the rosary is located"
And again: "Che?" . And so time 3.
We have already walked to the exit and, about a miracle, we meet an intelligent unhealthy, which on our question indicates where the rosary is located.
What I honestly told him that he was the first man in this Botsad, who at least knows something.
In response, the uncle handed me a hand and introduced himself:
"Director of Botanical Garden, Yusupov".

Sources that we used to prepare:
-site bpclub))
-Lonely Planet, but as always filtering information from this guidebook
-Krotov’s book and Sapunov "middle Asia. Practical guidebook. "
-Panoramio.Uz – very decent and beautiful source

Local residents have also helped us.
Many thanks for info.

Separately, it is worth telling how we moved:

We did not put any specific goals for timing.
We decided that let everything go, how comes.
In reserve We had 55 days, Therefore, we could afford a lot 🙂

Sasha: "Personally, I sought to organize a more harmonious journey, focusing not at the sights and types, but on a comfortable "Life in the journey".
That is, without a delay I was ready to sacrifice the view of the peak of Lenin for the sake of the appearance of Ani 🙂
We could go in for sports in the park instead of the museums, or sleep, without reaching only 2 km from Jashilkul, because I do not want to go in bad weather to watch the lake for show".

Learn how to score on a desire to see all the beauty and not to be greedy species – it’s damn important in the Pamirs: in this region overload occurs quickly – all the same height makes itself felt.
Even local children, we were playing football near Jashilkul, deflated after ten minutes of active run. What can we say about us, urban.
Yes. Then each of his opinion and his principles. But personally, I walk 20 km with a backpack weighing 30 kg at altitudes from 3500 gives a little pleasure. By this I am most like to work: because time is money -.
And I tried to sacrifice time and energy to enjoy the views and communicate with people in the conscious state.
If I had a spare couple of thousand $, I would have behaved differently.
For example, an Englishman, Mark, took with friends rented a jeep at a cost of 80 cents per km, and went in peace, enjoying the views.

Moving hitchhiking in the Pamirs, too, can become "work":
for example, at the site of Sarah Mogol – Murghab – Alichur – Ishkashim passes on a few cars a day, of which take you want to free a maximum of one . in three days)))
Then you’re all the same word car, but you will know that the local guys are not doing breaks "look at this beauty", and local travel non-stop, so much so that after 2 hours you no longer want nothing more than to stop and rest.

Well, really, why should they have to bring up, when they can pick up local or foreign money. Pamir – a region where the carriage of local people and work with foreigners – this is a business.

Therefore we do not much fooled, but haggling, paid. And moves us to the desired place.
IMHO, it is better to pay a little money than half a day to stand in one place, waiting for cars.
(Walking with heavy backpacks desire is not enough).
Again, there was a time the money.

we spent 55 days on all 30.000 rubles *.
* It does not include the cost of the flight Moscow-Tashkent-Moscow

-Yellow truck of two Americans with their travel project worldwide Whiteacorn.Com. They helped us very much, throwing us from Achur to Khorog.
We have a week left for this short.

Sasha:For the second time I visited Bukhara, Samarkand and Tashkent.
From these three cities Most liked Bukhara, her old town.
In it, you feel comfortable and pacificent.
Walking to yourself well on the old streets, and at every corner – a monument.
Sometimes even the impression that you are in a fairy tale.
There is a lot of interesting things in the city, and it is better not to tell about it – better to show:
Looking at Panoramio.uz you yourself can outline the places you want to visit.

As for Samarkand and Tashkent – I do not like it there, not my.
Yes, cities are impressed. Yes, Samarkand monuments are very pompous and beautiful.
But touch the culture and get your emotions and in places simpler.

Stay in Samarkand on the second day – dismiss.
But in Bukhara.

But in Bukhara there is such a merryptic musfi.
And here are some funny stories from his life.

Having decided to publicly humiliate the Musfiks for many years of evil jokes, Emir convened his courtesy, seized them in the hall of the palace, and Musfiki ordered to sit at the most honorable place.
The servant put in front of each convolution with donating clothes. Cut, laid before Musfiki, was more than others, and the wrapper it was embroidered with gold. Like everyone, the Musfiki unfolded his convolution, but it was not a silk robe, like others, but a donkey letter.
Courtesome dirty. But Musfi did not change in his face, he began to happily with the Allah and praise the generosity of Emir.
One of those present shouted to him:
– Unhappy, what you enjoy? From such humiliation you should cry!
– Obsiba! – answered the poet. – The people went to the moloss that the emir was in disadvantage, but now everything is clear to everyone that this Solva is incorrect. On the contrary, his Highness is especially favorable to me. What did you get all? Ordinary gifts! And me Mr. Emir complained his own nonsense!

Just at the time when Musfiki on the terrace of the palace talked with Padishah, he entered herald:
– Sovereign, can I give Musfiki your decree in your presence?
– Hand!
Running a scroll, Musfiki read the decree with Padisham appointed him by the head of the Oslov. What did all the officials who received the appointment arrived at the custom, Musfiki put the seal to the eyes, fastened the signature of Padishah, stuck a scroll into the folds of his chalms and, having gotten from the place, he molded Padyshah three deep down. But then he went around Padishah and sat on the terrace with him.
– a new position you, I see, satisfied, "said Padishah," I don’t understand just why you sat down above me?
– with his gracious command, sovereign, – replied Musfiki, – you were given at my disposal and ourselves. And therefore, by direct meaning, I have the right to this place.
– Musfiki! – Padishah indignant, – You are not only brazen, but also. I do not know if you yourself from the donkey at least on the span?
Musfiki quickly measured the distance between themselves and Padishah:
– precisely, Your Majesty, – Exactly to PJ!

Interpretation of sleep Emir.
Emir saw in a dream that all his teeth fell out. He caused a dream interpreter.
– I can not hide the truth, – said that – your children and all your relatives will die before you!
For such a gloomy prediction, Emir ordered the executive executive. After execution, Emir met with Musfiki.
– Can you at least explain to me the true meaning of my strange dream?
– Good dream, – replied Musfi. – You will live in this light longer than your children and relatives!
Soothed Emir generously rewarded Musfiki.

Tale in the eyes

And at the end I want to tell about our little project

I and Anya like to test with the children: the children’s world is riddled and beautiful, and they are very much infected with positive, fun with them. Moreover, personally they often saved from depression.
Maybe someone also occurred to the thought that you can volone for children in the course of travel. So we did in relation to children of remote villages.
As a result, we are very positive and useful to spend time together.

Motivation My like. Different people have different needs. And someone need not only species, food, communication. Some feel the need for activities. Who is familiar with protracted travel and satisfying from them, will understand me.
So, joint activity with children helps to diversify the way, make it more harmonious. And you feel happier in the journey.

As for the formalities:
We had simple musical instruments, soft toys on the hand of ala-puppet theater and a skier expander. Plus We bought gifts: balls of 6 pieces, souvenirs-dolls pieces 15, color pencils and paper – I don’t remember how much.
All left bucks 120-150. I am sure that this is a nonsense, compared to what we got in return.
Also important skills and skills of communication with children.
I am lucky with this in some sense, because I sometimes work in children’s camps, and it helps me strongly.
But ultimately, I consider it a more important desire to communicate with children, openness and positivity – all this feel very well.
They often don’t care what you can’t play with them in anything – they just want to take off and talk.

