Tuscany Open-air Museum Plus Luxury Villas -, Italy Blogs and travel notes of tourists on

Tuscany: Open-air Museum Plus Villas "Lux" -, Italy – Tourist Blog

Unforgettable Florence, Rich Siena Stories, Luxury Vineyards Chianti. Such is Tuscany – the region in the very center of Italy with its best tourist destinations that I offer to your attention in my way note.

Annually, Tuscany manits thousands of tourists who attract not only art galleries, monuments, churches, sophisticated kitchen and sophisticated fragrance of wines, but also the opportunity for some time to become the inhabitant of one of the local villas known for its elitism and the highest level.

Vineyards Chianti

In all the Tuscany, do not find more picturesque landscapes than those who are famous for Chianti, at the same time the most famous and visible tourists area not only Central Italy, but also the whole country.

It is difficult to tell where Chianti ends, however, without going into details, it includes Florence and Siena, as well as all lands between both cities. In the east, Chianti rests on Valdarno, in the West, his neighbor is Val Dalza. As for the winemaking Chianti, in addition to these cities, it includes suburbs of both until Arezzo, Pistoia and Montepulcian.

Here, there are often such definitions as "Florentine Chianti" and "Siena Chianti", meaning the territory adjacent to one of two cities. However, it should be remembered that the authors of these terms are most often the winemakers, similarly establishing more accurate origins of their wines within the borders of the Chianti region. Chianti is famous for its unique landscapes decorated with evergreen hills. According to their gentle slopes, the endless, like a carpet, vineyards and olive groves, crossed by villagers in stone buildings and churches of local parishes, without which these edges are generally unthinkable.

Florence – Renaissance cradle

Museums, palaces and churches of Florence are decorated with the greatest artistic and historical works, many of which are included in the world cultural treasury. Speaking of Florence, we, above all, meaning her masterpieces such as Cathedral, Baptistery, Gallery Uffizi, National Museum Bargello and Academy. The Florentine Churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce (Holy Cross), as well as the San Lorenzo library – a powerful testimony of the architectural genius of Michelangelo, are replete.

Vintage streets of Tuscany sooner or later will lead you to the Arno River Embankment. Go to Ponte Vecchyo (old bridge), and you will find yourself in Otrotranno, where the newest history of the city is represented. Be sure to schedule a visit to Pitti Palace in your tourist schedule to lay the immense diversity of painting presented here. No matter how good museums and monuments were good, but they are bored. Then go out on the promenade. You can spend a whole day in Boboli gardens, and you can climb the hill, where there is a church of San Miniato al Monte, from where the fascinating imagination of the Panorama of Florence opens. Like the rest of Italy, the city has a magnificently developed infrastructure of tourist properties, including cozy hotels and elite Tuscan villas, and to them a wide range of restaurants offering a classic local cuisine.

Siena: Tuscany of the Middle Ages

Of all the cities of Italy, Siena, perhaps, better than others retained an amazing repurch of the medieval era. So, even if Florence and Tuscany in your tourist schedule, just a few days are allocated, one of them, without any doubt, dedicate Siena. To begin with, discover Ile Campo, the name of the heart of Siena and its central part, known for the world’s famous festivals "Palio" with the contest of horse riders, who can be observed on the square twice during each summer period. By the way, kinomans can see the match of Palio di Siena, as they say, without leaving the house, namely in the newest series "Bondians" "Kvant Mercy".

According to one of the legends, the founder of Siena was the Siena, the son of one of the two famous founding fathers of Rome Rama. That is why the Wolf, who focused Romulus and Rama, is considered the emblem of the city, and its statuettes can be found throughout the city. And the city is worth three hills, the central part occupies a giant square (Il Campo is called). They say, it was here that the forum of the era of ancient Rome was. During the Board of the Council of Nine (1287-1355), the stone bridges were completely rebuilt here. In memory of the legendary board of "Pseudo-Democrats", today it represents a fan-shaped design of nine sections and symbolizes the folds of the Mother of the Virgin, shelting Siena as a sign of special patronage.

Above Campo Roses Red Color Palazzo Publiko with Torre Del ******. Just like Duomo (Cathedral), Palazzo Pubbleko was built in the era of the Board of the Council of Nine. Municipal structure that appeared here in the period from 1297 to 1310., And today is the headquarters of the city rulers on the manner of Palazzo Vecchyu in Florence. From the courtyard you can get in Torre Del ****** and in the museum of urban history.

If your enthusiasm is not yet dried (and it is unlikely), take climbing five hundred steps long, and the reward will be an amazing panorama of Siena and its surroundings. And do not forget to go to the museum, where the greatest works of Siena artists are presented. Sala Del Kindystoro will surprise you with one of the outstanding masterpieces of Domenico Baccuphum. We are talking about the famous ceiling frescoes, which in an allegorical form narrow about the virtues of the medieval rulers of Siena. However, the top of perfection reaches works that are presented in Sala Del ********** and the sala of the case. The key figure is, of course, Mary’s Virgin on the huge mural of Maesta’s hands Simone Martini. Another epicenter hall – the horse-horse portrait of Gvidoricho and Follyano and Ambrogo Lorentzetti, in an allegorical form the narrative of the rulers of virtuous and inglorious. At the same time, it was this topic that was considered the most important direction of secular painting of the Middle Ages.

Two-storey trams in Hong Kong

Two-storey trams of Hong Kong

Two-storey trams in Hong Kong have long been evaluated from ordinary public transport to a real landmark, without which it is difficult to imagine Hong Kong. The appearance of trams is so colorful that a rare tourist misses him past himself and does not. Today we want to tell a little about the history of this transport in Hong Kong, how to use them, and which route to choose to see the maximum of interesting. Two-storey trams is not a find of Hong Kong – many European cities actively used this public transport. For example, for example, such trams were used in London, but nowadays, London two-story buildings can be seen only in the museum. Despite the fact that the British capital refused to use unusual trams, in the UK, along with Hong Kong, they are still preserved and successfully exploited. Blackpool tram successfully functions in the resort town of England since 1885. This is the only two-storey tram in Europe, which has been preserved to this day.

Actually, only three lines remained in the world – in Blackpool, Alexandria and Hong Kong. By the way, the two-story trams tried to introduce in 1913 and in Russia, in St. Petersburg, but the test train came down with the rail on the second turn and the project quickly crumbled.

Two-storey tram in Blackpool (United Kingdom)

Two-storey trams in Hong Kong appeared, of course, from England, because for a long time he was a British colony. The unusual public transport in Hong Kong has been existed for more than 100 years, and the British colonial board fell on his share, and the Japanese occupation, and now after the return of the city of China, there is a calmly with a new government.

All two-storey tram lines are located on the island of Hong Kong and pass along the oldest part of the city. On the website of Hong Kong trams you can find a detailed Interactive map All routes. But for personal experience, let’s say that almost all of them go from the east to the west of the island and back, and differ slightly.

Almost all the routes of two-storey trams work from 5 or 6 am and until midnight. They go quite often – in the evening at the rush hour interval trams less than two minutes.

The Hong Kong tram can afford it, because now its rolling stock has about 170 trams, plus trams where you can arrange a party, t.E. Tram to order.

Route time depends on the route. The longest that connects Kennedy Town and the Shau Kei Wan area – about 80 minutes a single way. Until 2008, the speed of two-storey trams was limited to 40 km / h, but now most of them are followed with an average speed of 50 km / h, and some even 60.

The fare on such a tram is only 2.3 HKD (approximately 34 cents) for adults and 1.2 HKD for children. A four-day travel ticket will cost 34 HKD ($ 4.4) without limiting the number of trips. Thus, it is one of the cheapest views of public transport in the city. For comparison, a tour of the two-story bus on Hong Kong is worth more than $ 30, although of course the route is more rich, but the price difference is more than 100 times! &# 128578; Therefore, often budget tourists arrange real sightseeing excursions – where even less than one dollar you can ride on the tram there and back?! &# 128578;

Landing on the tram is carried out through the rear doors with a turntable. If you do not have a bulk luggage or baby carriage, then it is quite convenient, but with a carriage to enter the tram will be problematic. Exit – through the front door, where the passage is carried out. It is worth considering that the delivery machine does not give, so if you do not have an octopus card (a universal card for all types of transport), then translate coins in advance.

Tourists choose the second floor, because in the usual tram you can ride at home. &# 128578; But there is one small problem: the staircase is very narrow and cool, so even with a child in your hands it is very uncomfortable.

Often two-story trams of Hong Kong are called simply "Din-Ding". The fact is that the driver warns other participants in the movement of their approximation by a characteristic signal that "Din-Din" sounds. &# 128578;

By the way, initially in the Hong Kong tram park there were one-story trams, but over time it was decided to refuse them. Thus, now only two-story trams go through the old routes of the city.

We have already said that "Din-Ding" is a great option for budget tourists to save not only in transport, but also on a sightseeing excursion. But what can a person can see if he goes for a walk on the second floor of the famous Hong Kong tram? We decided to check it on yourself and in the evening went with the whole family (without a carriage) for a night walk around the city.

We sat on the first tram in the area of ​​Van Tea and went towards Kennedy Town. First of all, it is, of course, the architecture that has survived since the times of British rule on the island.

And secondly, these are numerous skyscrapers, shops, houses, and, of course, people who are in a rush somewhere all the time. Great to go over all this fuss and look around.

Particular two-story trams are especially unusually looking, which are quite regularly running literally at 20-30 cm from your window.

For a full-fledged excursion, a walk on such a tram, of course, does not really pull, but if you want to rest after a hard, rich day, then this is a great way to relax.

We also suggest you to see a small video showing how the trip on the Hong Kong two-story tram is from the inside. &# 128578;

We really liked to ride two-story trams in Hong Kong, and we would often use them instead of a subway to achieve from one point to another, but, unfortunately, the baby stroller did not allow us to do this as often as I would like.

This article was stolen from http: // poznamka.Ru.

So we will wait when Max grows out of wheelchair age to roll. &# 128578;

Two-storey trams of Hong Kong 2015-05-25T09: 22: 39 + 03: 00 2020-04-12T08: 59: 05 + 03: 00 Natalya ‘Poznamka’

UAE Rest in the UAE, Resorts, Hotels, Reviews Travel Guide

Without Caeword

UAE – These are fairy tales of Sheherzada, who received an incarnation on our land, a country consisting of 7 independent Arab Emirates (therefore the abbreviation of the United Arab Emirates is decoded as the United Arab Emirates).

These emirates, considered to be a single federal state, seem to travelers by the magic mirage, which can be found in the midst of vigorous deserts.

And indeed: thanks to the efforts of local residents, the United Arab Emirates were literally diluted with the ruthless desert and settle down on the Persian Gulf Coast, becoming a true paradise for tourists.o Meet in the midst of vigorous deserts.

Today, the territory of the Emirates is 85% busy desert, which, by the way, is the largest worldwide. Despite this not the most attractive fact for tourists, the UAE managed relatively quickly to turn into a gorgeous rich kingdom, recreation in which even the kings and Padishai are worthy.

Nowadays, the UAE boasts such merits as an enviable standard of living, political stability and sustainable dirham – National currency.

