Tuscany Monuments, Attractions and Interesting Places Tuscany

Tuscany: Monuments, Attractions and Interesting Places Tuscany

Green hills where a long road framed by soaring cypresses on the sides leads to a mansion built of stone on the junction … Such a Tuscany appears to. This picture should add vineyards extending to the horizon, original architecture, scenic towns located on the hills, excellent cuisine and historical monuments.

Tuscany is located in the central part of the Apennine Peninsula. Borders with other regions, including Umbria, Mark, Lazio, Emily-Romanenia and Liguria.

The Arno and Ombron rivers flow through the province, as well as two seas &# 8211; Ligurian and Tyrrhenskoye. Region, mostly mountainous and sublime, but has access to beautiful beaches.

Travel Guide in Tuscany

Tuscany is considered one of the most beautiful places of Italy, so it is visited by crowds of tourists from around the world. In this place people beckonsing the great local cuisine and wine.

The placement base is designed, most of all, with focusing on agrotourism. Exceptionally favorable climate allows you to travel without any problems and inspect the sights. It is worth starting an excursion from visiting world-famous museums and monuments.

Florence

Florence &# 8211; The capital of Tuscany and one of the most beautiful cities and tourist destinations. It is necessary to visit the Cathedral Duomo (Santa Maria del Fiore). Not only to enter inside, but also climb the dome, bell tower and in the Baptistery.

Another attraction &# 8211; famous Bridge Ponte Vecchio. It is distinguished by the fact that this is a fully built-up bridge, on which there were once shops that were later turned into workshops of jewelers. The upper part, called the Vazari corridor, connects Palazzo Vecchio with Palazzo Pitty.

Among the many museums and galleries, attention deserves Galleria Degli Uffizi &# 8211; One of the oldest museums in Europe, where you can admire the works of Jotto, Leonardo da Vinci or Raphael and Titian. Another similar variety &# 8211; Galleria Dell&# 8217; accademia With her most famous work Michelangelo &# 8211; Statue of David.

Pisa and Pisan Tower

City of Pisa and his Tower Wheel &# 8211; Another picturesque place of Tuscany. Impressive also Camposanto cemetery, which is surrounded by monasteries with sarcophagi and shrines decorated with frescoes. You can walk along charming streets along the Arno River, where the churches, palaces and medieval buildings are located. Great place for excursion &# 8211; Visit Orto Botaniko.

Sienna

Sienna &# 8211; also worth attention to the city that is worth visiting. This is a medieval place can be explored on foot, as it is a pedestrian. The biggest monument here is Gothic Cathedral With white-black marble floor and department created by Nicola Pisano.

Also interesting and market square &# 8211; Plazza Del Campo, Where the famous Palio jumps are held annually. It has a rather unusual seashell form, and nearby Palace Palazzo Pubbleko, in which the city museum is now located.

Nearby is also worth Torre del Manja &# 8211; 100 meter tower and bell tower where you can rise to admire the panorama of the city. The entire historic center of Siena was listed by UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.

ELBA Island

On the picturesque Island of Elbe, you can go ferry and spend there an unforgettable day! Preserved here residence &# 8211; Palazzina dei Mulini &# 8211; His office with a written table, a bed with a canopy and the famous clamshell. In addition, you can see on the island Forts in Portoferrajo, Madonna’s sanctuary Delle Grazie and Santa Catering Monastery with botanical garden.

It is worth going to one of the beautiful beaches of Elba or climb on the gondola lift to her highest peak &# 8211; Monte Kappan (1017 m above sea level), known as the roof of Tuscany.

San Gimignano &# 8211; Tower City

San Gimignano called one of the most beautiful cities of Tuscany. It is famous not only by his towers, but also the production of excellent white wine and the cultivation of saffron. Here you can see Ruins Citadel Rocca or climb one of the towers. In the center of Piazza Della Chisterna is a wonderful tank of the 13th century.

In the city, tourists will see collegial Church of Santa Maria-Assunta With frescoes and two palaces: Palazzo Del Popolo (Town Hall with the Museum of Painting) and Palazzo del Peresta (Former administrator palace). Church of St. Augustine, the interiors of which are decorated with drawn scenes from the life of the saint.

Cortona

Cortona &# 8211; Another medieval city, built on a hill, closely associated with the literary work of Francis Mais "under the sun of Tuscany". This is an atmospheric town where you can get lost among old apartment buildings and narrow streets.

You can still go to the top of the hill, where Basilica St. Margarita (with the mummy of the saint inside!) and from where a picturesque view of the whole area.

Montepulchano

This city is located on the hill, like others in Tuscany. It is called the pearl of the 16th century due to the renaissance architecture. Interesting here Church of San Bianjo With two bell tower, Gothic Town Hall Palazzo Comunale and Palazzo Taruga, Next to which the Well of the Gryfow and Lviv.

Pienza

This is another cute Tuscany town, the historical center of which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Two weeks up legs

Two weeks up legs

Before the departure, there was still a lot of time, and the nerves were already at the limit. In the mind, I sweared: so, almost eight hours of summer to Canary, minus three hours – the difference in time, an hour at the airport of the capital of the Islands of the Las Palmas Grand Canary Island, seven more to Cuba, where there will be evening, and in Moscow, the next morning of the next day. Then night in Havana and another fifty summer to Yucatana. It turns out almost sixteen hours in the sky. The further believed, the more impurient it seemed to get to Mexico.

Mexico. In taxi at night do not go. far from swimming, there are sharks. Every familiar who happened in Mexico (there was little such), and everyone did not happen (these are fully) warned us, two Moscow journalists, about the innumerable dangers of this country. For fun two weeks – to another hemisphere, to the country, about the details of the life of which most of us know exclusively by "soap operations".

Airplane Cuban Airlines "Cubana" Under the clue, it turned out to be native Tu-154. A few minutes before takeoff to the place ahead of us a tourist. "This to Havana goes?" – She asked such a tone as if it were about a flight bus. "Gone", – We said. The plane began to maintain on the runway.

Our fellow travelers were Cubans who returned from business trips; Russian Cuban wives with children; Spaniards; Large group of Russian tourists flying to Canar. And only in seven people the end item was Mexico. On the way, Cubans on Loman Russian robbin joined a hard life with the developed socialism on the island of freedom. Russian wives of Cubans, who left at one time in Cuba to work under the contract, so there and the remaining, complained about low salaries and scarce food, but to return to their homeland, apparently, were not going to.

Fortunately, one place next to us turned out to be free. With a distant flight, it turned out to be a special luxury, and we used it as you could. When at the sixteenth hour of flight the body has already taken away from unthinkable poses that had to be taken to at least somehow rearrange, finally announced an emergency landing at the Joso MartT airport. Everyone was given on the form, which was then necessary to present on passport control: who, why and why the Cuba flies. "Transito" – Written.

The tall ebony-border guard has long twisted my passport and the completed questionnaire, trying, apparently, to find something compromising.

– How much will you stay in Havana? Where stops? Why fly to Mexico through Cuba?

After all the questions let go.

Two apples were selected on customs control – all of our dinner. We forgot that fruits can not be pronounced. For the entrance to Cuba had to pay fifteen dollars (and the same on the way back). For more than fourteen, we were taken to the central hotel Havana, from which the new city and the ocean is clearly visible, – Hotel Habana Libre. Despite the late hour, Havana met the heat. Wet after a five-minute tropical airproof air was saturated with a shroud-and-sweet aroma of flowering plants. It seemed that time was stopped here somewhere at the beginning of the eighties. On the streets bara acales old "Muscovites" and "Zhiguli", And only a taxi was "foreign cars". The unusually beautiful old Havana fade in his eyes, and about the new here only dream. Tourists prefer not to stay long ago – two days, and then on the coast. And we flew to Cancun the next morning.

At Cancun Airport, which is located in thirty kilometers from the city itself, we met us new "Chevrolet". Collecting on 22 dollars (transfer there and back), brought to Zona Hotelia. I have not yet gotten accustomed to the forty-fertile heat, we barely got into the car, included powerful air conditioners (fortunately, they are here everywhere – in cars, buses, shops and shops) and immediately frozen. The third in our company was a timid Frenchman, not talking in any language, except his native. He was very happy, hearing from us: "Salut! Nous Parlons Frannais". True, happiness did not last long: he went out before us.

The driver caught talkative: while they drove, managed to tell almost everything about Cancun and about temperament of real Mexican guys. "You B "Las Velas"? Oh beautiful, fine!"

Club Las Velas Club Hotel is located on the spit, in the very shore of the lagoon. Go to the left – the Caribbean Sea, go to the right – Laguna with crocodiles. True, closing ahead, we admit that for all the time you have not been noticed in Cancun in Cancun. They say they are numbered here until 180, but they crawl more at night, and they do not swim close to the beach: too noisy. The abundance of reptiles did not bother to swim, ride a water scooter, surfing, kayaks and kayaks.

In the reception of us first "Ocoltsevali", Each of each on the hand is a soft plastic bracelet with a personal number and name of the hotel, which was supposed to wear all the time staying. In this initial, we saw some encroachment on personal freedom and independence. But all the advantages were rated on the first day. The happy possessor of the blue bracelet on the territory of the club is relied: there are free and drinking what and how much of the day, for free use of sports equipment (the exception is scooters, yachts, motorboats), swim in any of the three pools, sunbathe and swim on the beaches of the lagoon and Caribbean, belonging to the club, be simultaneously a member and viewer of daily entertainment, suitable students from different countries – "AMIGOS TEAM" ("Team of friends") and folk groups, and much more. In general, the system "All inclusive" in its best version.

"Las Velas" – a kind of city in the city, drowning in greenery and colors, with hulls and villas for 250 rooms, pools, shops, restaurants and snacks, their turbo. All entrances and exits are protected from foreign outfit police. And only the magic bracelet gives the right to engage in possession "Las Velas". The accurate, if any, had to languish behind the door. We ourselves were convinced of the guard’s vigilance, leaving persuasion of two young Mexicans to conduct us "to home" After the disco late in the evening. After having missed senorit, the guards blocked the way the young Caballero: "Your bracelets?"

Among the holidaymakers in Club Las Velas, the British and Scottish prevailed, did not lag behind Wales from the latter; The Americans and the Hispanic Population of the Planet – Ecuadorians, Colombians, Argentines, Spaniards were a considerable part. Germans, Austrians and Japanese were consistent. We were also only two, but those we were good, as for those present were of particular interest: we had one thing that we had to do a sixteen-hour flight, we built us in the eyes of Mexicans in the rank of heroic women.

Live in "Las Velas" so rich and thought out to the smallest detail that in the first days I did not even want to crawl on the entrance gate. Only on the Caribbean coast, as they bother every day in a relaxed lagoon did not seem particularly tempting.

At halfned and in eleven one "Amigo" I collected a lot of those who wish to sunbathe on the sandy sea beaches and accompanied to the city bus (for which we also did not pay). Less than ten minutes along the braid, and here it is, the long-awaited sea and the cool shadow of coconut palm trees. Tourists from the heat were stigled with all sorts of creams from and for the sun, and substituted Tel tools to a scorching sun (by the way, without a cream and headlife, it makes no sense to even go outside). More fearful hiding under low palm trees. We pretty quickly preferred to rest active. They took a rental scooter – one for two ($ 35 for half an hour) – and went to fight the emerald green water of the Atlantic. In addition to wild, creepy, incredible delight, no other feelings. Over the huge speed, sidelines were swept over, leaving the splashes fountains behind them. And in the sky swollen "parachutists", firmly fucked tied with a cable to the category. "And we here", – We thought and decided "Rearable" on parachutes.

After long disputes, who can be the first, flew only one of us. I also had to sacrifice myself, staying with a camera on a ship, which I subsequently regretted. Evaluating the courage of the beautiful Muchacha, good indeer stuck whole ten dollars, although with a different scenario (that is, another physique) would have to pay $ 40-45 for fifteen minutes.

Soon for us came "Taxi" – A small engine boat – and drove us to a boat that drifted in some distance from the shore. While we were arranged on the boat, landed a very pale Frenchman. "Je Me Fais Mal!" ("I feel bad!"), "he said and, taking his wife and daughter, immediately left for the boat. It could serve us for a warning, but we understood it too late.

The cable to which the parachute was tied was quickly unwound, and soon the parachute was turned into a mosquito soaring in the air. Ten minutes later "Komarik" began to swing his hands hardly, as if welcoming us. In response, we (I and two crew members) also joyfully waved. Only when the cable wounded again on the drum, we realized that the greeting was actually a plea about the decline: my girlfriend was once already in the first minutes of flight. Remembered the pale french, and everything became clear: we can not be parachuts.

Bicycles appeared more reliable. We took them in the rental station at the hotel (two hours – $ 12, for a day – $ 24) and went to explore the Cancun resort area. The whole braid, stretching along the coast from north to the south, turned out to be built out exclusively by hotels, as well apparently, and got the name Zona Hoterelia. Modern Mexican architects, if they wanted, could find in our grateful fans of their talent. Stormy fantasy surpassed all our expectations. Seen could not be compared, for example, with the same type of hotels of the Mediterranean. In Cancun, the culture of the East – the heritage of the Spaniards and Mavrov – Rights with the culture of American Indians: the bizarre form of the hotel complexes with turrets, lades on the outside of houses and mosque, causing in memory of Arab cities, slender modern monoliths made of glass and concrete, small bungalows with roofs from cane leaves. Everything is painted in delicate pastel tones or screaming bright paints of tropical colors – purple-red, lilac, orange.