As you can see, our attitude towards children remote villages was conscious and planned. But we did not try to find children, and play with them – everything turned out somehow by itself: the children themselves appeared next to us, and in our backpacks there was an inventory so that we could all together play sports and creativity.

As a result, I believe that we are not the fact that Volonelli for children. We just have been friends with them.


. That journey it turned out. Anya: 3 months before that, I flew out of 5 * Hotel Egypt and thought that I would never have a web there – tired. I wanted something new. I wanted – got. I learned to put a tent and turn the sleeping bag, cook on the burner, to carry a backpack (as his mother called – snailing house), carbon and distinguish between Uzbeks and Tajiks. And I loved this life.
I would come back again? – Yes
It’s cooler than Egypt? – Yes, if so in a thousand
It’s cooler than surfing? -EEE, can I compare them, reflecting in the next post. Oh Bali.

UAE card with resorts and airports

UAE card with resorts and airports

The proximity of the resort to airports and attractions often plays a key role in choosing a vacation spot. In this article, let’s talk about the Arab Emirates – cities and their districts, resorts and airports.

Important! Not all the Emirates are now (February 2021) are open to tourists. What are the openings that are closed, what are the conditions of the entrance, read the article on the link above.

Mutual location We visually showed on the map you can see below. Click on the map to see it in a large size.

Important note about airports!

In the UAE there are several tens of airports, but there is no sense on the map. The fact is that aircraft from Russia arrive only four of them: Dubai International (DXB), Al Maktoum International Airport (DWC), Abu Dhabi International (AUH) and Sharjah International (SHJ).

The remaining airports serve for local flights, airplanes with workers from India or charters from Europe.

Another important note!

When buying a tour to the UAE, always carefully watch the arrival airport and departure. Not always tour operators include a batch tour of the tickets to the nearest airport. It happens that it is more profitable for them to carry tourists 150 kilometers to save on airline tickets.

Most often there are tours in Abu Dhabi with arrival in Dubai. In this case, it will have to go on a tourist bus 150 kilometers (2 hours), and from Abu Dhabi Airport to the hotel would have to go 20-30 minutes.

Emirate Dubai

Dubai city occupies the whole strip of the Emirate’s coast. We can say that the city of Dubai and the resort of Dubai is the same thing. For tourist, the area of ​​Dubai is important, in which the hotel stay will be located.

Jumeira – District of the most luxury beach hotels. This area takes almost half the coast.

Downtown – a small area with the main attractions of Dubai: Burj Khalifa, Dubai Fountains, Dubai Mall. There are no beaches in the downtown, it is 2 kilometers from the shore. Sailing here in the hotel is convenient if shopping and attractions are the main goals of the trip.

Deira – District in the north-east of the city. There are no beach hotels here, and the public beach is only one and is far from hotels. Vacationers in Deyre usually travel on JBR, Open Beach or another public beach in Jumeyr. The Gold Souq, The Gold Souq, The Gold Souq, The Spice Souq, The Perfume Souq. Deira for tourists are interesting available at the price.

Bur Dubai – the historic center of the city. There are no beaches and beach hotels in general, tourists have to go to Public Beaches Jumeira. Almost all cultural and historical attractions are in the Bur Dubai: Fort Al-Fahidy, Big Mosque, Said Al-Mactum, Heritage Village.

Dubai Marina – District in the West Jumeira. Local beach is the most famous in Dubai, it is called JBR. Approximately half of the beach of public, Half is assigned expensive hotels. There are hotels in walking distance from JBR Beach. Price per room in hotels in Dubai Marina – from 70 to 200 dollars per night.

Al-Barsha and al-Khada – areas for Sheikh Zayed Road (Sheikh Zayed Road), which is more than 2 kilometers from the shore. For tourists are interesting available (50-70 dollars per night) hotels.

See the map of Dubai with districts in our article "Emirate Dubai".

Below, look at the tabletime table from the airport to hotels in each area. Time travel time, transfer bus and subway approximately coincide.

Consider that when traveling to a taxi or bus, you can get into the plug, and this time can seriously grow.

Jumeira Downstown Deira Bur Dubai Marina Al-Barsha Al-Kham
20-35 min 15-20 min 10-15 min 15-20 min 30-40 min 25-30 min 25-30 min

If you buy a batch tour in Dubai, then arrival airport in 99% of cases will be Dubai International (DXB). Occasionally there are tours with arrival in Sharjah.

Emirate Abu Dhabi

In the Emirate of Abu Dhabi there are three famous resort.

Sir-Bani-Yas Island is 220 kilometers from the capital. This is a very specific resort, you can say exclusive. Here are only three hotels, and the island itself is the "Ecological Reserve of the UAE".

Al-Ain is a city in an oasis in the Arabian desert. As a place of rest, it is popular with the Arabs-citizens of the UAE, and tourists from Russia go here for day excursions. However, no one bothers to book a room in one of Al-Ain hotels and drive by bus.

Yas Island – is part of the city of Abu Dhabi, but is distant from the city center, from which it is considered a separate resort. There are only 7 hotels here, there is a beach area within walking distance from them. On the island of Yas Located the main entertainment in Abu Dhabi – Ferrari Park, Waterpark Yas, Racing Run Majarina, Yas Mall.

The city of Abu Dhabi is quite large, hotels are scattered throughout its square. There are about 150 hotels – from cheap dials and trees to five star Ritz-Carlton, Park Hyatt and Shangri-La. Separately, it is worth noting the most chic emirates Palace, glorified in the world with golden toilets.

Read our detailed article "Emirate Abu Dhabi".

Below Table With time of travel from ABU Dhabi International Airport (AUH) to hotels in different resorts. We bring travel time by bus or taxi.

Abu Dhabi Island Yas Island Sir-Bani Yas Al-Ain City
15-35 min 10 min 3.5-4 hours 1.5-2 hours

Look at the arrival airport, if you buy a batch tour in Abu Dhabi! Many tours are for sale with arrival at the airports of Dubai or Sharjah, as tickets to Abu Dhabi relative to expensive. From Dubai to go for 2 hours, from Sharjah 2.5 hours.

Emirate Sharjah

Sharjah is a small emirate in the east of Dubai, it is famous for both the cultural capital of the UAE, the most stringent rules of behavior and intolerance to alcohol.

In Sharjah about 70 hotels of all levels of prices and stars. It is possible to stay in a hotel with a private beach for just 100 dollars. There are almost no entertainment in Sharjah, from attractions only museums and mosques.

Read our detailed review "Emirate Sharjah".

There is a SHARJAH INTERNATIONAL (SHJ), which is very convenient for tourists. Travel time from airport to hotels – 10-15 minutes.

Some tours in Sharjah imply arrival at Dubai Airport, but it is not scary, it will have to go a little longer – 15-20 minutes.

Emirate Ajman

Is even further east. Ajman is the smallest Emirate in the UAE. Here are all a couple of dozen hotels, including several beach.

Read our detailed review "Emirate Ajman".

Ajman has its own airport, but flights from Russia does not accept and is located in the exclave of Manama, 70 kilometers from the city. Tourists arrive at SHARJAH INTERNATIONAL (SHJ) or Dubai International (DXB) airports. Driving time from Dubai Airport – 25-35 minutes, from Sharjah Airport – 20-30 minutes.