Tour in the UAE should be purchased for several reasons: first, the country offers tourists Wonderful beach holidays, secondly, shopping in the Emirates – One of the best in the world, thirdly, the Emirates will be useful to business tourists, as well as travelers in search of entertainment. But the main thing that unites all travelers who acquire tours to the UAE – a desire to see with their own eyes the magical land where amazing Arabic architecture is combined with modern technology and scientific and engineering achievements.

  • language: Arab
  • population: 4.7 million
  • telephone code: +971
  • currency: Dirham UAE
  • visa:Conditionally visa
  • traffic: Right-hand
  • National domain: AE
  • voltage: 220V
  • current frequency: 50 Hz
  • Outlet Type:Plugs and sockets type G
  • time: 17:11 (UTC + 0400)

Top cities and resorts in the UAE



Abu Dhabi

Ras Al-Heima



Umm Al-Kuwain

Top regions, cities and resorts in the UAE

UAE are renowned for quality of life, so that in some of them you would not have come, all will be equally well. But there are several cities that are more popular than others. Tourists from around the world in a hurry to get to Dubai, relaxed, luxurious capital. There are several resorts. For example, the famous Jumeirah luxury hotels. It is in the coastal waters of the beach was built bulk palm.

For cultural tourism city is unlikely to fit, but to walk on the road along the famous shopping and commercial center can be. Not a bad vacation Sharjah offers, but it is more modest than the older brother. The city has several hotels of 2, 3-stars. Fans of surfing and diving will be delighted by the water. Night life is almost not there, so in the evening you can just sit in one of the Arab restaurants.

Eco-tourism resort offers Abu Dhabi, surrounded by greenery. There is fairly quiet and secluded. The emirate will offer a trip to the hot sands of the desert on the SUV, an evening with the Bedouins, the night under the stars and shopping.
For excursions is to go to a resort Ajman emirate modest with a long list of attractions. Tourists will have to climb to the yard, where the famous sails are made, yachts and other vessels. Located near the coast of the living sources that can cure certain ailments.

What is interesting to see in the UAE?

Top attractions of the UAE

Burj Khalifa

Grand Canyon Wadi Bi ..

Paruj El Arab Hotel

Formula 1 in Abu Dhabi

Dubai shopping festival

Wild Wadi Water Park

Aquarium in Dubai

Aquaventure Waterpark

Golden market Dubai

Ferrari World theme park

Videos from UAE

How to get to the UAE?

Dubai – This central air gateway for the UAE tourists from Russia. To get to Dubai from Moscow our compatriots are on the wings of a / «Aeroflot» and «Emirates Airlines». In addition to these flights, to Dubai planes fly to and from other cities of our vast country, and in the height of tourist season in regular and charter flights are added. The journey from Moscow to Dubai – about 5 hours.

It is noteworthy that in the UAE, tourists can get through other emirates Thus, a / c «Etihad Airways» launches daily airliners from Moscow in Abu Dhabi. From time to time charters are put in Sharjah, which also has an airport. Scheduled flights on the route Kiev-Sharjah caters to a / «Air Arabia».

How comfortable to move around the UAE?

The UAE is 5 highways, which carry out communication between the Emirates:

E11 – Sheikh Zayed Road -Emirates Road E311 E44 – Dubai-Hatta Highway E77 – Dubai-Al Habab Road E66 – Oud Metha Road

The best way of transportation UAE – This taxi: Unfortunately, public transport is underdeveloped in the UAE. Clarify for tourists, which counts on a taxi stand only in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, in other cities the cost of travel is discussed in advance with the driver. Average fare – about 5-10 dirhams.

Private bus brings tourists from the hotels to the beach. In the same way, you can reach the city center.

Where better to stay when traveling on Emirates?

Top United Arab Emirates hotels

The climate in the UAE

UAE perfect for measured beach holiday, which favors a particular UAE climate365 days a year here the sun shines brightly, and the air temperature in the Emirates rarely drops below + 20C. Thus, the tourist season lasts all year round Emirates.

The water temperature in UAE – This pleasant + 15C and higher. If the water in the Persian Gulf becomes unpleasant for swimming, water in the pools of hotels UAE is heated, and tourists can carelessly continue their holidays in the UAE. In the summer, in the hottest time, water, on the contrary, is cooled.

Add that the duration of the hot season in the UAE – This period from May to September. The hottest place in the emirates – it is Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The most favorable climate for leisure of tourists in Emirates Fujairah (East Bay region), as well as in Ras El Hymime.


Ras Al-Heima


Abu Dhabi


Umm Al-Kuwain


National kitchen UAE

National kitchen UAE Formed due to the influences of climatic conditions and religious views. First of all, it should be remembered that the pork from Muslims is prohibited, so dishes in the UAE are prepared from veal, kglyatns and beefs, as well as birds and fish, roasting in a frying pan without oil use.

UEA meat dishes – this is «Guzi» – Young lamb with nuts, «Kustilet» – Barani Cutlets with herbal seasonings, «Tikka» – shashlik, «kebab» – Marinated lamb, «blouse» – Cebab of fine chopped meat, «Macbus» – Meat with adding spices, meat assorted «Musthershakkal Mustache».

Other appetizing dishes in the UAE – Pizza called «Rice», «Haris» – Casserole from chicken, «Tikka Dadzhaj» – Chicken kebab, dish «Biryani-Ajaj» from rice and stewed chicken.

Be sure to try «Samman» – Meat quail, «Jadge Tananuri» – Very acute chicken dish, soups with rice and beans, pies «cubic», Triangles from dough «sambus», and many other delicious pies – «Lyakhma», «Sabeneh», «Htander» and so on.

Dehes from vegetables in the UAE – «Hummus» – paste, «Burgul» – corn porridge, «Kureds» – Zucchini with minced meat, «Fatush» – Salad with bread, «Tabbulya» – Dish from greenery and wheat, «Uarara Anab» – Cabbages in a grape sheet and.

Popular in Emirates and fermented milk dishes, also love cheese and seafood here. Try Plov «Macbus-Samak», as well as dishes «Shaari», «toes». I wonder what even sharks eat in emipratises!

Desserts in the UAE – Separate theme: Templap Pudding «Umm-Ali», Take pudding from pistachios «Mughallabia», Enter the ponchikov «LiGemat» and acquire a sterbet familiar to us.

And, of course, coffee in the UAE – Exceptionally natural, which is preparing for a tourist «in place and bottled from coffee pots «Dalla». Most popular coffee varieties in Emirates – Black and coffee and light with cardamom.

Top restaurants of the UAE

Restaurant Al-Hailah

Al-Shami Restaurant

Restaurant La Sani

Restaurant Peking

Restaurant Saravana Bhavan

Safety of tourists in the UAE

Below are the recommendations with which all tourists should be found in order to avoid possible trouble in the UAE:

Alcohol consumption in the UAE limited. Tourists who are in a state «Under Shaf», should be left in the rooms of your hotel. Otherwise you are waiting for a police station and a large fine, and the prison. Alcohol can also be transported from the Emirate to Emirate. But in Sharjah and there is a dry law. In the Emirates, it is not customary to express tender feelings in public places, so it is not recommended to hug and kissing people – For that you may finf. Women in the UAE should be dressed in restraint and modest, legs and shoulders better cover. And about tan topless – And forget at all. In the whole of the country, it is forbidden to photograph government agencies, policemen, people in shape and women. But before imprinted by the memory of the Arab man, permission should be asked. In the UAE, it is not recommended to store in the debate about Islam and discuss the Prophet Mukhamed. In the UAE, it is forbidden to litter on the streets – This is punished by a fine. In the summer, when the air temperature rises to + 50c, it is not recommended for a long time. It should be strictly observed all the rules for intersection of the border of the UAE. The importation of medicines into the UAE territory is limited: all drug-containing drugs should be removed from the first-aid kit. If the medicine is vital, get a certificate from the doctor.

The history of the UAE

UAE: Souvenirs for memory

UAE: Entertaining Facts

Ten entertaining facts about the UAE:

The largest Emirate of the UAE – Abu Dhabi. It takes about 85% of the country’s territory. In the UAE, only 30% of fresh water comes from natural sources, there are in the Emirates and Artesian wells. 70% of water in the country – desalinized liquid. Water is extracted on 32 specialized desalination plants, with some desalination plants work exclusively on atomic energy. At the same time, the cost of desalination 1 thousand liters of water is about $ 2, which is extremely expensive air temperature in Abu Dhabi by about 1-1.5 degrees lower than in the desert spread around it. This is due to green plantings that replete this city.

Dubai name comes from Arabic word «Dibba» – Simply saransch. The first mention of the village of Abu Dhabi refers by 1761. It was found in the notes of the Assistant of the British Political Agent in Bombay, who noted that there are about 400 horsis in the village, and the aborigines are engaged in fishing. Interestingly name «Abu Dhabi» Translated means «Father Gazelle».

Sharjah is the only Emirate of the UAE, where the dry law is introduced. It is strictly forbidden to eat alcohol, and even the presence of alcohol in the car is already a crime.

The most luxurious hotel of the UAE is «Burj Al Arab», He is in Dubai. Embossed on an artificial island, the hotel is a giant and sail. In order to emphasize the originality and exclusivity of the hotel, the Arabs sadly appropriated the status of 7 *.

Fujairah is the only emirate in the UAE, which is located on the shores of the Indian Ocean. His coastline extends more than 90 km.

Arab men are increasingly preferred to make marriage with foreign – in this case, they do not need to buy out for the bride. But the Government of the UAE is extremely cared for its population: for example, every young family in the Emirates receives from the government to hold a comfortable villa and 70 thousand Dirhams to accommodate (about $ 19 thousand.) for a wedding. In many states of the UAE, oil reserves are already drying out, it is possible that in a few years they will disappear at all. The exception is only the state of Abu Dhabi, where 95% of all countries of the country are concentrated.

Un Jour Petit in Lausanne – a small day in Lausanne

Un Jour Petit in Lausanne – a small day in Lausanne

No one else wants to feel a tourist in a foreign city! Be a tourist even a little shame. Fashionable to be called, for example, an explorer of the urban environment. Everyone wants to eat and drink with local, living in rented apartments, intently examining life (shoes, books, toothpasses) Aborigines, slowly walk without a camera and intersect as possible with old-minded travelers jumping from attractions to attractions.

Try to spend one day in Lausanne – Even if you are here for the first time – out of route polished tourists. It does not mean that you risk not to see the most important thing, it means that you probably know more. Including about yourself.

If you woke up in a hotel, of course, you should not ignore included in the room rate breakfast. Especially if you woke up on the shores of Lake Lehman (so local names are the Lake Geneva), for example, in the good Château d’Ouchy or neighboring buildings, where you can eat alone with species. However, eat your croissant and drink coffee – calories will be useful to you. If the morning found you not on the waterfront, go to the city markets, they open about nine. Check with a calendar: if today Monday or Thursday – tents installed on Granni Boulevard, Wednesday or Saturday – on Central Square, Sunday – in the ears.

On Tuesday or Friday, you may not fall on large-scale trading, but not finding a fruit shop, an old cafe or a fauce, there is no chance. The best breakfast of July – Shelves of local apricots, orange, thin-grained, apple-sized! Washed prey in the fountain, ate, happy.

Around you old women and young Swiss mothers will buy organic root roots, sniff basil and thyme (you also do not refuse!), choose flowers to decorate the living room. You can land for ten minutes in the eatery with two tables and drink coffee. Local wonder and do it too, although they have a coffee maker and cream at home. Love to look at the neighbors, probably.