Twice selected in Cancun. From the area of ​​hotels to Downtown Cancun, you can reach the bus for three peso ($ 1 = 7.45 Peso) or by taxi ($ 4) – just five to seven minutes. Since the language of Indians Maya Cancun translates as "Place SMY", which, according to local residents, are found here in relative abundance. To our horror, the translator, who accompanied us on all excursions, told us how the snake had spacing himself on the day before, had the audacity to penetrate her into the apartment on the front staircase. Our attention was balled exclusively iguana (something average between lizard and varan), crawling almost everywhere, including on the territory of the hotel, – the creatures are terrible only in appearance, quite harmless and special attention because not deserving.

Central Street Cancun Tulum All consists of private shops, souvenir shops, supermarkets and large department stores. By the way, bargain with Mexicans – special entertainment, from which, truth, quickly get tired. For the first time you start timidly, but the instinct of triggers wakes up. You need to bargain almost in any store, except for supermarkets and branded shops, where the prices are solid. Easy to argue with the Indians. Almost everyone can persuade in a couple of minutes. The more you buy in one shop, the easier it is to get a discount. It turned out that the price can be shot down in two, and even two and a half times.

White Mexican will stand to death. After prolonged disputes, it still manages to break into a few dollars, rarely when more, after which he with an offended view will wait until you leave. "Amiga, you ruin an honest poor Mexican", – says the owner of some jewelry shop.

By the way, jewelry shops here, probably two or three per capita. No self-respecting woman will allow himself to pass by. Prices for silver and gold excellent sample – quite acceptable. If you do not wear earring, they will be redone them for ten minutes, the bracelet will decrease just in hand, and the rings in one moment will be on the fingers, and you yourself will not have time to notice how to buy everything. In the meantime works, the owner meets:

– Ola, Amiga! You do not speak Spanish?!

Goes into English:

– A, you are Italian! No? Portuguese? Colombian? German? Russia?! Oh, Russia! What beautiful mucachas!

And so every time. Russians in us immediately nobody wanted to admit – here they are very rare.

But besides Cancun there were still holidays on Isla Mujeros (Women’s Island) and the ancient cities of Maya Tulum Indians and Read-ITCA. Excursions We paid in the agency accepted by us – $ 60 per person for one trip to the pyramids. Before the ruins of Tulum, located south of Cancun (131 kilometers), traveled three hours on a large comfortable bus. I do not know how other Mexican drivers, but our performed a bunch of responsibilities. Not only was he led by a huge bus along the narrow roads, laid among the jungle, he still managed to chat with guides, greet the familiar drivers traveling towards meeting, and even replace in some sense of the waiter, ensuring tourists dying from the thirst after a long walking tour of the cold Coca jar -Glas or beer bottle. At the same time, he himself kindly opened it, releasing the steering wheel from the hand. And it does not matter that the hearts sitting behind him from fear of fear, – the service is still!

On the way, stayed in the Indian villages. The bus was immediately surrounded by Indians of Maya, offering fragile wooden statuettes of idols, drawings on the skin, poncho, sheds – household mats, which they hide in cold weather and settle the floors of their huts, hammocks. Maja in Mexicans special attitude. They seek a lively relic, a bitter reminder of long-hazardous times, when the civilizations of Aztecs and Maya flourished on this earth. Descendants of the Great Mayan – like good-natured children. Short, with round, like sun, faces and diagonal eyes. The skin is not red, like most South American Indians, and Dark. And one more distinctive feature, which we told us about how big secrete: Each Maya baby is born with mark on his back, just below the lower back, resembling a big bruise. For twelve, the spot disappears without a trace.

On the way back from Tulum, two hours spent in the town of Walway (XEL-HA). The rocks of the coastline formed here the wonderful beauty of the lagoons, in which you can swim in masks, watching the underwater world of the Caribbean. Wooden walkways for diving will approach the water itself. For the rental point of the snake, the turn was drawn: there were masks, flippers and life jackets. Dozens of divers in the same blue vests sinks in the water, lowering the face under the water, from time to time through the tube muffled cries of delight. The rest, drowned from the heat, swayed in hammocks, in a large number of tensioned between high palm trees on the shores of the lagoon.

In Chichen ITCU went online. On the way, Valladolid was stopped in a small Indian town – the most sad place of new world, according to Mexicans themselves. Descendants Maya also live here.

Around the tourists who came out of the bus to walk around the city, a crowd of children and old women, dressed in traditional Mayan costumes – IPIL. "Uno Peso, Amiga, Uno Peso!" So go followed a person five to six. Traded with scarves with embroidery, blouses, wooden statuette, hammocks and honey. Live in most part in the wreck huts: Furniture is no, only the floors are removed with colorful saraps. For a long time we were not delayed here.

Only approaching Chichen-Itts, we saw a high pyramid towering over the jungle. 4 stairs with 91 steps each, total 364 steps. The top is the top of the stupid, symbolizing the last, 365th day of the year. From afar, it was seen as tourists, like ants, on all fours zigzags (so that the head did not turn around) climbs up to top almost vertical stairs. We also climbed. From here, the ruins of sanctuary are clearly visible, surrounded by jungle from all sides.

Two weeks flew like one day. There was already a countdown in the mind: an hour before Havana, sixteen to Moscow. And in Moscow. And in Moscow nine hours more than here we have, in Mexico. In Reception with us removed magic bracelets. Before the departure there were still four hours left, and we already felt with the renewal, expelled from Paradise. We have allowed to have dinner, put the rest of the entertainment. Without seeing the usual bracelet on the hand, each policeman knocked to check, but seeing an extract, politely moved away: "Adios, Amiga!"

They drove familiar "Chevrolet" And took to the airport. $ 12 from the nose – consular fee. Sit on the nerves at Cancun Airport. Flight to Havana. Suddenly there is noise, screams, someone’s hands. Everyone who was rushed one way. Well, we think, God forbid, what a plane fell or a fire. We also ran. But near TV crowd sharply slowed down and again in a cry. It turned out, football. In Atlanta, Mexicans scored a goal of Portuguese. In a few minutes – tense moment. People sat down again to TVs. After another goal for sellers in the stalls began to entertain the fans cookies and chips, just.

It seemed to us that we too are rooting for their. for Mexicans.

"I" expresses particular gratitude to the tourist company "Euroexpress", Organized trips to Mexico.

UAE or Tourist Tourist – Abu Dhabidai, UAE Blogs and travel notes of tourists by

UAE or Tourist Tourist – Abu Dhabi Dubai, UAE – Tourist Blog

To see the genuine luxury one day to gain determination and go to the Arab Emirates. Russians are known for their soul latitude, with their excessive love for Ponta, their "walk, so walk!", Arab luxury is somewhat other than the refinement, and traditionalness, and most importantly, the emphasis on benefits! Eastern men understand that you can attract a tourist only if you create something unusual, unique, out of a row … The practicality of Arabs does not infer whether nor in a fairy tale say no pen! Especially if you consider the fact that it is not just an island, but island Palma, an island that is unique in that it has a boast line of a giant length: with a total area of ​​25 kV. KM. The line of the beaches is as much as 78 km.! Jumeier with her sixteen leaves-opalas simply could not stay away from my ********************* and from my obsessive love to all unusual!

Once in childhood, a tale about the skate-Gorbunke with her miracle yudo fish-whale captured my imagination to such an extent that it seemed that somewhere there, on the expanses of the sea – Okiasin really floats such a wonder-island, but time went away, and children’s naivety broke about the reef of adult skepticism … The summer of 2001 made not only for me, but the whole world that there are people who are ready to make a fairy tale with a dream – reality! Build not just a city by 120,000 people, but build this city on an artificial island having a shape of a majestic tree, symbolic for Arabs!

But what is surprised? The fairy tale comes only to those who believe in her, and when she comes, the one who is waiting for, always gets more than he was able to imagine. Could the nomadic tribes living among the desert rubles of Al-Hali (in translation means "empty place") that the search for water is crowned with black gold! But to gain wealth and be able to dispose of them – these are two completely different aspects. Wise ruler, sheikh mohemond, it succeeded! Five and a half kilometers in diameter was converted to the Persian Gulf!

The name of the hotel Kempinski was somehow particularly nice for my perception: something Slavic, Lyakhskoye was felt in the plexus of these letters (I have a Poles’ relatives), close, homemade … Perhaps it was the first reason that gave impetus to the further choice of space for recreation. Impressant building in pastel colors with beautiful snow-white domes: there are both savory eastern motives, and the fancy of the Baroque style, and the influence of classicism:

Well, as you can not fall in love with this architectural jait from columns, columns and columns? This rattling mixture is not devoid of harmony: incredibly, as in combination of various architectural styles, the solo still performs the national flavor! The capitals with the leaves of the Acanta, crowning columns, resemble ancient Greece, and balustrades with slender rows of figured balusin – Assyiri … But in general, this is Arab, East, with rakhat-Lukuma flavor and Pakhlava!

The inner decoration of the hotel forms a single ensemble with the exterior. Thanks to the predominance of dairy tones, the abundance of severe marble finishes does not produce an oppressive impression, and even touching cold calcite gives a pleasant feeling of freshness! Moreover, this building material, ancient times with demand for architects, entroaching temples and royal palaces, lives a certain, independent life and its cold blood, current on numerous arteries, forming a fancy drawing on the surface, makes believe that silence of stone is eloquent silence ..

The view of the hall creates a chocolate mood: shades of cocoa, cream and waffle ornament – a familiar fragrance immediately arose in his mouth, she wanted bitter or dairy – my favorite delicacy. Even the floor is some caramel-grill.

And thick columns of columns who, like mighty giants (Russian warriors!), Danish and Nosnially elap of the hotel guests!

Silhona, of course, is incredible inextentive to withstand all this royal velepie!

And the pompous staircase, which leads to the gorgeous apartments, – straight the thrill somehow covers when you climb on her smooth steps, it seems, the servants will come to meet, with the skin of the ebony tree, and will be offered to carry out after a long and bumpy heavenly Roads ..

Chambers (then you mean a huge number (about 100 squares) with a bedroom, a living room dining room and a bathroom! – this is the most modest of numbers) I was very looked at, even though the servants did not appear before my light eyes, but we are humble people, with us and the maid are pretty!

The hotel under the glass stores a reduced copy, a layout on which you can consider the entire adjacent territory and the hotel’s building itself in the smallest details, even the sea!

However, what to admire the hotel, when there are even more woundings. One Sheikha Mosque Zaid in Abu Dhabi is worth all the troubles associated with the flight of the flight ..

At the entrance to the mosque there is a hand-drawn dress code. As for women, the rules are very strict: not only open hands are prohibited, but even trousers covering the whole leg if they are adjacent style, are not allowed! Men can be opened hands, but shoulders must be covered with clothing. What to say: Want to look at the Muslim shrine, learn to respect the faith of the local population.

The guards will not miss if the appearance will not meet the adopted standards. So don’t even try to smoke! Shoes are also removed at the entrance and put on any shelf that you will like. Do not be afraid that shoes are stolen. In the Emirates, theft is almost absent! Already, only one of this can be imbued with good feelings for people, the God of which teaches a kind relation to the property of the neighbor.

If you are not a lover of sharp sensations, it is best to take socks with you, because while you reach the famous Iranian carpet in the central hall, then leave the cozy warmth of your heels on the marble floor of the mosque ..

I bought Shelle and Arabia in advance, so I personally have no problems with clothes. What should be remembered: On Friday, the mosque is closed for tourists.

The one who has seen the Taj Mahal in India will certainly notice a lot similar to Sheikh Zaid Mosque. Only the first mausoleum is built by a loving man in memory of his beloved wife, and the second is a loving people in memory of his beloved president … unites them that in the foundation and of the other building laid the brightest of feelings – a sense of love ..

Maybe therefore the mouth is not easy, and the heart begins to gallopy, when wide-open eyes greedily move from the ceiling on the walls and further, on ..

Walls of the mosque decorated with Macedon marble. In the mosque more than 80 domes, and gold in 24 carats is used for finishing!

Skinny domes on the background *************** Orthodox church: a similar shape and even crescent … When you look at the grand spherical shapes of making, you just think about the Creator and at this moment it becomes absolutely no matter what they say Who worship in the temples: Allah or God ..

And when the sun is golden a dome, then I wanted a horribly marshmallow! White, Vanilla, Melting ..

In the frame of the shaggy palm label, the Sheikh Zaid mosque rises like a precious pearl in an olive gold ring ..

The reflection of the mosque in the waters of the pool adds to the already enthusiastic mood of the intonation of festivity and solemnity, fabulousness and greatness ..

Here it is inner decoration! Semi-precious stones brought from India served as an excellent finishing material for inlay on the walls of the temple: a gentle binding rises from the floor itself and stretches with its flexible shoots to the very top of the gate, repeating the unusual form of opening. On the floor of the same bindow, but already imprinted in marble ..