Emirate Umm Al-Kuwaine

Is even further east. This is the smallest emirate in the population. There are only 6 hotels here, some with our own beach.

In Umm al-Al-Kuwaine there is an airport, but now he does not accept any flights at all, only the IL-76-standing aircraft has become famous here.

Tourists arrive or at SHARJAH INTERNATIONAL Airport (SHJ), or Dubai International (DXB). Driving time from Dubai Airport – 35-45 minutes, from Sharjah Airport – 30-40 minutes.

Emirate Ras Al-Heima

The northernmost emirate in the UAE and is pretty popular with tourists. There are about 30 hotels, a dozen of them with our own beach. Half hotel offers the All Inclusive system, although it does not always mean the same as in Egypt, Turkey and Tunisia. Read our review "AI in the Arab Emirates".

In the emirate Ras Al-Khaima there is your airport, but the planes from Russia do not fly here. Tourists arrive from Dubai or Sharjah airports. Go – 1-1.5 hours.

Emirate Fujaira

The resort area in Emirates Fujairah is located in the eastern of the UAE on the shores of the Indian Ocean. There is a bit softer climate, as you read in our article "Weather in the Arab Emirates". In Fujaire about 30 hotels, there are hotels with private beaches.

In Emirate, Fujairah has its own airport, it even takes flights from Europe, but aircraft from Russia do not sit here. Drive from Dubai and Sharjah far away – 1.5-2 hours.

On this line of the resorts of the UAE is completed. Have a good holiday in the Arab Emirates, and read interesting articles about this country on our website (Links below).

Ulcin, Montenegro Recreation, reviews, hotels in Ulciny Tourprom


Ultsin is the most southernmost point of Montenegro. In addition, it is one of the most ancient settlements of the country. Located a city in close proximity to Albania, in the picturesque, covered with hills. The resort is drowning in green thickets of tropical plants.

The history of the terrain has more than 2 thousand years, which allows today in the territory of Ultsin to overlook the attractions and the construction of past centuries. Since the city ruled various nations, it is a certain mixture of the East and West. Almost throughout its existence, the city was an important economic and shopping center.

The most important architectural sights of Ulciny are located in the old part of the city. Staying at the resort, be sure to visit the colorful coast of Shatsky Lake. Different varieties of fish in the reservoir. In the nearby cafes of it prepare fresh, delicious dishes.

The midst of the summer season begins in April, and end in late autumn. The sun shines more days a year. Ultsin has a number of differences from other resorts of the country, in many ways in connection with the religion (local residents are honored with Islam). There are many old mosques in the city, whose age does not rarely exceed 100 years.

Video from Ulciny

What is interesting to look in Ultsin?

Top sights Ulciny

Old Town Ulzin

Northern City Gate Ulciny

Ruins of the city of Svacha

Archaeological Museum Ulzin

Walking market

Tourist area Liman

Shan Lake

Grid lake

Ultsin: excursions and events

Ulchin offers ample opportunities for excursion tourism. The city with a two thousand history simply can not not keep the echoes of the past in its architecture. Learn the sights of Ulciny, both independently and in a group with other vacationers. We should just wander through the Vitaish streets of the resort and feel the atmosphere of past centuries.

Take the tent and go to the shores of the Shacksky Lake. No excursion will do without a visit to the archaeological museum, which focuses a large number of important artifacts found in the vicinity of the city. If you go a little south of the resort, the most famous Beach of Montenegro will fall into account – the Great of Mark, which stretches along the coast almost 15 kilometers. The coast is sleeping in dark sand, which, as local residents say, has therapeutic properties.

To rest from the city fuss, it is worth a little journey to the Church of St. Nicholas. Around the temple, a small garden is broken, in which it is always calm and peaceful. On the old Ultsin, it is better to look at from afar, from a boat or ferry, from where you can overcome his architectural ensembles at the same time.

History of Ulciny

Climate in Ultsyn

On the territory of Ulciny, the Mediterranean climate is typical for Montenegro. However, as the city is located in the southernmost point of Montenegro, elevated dryness of air is seen here. Bathing season begins extremely early – in the middle of spring, and ends in the middle of autumn. The sun is ready to shine over 200 days during the year, overwhelming the air to the mark almost 30 degrees.

Rains go extremely rarely, most of the precipitation falls in the winter months. There is no snow here, it falls extremely rarely and immediately melts. Summer is characterized by hot, clear, cloudless weather.

Ultsin: Entertainment and Active Leisure

Thanks to the unique diverse terrain landscape, great opportunities for a variety of active activities have been created in Ultsin. First of all, thanks to the rich history of the city, there are no few attractions that can be inspected and study during hiking. Walk through a narrow, cobbled stone streets, can be infinite.

The city has bicycle rental, where you can go in the neighborhood and explore the life of the local people and the rustic life of Montenegro. On the motor collections you can go even further. Riviera extended to more than 30 kilometers. Beach vacation promises to be unforgettable. For tourists Sports equipment, sun loungers, entertainment and sports centers. On some beaches, mud and sources of mineral waters are built that will help to improve. You can do diving on a pebble beach, near the city. The coastline is cut by rocks and rocks.

Weekend worth spending on the picturesque coast of Shasky Lake. The reservoir has a rich variety of fish, capening a tasty dish in one of the local restaurants.

Transport features Ultsiny

There should be no problems with transport in the territory of Ultsin. With a part of the country, the resort is connected with high-quality and smooth two-band tracks. In Montenegro, as in Ultsin, buses run on a regular basis. Several trams are launched in high season, who will dismiss tourists who are located in the vicinity of the resort to the coastal strip.

The nearest airfield, receiving international flights built in Tivat. Also nearby are airfield Podgorica. Tourists prefer to rent a car for long journeys or a scooter to explore the surroundings.

Under the sails of ecological ethics

Under the sails of ecological ethics

Like many colorful names of remote places, the word "Zanzibar" – everyone is heard, but not associated with nothing with anything, but rather the vague dreams of "Miracle island". Of course, the real archipelago in the Indian Ocean is not only violent paints and the kingdom of exotic, but also everyday problems. True, here they sometimes are solved very original ..

The speed ferry between the mainland and Zanzibar is rapidly under the ocean waves. Passengers on board – fully, and their racial affiliation with difficulty can be determined "approximately". They are alone similar to Africans, others – on Arabs, and often all these features are mixed and merged together. As if for a complete confusion, Indian outfits flashed in the crowd ..

Such an ethnovinegret is characteristic of the Zanzibarsky archipelago. Trade relations that the centuries associated it with other coasts of the Indian Ocean, a logically led to relations personal between local and "Guests" – on a mass scale. As a result, there was a unique island community of dozens and hundreds of composite "Particles", combined only with general language, Swahili.

Closer to the islands, the ferry move slows down. The line of palm crowns grows on the horizon from iridescent solar glare, then the minarets of Stone Tauna arise and finally – the whiteness of the luxurious buildings of the time of the Sultanate.

"Earlier – says Said, pouring us tea with spices, – just in such an early, as it is now, everywhere in the city Rades, bells of sellers of coffee. Each self-respecting Zanzibaret started a day with a cup of mocha, drunk at the door of his own home". Said about seventy and "earlier" means for him – with monarchy, before the revolution of 1964.