Getting to the Cathedral – the main city celebrity – you most likely work out and on foot (Lausanne is a very compact city), but you can sit down in the subway with drone cars and ride before the bessieres stop (if you live in a hotel, then a free transport card You will be issued for the entire stay).

Next to the cathedral – a beautiful observation terrace, here you can stay in minutes for ten minutes, and then turn 180 degrees, to pass two hundred meters and find yourself in the empty Mu Museum.Dac (www.mudac.ch). There are only three floors of contemporary art – this is humane, 40 minutes of air-conditioned pastime. Before the end of September, there is an excellent exhibition of Telling Time – installations and objects for time, until November, one of the floors occupied non-born glass sculptures of the exhibition Living Glass II.

From the museum before lunch you will probably want to walk a little. Rue Mercerie – a short street on which lovers of high-quality and unusual sewing products risk will suggest. In the shop-workshop Laboratoire (WWW.Le-Laboratoire.COM) make strange asymmetrical things for adults and children ("kill what a cute dress", which cost 250 francs, now you can buy for 50!), as well as the breathtaking unisex bags. In Walpurgis (www.Walpurgis-Boutiques.ch) on the other side of the street give elegant and non-easy women’s things in which even in the office, at least married.

Excellent lunches for their own (however, dinners too) are covered in Café des Artisans at Centrale, 16. There is no menu in English (well, because for your own), but the waiters will gladly tell in the language of guests about each dish, and the portions will be so huge, which are clearly intended for people who like the owners and the chief.

The hosts, by the way, came from Spain, from Basque Country. Tasty everyone. Your task is only getting hungry.

After lunch, you need to go down to the lake, take directly opposite the exit from the OUCHY metro station Pedalo (Catamaran) with an umbrella from the sun and a slide and make a watch swim on the lake with dives in a cool transparent element. 24 Franca can be divided into five (maximum number of places in the vehicle described above) and arrange a party.

Floating dates are constantly. Have fun carefully, because you need to get rid of the evening to come high, which you need to spend in one of the most fashionable today among the Lausanians of the institution.

Taxi to Chalet Des Enfants – Country restaurant, in which they feed cooked only from local products, goes twenty minutes and costs about 30 francs. "Local" – does not mean that the kitchen is strictly Swiss: for example, here are the Lebanese pellets that make a guy on a farm in three steps. I’m not accidentally impossible to get to the restaurant, it is literally in the forest. Family and couples come, the elderly spouses taste seasonal suggestions, elderly daughters with mama-old women eat desserts, girlfriends for forty chatting on hemp behind a glass of wine under the chime of cow bells that inflows from afar. Local will be wine and beer, as well as lemonade!

Wellness landscape is so therapeutically that dinner wants to stretch the hour at three to run on a swing, catch the sunset, the return of cows from pastures, exit from the forest of some wild deer or roe (waiters run up to the tables and indicate: "Wake a look there"). The road to the city will be picturesque – light is lit in the lowest houses, the owners are imposed on the details of life to everyone, as the windows are big and without curtains.

If there are still forces left or you feel the need to walk (oh, these diet treats are obtained from these local products!) You can take a diography at the Bourg Plage bar under the Breast Bridge in the heart of the city. If you are lucky – you will set out some excellent and at the same time a free concert, for example, as part of the city Festival de La Cité, which this year passes from July 7 to July 12. If you are lucky even more – you will spend the time intimate, in the company, well, a dozen, no more, citizens who want to snatch a piece of beautiful life, despite the fact that tomorrow at seven in the morning will need to wear a blue shirt and go to the office.

Underwater fairy tale – Oceanarium Dubai

Underwater fairy tale – Oceanarium Dubai

Giant Aquarium – an important point in the entertainment program of tourists in the shopping center Dubai Mall. But besides the aquarium, there is also a zoo here, and the aquarium itself can be viewed not only from the side, but also from the underwater tunnel. If you wish, you can swim with sharks and even feed them. In this article we will tell you in detail about Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo in the United Arab Emirates.

As of February 2021 Aquarium Dubai Mall is open to visitors (opened after Lokdauna on May 27). There are strict Macid security rules that read in the article on the link above. Unfortunately, at the moment, not all tickets are available, we will tell you in detail below in this article.

Is it really the biggest?

Many sites on the Internet are written that Dubai Mall Aquarium is the world’s largest. If you see the ranking of the oceanariums, then you will not find it in the first place nowhere else. Who is right?

Of course, the role of the biggest oceanarium Dubai Mall Aquarium can not claim, and never claimed. There are only 10 million liters of water that according to modern standards – the digit is modest.

In such estimates there is one curious nuance associated with the difference between the concepts of Russian and English languages.

When we say the word "oceanarium", we mean some many aquariums with fish and other marine animals. When we say "aquarium", then I mean a certain one single water container. In Russian, there is a clear separation of these concepts.

There is no such separation in English, and the words "Oceanarium" and "Aquarium" are synonyms. As a result, it is very difficult to accurately understand what the English authors imply. Most text transfers to Russian are made without taking into account this nuance, and we have complete confusion.

Dubai Mall Aquarium is not and never was the biggest oceanarium in the world. But he could well become the biggest aquarium. He was planned and planned, but fate ordered otherwise. Americans ahead and managed to open aquarium in the city of Atlanta Georgia even before Dubai Mall discovery. In 2012 and the American record was beaten by a new aquarium in Marine Life in Singapore.

If briefly, Dubai Mall Aquarium is not a record holder in size, although one official world record on his account is. Which one? Read on.

Figures and facts

The record belongs to the main glass through which visitors to the Dubai Mall shopping center are looking to the aquarium. This is the world’s largest monolithic stove of acrylic glass. It is 33 meters long, 8.5 meters in height and 7.5 centimeters in thickness. Acrylic glass is well known to most readers, in Russia this material is called the word "plexiglas".

This is the same plexiglass that we use in the country’s cottage to cover the greenhouses with tomatoes and cucumbers. Only this plex’s plate is much larger than the size and weighs 245 tons.

This acrylic stove is withstanding a giant mass of water. Aquarium has dimensions 51 by 20 by 11 meters and accommodates 10 million liters of water. It’s twice as bigger than in the oceanarium in Moscow at the VDNH.

Through the aquarium passes the tunnel for visitors with a length of 48 meters. It is also not a record, we recall that in the oceanarium in Shanghai you can walk through the tunnel of 155 meters in length.

Aquarium is so high that is located immediately on two floors of the Dubai Mall shopping center. On the third floor there is a Underwater Zoo (underwater zoo). In the aquarium and the zoo there are 140 species of animals, about 33,000 individuals.

The administration claims that about 300 sharks and skates are at the same time in the aquarium. This figure is difficult to comment, we did not count. Here is the largest population of sharks Ordinary sandy shark. Of course, this is not the greatest shark in the world, but the size is impressive – 2.5 meters long and 160 kilograms of weight.

The most long-suffering oceanarium

Even before opening with Dubai Mall Aquarium, trouble began to occur.

In 2008, as soon as its inhabitants settled in the aquarium, Sand shark started killing and eat Reef sharks (in the photo on the right). Such behavior of predators is atypically, and oceanology scientists argue so far.

February 26, 2010 this happened PE. Acrylic glass cracked and water began to flow from the aquarium. Then visitors to the shopping center were urgently evacuated, and all the world media wrote about the incident.

The victims were then not, only a few people were knocked out legs. The flow was small, and no fish was injured.

We hope that the next in Dubai Mall Aquarium incidents will no longer happen.

How to get

Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo is located in the center of the Dubai Mall shopping center. Get here is the easiest way to subway. You need to go to the Burj Khalifa / Dubai Mall (Burj Khalifa / Dubai Mall) on the 1st (red) branch. Subway diagram in Russian and travel tariffs See our article "Dubai Metro".

The metro station is far from the Dubai Mall shopping center, and will have to go a little. For these purposes, a special bridge was built – Metro Link Bridge. It is not even necessary to go on it, as there are special travolors for visitors. All this is very similar to transitions between airport terminals.

Length of this bridge – 828 meters. He himself is a landmark, since this is the longest similar structure in the world. After 10 minutes walk or ride on the conveyor, you will get to the Dubai Mall shopping center. Further just follow the signs, and you will find Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo.

The second option – by taxi. Since Dubai is a big city, it is difficult to predict the cost of a trip. May be from 12 to 100 dirhams, depends on how far your hotel is from Dubai Molla. Exact tariffs See our article "Taxi in Dubai and other Emirates".

Opening hours

From 10-00 to 22-00 on weekdays (from Sunday on Wednesday).

From 10-00 to midnight on weekends (Thursday, Friday, Saturday).

You can enter inside until 21-30 on weekdays (23-30 on weekends).

Tickets are valid only for one entrance inside. That is, it is impossible to go out and log in the same day.

What’s the cover charge

Aquarium itself can be viewed completely free. The outer wall of acrylic glass, which we talked above are available to everyone. Approach, look, no one will take money with you. Free viewing is the "seed", everything else is already paid.

Basic ticket includes a passage along the tunnel + zoo inspection. Price – 110 UAE Dirhams (including VAT). Actual course, see our article "Money in the UAE".

At the moment (February 2021) Basic ticket (Explorer Experience) is not available on the official website. The cheapest ticket, which is additionally communication with penguins, costs 169 dirhams. We did a request to find out the reason, but the administration rank from the answer.

If you want to buy a basic ticket, then we know two options. First – on Klook. The second is to buy a combo ticket to the oceanarium and on Burj Khalifa. Cassians near the oceanarium work, but tickets are more expensive.

Please note that there are cheaper tickets, but they are with the asscription "Uae Resident Offer". It is only for residents living in UAE – citizens, persons with a working visa or residence permit. We considered this topic in the article "Population of the UAE".

To the basic ticket you can buy: King Croc Encounter (see the giant King Croc) for 50 dirhams, and (or) OTTER ENCOUNTER (chat with outdoor) for 50 dirhams, and (or) Ray Encounter (chat with skates) for 50 dirchms, and (or) Penguin Encounter (chat with penguins).

Package Explorer Experience for 150 Dirhams: Tunnel + Zoo + Tour "Over the Scene" + Underwater Observatory + Ride on a Boat with Transparent Dream.

Package VIP Experiences for 299 Dirhams: The entire EXPLORER package (described above) + Virtual Reality Attraction + can be participated in fish feeding.

Tickets are better to buy on the official website at the addubaiaquarium.Com . Home Cashier On the Lower Floor is now open, the second Cashier is so far closed. The following information block temporarily lost relevance, do not read it.

Total Two Casses. The first is located at the entrance to the tunnel. The second is on the third floor at the entrance to the zoo. These two cash registers sell different tickets. Many tourists faced the problem that at the bottom office there are no simplest tickets, but only expensive sets. In this case, go to the upper cashier on the third floor. By the way, there are no queues at all.

Children under 3 years old are free. But it should be remembered that children are not allowed to a boat with a transparent bottom. Also on this boat it is impossible to ride pregnant women.

How to save

There is an offer Night Owl Pass. You can get into the tunnel and zoo from 22-00 to midnight with a 25% discount. But while it is not available, since the night is performed at night. We hope that soon this discount will appear again.