Here is another beautiful flower on the floor, in my opinion this is a honeysuckle, a very fragrant plant: In the evening, her spicy fragrance attracts night insects-pollinators to the garden … And here, in a mosque, such a realistic display of reality attracts thousands of tourists with In the whole world, which, like bees of nectar, collect wonderful images on their digital media – flash drives (and I am one of them!).

Here is another bindow: admiration in the eyes and old, and young: in order to feel the beauty, neither wisdom nor life experience needs ..

In the main place the world’s largest chandelier and the most huge carpet in the world. The chandelier that has 10 meters in diameter, and in height all 15, covered with a crystal Swarovski: it seems to me a giant sweet caramel! Carpet Outcan Iranian masters and weighs about 50 tons! To cut the carpet, it took two years, and to deliver in 15 "pieces" – two aircraft! This acquisition cost six million bucks! Silent shop! The charming scattered light creates the atmosphere of mystery, it seems that without the appearance of a good wizard, the day simply will not end ..

Here is a miracle of designer thoughts closer, the background of the chandelier serves as a wall on which believers draw a gaze during prayer, 99 names of Allah were written on it. Wall aimed towards Mecca.

The awesome illumination on the wall of the kibla and gold in 24 carats is just not to tear the eye, even if neither boom boom in Arabic, well, just all these cute rogulins of the Arabic Vzci look like something ornamental, artistic, filigree.

Immediately and you will not understand where the patterns ends and the windows or patterns begin not to end, but smoothly go into the windows … what to say – harmony in detail!

Courtyard in front of the entrance to the main building. And marble honeysuckle for the settlement of a greedy gaze, everywhere on his nose, tourist!

Gold-plated dual columns, which support embroiders, skillfully carved from cold mountainous, immediately rush. And small silhouettes of people who emphasize the greatness of the structure ..

And all this magnificence is reflected in the water ..

Surprisingly, the pattern can change the feeling of structure: marble seems to be air, as the finest lace, especially if you look at the teeth surrounding the temple dome around the perimeter of the building!

Snow-white colonnade, like a native birch grove – can Arabs Russian soul.

And once again clicked this beauty, but already from another angle ..

In the corners, like the valiant guards, the mosque will erase four minarets with a height of more than 100 meters each.

Here is one of the islander keepers of the Muslim shrine! The head is spinning from delight when you look at this miracle of Arabic architecture!

By the way, be sure to visit the toilet! Your idea about this required place is rooted, you will learn that this socio-important premises can be a work of art!

And finally, when it went, sfotkala flowerbeds.

In the viewfinder, the fotika noticed that on one of the curbs surrounding the flower bed, there was some kind of piece. It was a booklet with a shop of a fur shop, located in Greece and in Dubai.

I put a booklet in the handbag and decided: if there is a case, I will look at the store, the more it is located on Nasser Square, Mecca of all shopaholics or oniomanov (although it is still onion!), in famous twin towers Twin Tower. But it is already then, and at first I wanted to visit the zoo. And this exciting journey should have happened tomorrow ..

Zoo is located in an oasis and this is not at all a mirage, and the most real miracle in the midst of the endless sands of the desert!

I already loved this place in advance, because animals here contain in conditions as close as possible to their natural habitat. Thus, the oppressive sense of shame for us who enjoy the viewing of creatures from different ends of the world, and a soul-breaking feeling of pity for the same creatures, limited to the possibility of moving, pursuing me when visiting any zoo, were not so shrid and unbearable.

About 200 species of animals from Africa, India, the Middle East and Australia and 400 hectares of Square give this zoo the right to refer to the largest in the Middle East. Just 130 km from Dubai and about 2 hours drive and you in al-aine!

These are the awnings are stretched over the pedestrian walkways: Brodi is at least a whole day in comfort under the groaning rays of the Arab Sun. On the train zebra color, you can also ride!

Obviously, the grandfather of this miracle technician was a steam locomotive, a father – a car, and Mom – Zebra … It turned out genetically modified zebrovoza!

These goat-like fencers with two rapies on the head also love tenhene!

In these birds, I learned local postmen who deal on the homes of small black Arab children, something like our stork!

The one that stands on the capped roof of his shacks is clearly going with a "friendly visit", only the Babik remains to grab!

Motley lace collars of these birds can compete with a peacock tail! Eat feathery, pleasant appetite!

Rear view This lady is no worse side view: Charming white panties covers a thin tail of quite modest sizes. To say to say, – well monitors animals in the zoo, linen of these girls gorgeous!

But the king of animals did not honor me with his Terrible look, despite my polite requests to turn the head at least in the profile (I only dreamed about the face!), he continued to reflect on the burden of being: what can you do, even the strengths of this world are not in the spirit ..

White Tiger! Cute pussy that you want to stroke, but only this is how safe? I just sent him an air kiss, let him know that my heart at the sight of his gracefulness and masculinity beat more often!

Here this sculpture I also liked – Family Idyll!

Coyote looks like a home dog, it seems that the tail is about to the tail and look into the eyes: "And the bone brought?"

This toothstone log, which in fairy tales is pretended by the Kalosh lover, in fact, improved my fatness: Little eyes of this feast drilled me, as the cannulas touched the stomach during liposuction … But my modest dimensions, obviously, not very impressed it: he even refused to swim To me closer, they say, and so seen – an inedible version!

A whole landfill from striped fluffy with unimaginable carrying umnal face! Straight, it seems, I would have kissed the pink nose, and beads eyes!

The horns of these "Kozloverans" are so outstanding that if they had a straight form, would probably be longer than the owner of this head remove … Seen the wife of these bearded animals with swan loyalty do not differ ..

These elegant birds, strawberry colors with cream, on the background of the terracotta wall look very exotic! Who would have thought that at home so graceful and finely folded creation can calmly stand in water with a high salt concentration and no less high temperature!

For the giraffes, such snack bars under the umbrellas made of straw are created: you can make meals and not be afraid of the sunshine, and then after all the hats for long-haired ladies in a fashionable jumpsuit with a bright print of the zoo, the zoo is not provided … Dress code, you know ..

It would be possible to say goodbye to the patient reader, but I remembered that I visited the store shown in a booklet. Nothing, however, did not acquire (the budget was pressed!), but my eyes burned with lights on what I saw. Here are some instances:

This is a sable! To my light hair and slender figure – just not a girl, but a doll ..

Here, she is, but from another angle, check out! And in the background you can see the coat of mink with a trim from a sable, from a clean mink, sewed under a sable, from a lynx, were still from chinchilla, but here they are not visible … The hosts of the Greeks Alexandros and Elena, but they speak Russian excellent. I immediately said that I just look, but they still were very consumed and told a lot about the fur coats. When I came to me and bought a blue mink coat. I could have ever seen before, because only paid and soon gone.

Here is another bright charming of a sable … This model I also liked me more because of a talker. In general, I noticed that the sobular fur coats are in the advantage, their overwhelming majority. And, of course, they are the most beautiful ..

And this I sfotkalle showcase! The little animals, of course, it is a pity, but nothing decorates a woman like fur … I can see something primitive, and the imagination with ease painted the picture: here’s a hairy prehistoric man, deftly moving on semi-bent, flapped with a powerful body of a fugitive sun, appears on the threshold The caves with the skin of the murdered cheetah to please their collapsed and closed in South Wife with a new job to the anniversary of their Mammoth Wedding (the situz has not yet come up, so it was replaced by mammoth skins!) ..

In this store, the amazing fur of high quality: when I spent around him, then the wave of trembling was running around the body, and butterfly jumped in my stomach, and I understood – fell in love! The same store (Viva Moda) is in Greece, the owner said that prices are approximately the same … So in the summer you can rush on Halkidiki to Calife! Who would have thought that the Sheikh Zaid mosque had something in common with the store fur coat! Fortune playful lady, sometimes throwing out such a pretzel that Volochkova was not standing near!

Farewell to Ostrovopalma was a painful … who came up with a miracle of engineering thought? I’ll come home, headed the puppy and call him Jumeyra, and he will have a tail, like a palm tree – a tassel, and the ears of the silk and the chicks, like the leaves of the lovers of the Arabs, and the nose, like a little dick ..

Umbria – economical route in the center of Italy

Umbria – economical route in the center of Italy

This route in Italy includes introductory and educational walks in Perugia – the capital of the Umbria region, travel to the cities of Assisi, Orvieto and Narni with a visit to churches, museums, landmarks and attractions, familiarizing with local cuisine.

Italy Route – Scheme and Description

Route: Perugia – Assisi – Orvieto – Narni

Duration: 7 days

Arrival: in Rome.

Departure: from Rome.

Make a route:

  • In Perugia – Historical center, Duomo – San Lorenzo Cathedral, Shiri Tower, Prior Tower, Etruscan Gate, Etruscan Well, Rocca Paolina, Churches and Palaces;
  • In Assisi – The medieval fortress Rocca Maggiore, San Rifino Cathedral, Piazza Del Comun (City Square), Minerva Temple, Antique Assisi Museum, San Francesco Basilica, Santa Chiara Basilica, Pinakotek;
  • In Orvieto – Albronos Fortress, San Patricia Well, Duomo, Papal Palace Museums, Etruscan Museum, Torre del Moro, Palazzo Del Captain Del Popolo, Palazzo Comunale, Palazzo Soliano;
  • In Narnia – Ancient Roman bridge of Augustus, Duomo, Palazzo Della Comunun, Rocca Albornos, Church of the city.

Why exactly Umbria

Italy is administratively divided into 20 regions. Umbria is located almost in the very center of the Apennine Peninsula between three of them: Lazio, Mark and Tuscany. Simply put, in the mountains and away from the sea.

The main tourist routes in Italy pass around Umbria, I paved my route in Italy here.

The main interest of Italy’s guests is directed to Rome and Riviera Ulysses in Lazio, Florence, Siena and Pisa in Tuscany, Ancona and the Adriatic coast in Mark. Tourism in Umbria is very well developed, but internal. And this is explained by the fact that the popularity of the Umbral neighbors seriously increases prices there and imposes a certain level of service, because the Italians themselves and are going to a beautiful, ancient and not such expensive Umbria.

Here and in fact there is something to watch and what is surprised.

The history of this region is much ancient Rome.

At first, Ubras lived here – the ancient Italian people. Then the Etrusks appeared with their developed civilization and mysterious culture. Then the Romans came.

The cities of Umbria retained almost unchanged their medieval historical centers. They are full of architectural beauties belonging to the period from V to the XIV century. In many of them, traces of Etruscov and Romans have been preserved.

Nature of Umbria is beautiful. The slopes of the mountains are covered with forests and groves, among which lakes and waterfalls are hiding, bright green valleys are divided into fields and land.

Since almost all cities are located on the tops of high hills or mountain plateau, the picture, which opens from the ancient urban walls, fascinates. It seems that in reality it does not happen. Paints here are brighter, the air is cleaner and fresh, the sun is hot shine, but not bitten by. In short, just a fairy tale.

Go

Directly to Perugia from Moscow can not fly.

The airport of the capital of the region, although it is considered international, but works mainly with local airlines and loupes, for example, "Ryanair ;. In any case, you will have to use a complex route.

The easiest thing is to fly to Rome, and already from there get to Perugia. So the route in Italy will begin in Rome.

What to see in Rome, you will learn from this article.

There is no direct flight between Rome and Perugia. You will be able to fly there only through the city deleted from Umbria. For example, through skating in Sicily or Tirana in Albania.

Faster and cheaper to get from Rome to Perugia by train or bus.

One transplant In the Terontol Corton goes to Perugia from 2.5 to 3.5 hours. The ticket costs 11.80 – 13, 45 euros (the price depends on the category of the train). Electric trains go quite often. Schedule, duration of the trip and the exact cost of the ticket can be found on the site TRENITALIA.Com.

Direct bus message is. Use companies ; Liscio ; and ; Flixbus ;. Buses depart from Bus Station from the station Roma Tiburtina. On the way – 2-2.5 hours. Ticket price from 8 to 16 euros. Accurate price can be found on the websites of companies. Prices for tickets differ depending on the time of departure.

Settle down

Of course, housing in Perugia needs to be found in advance.

Since Perugia is not so claimed from foreign tourists as Florence or Rome, the prices for housing here are noticeably lower. And the choice of hotels, hotels b&B, guest houses, apartments and apartments are very wide.

Booking sites.COM and RoomGuru.RU offers a lot of options both in the city center and in the distance from it.

The cost of a single room at the hotel, a hostel, a mini-hotel for a week varies from 19 to 25 thousand rubles. Of course, this is not a five-star hotel, but I assure that you will come here only for sleep.

With rental apartments or rooms in the apartment will help the site airbnb.Ru. Selection of apartments, country houses The site offers a wide, prices will differ quite seriously depending on the location of housing. But it is quite possible to find an acceptable option.

Be sure to remember the early booking system. In my experience I was convinced, and more than once, it works: I found my July stay in Perugia and paid in April.

Room in the apartment right in the historic center of the city cost me for 2300 rubles per day.