In fact, Arabic custom start a day with strong coffee, probably good "fitted" These narrow streets that cause associations with so far from here by the old city quarters of Tunisia and Morocco. But today black mocha gave way to soluble burda called "Africa". Large Arab traders also left – over the past forty years, the features of the eve "Elegant era" Almost disappeared from the memory of Zanzibar. You can catch them today only in architecture: houses from white coral lime, with their richly decorated doors – quite unusual for Africa, the spectacle. Especially noticeable by the past Gloss in the appearance of Bay El-Adjaiba, wonderland, – the Sultan Palace of the XIX century. Now there is a museum.

However, majestic monuments are able to remind not only of glorious times when it was customary to say that "All East Africa dances under Zanzibar Dudka", but also about the main historical quality "African Venice": cosmopolitis in everything. In food, traditions, in religion. The towers of the two churches and the Hindu temple were torn to the sky over Zanzibar City (Stone Town represents his historical center) in parallel to the minarets of mosques … Although the latter, of course, is still much more: "The main faith" The archipelago remains Islam, brought here, like all the lands of Swahili, Arab merchants. It actually determines and directs social life, although the African start is mixed here. Say, women Zanzibar do not wear simple handkerchiefs or black chadras, and fully closed in motley fabrics, Kang Hangs, brought from the interior of Tanzania. And someone continues to spend the spirit of nature and demons at all (this is despite the fact that, according to official data, 98 percent of the population – Muslims!). So, they say that in 1972, 1980, 1995, 2000 and 2001, outbreaks of a particular activity of a certain demon named Potaveba, known for their tendency to depravate actions against men. Conscious people even prudently went to bed right on the street.

From Sultan to the Republic

Civilization of people who spoke to Swahili arose in the XI century. It was then that the tribes of the eastern shore of Africa ("Swahili" Comes from Arabic "Sakhil", "Coast") included in the busy trade on the Indian Ocean. She is fast "Led" them and the Arabian Peninsula and Persia and India, and even in China. It is clear that the Persian, and the Arab merchants, with whom Swahili tied close relations, were actively settled on their lands. At the same time, the settlement of Zanzibar, who initially ruled the Dynasty of Suakhili. Later, in the XVI century, Portuguese colonizers changed them, and those, in turn, were supplanted with the same Arabs from the Oman Sultanate. At the last stage, in the XIX century, the British were, who forced Sultan to recognize their protectorate as a result of the shortest war in history (according to the Guinness Book of Records!) – English frigate gave one artillery volley, and 20 minutes after the announcement of the start of hostilities, the ruler Zanzibar surrendered. What and retained autonomous power for the future. When colonies in Africa began one after another to gain independence (in the middle of the twentieth century), the events developed for his descendants not so favorable. A few years after the Europeans’ care, in 1964m, with the broad support of the population with African roots, an uprising broke out, which was reduced at least 17,000 lives, as well as the crown from the Sultan’s head. The first President of Zanzibar, Abade Karum, has entered into an agreement after a couple of months later, already a couple of months, who has recently acquired freedom of Tangany. – On the union in one state. So the map appeared Tanzania.

"Cursed" wealth

. What is not for everyone, I must say, it was. Own item is far from every resident of Zanzibar, one of the poorest countries of the world, where the average annual income is $ 250 per person, and children are born so much that 45 percent of the population is under 16. Local prospects for future foggy. Just once go through the quarter called NG’ambo ("Other side"), which occupies in Zanzibar City five times more space than tourists Stone Town visited to draw up the most impossible impression: instead "coral" Chambers – primitive hut made of concrete blocks and smashing clay mazanas. In the sand and dirt on the road part of the leg sinking to the ankle, windows with a glass or at least a grid for protection against malarious mosquitoes (malaria still – the most common cause of deaths on the islands) in the afternoon you will not find fire. Single jeeps of high officials and other secured people occasionally flashed in this setting, as if visions from another world.

Where did you come from and where there was a former well-being, who was so famous for Zanzibar in the past? After all, a hundred years ago, and even less, he was considered literally the gold archipelago, the financial center of the entire Indookean region.

To the first question answer is not difficult. Ryrhard Kapushinsky, an outstanding Polish reporter who has worked for many years in Africa, called Zanzibar "Cursed island". Here flourished and distributed from here his tentacles in the world of the slave trade. The dealers of the Arabs brought the captives caught in the depths in depths to expose them in local markets, and then, immersing the ships, sent to buyers: to the Middle East and to America. It is believed that only for the second half of the XIX century went here "With hammer" 600,000 nonstalls. And this is not counting those who died on the road from thirst, fever and deprivation … Today, this fishery went down in history – the Christian Cathedral was built on the site of the slave trade in Stone Town. Dtomnov, preserved under his foundation, and now remind of atrocities of that time.

Lost Zanzibar in the last century, its positions and in other, less brutal spheres of trade. Courts, seed from India or Indonesia with a load of spices, stopped needing to stop at Zanzibar. African gold today is also shipped to Europe and North America others – often no less dark – ways. Only a monopoly on the carnation remains. If it were necessary to choose a special emblem for the archipelago, then besides Dhau, traditional sailing boat everywhere, this plant would be the first in the list. He was brought to Zanzibar almost 200 years ago from the homeland of spices, Molukky Islands, and very soon it came to the first place among all local crops, bypassing "volume" Growing Pepper, Cinnamon, Basil, Cocoa. So today it brings half of the poor revenues of the state.

Aromatic carnation, Syzygium Aromaticum – the same flower with it has nothing in common – it grows on uniform medium height trees, which are completely covered with island valleys: because of the air of Zanzibar is filled with fragrance, especially after harvesting: non-painted floral buds, which make up a familiar to all spice, dried before each hut, and often right under the legs, on the streets. The lion’s share goes to export, and the rest is on the oil conversion factory. "Of course, you can visit our factory! Now I will find you!". Greetings to us the main person in small production in the village of Chuck-Chuck. It turned out that he studied in Moscow at that time when Tanzania decided "Try socialism". Economic course went away, warm feelings remained.

However, recently the archipelago has another profitable article – tourism. Only over the past ten years the number of vacationers has increased several times. On the one hand, for the country it is, of course, well: workplaces are created, including – before it was a business unheard – for women. In addition, travel companies vigorously support a variety of public environmental projects: on wastewater purification, to curb poaching – this is because of their interests. Finally, the influx of foreigners contributes to the expansion of the Zanzibarsky horizon: Festivals of film and music are established (it is appropriate to remember that the soloist of the Queen group Freddie Mercury was born on Zanzibar in the family of Indian origin. His real name is Farmer Bulsar, but "thematic" Cafe on the Stone Town Embankment elected much more famous pseudonym for his sign: "Mercury’s").

But there is a medal, as they say, and the reverse side: the behavior of increasingly numerous guests does not always correspond to the strict Muslim morality. It is necessary to remind about it even legally: for example, in 2005, a law prohibiting kissing on the street was adopted on Zanzibar. But it does not help: recently in Stone Town took off several establishments, where alcohol spilled. Jealous of the antiques and purity of the morals do not drell.

Koranic ecology

Among the many islands of the archipelago are two large, main: Pemba and Unguja. Unguja (it is sometimes called the island of Zanzibar with the capital in Zanzibar City) – this is a cultural and political center, it is more urbanized, the whole business life of the archipelago proceeds here. Pembus also nicknamed in the Middle Ages "Green garden" – Such she remained and today: rural and slightly provincial.