Frequently selling comprehensive tickets Aquarium Dubai + Burj Khalifa, you can save up to 70 dirhams. Look for such tickets on the site Burj Khalifa Tickets.Atthetop.AE. We warn that combo tickets with a discount are not always.

There is Klook and other "coupons". For example, Klook tickets in February 2021 lie on 76 dirhams. Read about all the ways in our article "How to save on entertainment in Dubai".

How much time plan to visit

Walk around the tunnel – 20 minutes. Swim by boat – 20-30 minutes. Zoo – no more than one hour. Your time is not limited, you can walk here at least all day, but it’s not worth planning for more than two hours.

What to watch – aquarium

As we have already written above, it can be viewed free of charge from the merchant center itself. All additional services are based on viewing the same aquarium, but only from another angle.

In the underwater tunnel you will look at the aquarium from the bottom up. On the boat with a transparent bottom on the contrary – from top to bottom. You will not see anything new.

Twice a day there is feeding fish. For the first time in 10-30 feeding the skates, and at 14-00 I fed sharks. We recommend approaching aquarium for this time.

Feeding the rods and sharks can be seen from the shopping center no worse than the tunnel. Buy a ticket for this completely not necessarily. If you want to skip the campaign in the tunnel and save, it will not work. Any ticket to Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo necessarily includes a hike in the tunnel.

What to watch – zoo

It is called Underwater Zoo ("Underwater Zoo"), although not all animals are underwater here, and some do nothing at all have nothing to do.

Zoo is divided into three thematic areas: Open Ocean, Tropical Forest and Rocky Coast. Division is very conditional, and it is even difficult to notice. In total, there are 40 aquariums and heliers.

The most colorful resident of the zoo is a gigantic crocodile (in the photo on the left). It is called "King Croc". Crocodiles are not found in the Arab Emirates, and he was brought here from Australia.

Australian narrow crocodiles In the natural environment, rarely reach lengths more than 3 meters. This individual is 5 meters long and weighs 750 kilograms. Its name "King Crocodiles" he justifies 100%.

A separate mini-show shows the night animals of the UAE – fruit bats, owls, Ethiopian hens, false cob and Yemen chameleons. Many of these species are no longer found in other world zoos. We highly recommend this exhibition.

Another mini-exhibition is called "Kraken’s Lair" ("Kraken Lair"). Naturally, Krakena himself (giant deep-sea squid) you will not see here. This animal is not in any oceanarium or zoo. He was still no one else to catch.

At this exhibition you can see Karakatits, squid, octopuses, nautilos and other invertebrates of marine animals.

In a separate avoller, the penguins are contained, without them no respected zoo do not. In the next aviary, you can look at outer – very cute and funny animals, children will be delighted.

There is a separate aquarium with Piranhami, and many tourists see these famous fish for the first time here. Another aquarium is filled with jellyfish. In beautiful backlight, they look amazing. In the next aquarium you can see the giant Muren.

Fish in the photo on the left – another "raisin" of this zoo. It’s "spray", and these fish have deserved their name not just. They hunt insects, knocking them on a jet of water.

Cash the scene of the hunt of the splashes – it is a big luck. Wait, look, maybe lucky.

Another rare view of Dubai Underwater Zoo is an African Protter (see. Photo). Outwardly, this fish does not seem amazing. But the protoptes at the same time there are gills and lungs. These fish are called two-way.

Protopters are able to glow into the sand and survive drought for several years. They also have a very developed brain, and they can be trained. This is one of the most amazing fish on our planet.

In a separate aquarium, you can look at gigantic crabs, and in the neighborhood there are many types of sea skates.

Dubai Underwater Zoo exactly worth his money.

Additional entertainment

Cage snorkelling – swim in the cage (up to 4 people) in mask and with a tube. Price – 275 Dirhams.

Shark Dives – dive with scuba to sharks. If there is a certificate, then the price is 625 dirhams. If you are new, then 825 dirhams, including a small preliminary training.

Shark Walker – You go down to the sharks in the cage in a special helmet in which air is served.

Discover Scuba Dive – Two-day diving course with PADI certificate assignment.

Specialty Dives – For those who already have a PADI certificate. Includes three dives. First – simple swimming, second – photo session with sharks, third – feeding sharks. Price – 1875 Dirhams.

GOPRO camera is provided for a fee for hire.

Baby programs

Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo You can order two types of programs for children. The first for children from 5 to 7 years is called "Junior Aquarist" and costs 150 dirhams. The second for children from 8 years is called "Senior Aquarist" and costs 250 dirhams.

Both programs include a visit to the tunnel and the zoo, boating with a transparent bottom and communication with the specialists of the center. The Senior program also includes a diving into an aquarium with a tube and a mask.

If you want to "grault" for a child, then this is the best way, although the cheap. In addition, guides in Russian there is no. If your child knows English at least at the basic level, you can use this offer.

The only "exclusive" in these children’s programs is a crocodile feeding. Is it worth it for this entertainment to pay such money – to solve you.

After visiting

Immediately at the exit from the zoo are two interesting restaurants. The first is called "Rainforest Cafe". Here you are waiting for the layouts of giraffes, crocodiles and gorillas, the sounds of the jungle and hamburgers Schurdogoga.

The second is a fish restaurant with magnificent fish dishes. We hope that these dishes are not from the inhabitants of the oceanarium.

More interesting

– Do not miss! Directly opposite the large glass of the aquarium is the world’s largest store of sweets Candylicious;

– In Dubai there is a second large oceanarium The Lost Chambers. Consider maybe he will like more. Read our detailed review "The Lost Chambers";

– If you are going to relax with the child, we recommend our review "in the UAE with children – important moments".

That’s all we can tell about Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo. Read our other interesting and useful articles about the Arab Emirates (Links below).

Unique kitchen Bhutan

Unique kitchen Bhutan

If you are lucky enough to get into amazing Bhutan – be prepared to rebuild not only your thoughts, but also. Power system.

In Bhutan, you need to get used to acute food, the basis of which is the sharp chili pepper, a special red rice (similar to the brown on the texture, but with a nutty taste, this is the only rice variety, which grows at large altitudes), buckwheat and corn. In the mountains to the main products add chicken, meat of yak, dried beef and pork.

Rice is used in all sorts of combinations with vegetables, a variety of sauces, saffron, butter or pieces of vegetables. It is boiled, fry, prepare pilaf, crushed into flour and use in soups and side dishes. In the highlands, rice is widely replaced with wheat, from which various porridges or simple dishes with vegetables and animals are fat, as well as boiled and baked potatoes.

It is worth trying a national buttane dish "EMA DanSa" (stew in oil with spices pods of burning pepper in cheese sauce), "Keva-Dance" (mixture of potatoes, cheese and chili pepper) and "Sham-DanSa" (baked with cheese and chilli mushrooms). Locals say that if you have not tried "EMA DanSa" – You never saw Bhutan.

Meat products in Bhutan are a separate topic. Religion does not allow residents to kill living beings for the sake of food, so they come out of the situation in the most cunning ways, or using the meat of deceased or scored by specially animals and birds (a special license for this is issued by the Hindus living in Bhutan), or importing from other countries. From meat dishes It is worth trying Klecki "Momos", Pork "Fing" With beans and peppers, stew pork with spices and radish "PHAKSHA PA", Stew with mushrooms and beef rice "TSHEM", spicy pork with potatoes "Keva-Phagsha", Roasted with vegetables Poultry meat "Jasha-Mar" and boiled pork legs with greens "Kangchu-Mar".

A variety of dairy products are distributed in Bhutan. The most popular types of cheese include "Dance" (cheese of cow’s milk) and a very specific grade of milk yaks, which is cut into small pieces and dried, getting a solid mass, well stored many months. Various vegetables and thin pellets made of rice, corn or wheat flour of rice.

National Drink Bhutan – "Susa" or "Sauce" (Butane tea with butter). Also, they drink black and green tea everywhere, adding oil, salt and pepper to it. Alcoholic beverages consume a local moonshine "Ara", wheat beer "Chang" (drink warm) or "Changi" (Used chilled).

In addition to the fact that Bhutan dishes have their own unique and exquisite taste, they still differ in original design. Chefs Bhutan are very well prepared, and for tourists they are trying especially and welcome to treat foreigners by national dishes of national cuisine.

  • The National dish"EMA DanSa"
  • Stew pork with a garnish
  • "Susa" – Bhun tea
  • Original decoration

Recipes of several dishes


250 g of chili pepper (green)
1 bulb chopped straw
2 tomato
250 g Danish Feta Cheese
5 crushed cloves of garlic
3 Coriander leaves, 2 h.Spoons of vegetable oil

Relieve the pepper along (each about 4 parts), put the cut peppers and onions into the pan, fill up approximately 400 ml of water and add 2 teaspoons of oil. Bring to a boil and boil on medium heat for about 10 minutes. Add tomatoes, garlic and, cheese, cook another 2-3 minutes, add coriander to the mixture, remove from the fire. For 2 minutes, keep the mixture under the closed lid.


Cheese used in the preparation of this dish can only be found in Bhutan and it is produced on local farms. Cheese has a unique composition, it does not dissolve in water during cooking. Served, as a rule, with a large number of pink or white rice.


4 potatoes
1/3 cup of cheese (Swiss, farm or any other white cheese variety)
1/4 cups of chopped red bow
1 tablespoon of vegetable oil
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon of ground chili pepper (or to taste)

Cut potatoes on small pieces, place in the bowler or saucepan. Add some vegetable oil, salt and one cup of water. Cut into small pieces of cheese, and add it to the pan when potatoes will be almost ready. Add bow and pepper. You can also add tomatoes.


350 g beef (leg)
2 purified potatoes
3 green chili peppers
Half of the bulbs
1/2 C. Spoons of ground chili
3 chopped cloves of garlic
1 piece of crushed ginger
1/2 tablespoon of refined vegetable oil for frying

Put the beef to small pieces. Add about 400 ml of water to a saucepan. Place the beef in it, add some salt and boil for 20 minutes. Cut potatoes along 6-8 pieces. In the same way, cut chili pepper. Then add the mixture together with the bow and butter in the pan and boil up to 75% of potato availability. Add the remaining ground chili pepper, garlic and ginger. Boil until ready for another 3-4 minutes. You can add ground black pepper and coriander to taste.

Unity of opposites

Unity of opposites

I remember how in childhood I was tormented by a question: why "Ecuador"? At what basis, one state appropriated to himself to associate with a whole parallel, which actually passes through a good ten countries in South America, Africa and Asia? I applied a ruler to the map: see how the Ecuador and what – Brazil possessed this equator! This is where to be called the country of equator! I do not understand why this question myself was then. Probably because I myself invented him and proud to him as a great geographical discovery.

But the country is like a ship: as we called and floats. Especially if the name "Speaker". Arriving in Ecuador, we understood: at the equator here "keeps" much. There are some things – historical events, the phenomena of nature, – on which the self-awareness of the nation is raised. Ecuadorians – terrible patriots. They love to emphasize their birthroom and the championship literally in all. And I’m sure: the proud name played here not the last role. Therefore, it is not at all surprising that our acquaintance with Ecuador from the equator started – it was here that local friends danced us, barely we only flew to the capital of the country, Quito and abandoned the suitcases in the hotel. However, the journey from the center of Quito to the Equator – a short. Earth Pupovina – more precisely, its sign, specially marked by several segmentation memorials – is in thirteen kilometers north of the capital, in the town of San Antonio de Pichincch. Everybody is here "works" To ensure that you realize the greatness of the moment and understood: here it is, latitude 0 – 0 – 0. Mid-Mira. Inti Nyan, "Sun parking", As the Inki said. The place where you can drink the southern hemisphere with one leg, the other – the North, putting them on both sides specially drawn on the land of the line. But more spectacular rides are offered.

