Customs and traditions of Bhutan

Button are one of the most distinctive ethnic groups of the planet. In the local population, the features of the ancient mountain tribes of Asia, nomadic and semi-boring peoples of the Indochy and numerous peoples of the Indian subcontinent were connected. As a single state, Bhutan was formed at the beginning of the XVII in. And since the process of unification of fragmented principalities passed under the leadership of Tibetan Lam, religious institutions and spiritual power here is clearly dominated by the Social Attributes of the Company.

Button is very hospitable and modest. Among local virtues are religiousness, respect for themselves and others, hard work and politeness. At the same time, the last feature sometimes takes grotesque forms – Butanes never demands anything, and always interested in the opinion of the interlocutor and is trying to gently insist in its version of solving the problem. At the same time, even a clear decision, due to the desires of the parties to give way to the interlocutor, maybe "agree on" Quite a long time. But the Button themselves are clearly trying to insist on their, which sometimes leads to comical situations. Given this feature, it is not necessary to express your desire in a categorical form, it is easier to ask the local resident of his advice, and if he is somewhat uncomfortable – try to bring it to the desired decision. This applies to many aspects of local life – even in markets and shops in this way, you can quite correctly hint at the possibility of providing discounts. Unlike its neighbors, the buttons are pretty infertility and with pleasure go to some small lips just for the sake of pleasure of communication (not accepted here). Many consider Button by closed and intricate people, but this is not the case – the locals are simply very stronger, and even men (the exception is only children).

Bhutaneous cult facilities can be divided into three types – "Chorten" (Stupa, are installed on some kind of memorial place), "Hlakhang" (temples) and "GOMPA" (monasteries). Also a characteristic buttane form is "Dzong" – Fortified monastery, more similar to the castle of decent sizes. Dzondi are centers of butane areas and perform cult and administrative functions at the same time. By tradition, the temple or stue is circulated in the direction of the clockwise movement on the left. Usually at the entrance to each Dzong or GOMPA has a prayer drum "Curde" With mantras (sacred texts), and more often several drums or even whole galleries from drums, which are more worker who believers are rapidly. Sacred Buddhist texts are worshiped in Bhutan as the chief ideological landmark, from here and the respectful attitude of the buttons to the book. Keeping paper here never thrown out, but definitely betray fire as a person.

Public and political life of Bhutan strongly depends on religious holidays and astrological events. The royal astrologers make up horoscopes every year, and if an unfavorable forecast falls on some month or day, the monarch of their authority simply cancels this calendar period and replaces it with another. Therefore, no one surprises anyone in the calendar of a certain date or vice versa – the presence of two months of the same months with the absence of some other.

Despite the relatively low level of income (on average, the monthly income per capita does not exceed $ 20), buttons have a reputation as a wealthy and in every possible way. The best way to support my renome here is the construction of a big house (in the kingdom it is allowed to build houses only in the national style), beautifully decorated with carvings and paintings, often quite frivolous. The second floor is usually the second floor, which leads a rather cool staircase, and the first floor and attic are used for economic needs. Be sure to have a room for meditation and separate kitchen. Special attention is paid to cleanliness – purely everywhere, and at home, and on the street. Even the markets that are usually arranged here on Saturdays are a clear contrast with similar events somewhere in India or Myanmar.

Since 1989, wearing wearing in public places of national clothing. Traditional men’s clothing is the National Button Bathrobe "GHO", Due to the long length, the widespread waist-taled waist or swollen. Women wear very similar to sari clothing object, referred to "Kira". It is usually in a special way turn around the body with a big zapaXom, fixing decorative elements. In any institution or temple of the local resident will simply not be allowed without having national clothes. The status of the buttanta is emphasized by the material of clothing and a special scarf, tested through the left shoulder. Scarf color and is a distinctive feature – ordinary buttons wear a white scarf, officials – red, and yellow – the highest one and monks.

Customs and traditions of Bhutan

Tourists are not allowed to walk in free clothing of European Croy. Some formal clothing (jacket and tie for men, a long dress for women) may be required only in case of visits to official events or at a visit to Bhuto House. In the case of some festivals and religious ceremonies, the buttans themselves dress very elegant, so there is also no one-taking care of the case here, however, it is usually relative to foreigners quite condescending and special problems with clothing. But only Hindus dressed here in pants and jackets.

Tchimphu and other major cities of Butane are famous for a rather relaxed provincial atmosphere. In 19-00, everything is almost dying here – stores do not work, restaurants and cafes are closed, there are almost no one on the streets. In the afternoon, it is easy here to be in the company of a high-ranking government official or a monk, while officials are completely occasionally "Go to the people" and are present on almost all festive events on a par with simple people. Therefore, it is not surprising that Buttons are very respecting their monarch and government. The royal house must admit, makes considerable effort and to modernize the country, and to preserve its cultural identity. At the same time, there is no shortage of food, education and medicine for local residents are free, unemployment is not, as well as a sharp social inequality. So discussing the policies of the authorities or somehow criticize them here is strongly not recommended.

Many animals, first of all dogs, are considered to be sacred in Bhutan, so do not be surprised at the streets of the cities of whole flocks of stray dogs and cats – in fact it is not wild animals, but if you can put it, public. They are fed and seized by all the settlement, and the murder is equal to the attempt on the life of a person.

A characteristic feature of Bhutan is ubiquitous distribution "at home" (betel). Bethel has a tonic action, so the buttons are magnificently, from Mala to Great, chew it almost the clock day, and because they have a characteristic red-brown bloom on the teeth and dark lips. From here the characteristic red spots on sidewalks.

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