In general, it is better "Preserved". For example, I was misali, a very small island at the coast of pexs. He is deserted, but is of great importance for all Zanzibar. Waters around Misali are especially rich in fish, this is a real natural fisheries, which provides ecosystems of coral reefs and mangrove thickets. Fishermen from different villages pexes and even Unguji readily spend on several days to get here. Finally, this block of sushi is sacred: Local MGGAN, Shaman-Lekari, come here to collect healing herbs and bring victims to the spirits of Smetani, who are inhabited, as it is believed in numerous caves.

In the mid-1990s, the autonomous government of Zanzibar decided to pass a meal for rent a foreign investor for the construction of a hotel complex. But the tempting project was never destined to come. First, the village communities rebelled – the prospect of the arrival of rich, but uninvited guests could not cause enthusiasm among the traditionalist population, and for the fate of spirits fear. And soon the protest connected some international organizations, alarmed by the threat of destruction of unique coral "Infrastructure".

As a result, it happened impossible: the business plan was canceled. Moreover, during "Antigelty" The campaign was born MICA, the Association of Protection of the Island of Misali (Misali Island Conservation Association), which invented a completely new approach to solving environmental issues on Zanzibar.

Cases of nature in these places and without hotels were sensible. That fish that feeds almost the entire archipelago has become significantly less in the mid-1990s – in particular, due to the fact that local steel more often use special minor networks as well "good old" dynamite. At the same time, fishermen would seem to understand: pulling out today from the water twice or three times "biomass", In a long term, they lead a subpople under themselves.

In this situation, MICA has established a special protective zone around Misali. In the center of her fishing is now completely prohibited. In other sectors, it is strictly observed for the amount and quality of the gear, and the production quota is limited to an acceptable number for ecosystem.

Of course, from the very beginning there was a lot of people who wanted to circumvent the rules of the Marine Reserve. And effectively protecting his clocks appeared impossible. And then the Association "Made a move Kone": attracted to the fight for wildlife the authority of Islam.

In a brochure, a common MICA among imams, who are taught in rural schools, as many as 37 Sur Koran are attracted to explanation – why the environment should be preserved. There is detailed about the responsibility of a person for this Allah planet. "Environmental good news" spread and during Friday prayer, and in general, with each convenient case in rustic meetings, which all local politics issues are solved in Suakhilsk culture.

Success did not make himself wait.

No corals – no fish!

In the school class, located in the middle of the village of NDO on Fundo Island, unbearably stuffy, although the building is open from all sides and windows on the windows, naturally, no. All parties, benches and window sills are closed with kids in neglected syneblem forms. Responsible for education Officer MICA, Mbark Mousse Omar, invited us to the lesson of Islamic ecetition.

Boys and girls closely monitor how video recorder and TV are connected to the generator. There is no electricity or water supply on Fundo, therefore the very appearance of equipment – Sensation.

"Everything is in the Quran – Mbarka is beginning to be a classic formula – and, of course, it is written about how we treat nature". Then he writes Arabic letters one of the seur on the board: it is talking about what people committed "Bad Acts" on earth and under water and that they will now have to feel the results of the deed.

The guys easily read this text – from an early age, even the Latin alphabet and the Latin alphabet, who today enjoys Suahili, and "sacred" Arab.

Next, Mbaruk talks about the fact that creation is one and indivisibly and cannot be unpunished from it "pull out" Not a single detail, and about equilibrium, Misana, which should be maintained between all living beings. All this is accompanied by the instructive pampers of the underwater world on the screen, which in the class cause undisguised delight. "If it takes care of all this, then the ocean will still feed your grandchildren and grandchildren of your grandchildren. Destroy corals – the same thing that dump bombs on their mango trees. Who of you would do it?" And moving to English, already for us, guests, he sums up with a smile: "NO TREE – NO MOGO; No Coral – NO Fish. "

Having finished lesson, Mbarkov calls everyone for a walk. Since the hour came, we go around the beach. Red sand reflects the dazzling light of the midday sun. At each step, dozens of tiny crabs run out in different directions to jump into it again. To meet us already wanda women who gathered from the edge of the water what she left, retreating. "Catch" It is placed in the buckets, which they carry on the African custom on their heads, but at our request, the vessels are descended and exhibited for review. In them – both octopuses for which waves of different colors run, and "Porcelain" shells and dozen coral fish that did not have time for the drowning sea. Especially from all this diverse and peculiar wealth of the face of the body. Angular, similar to the perfect form. Creation of tiny fins and solid inner shells, extremely touching, but little similar to a living being. "Tropical Sardin, swallowing a cans", – Male notices our accompanied.

In general, the water area between Pepper, Unguja and the continent is among the most biologically saturated areas of all Oceans of the planet. Only near Fundo and Misali live 40 types of corals and over 250 species of fish. In the Pembal Channel, the depth of which reaches 2,000 meters, and large guests are found regularly: sharks, marliners, dolphins, whales.

Sand, sun, water, fertility – where else you know how to teach children "live and give live another"? There are some biotopes in the world, such a epithet "Paradise". On the way to a specially protected beach, where rare sea turtles once in the year of the lunar at night, the eggs are laying, Mbarka tells the story in such a spirit. "Long ago one famous saint named Hatra came here. He asked fishermen to give him a rug for prayers, because I wanted to fulfill my holy duty. But no carpet has never been. Then Hutra dropped his knees right on his bare land, saying that all this island is similar to a prayer rug, and even the edge of it is accurately directed to Mecca. So the island acquired its name: "I melt Msala", What means "like a prayer rug", Misali".

This legend was still told to us more than once, and in different versions and under different circumstances. In fact, the diversity of biological species, cultural and historical influences makes the entire archipelago look like a skoloty multicolor carpet. So he will be, if, of course, future tourists are not "flooded". As for the local, then there is a lot of things so that they caught the Sanzibarsky Islands to the Spring and their unique, there are no more wealth in the world anywhere else.

UNHEGUN – Temple and Monastery of Tibetan Buddhism in Beijing

UNHEGUN – Temple and Monastery of Tibetan Buddhism in Beijing

Russian tourists are rarely visited by the Buddhist Temple of UNHEGUN in Beijing. It is for this reason that I am writing about him in a blog, and not in the main cycle of articles about China on the site. There is a lot of interesting sights in Beijing, and this place is often not included in the travel programs precisely for lack of time.

And the place is really interesting. His name is translated as the "Palace of Peace and Harmony". Now this is the current temple and the monastery of Tibetan Buddhism with more than 300-year-old stories.

History of the temple of the UNHEGUN

This complex of buildings was erected in 1694, and then it was not supposed to be used as a Buddhist temple. Here lived court eunuchs of the Forbidden City. Later, the residence of the Crown Prince was located here – the future emperor UNCHEN.

When Junzhen reigned in 1722, he made his former monastery residence. Junhagun acquired the imperial status. Roofs on the roofs were replaced with turquoise on yellow, and yellow color meant that this place belongs to the emperor. In 1735, Emperor Junzhen died, and he was buried here.

The emperors of the Qing Dynasty cared for the world in the country. This place performed the functions of the merge of Chinese and Tibetan cultures. Tibetan and Mongolian Lama lived here, fulfilling the role of Tibet and Mongolia ambassadors.