… the guide brings a washbasin on legs on the legs, watering in the meter south of the equator. Plugs the plum of cork, pours water, throws into it for clarity a few small leaves, takes out a plug, and we see how water flows, twisting with a funnel clockwise and carrying out a leaf in the whirlpool. Then he transfers his installation on the other side, repeats the experiment. The funnel is twisted in the opposite direction (which, in fact, we, residents of the northern hemisphere, and are used to watching daily). The sink is then put on the equator line: And now the water goes through the hole with a down, a small waterfall, not at all forming a funnel. Comments, as they say, unnecessary.

Of course, I repeat, the zero parallel is not sole "own" Ecuador, but anywhere else does such a cult. Three memorable signs are erected here in the adestrate line, whereas in most equatorial countries, with the exception of Brazil and Kenya, it has not been noted at all. In San Antonio de Pichinch, the most picturesque 30-meter monument. And around him – a whole town, which is called – "Mid-Mira", with church, park, museum, shops. It seems that in the local church should pray to some special god – God of the Equator ..

Seven crosses from the sun to the moon

Well, and in general, Ecuadorians – fanatical fans of all that is in their country. For example, Quito, in their opinion, is not just the best, but also "The most Inksky" City of South America. It seemed to me that in the hearts of the metropolitan residents lives an inesen-free feeling of jealousy in relation to the generally accepted symbol of ancient civilization – Peruvian Cusco.

These jealousy and ambitions are so great that in local sources you can even even read that Quito … was the last capital of the Empire Inca. The fact is that in a few decades before the arrival of the conquistadors, at the very end of the 15th century, the land of the current Ecuador, on which several multilingual tribes lived, were captured by the Incas and are attached to the Great State TaantinSuyu. Formally, indeed, in 1533-1534, when Cusco has already surrendered to conquistadors, the Incas kept here in Quito, the last defense from Sebastian de Bellcasar’s troops, Francisco Pizarro associate. Based on this, the myth about Quito "The last overthrown of the sons of the Sun". However, any serious trace of the Inca here you just did not have time.

But left the conquistadors, turning the city into one of the most beautiful capitals of South America. True, beauty is soft, a little even blurred, and you need to be patient to find "mine" Quito in this chaotic and, I would say, decentralized space.

That is, there is, of course, the official center historically established around the Presidential Palace – Independence Square. In addition to the white squat building – the Palace itself – it forms it a green park with a monument to the heroes of the struggle for independence. Stela in the neoclassical spirit is crowned with the image of Condor, "heraldic" Birds of South American Precolumba Cultures. And at the foot of the monument spread the heater. The lion symbolizes Spain, Eagle – Ecuador and heroes of the national liberation struggle 1809-1810. The victory in it, however, was far from refusing: only in May 1822, the famous battle was held in Pichince, in which the national troops of General Sucre, the companion of Bolivar, were finally defeated by the Spaniards.

Cute Square, Cozy. But here the streets of seven crosses come to her even more interesting. It seems to be the oldest street of Quito. In the pre-colonial era, she joined two icons – in the literal and in the figurative sense – Hills: Panesilo, which in the Inca was called Yavirak (the temple of the Sun was located), and the Hill. John. He was called Uanakauri and built the moon temple on it.

Spaniards perfectly understood the whole value for the submissive pagans of this sacred trail, figuratively binding two shining. Therefore, the first thing, as if a fear of some mysterious curse, they decided "stand" Its as much as possible crosses. So, one after another, churches and cathedrals appeared: Santa Barbara, immaculate conception, Prima-de Quito, El Sagrario, La Candy, del Carmen Alto … It turns out six. And the seventh cross, hardly the most noteworthy, erected outside the cult buildings. He stands on the pedestal of the almonds of San Lasaro. Roughly outstanding from stone, as if they really do some kind of conquistador sword or ax.

From the oldest churches, Santa Barbara, in the form in which she was erected in 1566-1576, nothing but the name left: it actually collapsed and was rebuilt already in the XIX century. But her name is very important: Santa Barbara, as you know, was for warriors by the patroness in the fight against "barbarians". (Such is the historical pun: with Saint Barbara, prying, yes in barbarians.) The place for the temple also found no closer: on the square in front of him beats the oldest in the city, which supplied the inhabitants of water back in Damispan times.

All other temples of the streets of seven crosses are already following the XVII century and later epochs. The most noteworthy – La Candy de Jesus, laid down by the Order of Jesuits in 1605 and fully completed only in 1765. "Dolly" It is quite justified: this is really a colossal structure and one of the best works of South American Baroque. Jesuits, as you know, arrived in South America along with the warriors and behaved here extremely actively. By the way, they even began to serve Mass on Kechua and religious education were also led in local languages, thanks to which they used popularity. The power and wealth of the Order was reflected in the redundancy of the forms and luxury of interiors, literally blinding the glow shine. In this sense, the beautiful church of Quito reminds her "TEZK" in Cuzco – La Cannia de Hesus (actually, the Order of Christ). The difference is only in one thing: the temple in Cusco was preserved in pristine form, and the companion in Quito burned almost to the ground in 1995. Today, the inner decoration is fully restored.

Sucre – Ecuador’s liberator

The visible paradox of the history of Ecuador is that General Antonio José de Sucre, the winner in the battle of Pichince, is now revered as "main" The National Hero of the Republic of Ecuador (even the national currency until the recent transition to the dollar was called his name – "Sucre") although he hardly ever gave himself a report that it is. Like all the people of his generation, this nearest associate and friend of the liberator – so the participants of the anticolonial movement in Latin America called Simon Bolivar – a native of modern Venezuela, Sucre represented himself his own homeland in the form of a single monolithic free power throughout the extent territory of former Spanish possessions. And not his fault that these land turned out to be so "Mute" and are distant from each other that as a result of the general war for the independence of the 20s of the XIX century there are many separate states there. In his century, Sucre managed to visit, let him not long, president and Peru, and Bolivia, and, of course, proclaimed Ecuador. Being retired, General Sucre preferred to live in Quito, from where his beloved wife Marianna de Carsen, Marquis de Solanda. True, quiet time in the Ecuadorian capital fate released the general a little – only about two and a half years in total. The affairs of political and military fascinated him in different ends of the Latin American range, as long as it has already been said, he did not die from the hands of terrorists during the internecine struggle for "inheritance" Bolivar. As for the battle itself at Pichince, which brought independence to Ecuador, then it, by the standards of European wars, not more than a shake. It was hardly 3,500 people on both sides, and died, thank God, a person 600, no more. Nevertheless, the troops of the royal presence in Quito (Real Audiencia de Quito) under the command of General Melchor Americh were defeated and almost completely captive, the city was released, and three hundred years of Spanish dominion in Middle and did not have.

Heart of Franciscan

… there is in the lifestyle of Quito inseparable dimensions and slowness, and on the street seven crosses they feel even stronger. And even all sorts of fiesta, which Ecuadorians, like all the Latin Americans, love the most in the world, are special. On the mentioned area in front of the Santa Barbara church we will find the festival "Pasakoles". To the one who knows what pasacle is, this fact will tell a lot. Vintage Spanish Slow Dance (Literally – "Along the street"), akin to the chatene, which he loved to arrange the bodies for the organ. Look, now in Spain you will not find people like a retro. And here, seven crosses, in the center of Quito, dozens of steam participate in the amateur festival. Dancers, of course, mostly unfortunate, and clearly lacks the cavaliers, and the men’s party often perform women. Street Street, watching the rolling around the cast-iron figures of Sebastian Belalcasar: Monument to the conqueror of the Quito is accomplished in the center of the square.

It seems that in the yard, not even XIX, and the XVII century. Romance, no words. But I still continue to look "mine" Quito is not the fact that more modern – I myself am an amateur of antiquity – but more alive, colorful. And, it seems, finally find.

Plaza de San Francisco – a wonderful ensemble, in which the ideal forms of the old church complex seem to be washed by living water everyday bustle. On holidays, the area in front of the church turns into a huge market, and in weekdays there is trade. In general, people come here at any time of the day to sit out aimlessly on the stone stained sheds. Women in national babies with babies roam in search of tourists who would photograph them and paid for it, if only obsessive "Models" Loaded and stopped betented: "UNA MONEDA PARA LA COLITA! UNA MONEDA PARA LA GUAGUA!" – "Coin on a jar of cola! Coin for baby!" Merry boys, juggling shoe brushes and with some inconceivable circus reception while holding a box with a drawer with Wax and rags under the arm, too, is also worn in search of clientele. Two old women, conveniently sitting right on the ground, take turns combing each other, wetting the head with a cerosene with kerosene and removing insects from a piggy straight, coal-black hair ..

Already returning to Moscow, I learned from the books that Plaza de San Francisco is really a marked place. It was the center of Quito even before the inconsisen came here, and called Tianges, which in the language of local Indians and meant "market". Inci, entering Quito, erected the Ataalp Palace (last "Emperor" TauantinSuyu) and cigano – Sun Temple. All this after the arrival of the Spaniards was quickly erased from the face of the earth. Another legend says that on this square for the first time in Ecuador, one of the Feds Francissians sowed wheat. And on the site of the Ataalp Palace, a magnificent Franciscian church complex, occupying three hectares and consisting of the temple, monastery, educational corps and cemetery.

In the evening we rose to Ichimbia – one of the three hills that the city surrounds. Actually, these hills and form the walls of a kind of bowl, at the bottom of which, as on the bottom of the crater, is the old Quito (new areas of the city, how to crawl up on these hills).

It became dark – at the equator always darkens early, at six in the evening, – and the old city began to light the lights. It seemed that they flare out very rhythmically, as if by someone’s pointed, and not one, but the rules, squares, like the illumination on the colossal Christmas tree … The lighting suddenly revealed all the harmony of development, so unwarked when you are inside it. Absolute absolutely exactly "Drove" Conquistadors and their heirs wide streets and narrow, but also direct, like daggie strikes, alleys. Ideal in our rectangles, Santo Domingo, San Marcos, San Blas, San Franciso, San Francis, San Francis, San Francis, San Francis … Slowly, as a candle, flared up as twilight thumbs thickened backlighting numerous churches and monasteries. And now it was discovered how many not by chance, and thoughtfully, as if the figures on a chessboard, "placed" Church in the city. Then I will tell me that the Spaniards-builders of Quito called their development plan – Damero, chess board or checkers.

Valley Giakanov

Equator, of course, among other things, dictates a lifestyle. When all year round sun rises and goes into the same minute, the day is invariably equal to the night and the seasons do not exist – you can generally lose the feeling of time. As if we sit all my life on the swings, which froze in the equilibrium position – neither there, nor here nor up, nor down.