The main attractions were quite near. With the transport system of the city, I figured out pretty quickly (I will write about it in a separate section). Four days in Perugia I remember as one solid holiday heart.

In the historic center a lot of hotels. There are modern, specially built, with pools, parking. There are those that are located in ancient buildings.

Before booking, read the reviews, see all the information about the hotel who interested you, especially if it is from the second category. Specify the sizes of the rooms where the windows come out, is there an elevator, and if there is, what size is it, how things are with Wi-Fi, air conditioning and heating devices. The main thing is to find out whether it is easy to find a hotel. These nuances are important, not to consider them means the ability to sneak the rest and impressions of the fabulous city.

City Transport and Planning Perugia

If you are going to arrive in Perugia by train, remember that in the city and its suburbs several stations.

All names are double – for example, Perugia Santa Anna or Perugia University. You need a central station, Wearing only the city name. From the city center, the Central Railway Station is removed a few kilometers, it is located in a modern area. The route bus route from the station to the center will be held on the road resembling a mountain serpentine, although on the way you will break 15-20 minutes.

Bus stop is located before leaving the station building. The final stop of the routes – Piazza Italia. This can be said, the main entrance to the historic center. The ticket costs 1.50 euros. You can buy a ticket in the shops ; Tabaccheria ;, in automatic cash desks or driver.

Faster and much more interesting to get to the city center on Minimetro. This is a three-kilometer transport line of trails on the cable car. It consists of seven stations that associate different areas of Perugia with the historical center. Passed paths over urban quarters. Carriages are controlled automatically, without a driver. Ride very quickly. Coming out of the station building, turn left and go straight. Literally in a couple of minutes you will stand in front of the station ; fontivegge ;. Ticket for 1.50 euros you can buy at the checkout machine. Pursuing a ticket to the turnstile, you will pass to the car.

Need to go station ; CUPA ;, it is one stop, and in time – 5-7 minutes. With the help of the same ticket, again passing it through the turnstile, you will leave the station to the street. Left will be the turn of the road. Hold the right side of the sidewalk and go straight from the exit from the station. Meters after 20-30 Turn the right: before you will be an escalator. This is another kind of urban transport, by the way, free. Two or three "mobile stairs", as they are called them here and you upstairs. Shifting a little on the medieval streets, following the signs, you will go to Piazza IV Novembre – the main square of Perugia.

There is another route option.

Coming from the minometro station, turn left and move along the road, following its turns. It will most conveniently hold the left side of the track. After 15 minutes of the way to the left you will see an escalator. Close on it. Escalator passes through Rocca Paolina, One of the main urban attractions. In the end, you will find yourself right on Piazza Italia.

Be sure to buy a map of Perugia. Without it, at first it will be quite difficult to navigate in the intricacies of Peruginsky streets.

Days 1-3

Boldly give to the study of Perugia three days. May be, and you do not have enough.

Perugia is a city-quest.

Of such a number of divergent up and down streets, high arches, streets-bridges over other streets, descents, lifting, park areas and viewing sites in one city you are unlikely somewhere else.

The first day will definitely leave you for acquaintance with the surrounding space, on his development and comprehension. To this city we must get used to.

At first glance, there is nothing special.

A medieval city consisting of high stone buildings, between which the narrow lasies run away somewhere down the street. Walls of houses seem to squeeze these ducts and migrate them into the stone of the mountain. Or vice versa – the street runs away from behind the corner of the house from somewhere on top.

Degree Street Streets is quite serious.

Quite often, the blocking of these streets crosses the stone lines, some kind of steps. For centuries, these stones have become smooth, millions of feet polished a blocking to shine. Everywhere between houses high arches, they are concerned about the losses. The feeling of a stone bag does not leave.

But as soon as you get out of open space, let’s say, it will be for the fortress wall, Perugia will appear in front of you very in other paints.

Panorama of the city is very beautiful. Among the mountains in the valley, the bell tower and the domes of churches, multicolored houses, the buildings of palaces and monasteries are praying. How this picture looks at sunset, you just need to see.

Be sure to walk out Via Dell’acquedotto – Aqueduka Street.

You can go to it if you start go down Via Appia. This street is probably seen among the photos of Perugia on the Internet. She descends from under the large arch of the house leaving Piazza Morlacchi and Piazza Cavallotti. These two small areas are located so close to each other, which is practically merged into one.

From the passage between the squares you can go to Etruscan Wall.

And if Ot Piazza Cavallotti Commit to right by Via Baldeschi, You will find the desired arch and the street.

This street is interesting in that, firstly, it is wide, you can go freely, secondly, the descent will allow you to track all the changes in architectural styles and eras, and there are quite a few in Perugia, thirdly, the panorama, which opens when descent, just fascinates.

The main thing is that meters after 50 after Via Appia came out from under the arch, it crosses a long narrow structure, a kind of long bridge, which passes over the streets and between houses. That’s what it is Via Dell’acquedotto.

In fact, this is an ancient aqueduct, according to which water was going to the main city fountain on the central square.

Width of the Aqueduct Street allows you to freely go along it together. In one place, it crosses Via Ariodante Fabretti, after which the aqueduct street turns into a staircase and changes the name on Via del Fagiano. This staircase will lead you to Monastery San Benedetto. Next to him are two more monastery: Holy dove and santa katerina. One walk, and impressions and knowledge about Perugia will be much.

To talk about the beauties of Perugia can be infinite, but it’s better to see everything with your own eyes. Therefore, I just list those attractions, to pass by which you can not, and you will make your own route. Let Perugia open to you the way you yourself want.

Piazza IV Novembre

Square of the Fourth of November – Main Square of the capital of Umbria. Be sure to enable these places to your route in Italy. From the main attractions here it is necessary to celebrate Duomo – San Lorenzo Cathedral, Maggiore Fountain and Palazzo Dei Prori – Palace of Prior.

Duomo

San Lorenzo Cathedral goes to the square with its left wing. Gothic construction of the XIV-XV centuries remained underestimated outwardly, the left wing is decorated with Braco Fortubrcho loggia and monument to Pope Roman Julia III. Inside the cathedral perfectly decorated in the style of Baroque. There are wonderful stained glass windows, many works of artists, wood cutters and stones, jewelers. Relics stored in San Lorenzo include the power of some Roman pontiffs, a glass crucifixion and a ring of Virgin Mary.

Maggiore Fountain

Built in the late XIII century in honor of the end of the construction of the most aqueduct, in which today you can walk over Perugtryzh. The fountain consists of two cups decorated with bas-reliefs on biblical topics, allegory scenes on the themes of the time of the year. Cold Fountain Bronze Trio Nymph – Mercy, Faith and Hope.

Palace Privoriv

Was built for two centuries (XIII-XV) and became the residence of the city council. Over the main portal, the figures of the griffin and a lion are banging – a sign of the city affiliation to the party of the Guelf, the supporters of the papal authorities.

Today in the palace there are halls National Gallery Umbria – a colossal art museum. In the collection of work Masters Middle Ages and Renaissance: Nikola and Giovanni Pisano, Beato Angeliko and others.

The main pearl collection is considered to be the works of the famous Perugino, a native of these places.

Opening hours:

  • daily, except Monday, from 8:30 to 19:30
  • From April to October, the Museum works and on Mondays from 12:00 to 19:30

Ticket costs 8 euros.

College Affairs Cambio

Following the Palace of Prigors, the College Building of Cambio Affairs is a place where the exchange of currency in the old days. There was a hall of the guild meeting changed. This hall is decorated with excellent perugal frescoes. Residents of the city believe that this hall is inferior to beauty and artistic significance, perhaps, only Rafael Museums from the Vatican Museums.

Opening hours:

  • Daily from 9:00 to 12:30 and from 14:30 to 17:30
  • On Sundays and Festive Days – until 13:00

Login – 4.50 euros.

From the square of the fourth of November goes Corso Vanucci – Vanucci Avenue, which is poured into Piazza Italia – Square Italy. Walking on Vanuchchi Avenue, you will see many ancient buildings and palaces, reaching the end of the avenue, will be on Italy’s square. In the section on city transport, I mentioned urban escalators, one of which passes through Rocca Paolina.

Rocca Paolina

Construction for Perugia symbolic and complete drama. Erected in the XVI century. Once on the place of it there were churches, monasteries, hospitals and palaces of members of the clan family of Baloni, which ruled Perugia.

In 1540, "Salt War" broke out when Pavel III Farneza introduced a tax on salt. Baloni family by that time managed to repeatedly cognizing the holy throne. A better reason for pacifying not only the rebellion, but also an objectionable ruler of a free city was not to find. Riot brutally suppressed. The domination of Baloni and the status of a free city was put an end. On the spot of Baloni Pope palaces ordered to build a fortress.

For the construction demolished the whole quarter. Architect Antonio da Sangallo, might say, closed the foundations of palaces in the foundation of the fortress. He managed to save Porta Marzia – Etruscan gates that were disassembled, moved a few meters and collected again. A huge fortress was built in just three years. Today from Rocca Paolina remains not so much. The hated fortress began to disassemble from the end of the XVIII century.

Nowadays, the Escalator is laid through Rocca Polan. In high vaulted corridors, museum and exhibition expositions are located, souvenir shops and shops. Yes, and just stroll through the maze of corridors is very tempting.

If you cross the area of ​​Italy from Vanuchchi Avenue to the left, bypass the government building, you will come out On the viewing platform. From there the view of the Perukah opens simply crazy, it is one of the most beautiful viewing sites in our route in Italy.

Etruscan arch

It is impossible not to go through the Etruscan arch. This huge structure was erected in the III century to N.NS., In the first century BC.NS. The arch was renovated by the Romans, giving her the name of the emperor of August. The arch is built out of large raw travertine blocks, two trapezoid towers protect the facade with the entrance. This design sweels in front of you on the 11-meter height.

In front of the Etruscan arch, a small Piazza Braccio Fortebraccio is located on which the facade comes Palazzo Galenga. This is the University of Peruginsky for foreigners. If you turn from the Etruscan arch right, then by Via Battisti you will pass along the Etruscan Wall and again enter the historical center to Piazza Morlacchi and Piazza Cavallotti. Not far from these two squares, literally a pair-triple of descents and several turns, on Via Dei Priori from the XIII century, the Torre Degli Sciri.

Tower Shiri

This tower is the only surviving from 70 medieval Bashes Perugia. Say that from her upper terrace panorama of the city looks amazing – say nothing. Just climb around the screw staircase and see.

Tower has its own schedule. For example, in September it is open daily from 10:30 to 12:30, on Sunday – from 18:00 to 20:00. It’s easier to find the tower and clarify the schedule on the spot. It varies depending on the time of year and different urban and national holidays.

Walking in the center of Perugia, you will somehow return to the central square. Go duomo; On the other side of the cathedral lies Piazza Danti, Next to her is another ancient landmark – Etruscan Well (Pozzo Etrusco).

Etruscan well

This well Etruscan struck in the rock in the III century BC.NS. He collected water for the needs of the city from underground sources and served as a water tank. Today for 3 euros you can go down into it and admire the construction art of ancient civilization.

Etruscan Well Opened:

  • From April to mid-July – Monday: from 10:00 to 13:30, on the other days from 10:00 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 18:00
  • From mid-July to September 16 – daily from 10:00 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 18:00
  • From September 17 to October – Monday: from 10:00 to 13:30, on the other days from 10:00 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 18:00
  • From November to March – daily, except Monday, from 11:00 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 17:00

National Archaeological Museum of Umbria

If you are interested in antiquity, you just need to visit the National Archaeological Museum. It is located in the former monastery of San Domenico. The halls present the artifacts of the periods of Paleolithic and Eneolyt, in the collection of a rich Etruscan Assembly, whose pearl is considered "Chippo Di Perugia" – a stone with the longest Etruscan inscription.

Museum address: Piazza Giordano Bruno, 10.

Working hours: Daily from 8:30 am to 19:30 (on Mondays from 10:00).

Ticket costs 5 euros.

Yes, and the Basilica San Domenico itself and standing near her Basilica San Pietro visit.

Gothic Basil San Domenico

The Grand Construction, the pride of Umbria, is built in the XIV century on the site of a simple church. It was later destroyed and restored in the XVII century already with the elements of Baroque. Inside you will see excellent stained glass windows, paintings of the ceilings, the tombs of several dads Roman. The decoration of the cathedral is strictly and solemnly. The inner courtyard of the Basilica should be the temple itself – strict, spacious and beautiful.

Basilica is open:

from 7:00 to 12:00 and from 16:00 to 19:00.

Free admission.

Basilica San Pietro

The complex offers a sightseeing tour for all sectors with lunch or dinner. Take part in the tour can be sent by appointment. The group includes a maximum of 25 people.

The ticket costs – 30 euros per person (Power included).

Visits to the complex are held:

  • with 11:00 to 13:00 With the subsequent lunch
  • with 17:00 to 19:00 followed by dinner

Basilica is not beautiful, but luxurious. It is beautiful as a carved box. It was drawn up the best artists of Umbria, among which Perugino.

Her story goes in the distant X century. Since then, the church grew, wounded, decorated, in the end, turned into a kind of religious and art museum.