So it lasts until 1949, when the Tiananmen Square Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of the PRC. Then the temple was closed. He even wanted to demolish, but helped the personal intervention of the premiere of the State Administrative Council (Government) of the PRC – Zhou Egnlay.

In 1981, the monastery and the temple earned again, and now UNHEGUN is very popular with tourists. Here they love to carry excursion groups, since the price of the entrance is small, the place is interesting and go here near.

How to get

In the Temple of Yunhagun it is easy to drive to the Metro Beijing. The first option is to reach the Yonghegong station (Yunhagun) line 2. It is better to go to the ‘C’ output and go south about 400 meters. You will see the monastery, it is difficult to confuse it with something.

The second option is to go to Yonghegong station (Yunhagun), but already on the fifth subway line. Here go to the ‘C’ output and find yourself next to the monastery.

What’s the cover charge

Entrance to the Junhagun temple costs 25 Chinese yuan, regardless of the season.

Working hours

From April to October – from 9-00 to 16-30.

From November to March – from 9-00 to 16-00.

How much time plan to visit

If you look fast, then count for one hour. If you want to see everything in detail, then count on two hours.

What to look inside – architecture and inscription

First of all, pay attention to the architecture of buildings. This is a mixture of Chinese and Tibetan styles. At first glance, it is difficult to notice, outwardly the buildings look quite in Chinese. But you need to look. You will notice Tibetan turrets on the roofs and screwed round shape.

Pay attention to the blue plates with the names of the pavilions. You will see the inscriptions at once in four languages ​​- Chinese, Tibetan, Mongolian and Manchur. Why such a set?

Chinese hieroglyphs – it is logical, here comments are superfluous. Tibetan characters also do not cause questions, because this is a school monastery Gelug Tibetan Buddhism. Manchurian characters are present due to the origin of the emperors of Qing, because they were not Chinese, but were manchurs. Mongols also confess Tibetan Buddhism, and this is their temple too.

Main pavilions

UNHEGUN Temple Complex Built on Feng Shui Principles. It has a rectangular shape with the entrance in the south and exit in the north. All major buildings are located along the central axis of the South-north of 480 meters long. In its configuration, it is very similar to the Forbidden City, only smaller.

There are five main pavilions here.

Hall of Heavenly Kings

This is the southernmost pavilion. In the center of the hall is the statue of the Buddha Maitrei, and on the sides there are four sculptures of the kings of the sky.

Hall of harmony and world

This is the main building of the UNHEGUN monastery, and, accordingly, the biggest. Here are the statues of three buddes of different times. In the center of Shakyamuni – the present, on the right of Cashiapa Mantang – the past and left Maitreya – the future.

Along the walls you will see 18 statues of arghats. The fresco in this hall shows Bodhisatat Avalokiteshwaru. Now I will not tell about who it is. We talked about it in the cycle of articles about Buddhism, the link was higher on this page.

Hall of eternal protection

It was in this pavilion that Emperor Junzhen lived, being another prince. It was here that there was a coffin with his body after death. Now here is the statue of Buddha Bhaishajaguaguru. This Buddha is considered a patron of medicine.

Hall of the Wheel of the Law

This room is used for ceremonies and reading sacred texts. Here you will see a statue of the Tsongkapy – the famous Tibetan philosopher and the founder of the Gelug School. It is in this room that is the most interesting place for tourists – this is the hill of five hundred arghats. All 500 figures of enlightened arhats are made of five metals – gold, silver, copper, iron and tin.

Hall of ten thousand joy

Here is the statue of the Buddha Maitrei 18 meters in height, carved from a solid slicer of sandalwood. In fact, it is even more, as another 8 meters of sculpture is underground.

The grandiose looks like! In the temple and the UNHEGUN monastery it is worth going only to look at this statue. This is a gift from Dalai Lama III Emperor Tsyanlun. This statue was brought from Tibet to Beijing for three years. She even deserved her place in the Guinness Book of Records.

I highly recommend watching the temple of UNHEGUN. Read other blog entries and our main articles (Links below).

Universal Studios Hollywood – Entertainment Park for All! Part 3

Universal Studios Hollywood – Entertainment Park for All! Part 3

If you want to have time to see everything, it is better to lay on a visit to Universal Studios all day – From opening before closing. It only seems to be very long, you will not even be able to get tired, time will fly quickly. On some attractions, it may want to go through a couple, and then the top three times (we had it).

If time is limited, then it may be relevant to purchase Front of Line Pass, which will help avoid queues. For example, to sit on the tram and go to the studio tour, we had to wait in the queue of minutes forty.

If the time is more than enough, you can buy a two-day ticket, especially since it is not much more expensive that for 1 day.

Where to eat?

Since Universal Studios will have to spend a lot of time, the food issue is very and very relevant. Within the park itself there are a lot of cafes, fast foods, pizzerias, in general, a place where you can have lunch or snack on an ambulance hand, there will be. Here are just prices, naturally, tourist. I remember even the water was unreasonably expensive. More or less adequate price tag can be found in Panda Express, in any case, in those in which we were, it was and did not come to universal, so it might be that there are also high prices). We took with them all sorts of snacks, fruits and a lot of water, which turned out to be very much by the way, because it was mildly hot.

By the way, the organizers of the Universal Studios Park argue that he – The coolest place in all Los Angeles. The fans are placed everywhere, sprayers and other cooling devices rave))

Continuing the theme of food, it is worth noting that there is a lot of cafes and on Citywalk, that’s just to get into them will be able to either before, or after visiting the park, because with a ticket you can go only once.

Accommodation next to Universal Studios Park

If someone wants to live under the side of Universal Studios, then can fulfill its desire. In walking distance from the park there are two hotels, however, not the cheapest:

With the help of Piskovik, Waterland can pick up more budget variants in the vicinity:

As Alternative option Housing search I recommend paying attention to the site airbnb. This is a resource on which the owners offer to rent their housing (rooms, apartments, houses). We have more than once found excellent accommodation in terms of price and quality ratio and always remained satisfied (including in Los Angeles, read the details).

Here are the links to the most appropriate sections of the site:

Going on the last link, you will be taken to the section where all those offered on Airbnb accommodation options for housing in the States will be collected. There you can enter the title of the city in the upper left corner, which is interested, and get a sample of housing based on it, plus there is an opportunity "Play" With other parameters (housing type, price range, card) to select the options that are suitable for personal requests (the picture increases):

Details on the operation of the Airbb service and order of booking, as well as $ 20 bonus on the first booking (for unregistered users), look for in my article article. There are reviews and links to specific rooms and apartments that we rented Andrews.

What other film studios can be visited in Los Angeles?

  • Paramount Pictures
  • The Warner Brothers
  • Sony Pictures (Columbia Pictures)
  • NBC Burbank Studio

Exciting you entertainment in la, dear readers!

Sheboldasik and Andrews

Bonuses for our readers!

* On the first booking with a total amount of more than $ 75
** Instructions for working with the service and our reviews read here

Los Angeles Map with landmarks

  • Red dots – Attraction
  • Blue – The most popular sights
  • Black – housing (ours and near Universal Studios)

Good to know

An article was useful? Tell me thanks

Comments (15)

Thanks for the detailed story, I would like to visit and with your own eyes.