However, apparently, in order of compensation for this year-round balance, God awarded Ecuador with a type of extreme – more than two dozen volcanoes, two of which are located in the immediate vicinity of zero parallels and Quito. This is the hand of Pichinch (4735 meters above sea level) and Guagua Pichinch (4783 meters). Guagua – Vulcan acting. Last time "baby" (so in South America called young children – Guagua) reminded himself on October 7, 1999, falling asleep with ashes everything and all in a ten kilometers radius.

In addition, they say that from Quito in clear weather you can see three more terrible vertices – Kotopakh (5897 meters), Kaamaby (5790) and Antisans (5704). And if you go on a car from Northern Quito to South Quenka, then a part of the route will be held through a narrow valley that Humboldt has already called "Dear volcanoes". It lies between the two parallel mountain Andean chains, as part of which – nine of the ten highest "flammable" peaks. Including the legendary, one and a half thousand years ago, the extinct Chimborace (6310 meters). His vertex is the most remote from the center of the earth the point of its surface, which partly calls the championship of Everest (the fact is that when measuring the geographical height of the reference point, as is known, the level of the sea is taken, and here Jomolungma is still leading: 8814 meters above sea ​​level).

Illossed Darwin

Galapagos archipelago, of course, the most famous landmark of Ecuador. But at the same time this "Country in the country", which deserves a separate journey and narration. Archipelago, located in the waters of the Pacific Ocean, is separated from the main territory of the country more than a thousand kilometers. It consists of 13 major and 17 small islands, which occupy the area of ​​about 8 thousand square kilometers. All of them are volcanic origin, and the crater has been preserved. His glory Galapagos is obliged to Charles Darwin, who, having visited them in 1835, was struck by Flora and the Fauna Archipelago, seeing in them "Visual example of evolution". In 1959, the islands received the status of the National Park – the first in the country. Here are iguana, sea lions, whales, albatrosses, pelicans, fluffy seals, penguins (the most northern in the world – they are able to survive on the islands due to cold Humboldt flow) and many other animals. Only birds are more than 1500 species here, which is about twice as much as in all of Europe or in all over North America. Perhaps the most famous islands inhabitants – Giant Turtles (Spanish GalapaGo – "turtle" – and gave the name of the archipelago) weighing up to 200 kilograms and those who live for two hundred years (until recently, the Turtle was still alive in the Paris Zoo, brought in 1807 with Galapagos as a gift to Napoleon I). Because there are no predators on the archipelago, and the animals are accustomed to a person, they let me at all close to themselves. So sit down (of course, neatly) on a giant turtle, feed iguan, swim in the company Penguins, which is called, not a problem. However, the archipelago is interested not only by fans of zoology, but also anthropologists. Until now, the question remains in which the Galapagos Islands in the South America’s Precucumbotic Cultures were located. On the one hand, ceramics, undoubtedly found classical Incan sample. On the other hand, many authoritative Americanists, such as Czech Professor Miroslav Stingl, argue that it was delivered there already in colonial times. In any case, there are legends, popular now among Kechua, that it is Galapagos who served as the place of perfect rest "Emperors". It is believed that from one of the bays off the coast of modern Ecuador as part of a colorful ritual to the ocean sent a balsa raft with the body of the Inca. Of course, no one can say where he was then nailed, but it was believed that he goes to Galapagos, to the western limits of Tauantinsuyu.

According to the covenant Pachamma

In this small valley, by the way, almost half of the country’s population lives. You know why? Earth is very fertile: fresh ashes, as you know, excellent fertilizer. The last time in March, the volcano Tunguraua (5029 meters) was activated in March (5029 meters), one of the most "Damn" in District. He produced several explosions and threw away the lava and fragments of rocks for hundreds of meters above the jerle. At the same time, the organized evacuation of residents from the surrounding villages was not produced, but on their own initiative, no one left no one to leave. Thank God, cost no victims. But Extreme lovers in Ecuador, apparently, grabs.

… This is, of course, a joke – about extreme lovers. We must see these people, on bulls plowing red fatty fertile land. The endurance of local residents, their ability to work without tired, to overcome huge distances with a big weight behind the shoulders – amazing. I will make a reservation, however, that on the bulls here are not because there is no longer on what, but because Pachamama ("Great Mother"-Earth) does not allow plowing any other manner. Modern technology she does not recognize. Equally as I "Unnatural" fertilizer.

In the province of Tunguraua, famous for his volcano, I remember that the old woman’s dusty road from the Salasak tribe (what her white fetal hat with wide fields was talking about). The old woman was so ancient and weak, which seems to be barely rearranged. But he drove a small octar of sheep in front of him, and at the same time managed to spice on the manual spiner. Just did not combine and did not strengthen her animals at the same time – so that it turned out a completely closed cycle.

Ecuadorians – A strikingly hardworking people. Backup and Standard, all the time that we were shaking on the Quito Highway – Cuenca, we constantly saw landpashtsy, women carrying huge hay oyans, more similar to the size of skirds, children, grazing cattle. And it despite Saturday. The only visit to us weekend – Sabbath Bazaar, to which we hit in one of the villages of Asuai Province. Traded here mostly Indians Canyaris, inhabiting Asoua. Old men and old women, with persons similar to the local soil – elegable deep, like scars, wrinkles, but not perfect and not emaciated, surprisingly healthy and beautiful shade. Not gloomy beauty, but very tidy girls in a gold thread of dark red scarves. And, of course, indispensable felt hats. Unlike neighbors, Salasak Indians who prefer "Men’s" Wide fields, Kanyaris of both sexes – it is the hats: elegant, with narrow fields, and on the edges there is still color stroke. And certainly – two brushes: unmarried and undelated, they are swept in front, hanging over the oldest; Family – Dellepto is thrown back so as not to interfere.

Who’s Hat Sper?

Cuenca is the third largest (after Quito and the main port of the country, Guayaquil) and, according to the local, the first beauty of the city of Ecuador. In 1999, his historical center was included by UNESCO to the list of architectural ensembles of the world, which make up the property of humanity (the CITo ​​Center was included in this list back in 1978). Less than a quarter of a million inhabitants live here, and there are 34 churches on them.

The main charm of the city, however, is that he stands on four rivers – Tomebambour, Macchanas, Yanunca and Tarka, – the historical center is surrounded by water almost from all sides. When conquistadors only captured this place, first, "working", The name they gave him was Santa Ana de Los Coatro Rios -. Anna on four rivers.

Domiers are molded like swallows nests, right to steep shores. As for the churches, for which, apparently, the city and hit the UNESCO list, then mostly buildings of the middle of the last century – many for one, neoclassical manner. Attention attracted perhaps the old cathedral – Iglesia del Sgrario. He is not older than two hundred years and was erected on the spot where the very first church in the city dated 1567. She, in turn, according to legend, was erected on the foundation of Incan buildings destroyed by conquisites. Locals will definitely emphasize this fact – as if their Sigrario is in some kind of foggy relationship with Damispan monuments.

Cuenca is considered a kind of cultural capital of the country, from here it comes to many Ecuadorian writers and artists. Special Aura is in fact felt in the city – thanks to many museums, bookstores, educational and research centers. Finally, near Cuenki, there was a real testimony of the presence of the Inca in Ecuadorian Earth. The ruins of the Fortresses of Ingapirk, which kilometers in eighty from the city, irrefutably testify: the empire of the four sides of the world was here. True, in one Cusco of this kind of ruins – dozens, and IngaPirk in Ecuador is one-only.

And yet, risking seem like a frivolous traveler, I note: the most interesting in Cuenke is that the famous Ecuadorian straw hats were invented here. Unlike local writers and artists, this "know-how" Received world famous and enjoys it by the second century. True, under the name "Panaman" or simply "Panam". Yes Yes, "Panaman Straw Hats", who appear in the stories of Chekhov, did and do in Ecuador. Cuenca as it was and remains the center of this is still handicraft. Why Ecuadorian Steel Hats "Panamami"? According to one version, the first samples brought with them in the US engineers who worked on the construction of the Panama Canal. And Ecuador at the end of the XIX century was a poor country. Hats spilled in Ecuador, but purchased them and traded them Panaman entrepreneurs in their own country, where stormy development went.

Generally, the famous hats are surrounded by a variety of legends. One of them says that there are hats only at night, when the straw thread becomes from the moisture content of elastic and weave it is particularly tight. It’s like Havalian cigars, which can be twisted only on the thigh of a virgin mulatto ..

Kechua and others

Most of the 13 million population of Ecuador – Metis: their approximately 10 million. About a million – "Clean" Indians. The remaining two percent – white, black and mulatto. The dark-skinned population of the country is focused mainly on the ocean coast, in the second value of the city of Guayaquil and in the province of Esmeraldas. The autochthonous population of Ecuador is, first of all, Indiankucheua, which, in turn, are divided into many tribal groups and communities. They inhabit basically the mountain part of the country. In the East and in Amazon Selver, much less numerous than Kechua, Shuarai, Achoire, Cofara, Sion-Sequoia, UAO, AI, Ember, Saparo. Indians Ava, Tsachilas and Chaqi live on the ocean coast. Ecuador – a state with a visa-free regime for most countries of the world. Getting a residence permit too easy enough. Due to this, the number of immigrants grows not by day, but by the hour. To the traditional Peruvian, Colombian, Chinese and Korean diaspora for this country in recent years, Russian-speaking, involved primarily in exports of Ecuadorian roses, bananas and shrimp.

Thousands of orchids

Another element of Ecuadorian exotic – a piece of Amazonian Selva with its unsurpassed wealth of flora and fauna. 25 thousand species of plants – ten percent of all known on the planet. (Alone orchids – more than two thousand.) 706 species of fish, about 400 species of reptiles, 320 varieties of mammals and more than 1550 – birds. All this was bored in the eastern part of the country, Oriente, covered with impassable, wetched jungle. So thickly covered that up to 200 species of trees grow on one hectare of the Earth (for comparison: in Europe’s forests, there are no more than 20).

To get to Selva, we had to fly first from Quito to the city of Nueva-Loha – the capital of Sukumbios province. Then transfer to the bus and progress on it three more than an hour on the roads forcing you with nostalgia to remember the Pan American highway. And after that, in a slightly alohel state, we got to the River Sabeno – a narrow, winding, sising Piranhas and having one extremely unpleasant feature: chained literally for several days and to make impassable even for flat-bottomed canoeing.

From bitten to the largest artery of the world – about seven hundred kilometers. Of these, our small ducts account for about thirty, which we overcame, "Throwing anchor" in the lagoon where camping was located. Then a much larger river, Aguariko begins, it is poured into an even larger, according to which, in fact, you can already get to Amazon.

But even throughout these three tens of kilometers of what and whom we just won’t see! The river is narrow, and the vegetation is so violent that the trees from the opposite shores, having flown to the water, form a tent, intertwining branches. On them, as in the trapezes in the circus, jachabily from one shore to another, small monkeys – Makaki-Saki sink (Pithecia aequatorialis), whose colony we clearly treasured the roar of our engine. But the following dwellers of Selva, which we meet on the way, are a few yellow-blue guakamayo, as the parrots of Ara are called here, – Even the head does not turn into our side. However, they sit so high – on top of some grand palm tree that we seem to them, probably river bugs. Handsome Guacamayo can be seen only if you find the moment when they teach chicks to fly. And so they live and fly at high altitude, and above the water, like some swallows, do not flute. Guakamayo is not just very bright, but also amazingly diverse bird. I noticed yellow-blue, and there are still red-green, red-yellow, red-haired, eat "Guakamayo Militar", that is, as it is not difficult to guess, khaki, there is "Guakamayo Barbasul", That is blue beard. And all this mute concentrately meets only here, in Amazonian Selver.

