Delhi (Delhi) – The second largest after Mumbai Megapolis India, which has the status of the Union Territory (Delhi National Capital District). New district of New Delhi is the official capital of the country. Located in the north of India on the banks of the Yamuna River. Population – 11 954 217 people (2008).
An exceptionally advantageous geographical location on trade routes leading from Afghanistan, Persia and Central Asia to the east to the plains of Ganges and south to the Peninsular India, stimulated the economic growth of the city. And on the junction of different civilization zones – Hindu and Islamic – made it a conglomerate of cultural traditions and numerous peoples inhabiting the Indian subcontinent. Different nations of India play different roles in the city’s economy.
Delhi is a huge, noisy, eclectic, dirty, and at the same time a pretty green city. The sanitary condition of the city depends on the areas. The worst condition is in slums where there are no elementary amenities and sewage, passages and houses are extremely tightened. In many areas, and especially in the old Delhi, the sanitary condition of the streets is extremely unsatisfactory, although the authorities of the city are gradually seeking to improve infrastructure and hygiene.
Crime in Delhi for a multimillion conglomerate is quite low, murder, robbery and banditry are extremely rare, although the high level of fraud and corruption.
Delhi – «Capital of seven empires» in Indian history. According to the archaeological review of India, there are 60,000 monuments of world significance in Delhi, more than several millennia ago.
The main part of air passengers falls into Delhi through the Indira Gandhi International Airport (named the former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi in 1986) – the most downloaded airport in India on landing takeles, as well as the second passenger traffic of India Airport.
There are three main passenger terminals in the airport: 1A for domestic flights of state airlines Indian Airlines, Kingfisher Airlines and MDLR; 1B for all other internal airlines and terminal 2 (international). In addition, there is a separate terminal for pilgrims, which serves Muslims performing Hajd.
Terminals 1A and 1B are also known entitled «Palam». They are located 500 meters from each other, but far enough from the terminal 2. In case of transplant, it is worth laying at least three hours to get from Terminals 1A or 1B to the second. The airport provides a free bus that carries out the transportation of passengers between the terminals, which runs every 20 minutes.
You can get from the airport to the city in several ways. The most convenient is to buy a taxi from the hotel (many hotels offer this service for free for their guests). Either take a taxi at the airport, using special booths, where you first need to pay the car to the operator at fixed prices (200-300 INR, depending on the destination), then get a receipt with the machine number, which the driver will go to the place.
Another option – by bus: Ex Service Men Airlink Transport Service, a private company providing transportation services from the international airport to the bus station at Kashmir gate. Either Delhi Transport Corporation is a state-owned company carrying out the transportation between the "home" and the international terminal and the bus station at the Kashmir gate.
Tomb Humayuna (Humayun’s Tomb) – major complex-mausoleum. The tomb was built of white marble and red sandstone and was the prototype of the Taj Mahal Agra. Building – an excellent copy of Mughal architecture. The tomb was built by Haji Bemum, senior widow Humayun in the middle of the XVI century. The tomb is surrounded by a garden in which the tomb is located Brdobrey Humayun and Isa Khan, the architect Taj Mahala.
Kutab Minar (Qutub Minar) – This tower decorated with an ornament attracts many tourists who want to rise to it and explore the city from her heights. The tower rises to a height of 230 feet, has 5 levels and decorated with an intricate ornament. Construction was started in the XII century and finished in the XIII century. The first three floors are made of red sandstone, in the design of the fourth and fifth floors, sandstone and white marble are combined. The ornament reflects the history of Kutab Minar and contains discharge from the Quran.
National Museum (National Museum) – reflect the course of the history of India and the most important events, ranging from the Empire Mauris. The museum exposed archaeological finds made in Mohenjodaro, Harappe, Lotaly, Calibangan. Museum Exposition includes terracotta figurines, ceramics, decorations, prints, copper and bronze guns, sculptures, musical instruments, tribal masks Swords and fragments of frescoes. One of the best is the exposure dedicated to Central Asia, silk banners, sculptures, items collected by Sir Aurel Shtyyn between 1900 and 1916 are exhibited here., Elements of the lifestyle of countries through which the Silk Road, stretching between Europe and Asia.
Observatory Jantar Mantar (Jantar Mantar) is one of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaj Jai Singh I in 1725. In her appearance dominated huge sundial, known as «King of dials». In the observatory, you can observe the movement of the sun, the moon and the planets. Ancient tools are exhibited here, with the help of which they used to track the path of the celestial bodies and predicted eclipses.