House-Museum "Palazzo Sorbello"

Is very close to Duomo and Etruscane Well. In the five halls of Palazzo, you will see the interiors of the XVIII century, a library, homemade utensils, a collection of porcelain from the family collection Sorbello, Marquis Burbon.

House Museum works: From Monday to Saturday from 10:30 to 14:00.

Ticket – 4 euros.

Excursions with a guide are arranged on a separate schedule. It needs to be recognized on the site: Casamuseosorbello.ORG (section ; ORARI ;).

Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts

The collection has a large number of copies of various, including well-known, sculptures, many painting, graphics.

The museum is open: From Friday to Sunday from 11:00 to 13:00 and from 15:00 to 18:00.

Login – 4 euros.

Perhaps to list on the signs of Perugia’s meaning no. Better navigate. I will add only that every year in July in the city passes Festival "Umbria Jazz". This is a completely incredible musical event that turns an ancient peugid into an absolutely fabulous place. Among the stone walls, the sounds of live jazz are carried out over the tiled roofs in the evening sky – the sensations do not pass.

Now it is time to meet other cities of Umbria.

Assisi

We will continue our route in Italy in Assisi.

At some point in the stay in Assisi, there is a feeling that everything around, if not subordinate, it is somehow connected with the holy. This also applies to souvenir products: for example, herbs or flavors of St. Francis.

The history of Assisi, in fact, has almost three thousand years. From a small Etruscan settlement, Roman Assisium grew, which in the third century of our era became the Christian city, and in the Middle Ages, the cradle of the missionary activity of Francis of the Assisi and his sequence of Holy Clara appeared in the Middle Ages.

Electrics from Perugia goes to Assisi from half an hour. The ticket costs 2.65 Euro. At the station in Assisi, you need to sit on the bus (the stop is located right at the central entrance to the station, a little left). Be to the city you will get in 10 minutes. Bus ticket costs 1.20 Euro. You need to go out at the final stop – Piazza Matteotti. As the bus route runs through the serpentine around the hill, on which the city is located, you will have time to enjoy fabulous species of Assisi walls, bells and high church buildings. In good weather, these kinds are enchanting and make you believe in fairy tales.

From Matteotti Square (if you face the bus on which you arrived) Two streets go deep into. First go on the right – Via Del Comune Vecchio, reaching the intersection with Via Porta Perlici, Turn right, and literally after a minute you will leave for the city gate. Turn left and go up the road, following it all its turns. After 10 minutes, the walls of the older fortress will grow in front of you – Rockka Maggiore.

Rocca Maggiore

The fortress towers here since the XI century. Today you can climb to her tower along the screw staircase, to look at Boynitsa, to visit the halls and rooms where weapons are located, banned, medieval costumes, the objects of the era of the era. Types of Umbral Mountains and Valleys that will open with the top of the Tower, will make it difficult to breathe from delight, and the city of Assisi himself will lie on your palm.

The entrance to the fortress is open:

Move to Milan from St. Petersburg and study in Italy
  • From November to February from 10:00 to 15:45,
  • In the spring and autumn until 19:00,
  • In the summer months – until 19:30.

Ticket costs 6 euros.

Return to Matteotti Square. Now go on the left street – Via Del Torrione. Soon you will pass through the arch and go down to the court in front of the Duomo – the Cathedral of the Holy Rufin.

Duomo

The exact date of the construction of Duomo can not be called. Someone claims that he stands here from the V century, someone believes that with VIII. In any case, he became the cathedral in the XI century. The cathedral was repeatedly rebuilt. Each era left its mark in the design of the cathedral. Outside it is gothic with romance style traces, inside – Renaissance.

The most, perhaps, interesting is the Museum of the Cathedral, in which you can get, if descend in the crypt. There you will see the ancient stones of the original temple, the place of restoring the Holy Rufin, Bishop Assisi, who turned the city to Christianity, many valuable church utensils, paintings.

The museum is working: Daily from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 15:00 to 18:00.

The ticket costs 3.5 euros.

Going out of the Duomo, you will see three streets. Go on left – Via S. Rufino. She goes pretty cool down and will lead you to the central city square – Piazza del Comnebe. Here you will see a beautiful fountain, Palazzo del Captain del Popolo, Torre del Popolo – both buildings of the XIII century, Palazzo Dei Prori, where today is situated by the municipality, the temple of Minerva I in. N.NS.

Museum ; Il Foro Romano E Il Museo Archeological ;

If you go a little further from the square, you can look at almost underground museum ; Il Foro Romano E Il Museo Archeological ;, where the Assisi of the era of ancient Rome is represented.

Museum opening hours:

  • daily from 10:00 to 17:00 (from November to February),
  • from 10:00 to 18:00 (April, May, September, October),
  • from 10:00 to 19:00 (summer months).

Ticket costs 5 euros.

Follow the street, which goes from the area inland the city. On the way you will see many different buildings of the Middle Ages: Little Palazzo, residential buildings, churches, oratories. Soon, the street will be called the name of San Francesco, be careful – you will see the entrance to the city Pinoakotek.

Pinakotek

In its meeting, beautiful frescoes, among which there are works of Perugino.

Pinakotek works:

  • From April to October from 10:00 to 18:00
  • For the remaining months by appointment

Ticket costs 3 euros.

At the end Via S. FRANCESCO will lead you to the pearl of Assisi – San Francesco Basilica.

Basilica San Francesco

Basilica consists of the upper and lower churches, crypts, the courtyard – the club, where the Museum-Treasury and Souvenir shop is located. The walls of the upper church nave painted with frescoes by Giotto, Cimabue and other great artists of XIII-XIV centuries.

Basilica is open:

  • Upper church from 8:30 to 18:00 (in the winter) and up to 18:50 (in the summer)
  • The lower church and the tomb of St. Francis – from 6:00 to 18:30 (in the winter) and up to 18:50 (in the summer)

Free admission

Orvieto

Before Orvieto need to get a transplant in Terontola-Cortona. Road occupies 40 minutes from one hour to three hours. The time depends on the duration of the transplant. Waiting for another train to Terontola-Cortona longer early in the morning. The ticket costs 7.70 euros.

Directly opposite the exit of the train station in Orvieto stands the funicular station. The ticket costs 1, 20 euros. Upstairs, in the city, you will find yourself on Piazzale Cahen.

While almost nothing around is not to say that you are in one of the oldest cities in Italy, founded by the Etruscans, post and Roman rule, and the frequent change of owners in the early Middle Ages. He was also a free commune, and submitted to the Holy See for a long time. The area is quiet and you men of.

Left of the funicular station tower gate former fortress Albornoz with the remains of fortifications. Here now a city park. Views from towers and offering wonderful: and millet in the frame.

From the square, goes deep into the city Corso CavourProspect Cavour. You will come across churches built in different times, cafes, souvenir shops, but at first the city of his true face not show. It will look quite nice and simple, even a few ordinary. But when you will see over the rooftops of the top Clock tower, when the house will become stricter and more pompous and Prospect of narrow streets suddenly turn into a solid, albeit small avenue, you will realize that Orvieto is not so simple.

Clock tower

Tower, this is called Torre del Moro. She stands there with the XIII century. Watch dials are mounted on each of the four sides of it. While climbing, you will see them from the inside. The fee for the opportunity to climb – 2.80 euros. A lift will take you only up to the second floor, on foot. But the view of Orvieto and the countryside will reward you for all the suffering lift.

Left from the tower lies Via del Duomo. This is one of the most lively and charming streets. There are many restaurants and cafes, shops, souvenir shops and workshops of folk crafts and crafts. Walking on her, you will not notice how you find yourself on Piazza Duomo, which rises beautiful Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Duomo

Among the experts, this cathedral is considered to be a masterpiece of Italian Gothic. One can only admire the facade, to look at his mosaics, jewelry, architectural delights, you can spend hours. Right from Duomo stand Papal palaces, in which museums are located today. You can choose to visit something one, but by purchasing for 10 Euro Single Ticket, to visit Duomo, in the treasury Duomo, in the Soliano Palace, in the Museum of Emilio Greco and in the exhibition hall of the Church of San Agostino.

Ticket price:

  • Duomo ticket costs 4 euros
  • ticket only in papal palaces and San Agostino – 5 euros

Duomo is open:

  • November – February – from 10:00 to 16:30
  • March and October – from 10:00 to 17:30
  • April-September – from 9:30 to 19:00

National Archaeological Museum

Very strongly recommend to go to this museum. It is located in the first palace palace. In several halls of the museum presented the richest Etruscan collection, including the reconstruction of the walls of the Etruscan Tomb, found in necropolis under Orvieto, with fresco residues.

The museum is working: Daily from 8:30 to 19:30.

Ticket – 4 euros.

Returning to the Moro Tower, go along the street to the right from her. In a minute you will go to Piazza Del Popolo – People’s Square. It is towering on it Palazzo del Captain Del Popolo – Beautiful medieval palace of the late XIII century.

Stepping on Cavour Avenue on, you will find yourself on Piazza Della Reppublica With Renaissance Palazzo Comunale and Church of Sant Andrea. This is very beautiful and cozy area.

Go from the square right by Via Filippeschi and Via Malabranca. After 10 minutes you will go to the very outskirts of Orvieto, where it stands above Church of San Jovenale XI century, and not far from herErkov San Agostino, which became the exhibition hall and is among the Museums of Duomo and Papal Palaces. Sculptural images of different saints are styled in San Agostino.

San Patricio Well

Another surprise from Orvieto awaits you to the right of the Funic’s Station. This is a well San Patrician. He breaks through the rock in the XVI century by order of the Pope of Clement VII, who decided to give the city the water supply. Now for 5 euros Anyone can go down to a depth of 62 meters. In the interior walls of the well, the windows are broken, so you can see how you go down and how high the surface of the earth remains. Cashier is located next to the Funicivore Station.

Well service time:

  • November – February from 10:00 to 16:45,
  • March, April, September, October from 9:00 to 18:45
  • May – August from 9:00 to 19:45

Narnia

Town Narni, like the previous cities, lies on the hill. Ride it with a change in Foligno from one and a half to two and a half hours. The ticket costs 6.70 Euro.

Narni – the town is very ancient. At first about three thousand years ago, the ancient umbra founded the settlements here, in IV in. to N.NS. The Romans captured him, in the Middle Ages, it belonged to Pipam Roman, he opposed. Emperor nerve was born in Narni.

The name of this town has picked up a writer to. Lewis call her magic narnine country.

Since ancient times in Narni, there is a bridge of Augustus, his height of about 30 meters.

Duomo

Saint Juvenal Cathedral built in the XII century. The decoration of the cathedral is strictly and solemnly. From jewelry, you can mark beautiful mosaics and frescoes of choirs. Very interesting altar. Jumental. In Kripte there are tombs of St. Jumental and St. Cassian.

Free admission In accordance with the schedule of the Cathedral.

Museum of the city and territory of Palazzo Eroli

Archaeological, historical and art museum. In his meeting, the artifacts of the ancient history of Narnia, the period of the Middle Ages, there are altar work Girlandiao.

The museum is open:

  • April – June – daily, except Monday, from 10:30 to 13:00 and from 15:30 to 18:00
  • July – August – Monday: from 11:00 to 16:30, from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:30 to 18:30
  • September – daily from 10:00 to 18:00
  • October – March – Friday, Saturday, Sunday: from 10:30 to 13:00 and from 15:30 to 18:00

Entrance ticket – 5 euros.

V Church of San Francesco XIII century I recommend to watch frescoes. They paint all the walls of the church.

In the small Narni, several churches are all built in the Middle Ages. V Church of Santa Maria Impensol, In addition to the frescoes, it is possible to admire the carved stone ornament over the entrance, the elements of the former buildings are preserved.

Narni is good for walking on medieval streets that have kept their appearance from the times of their foundation.

Beautiful Piazza Dei Priori – Prior area – with the eponymous fountain, Palazzo Dei Prori and the city tower. These buildings belong to the XIII-XIV centuries.

The restaurants and cafes will help to plunge into the atmosphere of the Middle Ages.

Kitchen Umbria

Umbral cuisine is characterized by simplicity and sophistication. Walking around the cities, driving through the Umbrian land, you will see this nature and make sure that in such edges, the tables should simply break away from the disgrace donated to the generosity of this land.

Meat dishes, dice and poultry dishes are popular here, which is added black or white truffle. Umbral cheeses canceled. As a garnish, they love to serve bean dishes.

Popular varieties of wines – Colli Altotiberini Bianco, Colli Del Trasimeno Bianco, Torgiano Rosso Riserva, Sagrantino Di Montefalco, Montefalco Rosso.

Epilogue

Week in Umbria will fly almost unnoticed if you decide to get acquainted with this region, taking advantage of our route. The trip will be rich, you will get a lot of impressions, good mood will be provided for a long time.

After traveling around the cities of Umbria and walks on Perugia, you will calmly sit down to Rome, there will be a reproach to express to the airport and go home. And I am sure that you will be back in Umbria.

There is another interesting route in Italy: Rome, Beach and another interesting place

If you like my route in Italy, share this article with friends. Or offer your route option in the comments.