But it is completely low above the water, on the path of our following, a little naked black bird is constantly worn, as if watching out something in water stroit. And it really looks out: suddenly dives down, almost huddled water with wings, and swears up, already with mining in black beak. This is Garrapterto (Crotophaga Sulcirostris) – a bird that is inquiry to aquatic bugs, spiders, ticks that are called Spanish "Garrapatos". And in these parts, Garrapterno is also called "Kosinero", What means "Cook". Above the water, hunting, the bird moves silently. But by climbing in coastal thickets after "Nalea", It is accepted to crack – piercingly and somehow at the same time whispered, it seems not that on the boiling kettle, not the oil hissing in the pan. And when there are several of them and they will launch their ratchets – exactly the kitchen in the midst of cooking. From here I "Cook".

Or suddenly before us – a monkey, having broke after the next jump from the branch, falls into the water, but, not confused, doggy threshing in the water with the paws and – floats to the shore. Clings one "Hand" For Lian, he hangs in the air, devads, pulling everything around the spray fan, and disappears in the thickets. It turned out that these monkeys known here called "Monos Ardyllas" (academic – Saimiri Oerstedii) – "Monkey-proteins", – not only know how, but also love to flounded in water. Still called them here "Monos Paiasos" – "Paws" – For coloring the face, really reminiscent mask of a sad white clown. These monkeys, unlike most of their fellow, love to spend time on Earth, and not just on trees. Another of their feature – voice data. They publish up to several dozen diverse screams, imitating surround sound.

The most banana republic

It is believed that "Banana Republic" In the full sense of this word, Ecuador stopped being in 1973, when oil was found here – now the main export product. However, today the third of the Banananians eaten in the world come still from here. They are grown by 180 thousand cultivated hectares, and is employed in this sector 12 percent of the able-bodied population. The funny thing is that Banana is by no means an original Latin American culture. It was delivered to the continent of Portuguese colonizers from Africa in the XVI century. Interestingly, they themselves did not want these fruits, but they fed the slaves and cattle. Until the XIX century, the banana was unknown by residents not only in Europe, but even North America, as it was considered unsuitable for transportation. For the first time, Ecuadorian bananas were represented in 1876 at the exhibition in Philadelphia, dedicated to the US Independence Declaration of Independence. Each fruit was wrapped in a wax paper and cost very expensive – 10 cents (as much as a beer mug). Shortly after this states and then Europe turned out to be covered "banana fever". Already in 1890, the United States imported 16 million so-called "Banana inflorescence". Up to the 1950s these "Socuagement" – trunks on which there should be no less than three hundred fruits – remained the main unit of measurement in the trade of bananas. Now a 18-kilogram box came to replace them. Will not be exaggerated to say that today "banana fever" Russia covered: this fruit ranks second after apples in the list of preferences of the population. 90 percent of bananas who eat in Russia – from Ecuador.

Our smaller brothers

Soon the eye gets tired of the green Selvian monotony, ceases to focus on the details. Sullem, our guide shows to the top of the coastal palm, where, according to her, the preinstalist (representative of the BRADYPODIAE family) – Leniv. I see nothing, although the sloth is not so small beast. But – merges with the surrounding background completely, escaping from the darling vultures. After all, other protection, except for the color (famous mimicria), his nature simply did not give him. Slowly, physically weak, sleeping, poor fellow, 20 hours a day, saving energy. It feeds on the leaves in which calories are clearly not enough for it, the digestive process is extremely slow, the body temperature is low. For a month, the sloth is able to overcome the distance of no more than one kilometer.

But suddenly, a stump protracted from the water comes to the right: what seemed like the growths on his crust or joined the fastening leaves, suddenly, silently flapping the wings, swept into the air. Trifles, a squad of bats that we broke day rest. Mursielagos Nargones, "Nosachi", What is the name of this type of Spanish (Latin – Rhynchonycteris NASO), not just skillfully mimicarized under last year’s foliage or woody bark. When they sleep, they still manage to sampling in the beat of wind blows so that they are not at all distinguished from inanimate nature.

Well, in the conclusion of a walk – the smallest "detail". Another small monkey family. These are toys, the smallest of all 19 types of monkeys living in Ecuador, and in general the smallest monkeys in the world. Most "Large" Copies reach 10-12 centimeters, weigh less than 100 grams. Leonsilos (Callithrix Pygmaea) – "Safety": so they are called similarity surrounded by thick halo hair face with lion. Similarity, of course, on the scale of a thousand to one ..

Lunch with Okulist

The last day – again in Quito – it turns out to be special, one of the most important in the Catholic calendar of Latin America: November 2, the day of remembering the deceased – Dia de Los FEELES Difuntos. In the morning he dries fine rain, and people from the endless strings move along cool up and running down the streets towards churches and cemeteries. No, this day is not immersed in some kind of hopeless mourning. He, rather, bright, unites life, and death, and memory, and everyday troubles for the preparation of an abundant. All cookies are preparing to him, in the streets there is a browky trade in all sorts of snack – pies, Chicharorenes (swine crackers), boiled corn cobs, caramel apples. The main dish of this day, which is preparing only once a year, – Morada Colada, comprehensive brew, resembling Kissel. It is poured literally at every step. It warms, gives strength after many hours of kneeling standing in the cemetery and in the church.

We go to dine in a small restaurant specializing in national cuisine. My brave colleague orders grilled guinea pig. Many times I tried to force myself to try this favorite dish of the Ecuadorian people, but never managed. I take something more trivial. However, I designate my commitment to the national flavor, ordering the pitcher Chichi – traditional corn. Suddenly behind us starts some kind of movement. The tables and chairs are shifted, the space is released, in the center of which on the only remaining table the man in a white coat lays many points and some other optical devices. Right to the back of my chair, his assistant leans the table to verify vision. Somewashed from the streets of people sitting on the chairs in line, holding a piece of paper, similar to recipes. They obviously came here not pigs there.

Where we hit? To answer this question I causing a waiter. He explains: At this hour, Professor Okulist rents them for admission part of the hall. The waiter expresses the hope that it does not hurt our meal. Of course not. Okulist so Okulist. Not a gastroenterologist same. The waiter evaluates my Latin American sense of humor, loudly zaganv. The turn of the points does not pay any attention to us. We also return each to your own: Leo – to the pig, I am to Chiche.

I remember Gabriel Garcia Marquez: To describe the Latin American reality, some special artistic method is needed, capable of combining intact. Marquez calls this method magic realism. Indeed, with the help of only realistic techniques or, on the contrary, only with the help of hyperboles and grotesque Latin America is not understood and not to portray. And even more so it is part of it, like Ecuador. A little, it would seem, the country, and joined so much contradictory exotic – and zero parallel, and volcanoes, and the jungle … so that Marquez would fit to be born here, and not in the neighboring Colombia.

Unusual museums in Japan

Unusual museums in Japan

Experienced travelers know that it is impossible to get around all the attractions.

Take the Tokyo seems to be capital of the world, which is the subject of hundreds of guidebooks in many languages ​​and countless sites on the Internet. The flow of tourists is growing every year, and more and more of our fellow citizens can boast that they have already visited Japan. But to find something new and different, you can always. It is nice to return home and brag to your friends photos and souvenirs of the unusual, little-known museums.

Let’s start with Tokyo, which houses the Paper Museum and the Museum of traditional Japanese swords.

Museum of paper – Asukayama Park, Tokyo

The park Asukayama in Tokyo is an interesting museum dedicated to the history of “paper case”. The museum contains more than 40 000 items and 10 000 books related to the history of the paper, which has more than two thousand years. This collection was first presented to the public in the middle of the last century, and since then constantly updated with new items.

The story of how there was also developed a paper production in Japan, to evaluate the importance and uniqueness of the paper in the life of modern man. The permanent display includes instances traditional Japanese paper “washi”, and features a variety of modern Western paper. In addition to the history of the paper industry and improvement, the exposure also helps to understand the environmental issues related to the paper production.

Visitors can take part in a workshop for the production of paper. Until November 24, 2013 at the Museum, an exhibition “Washi in daily life”.

The Japanese way of life has always been associated with paper. Over thousands of years of traditional paper “washi” handmade did not only forms for letters, but also a variety of accessories for the home. The exhibition will feature sliding paper doors, fan, kimono, boxes and even a bottle for water – and all of the paper “Vasi”.

For more information about the paper museum here: WWW.Papermuseum.jp / en /.

Japanese Sword Museum – Joyoga, Tokyo

Imagine Japan without samurai is impossible. And imagine a samurai without a sword? Also no. Explore the story of swords and meet the secrets of their creation in the Museum of Japanese Swords in Tokyo. Until September 29, 2013, an exhibition of traditional swords and accessories Edo is held in the museum. After Clan Tokugawa made the city of Edo (modern Tokyo) with his residence, the masters of various specialties stretched here. The art of making swords and working with metal bloomed and reached unprecedented heights. Visitors to the museum will be able to trace the entire history of the development of the art of creating swords in Edo.

More information about the Japanese Sword Museum here: www.Touken.Or.jp / english /.

You can continue the journey through unusual museums in the nearby city of Siteama, where tourists are waiting for the Bonsai Museum and the Rail Museum.

Bonsai Art Museum – Sitema City

Bonsai – Ancient Art of Growing Miniature Trees. It originated in China and then came to Japan, where tradition “Dwarf crop” Interested aristocracy.

There are many styles and rules of growing bonsai. Understand this ancient art travelers will help the Bonsai Museum in the city of Sitema.

The museum contains an extensive collection of miniature trees “Bonsai” Fancy shape, Japanese and Chinese pots, tables and stones for the design of the resulting work of art, as well as a collection of xylographic engravings “Ukiyo E”.

For more information about the Museum of Art Bonsai Here: WWW.bonsai-artmuseum.jp / english / index.php.

Rail Museum – City of Site

One of Japan characters – famous high-speed trains “Sinkansen”, symbolizing the highest level of development of the transport system and mechanical engineering. But this success was preceded by the long years of the development of railway transport. In the Railway Museum, visitors will be able to look at the locomotives and passenger cars of the end of the 19th century, from which it all began, and trace the history of the development of Railways of Japan until the appearance of the first Sinkansen. Also in the museum collected historical materials and scrupulously made miniature train models.

Children waiting for a playground in “Railway” Style. The museum building also has a library, a restaurant and an observation deck.

The museum was opened on October 14, 2007 as part of a memorial project in honor of the 20th anniversary of the company “JR East” and became the successor of the museum of transport.

Museum visitors can trace the history of the construction of railways of Japan, learn about the principles of work of the railway transport and the prospects for its development in the future, and also look at the historical documents on the creation “JR East”.


We are grateful for the material provided by the site: daptd.com

Urban transport in Athens

Urban transport in Athens

Athens is a major city with a population of more than 4 million people, and it is convenient to inspect only the very center. For a more dense acquaintance with the city, tourists will have to take advantage of public transport, which is represented by buses, trolley buses, metro, trams and electricians. Railway links Athens with airports, as well as with sea ports Piraeus, Rafina and Lavrio.