Sheboldasik twenty.04.2015

So I wish you to go there! Personal impressions, of course, do not compare!

I have not had to be in such parks. In Singapore, also a cool park on Senthosis, but it was not enough time – it’s a pity (but I will get to such places to such places)

Sheboldasik thirty.04.2015

Universal – Cool Park! Time in it literally in one breath)) It seems to me that even those who prefer exclusively natural attractions. And you, of course, get! Still all life ahead))

In Singapore on the island of Satoza as a branch of the studio Universal.

For us with your loved one, this is one of the most vivid impressions for all our wintering and trips! We like children adore such places and ready to ride and spin to nausea and dizziness)))

Sheboldasik 12.05.2015

Ksyusha, we also liked damn! We would also go there)))

Valery thirty.08.2015

Jeanne, we wanted to buy tickets to Universal Studios on their website, but confused which ticket to take, there are 2 options for $ 95, which difference in them ? And yet, on October 24 it is planned a night event – this is a separate ticket ?

Sheboldasik 31.08.2015

Valery, hello! "1-day Ticket" – This is a regular ticket for one day, and a ticket under the heading "Buy A Day, Get The Rest of 2015 Free *" In addition to the same one-day visiting (in any day you chosen), it gives the right to visit Universal Studios for another one or several times to certain dates (Black-out Dates), the list of which is on the official website. If you are just planning to look into the amusement park on the day and go further, you can buy a standard ticket for 1 day.

Halloween Horror Nights Night Event is paid separately, here you can see prices and buy http: // www tickets.HalloweenHorrornight. Tickets.php. If I’m not mistaken, the day visit to the park + party is $ 130 (separately it will be more expensive).

Leonid eighteen.05.2016

I would like to express much thank you for this site, in particular materials about the USA. Using your report notes held a great journey to the US !! A lot of useful details for which during the trip or spend a lot of time, and sometimes they make a mistake in ignorance. And here – everything is clear and in detail.

Sheboldasik 19.05.2016

Leonid, you, in turn, I want to say thanks for the feedback! It is always nice to hear that our articles were useful in practice. I wish you a lot of interesting travel!

Julia 02.06.2016

Can you find this park from the Universal Park in Orlando ?

Sheboldasik 02.06.2016

Julia, I do not know, we were only in Los Angeles.

Kristina 13.03.2017

Hello! But please tell me what Blackout Dates, when buying tickets to Universal?

Yuliya fourteen.eleven.2019

Hello. I will be 3 days in Los Angeles, one day I want to spend on a film studio and find it difficult to choose which the brightest and memorable?

Unprointent place

Unprointent place

August-September – Cathedral Fishing Season – Black Sea Shark. Fishery Bot – with a cabin and a galley, but, of course, without any air conditioners there – goes to the sea at 6 am. Catrana catch in the area of ​​Cape Chaud, closing from East Theodosiy bay, from the shore to fishery 4 hours stroke. Another fishing place is located away – in six o’clock from Kerch, but here Klev is guaranteed in any weather, and on the way you can still be afraid of Cambala or Belugu. It will not be possible to take a spinning for a hire, you need to have your own tackle (fishermen at this time will catch a shark with a network or on the "ridel" – a long cord with hooks, which is satisfied with the stavride). On the way back, you can adjust in any bay of your choice, swim, divorce fire. Fishermen will show you how to prepare shark (the abdomen of the rolled cathrane are starting with pieces of the Black Sea salmon – it is also found in these places – and spices). Fishing will cost $ 500; The price includes a bot, fuel reserve and bait.

How to order

"Elektok Ukraine", Feodosia, bodies. +38 (050) 36 059 49, Director Alexander Streltsov (call a week), Elektau.COM (on the site is the cost of $ 150, but this information is outdated)


Private accommodation in Feodosia is an average of $ 20-50 / day. Apartments: Kvartiry-Feodosii.COM, Hotels: Crimea-Kurort.Com

Rocks and Cape Tarkhankut

In Evpatoria, you can rent a yacht for 5-7 people and go to Cape Tarkhankut. The path takes four hours if you get out of the port, you can see the luminous sea – phosphoric algae and bacteria in the water (however, it happens only at the end of August). In the morning, the yacht will approach Athleas. Here are based on divers who dive into the underwater caves or to the "Alley of the Chiefs", where the busts of Lenin, Dzerzhinsky, Kirov are. Three hours – again on the yacht, and it is possible to get to the three in the afternoon to the Dzhangul – a breakweed massif over the sea, famous for the beautiful landscape. Divers here also have something to do – under the supervision of the instructor in this place, mollusks-rapanov can be caught (their delicious cooking and there is, carefully unscrewing from the shell, and the sinks can be left for memory). From Dzhangul for about 20 minutes by the sea to the fishing mill, where there are always a lot of dolphins: they are attracted to fish residues in fishing nets. The last point of swimming – the bay of the village of Chernomorskoe with the ruins of the ancient Greek settlement Koslos Limin, destroyed by Scythians, traces from the beats of Taran still remained on the remnants of fortress walls. In the local museum you can buy souvenirs – small copies of clay amphorous.

Rent Yachti


Hotels, Pension, Sanatoriums on Evpatorija.Ru. In the private sector of Evpatoria, rent a one-room apartment costs $ 15-50. You can book on Evpatoriya.Ru

Riding: From Alushta to Mountains

One of the most attractive equestrian routes to the Crimea – to rise from the village "Radish" to Mount Demerji: along the "valleys of ghosts" with fancy rocks, past the cracked stone rolled (here during the Crimean earthquake of 1927, huge boulders fell as for the village) and past Journal’s waterfall. After 4 km – the ruins of the medieval fortress of Funa, and then the road leads through the majestic beech forest to the cold spring lake, the water temperature in which even in the heat itself is not higher than 16 degrees. Here the conductors will help you break the tent to spend the night, and in the morning you rise to the top of South Demerji (1240 m). From the height, a magnificent view of the coast opens. Route length 24 km, stop every hour. If this is a bit too much, you can choose shorter routes.


Horseback riding

Alluring Alushta.net. A trip to the group with a conductor – $ 80 per person, in price, except horse, includes 3-meals and tents

Hiking: From the old Crimea to Surb-Khach Monastery

From the town of Old Crimea to the current Armenian monastery of Surb-Khach about three kilometers. The road leads through the grinding the gorge of the Rodan, the locals assure that the water in it is healing. The monastery itself, founded 650 years ago, was abolished and looted by the Bolsheviks, but gradually restored in recent years. In the monastery church, the residues of the frescoes of XIV are visible., And the walls and columns are decorated with carved stone crosses – Khachkars (and the very name of the monastery means "Holy Cross"). Greeting monks will show you the monastery and treat freshly baked cakes. Money for services will not take, but a small donation will be happy.



Nostalgia. She mastering you quickly and unnoticed. Captures entirely after landing in Sheremetyevo. One tense thought beats in temple: back, back. In carefree life, to the sea that flashes light turquoise at the shore and caressing blue-purple on the horizon. And behind the back – reddish low mountains on the background of a bright blue sky without a single cloud. Enjoyed the view – and deep. With splashes and gamas or without, with a mask or tube or without – no difference. And so you know that you will meet: corals of gentle yellow, pink and lilac shades, and between them of these wonderful yuriki creatures, it is clear that by a man called by a crazy word "a fish". Their true essence is that in the title stands after hyphena: "angel", "butterfly", "clown", "Napoleon", In extreme cases "Sultanka".