Useful tips and tricks in travel

To save on airline tickets:

Find a cheap flight using Aviasales. He is looking for tickets from airlines around the world.

Instructions how to buy tickets to the Internet Read here

How to save at the hotel:

Book a hotel, hostel or apartment on Booking.Com – This is the most convenient and popular tool. We have on our site selections of interesting housing.

And here – Instructions for airbnb

Do not forget insurance:

Travel insurance is needed in case of disease, injuries, and theft. Authors of the DOROGI-NE-DOROGI site.Ru never travel without insurance. To search for insurance companies, we use the service Cherehapa.Ru

Optical guide and an interesting excursion:

Use Tripter – They have the largest selection of unusual excursions worldwide.

Underground world Yucatana

Underground world Yucatana

The territory of the Yucatan Peninsula in the south of Mexico – a protected area where there are no large factories and agriculture. Basically here – a rainforest, in which, like hundreds of years ago, live and hunt Indians Maya. On the banks of the warm Caribbean seaside areas are located, and in the depths of the continent – numerous archaeological places associated with the Precucumbian Indian Civilization. But the most important value of Yucatana is underground. It is unique water purity. There are no rivers, lakes and hills on the peninsula, with crumbs in them. But the smooth limestone plain, covered with greens, became a vault for more than 4 thousand underground lakes connected by underground streams and rivers.

  • Unique water purity.
  • Entrance to the underground world of gods and the kingdom of the dead
  • Entrance to the territory of the private park

Ancient carst breed, made by myriads of wells and caves, like a sponge, absorbed the water of all the rains that have fallen out here for millions of years. Now this pantry is estimated as 20% of all clean fresh water Mexico. Some horizons of cave labyrinths contain salted water, because they are connected to the Caribbean Sea. Yucatan height over its level of 8 m, and the wells sometimes go to earthly subsoil at 150 m.

In the times of Aztecs and Maya, many wells and caves served in places of worship and sacrifice. After all, it is the entrance to the underground world of the gods and the kingdom of the dead – the sail. In the holiness of the wells, or sensations, as Mexicans are called, the current generations of local residents also believe. And for visitors, every beautiful sensation is an interesting tourist object.

Rata-News Correspondent visited Ciete Bocas Senot while traveling in Mexico at the invitation of the Cancun tourism office.

Translated from the Spanish Ciete Bocas means "Seven mouths". Indeed, on the territory of the same name private park there are 7 inlets leading to the underground lake.

  • Descent in the well
  • In wells you can dive

Water in the lake is surprisingly transparent, visibility – 30 meters. There is no such transparency even in the bathroom. Water temperature – 25 degrees all year round. In the wells can be fearlessly dive from the height, because to the bottom – dozens of meters. Between the entrances – halls and galleries with transparent depths in stalactites . Instead of the floor – the absolute state of water, highlighted by the rays of the midday sun, briefly looked into silent darkness of the wells. Silence of wastewater in its beauty can compete with turquoise horizons of the Caribbean .

Ciete Bocas Ecological Park is located near the beach town of Puerto Morelos . It was from here that the famous Cancun resort began to develop. But another 40 years ago there was a small village with a port. Through it was taken out rubber, whose plantations were located in the jungle of Yucatan.

  • Beach Town Puerto Morelos
  • In the town of Puerto Morelos

Life on plantations was complicated, so from the beginning of the 20th century until the 50s sent here to the reference of criminals and disadvantageous. When new technologies were replaced by natural rubber, the plantations were declining, and in the 70s, the Government of Mexico divided the land between workers, providing them with families in the eternal lease of plots of 100 hectares. In their own areas of the dense forest, Indian families could engage in traditional fishery – hunting, and thereby ensure meal. The jungle still runs tapir, monkeys, peacocks, pheasants, squirrels, fluffs, jaguars, tucanis and many other animals and birds. And the Indians still hunt them. Therefore, forest areas far from roads and beaches are most important here.

Master of the Park Ciete Bocas José Louis Montoya Fur – Spectacular Maya. He is 51 years old and in his youth he collected the rubber here, for which he became a landowner. The family of José Louis, unlike the neighbors, did not share his site between the children, and retained it and created the park, using favorable natural factors and proximity to the large resort.

  • Hosted Park Ciete Bocas José Louis Montoye Fur
  • Rustic hut
  • Rubber tree with notches

José Louisa likes to live in a rustic hut in the jungle, away from civilization, having a good income from small groups of tourists who come to him every day. "Park is a small business, "says Mr. Montoya. – But I like to keep nature".

José Luis hopes that natural rubber will again be in demand and he will restore plantation. After all, the family carefully stores skills and technology. In the meantime, the owner proudly gives tourists to touch the high rubber tree and feel how juice flows on special notches.

Unique hotels Bali

Unique hotels Bali

Bali Island is a popular place and here it’s not so easy to find a corner where you can relax away from noisy part. But nevertheless there is a chance. And if you decide to escape from the fuss and retire, you will be useful for you a list of unique hotels Bali, which are like small, sleepy kingdoms, hidden in the tropical overgrowns of the island.

Zen Hideaway ; Morning in Paradise

If you do not want adventures, and the soul requires contemplation and solitude ; that way. Zen Hideaway ; Magic place, stunning species, nature sounds and locations for stunning photos. At your disposal a house, albeit without some walls, t.To. the latter here at least), well, the possibility, thanks to suspended swings, meet the sunrise, literally the word, over the jungle,.

Photo Credit: Angelaarnz, Pinterest / N / A / @BaliliFood, Instagram / Joha Ha, Pinterest / @kirstyeelizabeth, Instagram

Camaya Bali Pyramid ; Bamboo kingdom

There is nothing more carelessly serene than relaxing in a hammock overlooking the hilly rice terraces covered with a terry carpet of greenery. Camaya Bamboo House ; The place where the most brave romantic dreams come true ; Probably why it often choose a couple for honeymoon. The villa is completely made of bamboo and surrounded by flawless panoramic views.

Photo Credit: Helenborzylo

Como Shambhala Estate ; Forest escape

Como Shambhala Estate is in close proximity to Ubud. A kind of enclave surrounded by juicy jungle. This place makes it possible to enjoy the beauty of tropical nature without interference. The hotel complex consists of a residential part ; Comfortable villas and wellness center with a lot of useful and pleasant body procedures. Ayurveda, Yoga, Fitness and Many Spa Procedures ;

Photo Credit: Como Shambhala Estate

Jungleroom ; Cultural experience

If you think you are just charming bungalows ; this is not true. Some jungleroom houses for several decades. JOGLOS ; So called antique traditional houses, built of teak wood without applying nails. Here, on Bali, in particular, on Changu at home, they brought from the islands of Java and Sumatra and carefully restored. Their fancy form, namely inclined walls and piles raising the floor, were originally designed to protect the house from wild tigers.

Seven villas from an ethnic house, decorated with a mixture of artifacts, to a snow-white cozy country cottage overlooking the river, performed in a boho-style with traditional Balinese motifs.

Photo Credit: jungleroom

Bubble Hotel ; Life in the bubble

Bubble hotels are popular around the world and Bali Island did not exception ; Here they are already three. Two hotels on the coast and one in the jungle. Transparent, light spheres, guarantee guests a unique vacation. Still would! Night under the dome of shimmering stars, stunning views of the ocean and for the whole, literally surrounding the world. For those who are embarrassed by neighbors and excessive openness, there are curtains. As for the amenities ; Shower and toilet are in the jungle and provide guests as close as possible contact with nature)

Photo Credit: Bubble Hotel

Own Villa Bali ; Robinsonada

Own Villa is hidden among the greenery and rice fields near Seminyak and Changu. Silent, idyllic corner. Cute hut with straw roofs, landscaped garden and curly pool. This is a place for those who want to combine a quiet vacation in nature, with restaurants, clubs and other beach jackets. Calmside, excellent conditions and many pleasant healthcare procedures, such as spa and detox.

Own Villa ; Unique hotels Bali

Photo Credit: Mariefeandjakesnow / Own Villa Bali, Instagram

Bambu Indah ; Romance jungle

Imagine yourself surrounded by wildlife, away from urban noise and chaos. This is the atmosphere of the Bambu Indah eco-hotel. The unique design of its buildings allows you to feel in the jungle even when you are inside the room. On the territory there are picturesque ponds in which you can swim either just enjoy this moment, viewing sites overlooking the mountains and rice fields, as well as its garden and a restaurant with Indonesian cuisine and a river view. Tikovo-bamboo houses Bambu Indah each in its style and design, from bizarre, cozy to colorful and bright, among them there are luxurious rooms for newlyweds, as well as tents for those who appreciate simple things, for example, a beautiful sunset over palm forest.

United States of Alaska

USA: Alaska

Alaska (Alaska, Area 1.7 million kV. km – the largest state of the country) is located in the extreme north-west of the continent, outside the main territory of the United States, and is separated from the Canadian provinces of Yukon and British Columbia. In the West borders with Russia (on the Bering Strait), in the East and South – with Canada. In addition to the extensive main part, the staff includes a large number of island groups – Aleutian Islands (Middle, Kracia, Andreyanovsky and others.), Profit Islands and Alexander Archipelago, as well as many separate islands – Kadyak, St. Lawrence, St. Matvey, Small Diomid, Nunivak and others. The huge territory of Alaska is extremely diverse in both its own natural climatic and demographic conditions. In essence, the entire territory of the state is formed by the Northern Szř.), as well as numerous apparent and moraine plains, forming extensive spaces between mountain areas. The north of the Brooks Range lies a huge Arctic lowland, adjacent to the cold seas of Beaufort and Chukotka. Covered with tundra, swamps and arctic deserts, it is extremely poor inhabited, but has unique natural complexes, carefully protected by the state. Between the Brooks Ridge with His Mountain Forests (the most northern taiga on the planet, therefore 40% of the territory of this mountainous country is also protected) and the Alaskan ridge with its highest point of the region – Mak-Kinley Magni (Denali, 6194 m), lies an extensive sublime plateau (height 600-1200 m), smoothly descending to the West, to the prophetic lowland. There are also large massifs of forests, and subarctic empty, and swamps, and even mixed forests, unusual for so high latitudes. On the Pacific Coast climate Subarctic (in the north) and moderate (in the south), marine, the thick coniferous forests and meadows grow here. At the same time, there are even greater variety of natural complexes on the islands than in the mainland, and the most southern group of the Alexander archipelago group is famous for its luxurious coniferous and mixed forests, since the climate is noticeably warmer here than on the main territory of Alaska.

Alaska (from Aleutian "Alaeska" – "Big Western Earth"), which is often called "The last border" (The territory of the peninsula was bought on October 18, 1867 in Russia for $ 7 million), or "The ground of the midnight sun", It is considered unique in its capabilities of the tourist area. Possessing the widest set of natural complexes and the form of relief, a huge number of reserves and reserves, the picturesque mountains and volcanoes, deep fjords and extensive glaciers, rivers and islands, inhabited by the unique multinational community, permeated by ideals "Frontira" and "Golden fever", It serves as a real Mecca for fans of extreme tourism, fishing, hunting and other forms of outdoor activities. Its coastline is twice of the length of all the other states of the country put together, here, there are 3 million lakes, 3,000 rivers, 17 of the 20 highest US peaks, about 100 thousand of glaciers (however, their number markedly diminished in the last 10 years) and 15 national parks, natural monuments amount just defies account, and the number of nature reserves almost equal to or even exceeds the number of those in many countries.

The largest city in Alaska – Anchorage is both a popular tourist destination, commercial and transportation center of the state.

Around Anchorage also many interesting places – a special platform on the creek Ship Creek, which allows to watch going on spawning salmon (which has the status of historical sites), Coastal Reserve south of the city (you can see about 130 species of birds, especially waterfowl) associated dozens trail Chugach national park wildlife Center in Eagle River, Alaska historical village Eklutna (The oldest settlement in the region – the first mention of it are found already in 1650), with its the Village historical park, the Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas and the chapel carved in the Russian style, as well as nature reserves Lake Clark and Katmai at the base of peninsula Aleutian.

70 km south of Anchorage begins the most beautiful places of the peninsula Kenai. There are noteworthy ski resort Girdwood, National Park Kenai Fjords (Area 234 thousand. ha), Harding ice field measuring 80 by 48 kilometers, the magnificent Kachemak Bay State Park, famous salmon rivers Kenai Rashen and Kasilof River, unspoiled wilderness steep mountains and fjords Prince William Sound Sound (part of the Gulf of Alaska by west Kenai Peninsula) and "Emerald Island" Kodiak with its fantastic landscapes, the largest fishing fleet in the state museums and Baranova Alutik National Park Kodiak (covering two thirds of the island) and the vast population of the largest bears mainland.

The largest settlement Inner Alaska region and the second largest in the state, the city of Fairbanks (in Russian transcription – Fairbanks) located in the upper part of the Central Plateau, at the confluence of the Tanana and Chena Rivers (576 km north of Anchorage). This is the true Arctic – from mid-May to late July, the day lasts 20 hours, and the winter sun barely rises above the horizon.