Please note that in Athens, as in all Greece, strikes regularly. Usually there is a preliminary announcement about them in a few days. Strike information is updated on WWW sites.Livingingreece.GR / Strikes or WWW.Athenstransport.Com / Strikes.

Maps and schemes of Athenian transport can be found on the website www.Oasa.GR / CONTENT.php?id = maps.

Buses and trolley buses in Athens

Buses and trolley buses run on Athens and suburbs. This is modern transport with comfortable seats and handrails equipped with electronic scoreboard and air conditioning.

The time of work may differ from the route to the route, but mostly buses and trolley buses go from 5:00 am to midnight. In addition, Athens has five round-the-clock routes, four routes to the airport and eight expressings.

Metro in Athens

The subway in Athens is represented by three lines that connect the city center with its outskirts, most popular attractions and main transport hubs:

  • Line 1 ("Green"): It runs between the Kifisia station and the Piraeus port (Piraeus)
  • Line 2 ("Red"): from Anthoupoli to Eliniko
  • Line 3 ("blue"): from the airport to the port of Aghia Marina

The subway works daily from 5:30 am to 00:30 night, except Friday and Saturday, when lines 2 and 3 continue to work until 2:30 am.

Trams and trams in Athens

  • Line 1 "Syntagma – SEF", Connects Athens with Peace and Friendship Stadium Stadium,
  • Line 2 "Syntagma – Voula", Connects the center of Athens with a suburb of Will,
  • Line 3 "Voula – SEF", stretched along the coast.

Tram is a popular means of movement for those who, stopping in Athens, plans to visit sea resorts and beaches.

Trams work daily from 5:30 am to 1:00 am, except Friday and Saturday, when the work is extended to 2:30.

Suburban trains in Athens are called Proastiakos and are part of the Greece railway system. ATHENS Airport – KiaTo branch uses the greatest popularity in the capital.

Tickets of Athenian transport

From September 1, 2014, the ride on the city transport Athens went up. Old tickets are valid until March 31, 2015.

Ticket for 1 trip for 70 minutes with transfers – 1.2 euros. The ticket gives the right to travel on buses (with the exception of Airport Express Bus and the X80 route), trolley buses, trams, metro (up to all stations, except the airport station) and train (at Piraeus – Ska and Magoula – Koropi).

The passing ticket for 24 hours costs 4 euros, passing for 5 days (120 hours from the moment of validation) – 10 euros. Ticket is valid for all types of urban transport, but does not allow the airport and on the X80 route.

Tourist travel for 3 days – 20 euros (valid for 72 hours), for 7 days – 50 euros (168 hours), permits unlimited use of all types of urban transport, as well as two trips – from the airport to the city and back as an express bus and subway, as well as on the X80 route.

Express Bus Ride at Athens Airport – 5 Euro. One trip to the airport on the metro costs 8 euros for one passenger, 14 euros – for two, 20 euros – on three.

Ride back to the metro from the airport and back within 7 days will cost 14 euros for one passenger. The ticket allows buses for buses, trolleybuses, trams and electric tram.

Discounts apply to children from 7 to 12 years old, on teenagers from 13 to 18 years, on pensioners older than 65 years and students of Greek educational institutions. Children under 6 years old, as well as disabled people have the right to use public transport for free.

Tickets are purchased in special machines at metro stations, tram stops and train stations. Also tickets are sold at the box office.

Travel travel sold at the station at the airport.

The airport bus ticket to the airport can be purchased in automata, at the box office and driver.

Payment of travel and the driver and automata, and in the cash desks are made only in cash.

Ride from Athens Airport and back

Airport is located 20 km from the center of Athens.

Four routes are expressing buses to the airport:

  • Χ93: Kifissos station Ktel – Airport (travel time – 63 minutes)
  • Χ95: Syntagma – Airport (travel time – 70 minutes)
  • Χ96: Port Piraeus – Airport (travel time – 90 minutes)
  • Χ97: Metro Station Eliniko – Airport (travel time – 100 minutes)

Bus Express ticket costs 5 euros one way.

The metro branch is also laid at the airport – Line 3 (route: Aghia Marina – Douk. PLAKENTIAS – AIRPORT). Trains go daily, every 30 minutes, from 6:30 am to 23:30 pm. Ride from the airport to the city center (Syntagma metro station) will take half an hour. The schedule was published on the Athenian Metro website: WWW.Stasy.GR / INDEX.php?id = 70&L = 1.

Also to the airport stretched the railway line. Electric trains go from Central Station and ACHARNAI Station. From the airport, electric travelers, depending on the day, leave the interval of 15-25 minutes and follow the placementias stop, where you can make a change on the subway using the same ticket.

A trip from the airport to the city center by taxi will cost about 35 euros from 5:00 am to midnight. At night, the tariff increases to 50 euros.

To travel from the airport to the center of Athens and back it is worth using a special ticket. One ride on the metro costs 8 euros, back – back – 14 euros. One trip for two will cost 14 euros, on three – 20 euros.

You can also use a 3-day or 7-day tourist travel.

From Athens to the port of Pira

Piraeus – the largest passenger and cargo port in the suburbs of Athens and in the country. Located 10 km from the city center and 47 km from the airport.

You can get to the port on the subway, Line 1. On the road to the airport or from the airport to the seaport, you must make a transplantation at Monastiraki stations.

Also, the ports of a large number of buses and trolley buses are laid in the port. Bus number 040 runs around the clock between the central Syntagma and port. Express bus X96 walks around the clock between the port and the airport. Night Bus №500 Duplicate Line Metro Branch 1. There are other buses and trolley buses through the port, their full list can be viewed on the site of urban transport: WWW.Oasa.GR / Routes.php?id = p70&lang = en.

Athens by car

Ride on Athens on the car uncomfortable. Parking is not enough, the movement is quite chaotic. Most tourists and locals who come to Athens from other cities and resorts prefer to leave cars at intercepting parking near train stations and stations. Parking Information Next to Metro and Tram Key Stations is available on WWW.Stasy.GR / INDEX.php?id = 36&L = 1.

Reviews and studies of trips

Public transport Athens

Athena public transport system is divided into urban and suburban. Urban public transport system includes buses, trolley buses, ISAP (electric train), metro and tram. Read more →

Firefly_patrick | September 2013

New Year in Athens – yes or no?

Athens, of course, a beautiful city and besides warm, but is it worth going there for the new year and in general in winter? We think you, dear readers, make appropriate conclusions for yourself. Read more →

Gatto | January 2013

Weekend in Athens

Decision to go B "Ancient Ellad" It arose, as always, spontaneously. I wanted to change the situation and dump somewhere away from Moscow slush and serness. Chose Athens, t.To. in childhood both, and the husband, and I read the ancient Greek myths, and where, as not in Athens, you can fully enjoy antiquity! Read more →

Urban transport_2

Urban transport

In Lisbon, public transport is presented with features, buses, trams (WWW.Carris.PT) and subway (www.Metrolisboa.pt). Purchase travel tickets, as well as replenish the balance on a transport card in special automata, located at the bus stops, metro and railway station, in post offices, Carris offices and ATMs Continental, Payshop, Ponto Mob and Quioosque MOB. Most payment points closed on weekends and holidays. You can also buy one-time tickets in the cabin at the driver.

Tourists who stay in Lisbon for several days will benefit the transport card 7 Colinas or Viva Viagem. The cost of cards is 0.5 euros; they function according to the prepaid system. Before buying, you need to choose an option for tariffing – on trips (maximum 20) or on the payment system Zapping (i.e. money). In the first case, the cost of the trip will be 1.4 euros, in the second – 1.25 euros. At the same time, this option makes it possible to use public transport without restrictions within an hour since the passage. Transport Cards 7 Colinas and Viva Viagem are valid in the subway, buses, trams, cable cars and ferries, cruising in Lisbon. When using this type of travel, do not forget to apply ticket to the Validator, which is usually located at the front door.

When buying a ticket from the bus driver, the cost of the ticket will increase to 1.8 euros, tram – up to 2.85 euros. The daily travel will cost 6 euros; It is valid within 24 hours from the moment of the first pass.

Buses and trams run from 5:00 to midnight. Night flights (Madrugada) are carried out after midnight and until 5:00; All developed nine routes connecting the center of Lisbon with suburban areas. Metro Operation – from 6:30 to Annight. The entrance to some stations is open to 21:30, including Anjos North, Arroios South, Avenida South, Praça de Espanha North, Restauradores, Saldanha North and others.

The funicular Glória, Bica and Lavra work from Monday to Saturday from 7:00 to 20: 00-00: 00, depending on the route, and on Sundays – from 9:00. In case you do not plan to purchase transport cards, one-time tickets for funicular and Santa Justa elevator must be purchased separately. The cost of two trips is 3.6 euros.

Santa Justa elevator lift work time – daily from 7:00 to 21:45 (during the peak season – until 22:45). The cost of lifting – 5 euros (includes two trips). By Lisboa Card – free.

Lisboa Card Tourist Map gives you the right to use public transport without restrictions within 24, 48 or 72 hours. Also on the map is provided with free entry to urban museums, discounts on the entrance to the planetarium and zoo, as well as free travel to Sintra and Cascaisha. The cost of Lisboa Card for 24 hours is 18.5 euros for adults and 11.5 euros for children from 4 to 15 years, by 48 hours – 31.5 for adults and 17.5 for children, for 72 hours – 39 Euro and 20 , 5 euros, respectively. When buying online there is a small discount.

Excursion buses run on Lisbon from 8:00 to 21:00, depending on the operator. The cost of a two-hour bus walk starts from 15 euros for adults and 7.5 euros for children. Excursion walk on the tram will cost 18 euros for adults and 9 euros for children.

Planning the route at the main attractions of Lisbon, indicating transfers and time on the way, can be on the official website of Visit Lisboa. Planner is available in Portuguese and English.

Transport in Porto

In the port of urban transport (STCP) presents the subway, trams, buses and funicular. The cost of one-time ticket amounts to 1.8 euros. Two trips will cost from 2.1 euros to 3.15 euros, depending on the number of areas included in the tariff. Subscription for 10 trips will cost 9.5 euros to 13.65 euros.

The most convenient for tourists type of travel tickets – Andante Tour Map. Subscription is available on 24 and 72 hours from the moment of the first pass. The card by one day will cost 7 euros, for three days – in 15 euros; It gives the right during the selected time without restrictions to enjoy all types of public transport in the port. You can buy Andante Tour in STCP offices, information centers and at the railway station. In the cabin at the driver sold cards only for one day.

Tourist map Porto VIP Passport includes discounts in museums and Gallery Porto, Audio Guide, Excursion Tour by bus, as well as use of urban transport for the selected time. The cost of the card – from 39 euros (Silver Porto Vip Passport) to 59 euros (Gold Porto Vip Passport) for adults and 29 euros for children under 12 years.

The excursion trip by port on the tram will cost 2.5 euros; With the ticket included in the tram museum – 4 euros (tariff for children – 2.5 euros). Direct 24 hours will cost 8 euros for adults and 4 euros for children; The ticket includes a ticket to the tram museum. With the Gold Porto VIP Passport Card and visit the museum are free. Historical trams run from 8:00 to 20:55.

Exit mobile version