Red sea. Mecca divengistov. Beginners and knowledgeable sense in the exploration of the unexplored persistence of underwater reef. Student in numerous diving centers under the guidance of instructors and subscriber adventure on the boat. Living in small resort towns and settled in chic Sharmel Sheikh.

Town "Thousands of minarets". The city of thousands of Likov. Cairo. On the steps – up – on the Citadel Salladin (local Eiffel Tower). And half an hour you caress your eyes. Openwork minarets of mosques Mohammed Ali and Sultan Capaun. Almost at the horizon itself in a light haze – silhouettes of the pyramids. The largest of them, the pyramid of Heops, still remains the most impressive creation of human hands. Lie those who, risking to go inside, snatch at the exit, depicting full indifference. Wear, allegedly indifferent to the Golden Sarcophage of the Young Pharaoh Tutankhamon in the National Museum of Cairo. And behind the walls of the museum, the city lives its noisy life. As a hive, Han el-Khalili craftsmen buzzes – the largest in the Middle East. Century go. Almost nothing here is changing. Everything passes. And only the Neal is calm, like thousands of years ago, carries its waters to the Mediterranean Sea.

Journey to deep yourself

There are situations where you need to focus on yourself and your closest. Not that. But in most cases. Not so that not to notice all the surrounding. But only in the sense of scenery. And if this desire comes, you need to make one step. Or exactly so much to run up on the lady. And swear. In principle, no matter where. But it was better if it were that it was to spend slightly (that is, not forgetting about himself) delighted eyes. Or even stop for a while and remember the feeling of real estate and unfamiliar until the earth. Why it all started, no longer important. It is important who remembered that you can like this, impoverish and travel lazily. It is said that more than a hundred years ago some English aristocrats swam. Lit, probably, but beautiful. And back "descended" On the Nile of the Queen of the detective genre Agat Christ. And even used her impressions in one of the novels. That plot just unfolds against the background of the ancient Egyptian temples located from Luxor to Aswan on the shores "Mothers of all rivers".

In the middle of the second millennium BC on the place of Luxor was the capital of Egypt. Now this is a city-museum under the open-air, where on the eastern bank of the Nile in "The city is alive" Two Grand Temple – Luxor and Karnaki spread. Each of the rules of Egypt Pharaohs sought to give the temple buildings Karnak even more greatness and brilliance than its predecessors. More than two thousand years have lasted this competition. Temples were rebuilt, the inscriptions were rewriting again. Legend says that Homer is impressed by the battle songs of his famous "Iliad".

Stop the second if the whole life of the pharaohs proceeded on the eastern bank of the Nile, then on his West Bank, in "city ​​of dead", their bodies acquired eternal peace. There, at the foot of the horseshoe rock, and the monumental funeral temple of the mysterious queen Hatshepsut spread. And in the vicinity of Luxor, in the valley of kings under the thickness of stones and the sand Archaeologists found 42 tomb of pharaohs. Treasures of the tombs were looted in antiquity. But you can admire the bizarre wall paintings, preserved the brightness of the paints to the present day.

Stop the third end item of the cruise – Aswan, the most southern city of the Pharaohs times, is not only famous thanks to the gigantic dam. On the island of Elefantin, the temple of Khnuma, the spouse of the goddess Satis – Patron Nile. The temples of the island of fillets, which were flooded after the construction of the old dam, were cut by 40 thousand blocks and transferred to the next island. Now at the walls of the magnificent temple of Goddess Isyda passes the evening show "Sound and light".

Urban transport in Venice

Urban transport in Venice

In such an unusual city, like Venice, urban transport should also be non-standard. Most Popular Method for City – Ship "Vaporretto", Grand Channel Course and Lagoon. They alternately make stops on one shore, then on the other, thus carrying out the function of bridges. On narrow canals run boats "Motoskafo".

Thus, most of the city is covered by public transport. However, there are such sites where you can only get on foot. Map of Venice, where it is clearly designated to which areas you can reach or swim, and where you have to go on foot, published by reference.


In the center of Venice run "Vaporretto" with numbers 1 and 2, which also connect the city with Lido Island. For more prolonged routes along the lagoon, water buses come with rooms 3, 41, 51 and 6. To Murano Islands, Burano and a number of others, as well as to Marco Polo Airport run "Vaporretto" with numbers 12, 13, 14 and 19.

The standard car transport ticket costs 7 euros, acts within 60 minutes from the date of validation, but only in one direction. Use a ticket for trips to back during the specified period is not allowed. The ticket also does not work on "Long" Routes: 16, 19 and 21.

There is also a one-time ticket "There and back again" from Venice to Lido Island Beach worth 10 euros. They can only be used on route №14.

Tickets are usually purchased in advance on the shore. However, they can also be bought when landing at the sailors-conductors.

Trips to the rowing between the ferry islands will cost passengers in 4 euros. Ticket "There and back again" costs 8 euros.

Ground transport

Standard ticket for land transport (buses, trams) costs 1.3 euros per trip. 10 travel ticket (CarNet) costs 11 euros.

Direct tickets

In addition to tickets for one-time trips, there are travel with temporary restriction. 12-hour ticket worth 18 euros, daily – 20 euros, one and a half days – 25 euros, for two days – 30 euros, for 3 days – 35 euros, for a week – 50 euros. Travel valid for all types of water and land transport, but do not include travel to airports. Tickets can be used on the website www.Veneziaunica.IT / EN, as well as at Hellovenezia Cashiers and automata at the station and towns.

Night transport

From midnight to 5 am walks for night buses "Land" parts in the area of ​​Mestre and on the island of Lido, as well as night "Vaporretto" From the station on PLIAZZale Roma to Lido Island.

Trip to Marco Polo airport or from it

If Marco Polo Airport is a starting or end point of the route, a one-way one-time ticket when traveling on buses 4, 5 (Aerobus), 15, 45 costs 6 euros and operates for 75 minutes.

12 Euro stands a one-way one ticket, which includes a trip by bus 5 (Aerobus) and any water transport within Venice. Ticket is valid for 90 minutes.

Reviews and studies of trips

Walk in Venice

The official legend states that the profession of the gondoller is transmitted from generation to generation. And the number of licenses is limited. Like the number of gondolors. Read more →

Onreal | Summer 2015

Transport in Venice

First, the site for pedestrians was not at all, but when we went to the bridge, on our happiness, a place for cranks, who decided to go to Venice, turned out. Read more →

One day in Venice. Veneto, Italy

We were like a massive tourist, went. The first mistake was the choice of transport. Since the train was passing Milan-Venice, there was no choice about any seating and speech. Read more →

Skrnnk | April 2014

Winter Venice

I actually arrived in the Dolomites skiing, but the weather happened not flight, half of the lifts was closed because of the avalanchesto, and then I was painted me, but suddenly in Venice, too, snow?! Nobody promised me to me, but a rumor went out that San Marco was flooded. Read more →

Alisa_Simpson | Winter 2014

Transport in Venice

Venice is a city in which there are no roads. The whole city is cut by a variety of channels, which are the roadway, and all sorts of boats and vessels are performed by the role of cars. Read more →

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