Fairbanks literally from all sides surrounded by protected areas, which in this case are quite accessible to visitors. Especially famous in this regard the White Mountains mountain, Chen river valley, with its hot springs (a popular resort area), the famous Denali National Park (an area of ​​enormous fleet of 2.5 million hectares in the northern region close fit to the surrounding mountains Fairbanks), the ridge Brooks, with its reserves Noatak, Bering Land Bridge and the Kobuk Valley National Park.

At 322 km north-west of Fairbanks is a vast wilderness area of ​​the Arctic National Park (Gates-of-the-Arctic, an area of ​​3.4 million hectares), a visit to which we can recommend only serious tourists who are familiar with the complexities of such territories. Also, many visitors sent to the river surrounding the city in the hope to get some gold (many it really is possible, but most of the rides just to join the spirit "gold rush", thrown into the harsh edges of their ancestors). Original attraction of this area is the famous dredge Gold Dredge-Nambu-HLB, namyvshaya the period from 1928 to 1959, over 7.5 million ounces of gold (a National Historic portion and is best known in U.S. dredge).

Many people come to Fairbanks only to take part in extreme races on the famous dog sled considered an official sport of Alaska. the famous international race stands out among the many and the many annual events "Yukon search" (Yukon Quest International Sled Dog Race), held each February. Its track of a total length of about 1600 km is placed in the wildest places between Whitehors, the Yukon territory and Fairbenks, and the race is considered the most rigid (or cruel) competition of this kind in the world. However, at any time of the year in Alaska, you can make a simple voyage on dog sledding in the most interesting places of staff, together with the rest or study of local nature with acquaintance with this exotic and very interesting sport.

Juno
"Not the most affordable capital", as they call this city the Americans, Juneau is located in the south of Alaska, between the Strait of Gastineau-Channelview (Alexander Archipelago) and the slopes of the ridge Boundary. Indeed, this is the only state capital, to which no road is suitable – an unthinkable American concept phenomenon. Founded in the middle of the 19th century, the city was first called Harrisberg, then Rockwell, and only in 1881, miners who made up most of the local population, officially chose the modern name in honor of the gold killer Joe Juno. After the Sitka (the old capital of the state) lost its importance due to the cessation of whaling and reduce trade of furs, Juno became a new capital of Alaska (1906.) that, however, did not bring him wealth – the surrounding mines were quickly whined, and the city almost emptied. In 1974, residents of Alaska even wanted to transfer the capital to Anchorage (or rather – to his suburb of Willow), however, they decided that they were required for such "moving" Finance do not cost the benefit gained, and Juno has retained its status.

Juno, which is often called and "North San Francisco", It is considered one of the most picturesque cities of the United States, which, in general, and not surprisingly. From sushi, his panorama is emphasized by the snow peaks of Mount Juno (1090 m) and Mount Roberts, and from the West, the blue stripes of Gastina-Chennel, between which this strange settlement was fitted, considered to be one of the largest in the country (city area about 8030 kV. km), and one of the most randous (only 31 thousand lives here. human). Another poetic epithet, often applied to this city – "Gate glaciers". And indeed – a whole series of mountain peaks and valleys, covered with glaciers, the most famous of which – Mendencholl – lies in just 21 km from the city center. In the center of the city there was an excellent historical area with many buildings of the early 1900s, famous Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas (1894.), dozens of bars, shops and restaurants. Juno-Douglas City-Muizum is located in the old building of the Memorial Library (1951.) and contains a large collection of works of local artists, the exposition on the history of gold mining and other exhibitions in local history and culture. Also located in the city center, the Alaska Museum not only has a good historical collection (including in the Russian period in the history of the state), but also separate exhibitions dedicated to all four ethnic groups of indigenous people – Atapack, Aleutams, Innuitam and coast tribes, and Also a children’s department with exhibitions on the history of natural science and even a collection of parade costumes of all eras.

To the north-west of the center, the business district and the fast-growing residential area of ​​Mendencholl-Vley, or just ordered. West – famous for his scenery bay Auka and the sea terminal – the only one, except for the airport, means of communication between the state capital and the rest of the country. The strip of Marin Park is stretched along the bank – the best green zone and the scenic field of the city, to which the carefully restored old buildings of the Saint-Franklin Street area, filled with bars, shops and restaurants, and just 5 km south of the center lies the Museum of the Mining Industry (around Cities, and often right on its territory, there is a huge number of old mining mines for gold and copper). Nearby are a very modest capitol, which is more like a high school than the state of the state government, the Devis-Log Cabin building, which houses a small historical museum. Southeast, on the other shore Gastina-Chennel, lies the sleepy town of Douglas, who was once the main city of the region, and now serves as a starting point for numerous mountain resorts.

Around Juno actually a lot of both first-class resort areas and relictic areas. Business card of the region – 19-kilometer Glacier Mendenhall and its tourist center (2.4 km from the edge of the glacier) with exhibitions and popular science expositions. In the light of the rapidly cutting glaciers of the state, this zone has acquired a special popularity as the area of ​​hiking, ski and horse hikes. Near the most popular tourist trail – Perseverans, passing through Mount Juno, Granite Creek and Glory How (part of the trail is destroyed by a landslide in 1996 and now it is actively overpowering). Also good routes on the slopes Mount Roberts, Mount Bradley and Gastline Peak, as well as Trails Dan Moller-Trail and Tretell-Ditch Trail to Douglas Island. The Gleisher Bay National Park is extremely popular with the largest concentration of ice languages ​​on the continent (16 mountain glaciers are going here in one extensive bay) and an amazingly rich marine life, Auke Bay (19 km northwest from the city center) with the same lake and Auke-Bay marine laboratory, West-Gleisher-Trail tourist trail and Mount Mak-Ginnis, Glacier Lake Mendencholl (Popular Platalide of Kayakers), as well as a small island of Saint Teresa (37 km from the city center on Gleisher-Highway) with Catholic chapel (1937 g.).

24 km south-east of Juno lies the virgin island of Admiralty, famous for many deer, colorful village of Angun, inhabited by Indians-Tlingit, "Silver stream" Green Creek, as well as a sea fleet Oliver Inlet (227 hectares). Nearby Seymour-Chennel is known for his population of Orlov (one of the largest on the mainland) and fangeries of marine mammals. And between Lynn-Canel and Bernes-Bay, the State Park Point Bridget (1130 hectares) with a luxurious coastline and excellent fishing conditions.

Southeast Juno stretches the strip of fjords, mountains, glaciers, thousands of islands and ancient forests, framing the so-called inner pass (Insayd-Passage – a series of shipping strands between the Islands of the Alexander Archipelago). Mass survived here "ethnic" Cities – Ketchikan With an overwhelmingly Indian population, an old mining town Wrangel With huge (5.3 million hectares) nearby Wrangel-Saint-Elias and Nizin Canyon, a few elitary town Haynes (Very popular place of leisure of aging millionaires), as well as the old town of gold miners Skagia With his pompous buildings and the atmosphere of the Wildest. The territory of the National Historic Park Totem-Byte begins 3 km from Ketchikina with an extensive assembly of totems and traditional tribal houses, the National Forest Reserve Tongass and the National Natural Monument of Mysti Fjords – a unique place for its beauty, where the lanes of the fog, the misty of paintings, caused by the collision of heterogeneous air masses.

Special attention deserves the old capital of the state Sitka With a clearly Russian entourage, the Cathedral of St. Michael (an accurate copy of the Orthodox Russian Cathedral of the XIX century, which burned down the duck in 1966), Sheldon Jackson’s museum (first-class collection of people’s and applied products) and national historical park (43 hectares). Many of the surrounding islands and cities still wear Russian names, and the surrounding almost all city of 70-kilometer network of hiking and horse trail covers many interesting natural and historical sites.

Unusual friendship

Unusual friendship

They met in American Narcopriton. A strange place to tie a strong friendship, but that’s how it happened. In 2001, during a police raid, two-month Tiger, Lionok and Bear were found in the basement in terrible conditions. Bear Even had to operate to remove the collar in the body.

In nature, such predators never live together, but when Sherhan, Leo and Ball arrived at the center of salvation of animals "Noah’s Ark" and tried to divide them, they stopped there. Since then, the unique trio has lived with one family in the zoo of the city of Locasta Gorgia State in 1.5 hectares – however, friends never moved away from each other than 30 m. In their possessions, tech stream were their house and artificial lake. According to Diaan Smith Zoo, the leader has always been considered the ball, which tied a closer friendship with a tiger – perhaps due to the regime. They woke up together, bathed in the lake, played, Leo all the day slept. Animals never fought, and sometimes they slept in the cold night to warm up. Scary predators who can kill one blow of the paws were surprisingly relaxed in each other’s company.

The company has lived so in the world and harmony for 15 years, but last year Sherhan and Ball lost her friend-lion – Leo was diagnosed with liver cancer, and he had to sleep.

Snake and Hamyak

The appetite suddenly disappeared in the Tokyo zoo of a two-year-old caution: it categorically refused to eat frozen mice. Then Elchan (so called the snake) as a delicacy was put in the terrarium of living hamster, hoping for a gastronomic interest awakening. But unexpected happened: two-meter reptile and the little rodent became friends. They were left to live together, and they became one of the main attractions of the zoo. Visitors are happy to watch a hamster who was told by Gohan (Japanese – "Food"), it runs on the terrarium to business, and Eoochan indulgently observing him. "I have never seen anything like this," says Kadzui Yamamoto Zoo. – Guhan sometimes even climbs on Eochan, to take off his back ". By the way, the appetite returned to the poloz: it feeds on frozen mice again.

Orangutan and dog

The lost hound was repaid to the group of scientists who sent to the Mirtl Beach National Park in South Carolina. "The dog walked behind us to the most gates of the park, he was clearly homeless and very thin," recalls Dr. Bhagavan Entl, director of the Institute of Disappearing and Rare species. – We decided to let him in the park and feed ". Guest saw a local inhabitant, Orangutang Suria, and immediately came to meet. "The dogs are usually afraid of monkeys, but these two wonderfully revealed from the first minute dating – they ran and played as if they grew together together. We settled some things and left rivors in the park. ".

Orangutang feeds the PSA monkey galetami and tries to teach to bananas, takes him to walk on a leash, protects against his relatives, they play, run each other and ride the elephant together

Since then, Suria and rivy live together. Orangutang feeds the PSA monkey galetami and tries to teach to bananas, takes him to walk on a leash, protects against his relatives, they play, run each other and ride the elephant together. The third of their friend is the employee of Moksha Bibi Reserve, who teaches animal behavior and communication (the colleagues name is "Monkey Mom"). Moksha believes that the dog, trained to obey a person, thinks that he found the owner in the face of Orangutan, he is glad to listen and tries to make him a pleasant. But Lyuria does not remain in debt: whatever delicacy is neither dishes, it always gives half the rivy.

The couple became starry, performs in a talk show, gladly poses for the photo, and even (with a small help of the reserve staff) released the book "Suria and Roscoe – a true history of real friendship".

Baran and Elephant

Elephant Drake in half a year remained orphan – his mother crashed, falling off the cliff. In such cases, the receptionive mother took care of the care of "baby", but it did not happen to the depth, and elephant, very tied to parents, to survive alone difficult. Researchers who watched the life of wild elephants, realized that the baby must be saved, and sent him to Shamvari – one of the best reserves of South Africa: 25,000 hectares of land with five natural zones, where many types of animals and birds live under the supervision of professionals.

Employees Shamvari feared that the elephant will move the sheep’s habits, but it turned out on the contrary: Albert, like a real elephant, there was a broken leaves of acacia and even somehow looked down on other animals

Elephant was placed in a comfortable chamber, fed, worked, but alone he wandered, refused to eat and fuck in his eyes. Employees decided to go to the experiment and hurried to Him Albert Baran from a local farm. At first, the guest had to fall out: the topic was gloomy and chasing a stranger, but the inherent in the elephant curiosity turned out, and he decided to get acquainted with the incomprehensible beast closer. A few days later they played together and slept near. Employees Shamvari feared that the elephant will move the sheep’s habits, but it turned out on the contrary: Albert, like a real elephant, there was a broken leaves of acacia and even somehow looked down on other animals. True, to climb into the pond, where he gladly splashed with pleasure, refused – the natural dislike sheep to the water procedures rearranged.

The timbre turned two years old, and it was time to release the indignant elephant into wildlife. Reserve workers worried: how friends will survive separation? But the end of the story was even more sad: a few days before the departure, the elephant fell ill and, despite the efforts of the doctors, died – from sudden problems with the intestines. Albert did not return to the farm and stayed in the reserve. The story happened in 2008-2010.

Hippopotamus and turtle

In December 2004, an underwater earthquake has happened in the Indian Ocean. It led to another attack – tsunami, which was then called the most deadly in modern history. Natural disaster collapsed on Indonesia, Thailand, Maldives, Sri Lanka. The total number of dead – about 235,000 people.

When the seabed was shook, the family of hippopots was peacefully swimming in the ocean near the Kenyan shores. Some adult animals managed to escape, but the baby Owen was helpless before the element. His picked up and suffered into coral reefs, where he stuck. The next day, his fishermen noticed and, despite the fact that the "kid" weighed about 300 kg, pulled out from the trap. Send an animal back, in the hippoto herd, it was impossible: a leader-male could kill him, having to have a rival. So Owen got into Holler-Park – a small reserve stretching along the coastal village of Bamburi in Mombasa (Kenya), where he was placed in the pen to the hurried centenary of the giant turtle named MZI.

MII did not react to the newcomer at first, but Owen immediately reacted to him as a mother and began to poke his nose into solid sides – apparently, attracted a familiar color and rounded forms. But once in the morning they were discovered by sleeping nearby – little hippopotamus and a large turtle. The touching moment captured the photographer Peter Grest, the picture went around the world.

So they lived: together they swam, together they slept, and when someone was approaching them, the hypopotams were immediately preparing to protect a friend. Passed year, MZI and Owen became inseparable. They walked each other, together went for a walk, lying around for hours in a reservoir. Hippo, as younger than younger, admirated "Parental" behavior: I slept at night, and not the day (as his relatives), and ate the same thing his friend. But the MII expressed the pleas surinage too active for the turtle: she walked along the heels for Owen, pushed him on his walks, pulled out the neck for a "kiss" than the hippopotama enjoyed.

Paul Kukhumba, director of the Kenyan company, manager of the reserve, said that they still have a certain "voice" communication: "This is not a buzzing of hippo or grumbling and hissing turtles, but rather a soft whip that begins one and picks up another. It seems that they flew each other. ".

Hippo grew up, and not far from the mountain was the day when it should be achieved 3-4 tons. Despite all the love, the neighborhood became dangerous. Yes, and Owen came to start a family. In 2007, Hipmedoti named Cleo was hurried to him, and MZI was returned to relatives, where he again began to behave melancholy, as it should be turtle.

In this, our photodification – even more facts proving that the look between animals is completely different species can really exist. In addition, it is enough to remember the strange friendship of the Tiger of Amur and the Timur goat from the Primorsky Safari Park. And if you have few examples from "Animal Friendship", read in our article about deadly animals and people who cannot do without each other. As pets, the last lariv, bears and even sharks!

Urban transport in Amsterdam

Urban transport in Amsterdam

Amsterdam city transport – one of the most comfortable and thoughtful, as well as eco-friendly in Europe. Locals, as well as tourists who are mastered in the city with a beloved way of movement around the city consider bike. The most popular public transport – tram, as well as the subway and train. In addition, ferries and buses operate in Amsterdam.

Tickets

Transport Card OV

For public transport, you need to purchase a ticket – OV card. Tourists are most suitable options for 1 hour, and the same one or a few days.

Any types of cards can be purchased in machine guns and Cashiers GVB. Tickets for a term of action 1 hour can be the same to purchase trams and buses from drivers.

The GVB ticket for 1 day operates 24 hours from the first use and costs 7.5 euros. It is also possible to purchase tickets for any number of days, up to 7 (for 168 hours, 32 euros). You can use this ticket only on urban transport Amsterdam.

Regional ticket Amsterdam & Region In addition to the GVB System Transport, allows connecting Connexxion and EBS systems. In particular, on this ticket can be reached before Zandworth, Edam, Axamera, Volendam and Zaanse Scans. Since 2014, Arriva bus 858 is also included here, which runs between Shiphol Airport and Keukenhof Park. Map period of action 24 hours costs 13.5 euros.

IMPORTANT: When using OV cards, they must be applied to special reading devices both when entering transport and when it comes from it. The sign of correct use of the card will be a green signal and a characteristic sound. In the trams and buses, the reading devices are installed inside the salons, and in the metro – at stations. If you forget to fix your output, after some time the card can be automatically blocked, and the penalty may follow when encountered with the conductor.

Tourist maps in Amsterdam

Tourist map I Amterdam City Card, which gives discounts and the right of free visits in many urban attractions, also provides the possibility of free use of the GVB public transport within Amsterdam. Duration of such cards: 24, 48 and 72 hours.

Public transport in Amsterdam

Pouring the most convenient routes on public transport will help Sites 9292 Route Planner (WWW.9292.NL) and GVB (WWW.en.GVB.NL).

Trams

The most popular public transport Amsterdam – Tram. Routes are convenient and understood and laid throughout the city center.

Buses

Bus network routes covers all Amsterdam, as well as its suburbs. Drivers can purchase a ticket for validity of 1 hour.

Ferries

From the reverse side of the Central Station across the Amstel River, several ferry routes on the North Coast are diverged. Trips on these ferries are free.

There are also several river routes along the river, allowing you to get to remote areas of Amsterdam on water.

Metro in Amsterdam

Metro began to build recently – in 1977. His main goal is to tie Amsterdam Centraal Central Station with suburbs. The construction of new stations is in different districts at the same time, therefore lines grow literally in front of the eyes. Due to swampy soils, which costs the city, most of the lines are laid on the surface. But there are underground areas, including the Amstel River.

In the near future – the opening of several stations in the central part of the city, as well as the extension of one of the branches to Schiphol Airport.

Trains

Trains in Holland are used not only for long-distance travel, but also for moving within the city. OV cards operate on trains with large restrictions and in compliance with a number of conditions. Tourists are easier to pay such trips separately, at the cash desks and automata of the NTCN Railway.

Taxi

Taxi is a popular vehicle in Amsterdam for locals, most of which cannot afford to have their own car, primarily due to lack of parking spaces.

Taxi tourists can come in handy when traveling from the airport and back, as well as for night movements. During the day in the city center you can lose time in rich traffic – public transport goes much faster.

All taxis work on the meter. At the end of the trip, the client is issued a check – it is recommended to save it for a while. It shows all the data of the car and the chauffeur. It is convenient for the case of a search, for example, forgotten in a taxi thing. Taxi service work is tightly regulated by the authorities of the city. Taxists are forbidden to refuse a trip if it seems to the driver too short. At the same time, the route of the trip should be the most short or rapid.

In one machine can be at the same time not more than four passengers. Starting price – no more than 2.83 euros. The cost of one kilometer is 2.08 euros, and one minute – 0.34 euros. Expectations – 38.98 euros for 1 hour.

Reviews and studies of trips

City of abandoned bicycles

They say that if in Amsterdam, it will suddenly need a bike, it is enough just to go outside and scream loudly:"Stone! This is mine great!" Several people will immediately cast their bikes. Read more →

Hitchhiking through Europe. Amsterdam and Luxembourg

I used to think that Amsterdam is a bicycle paradise. Now I realized that this is a bicycle hell. Excellent convenient system for moving on bicycles, but too running. Read more →

Victorganin | Summer 2014

Amsterdam – Rotterdam

Our acquaintance with Amsterdam took place at the end of July. On the car moving around the city is extremely uncomfortable. First, the eternal problem with parking lots, secondly, narrow streets and thirdly, a huge number of cyclists. Read more →

marina_art_wool | July 2013

Amsterdam. Practical advice

Hotel Ramada Apollo Amsterdam Center liked the price and quality ratio, I recommend it to everyone. Rarely when you meet this level hotel less than eighty euros per day read more →

lefortoff | April 2013

Amsterdam. Cycling Paradise

If bicycles are once dying, and in life they were useful to the owners, then they fall into Amsterdam. In support of this theory, the fact that most of the bicycles here are a revered age read more →

Urban transport_16

Urban transport

City Transport Amsterdam (Gemeente Vervoerbedrijf) consists of buses, trams, 4 subway lines and 4 ferry crossings. Schedule of public transport – from 6:00 to 00:30. Night bus flights begins to run at night.

For travel planning in the Netherlands it is best to use the GVB portal (Gemeente Vervoerbedrijf). When entering the destination and the address of the place where you come from, the system will issue the most optimal route indicating the number of transfers and travel time. The site is available in Dutch and English. Also, for information about public transport, the Netherlands and travel organization can be used scheduler 9292.

Travel tickets can be purchased in special automata ("Verkoop&OPLADEN "), large supermarkets, newspaper and tobacco kiosks, at the railway station, tourist centers and offices GVB. Inside the cabin at the bus driver or tram you can only purchase one-time tickets. In the subway card OV-Chipcard is not sold.

Metro, Bus and Toms. The cost of one-time ticket amounts to 2.8 euros. Such a ticket gives the right to use all types of urban transport within an hour, transplancing from one to another. Direct for a day with an unlimited number of trips (24-hour GVB Public Transport Pass), including night buses, costs 7.5 euros.

OV-CHIPCARD smart cards – the most convenient type of travel ticket in case more than five public transport trips. OV-CHIPCARD cards are calculated on 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144 and 168 hours. There are several types of smart cards; For tourists are designed by D-Card designed for one-time use. The tariff system is constructed in such a way that it is necessary to apply a transport card with each use of public transport, both at the entrance and exit; In other cases, travel will be considered unpaid. The card works on the prepaid system. When buying it, it is necessary to put a deposit on it, based on the selected time of action; It can be replenished. The cost of OV-ChipCard for 24 hours – 7.5 euros, 48 ​​hours – 12 euros, 72 hours – 16.5 euros, 96 hours – 21 euros, 120 hours – 26 euros, 144 hours – 29.5 euro and 168 hours – 32 Euro. Map itself will cost 7.5 euros.

A ticket for a night bus will cost 4.5 euros per trip; It is valid for 90 minutes from the moment of the first pass. Passage for 12 trips costs 34 euros. Also for a trip to night flights you can use OV-Chipcard or 24-hour travel. Routes (all of them 12) are departed from the train station every half hour.

Ferry crossings are free; You can carry bicycles and mopeds.

Sightseeing Channels (Canal Bus) are available from 10:00 to 18:00 (in the summer months – until 22:00). A ticket to use on the day of purchase, costs 18 euros for adults and 9 euros for children from 4 to 12 years. Direct 24 hours will cost 19.8 euros for adults and 9.9 euros for children; for 48 hours – at 29.7 euros and 14.85 euros, respectively. Prices are valid when buying tickets on the CANAL BUS website. Available four water shock routes available. Cruise lasts about one and a half hours; Total on the route 19 stops.

Excursion buses in Amsterdam depart daily from 9:15 to 18:15 (in August last flight – at 18:40). Routes are calculated for an hour and a half; Buses run every 20 minutes. 24 hours ticket price is 17 euros for adults and 8.5 euros for children from 4 to 13 years old, 48 hours – 25 euros and 12.5 euros. The excursion cruise on the channel will cost additional 15 euros for adults and 7.5 euros for children. When buying online tickets on City Sightseeing Amsterdam, a 10% discount is available.

IamsterDam City Card Tourist Map gives you the right to use public transport without restrictions within the selected time – 24, 48 or 72 hours. Also, the card gives the right to free entrance to most urban museums and exhibition halls, discounts on river walks and visits to sights. The cost of IAMSTERDAM City Card for 24 hours is 42 euros, 48 ​​hours – 52 euros, 72 hours – 62 euros.

Transport in Rotterdam

Public transport Rotterdam (RET) is represented by buses, trams and metro. Metro Work time – from Monday to Saturday from 5:30 to 00:15, on Sunday – from 7:30 to 00:15. Trams go from 5:00 (on Sundays – from 7:00) to 00:30. Night buses (BOB-BUS) run on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays on a special route passing by the most popular Nights of Rotterdam.

OV-CHIPCARD smart cards – the most convenient flight tickets for travel tickets. They are sold in ticket vehicles, post offices, railway station, large bus stops, tobacco and newsstands and RET offices. The cost of a smart card, valid for one day, is 7 euros for adults and 3.5 euros for children from 4 to 11 years. OV-CHIPCARD will reach 10.5 euros for adults and 5.25 for children for three days – 14 euros and 7 euros, respectively. Deposit for the map is 7.5 euros.

The cost of one-time tickets acting on the subway, in trams and buses for an hour since the first passage is 3 euros. A ticket for two hours will cost 3.5 euros. The fare in the night bus is 5 euros (on the OV-Chipcard map – 4.5 euros); It is valid for 90 minutes from the moment of the first pass.

Tourist map Rotterdam Welcome Card includes the use of public transport without restrictions within the framework of the selected time – 24, 48 or 72 hours. The cost of the card for one day is 10 euros for adults and 7 euros for children from 4 to 11 years old, for two days – 13.5 euros for adults and 8.75 for children, for three days – 17.5 euros and 10.5 Euro respectively.

Transport in the Hague and Delft

City transport Hague and Delft (HTM) are represented by buses and trams. Day tickets (HTM Dagkaar), valid on all types of public transport in both cities, will cost 7.7 euros. You can buy them at railway stations and bus stations, as well as in special terminals and HTM offices. The driver does not sell tickets for one day, but in the cabin you can purchase one-time tickets worth 3.5 euros, valid within two hours from the moment of the first pass. Also in the Hague and Delfta, you can use the smart card OV-Chipcard.

In the Hague Night buses (NachtBuzz HTM) run on Fridays and Saturdays from 1:00 to 5:00; All six routes leave from Stop Centrum Buitenhof. For a night bus trip, a special ticket is required (NachtBuskaArt), which can be purchased from the driver in the cabin, at the Hague Railway Station or in HTM offices. The ticket is valid for 90 minutes from the moment of the first pass.

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