Diseases in India: what to expect and how to warn
Currently, India enjoys well-deserved tourist popularity. And there is nothing surprising in this: the country is interesting and unusual. However, going on a journey, you should not go on a joyful anticipation of an exotic trip and concomitant confidence "nothing happens to me". It is better to know in advance about possible troubles, about how to avoid them and what they still do in case of their occurrence. So, what kind of diseases may be a visit to India?
First, before the journey it is necessary to make vaccinations from hepatitis "A" and abdominal typhus. In Moscow they are doing in the central vaccination point on Kuznetsky Bridge. From the same diseases like malaria and fever that are transmitted through mosquito bites and mosquitoes, no vaccinations. According to some doctors, you can protect yourself from malaria, prophylactically taking antimary medicines, and start receiving better a week before the trip and continue for one month after departure from the danger zone. Although there is another point of view that the long-term reception of antimalyary drugs for the prevention is harmful to the liver, and take these medications only in case of infection. In any case, the most effective prevention, both from malaria and fever consists in maximum protection against mosquito bites. On the windows there must be mosquito nets, it is also necessary to use the means of protection against insects for the room and individual means (creams and sprays). In addition, leaving the evening to the street, you should wear the most closed clothes, so in the insect it was more difficult to get to the open areas of the skin. However, the carrier of fever "Denge" is a mosquito that bites not only in the evening, but also during the day.
The peculiarity of the densely populated cities of India (and this country ranks second in the world in terms of population) is often in the absence of a unified system of sewage system, which in the old areas of the city is represented by wastewater along the streets. Ditches, which are also used to reset garbage and food waste, sometimes clogged, spilling their contents down the street. Then in the interests of the host shop or at home, near which states occurred, as soon as possible to eliminate the blockage, pouring the emergence "Dam" Further. Such is the country that has entered the era of rapid development and the preserving device of cities close to the medieval.
After the end of the rainy season, the Indian cities acquire relative freshness, but standing water remaining after monsoon raises the clouds of mosquitoes and mosquitoes, which are distributors of malaria and fever. Of course, not every insect is a carrier of infection. The risk of the disease is especially high in the densely populated areas of Central and South India, immediately after the end of the monsoon season. More prosperous atmosphere at any time of the year in mountainous areas in the north of the country, and in the period from November to March – in the rest of India.
Rainy season in India falls on the summer months of the Gregorian calendar. At this time of the year, the maximum amount of precipitation falls. Since the beginning of the monsoon season, Indian cities are discarding annual dust and soot, literally drowning in rapidly growing water streams. Water flies out of the streets of the streets of garbage and suits the city a real general cleaning. At this time, the risk of diseases caused by the ingress of infection in the human body with water and food increases. But, even by traveling in India at a more favorable time (from November to March), when it is dry and not very hot weather, you should not forget somewhat "Golden" rules. Rules are simple: clean hands, in a cafe – only hot drinks and hot dishes, water only from plastic bottles (although sometimes, opening a new bottle with a transparent water, you feel that its smell is surprisingly reminding the smell of the lake in the center of the same city).
The incubation period after the bite and in the blood of the infection lasts about seven days. A person suddenly rises temperatures up to 38-40 ° C, it can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, stomach disorder, headache and pain in the joints, sometimes redness of the skin. It is important to remember that with an increase in temperature in India, in no case cannot be taken aspirin, contraindicated during fever. Answer the question of which infection was the cause of the disease, only the analysis of blood, which makes almost all Indian clinics for one day. The most dangerous kind of fever – fever "Denge", at which high temperature can hold up to two weeks. Special preparations for its treatment do not exist: used, mainly common antibiotics and paracetamol (to reduce temperature).
Some varieties of fever (in particular "Denge", "Chikunyania") Leave after recovery in joints, which can last up to two or three months. I recovered for a while there is immunity on transferred infection. But, given the enormous number of fever and malaria varieties, it’s not worth it for him. In Russian clinics, doctors are asked to inform them about visits to tropical regions for another three years after the end of the trip. Cases of sudden deterioration of well-being may be related to this.
The people are common that the Komar is afraid of flowers of some plants that one paracetamol pill with hot milk per day will prevent infection that high content in the body of a vitamin man scares insects. However, the effectiveness of such warning practices is not confirmed, and the locals themselves are often sick of fever and malaria. Of course, such diseases are easier and safer to transfer in the hospital. But due to the fact that in India they have a fairly low standard of living, not everyone will turn to doctors, preferring to stay at home and take antipyretic drugs and antibiotics, whose names are transmitted from mouth to mouth. Numerous homeopathic remedies are also common, produced by both pharmaceutical companies and folk monitoring. But homeopathic remedies are helping rather not in the treatment of fever and malaria, but to eliminate the consequences caused by these diseases (joint pain, otteki, general weakness) and are effective as auxiliary means.
Going to India, it is necessary to especially carefully consider the purchase of medical insurance for the entire travel time. And although medical care in India is one of the most cheapest in the world, a weekly stay in the hospital can seriously hit the budget. In addition, in the presence of medical insurance, the insured person will be rendered, as a rule, the best of possible medical care in the city. Independently understand which hospital to turn is very difficult, especially when the temperature suddenly rises. And operators of coordination services of insurance companies take the entire organization of treatment on themselves, in a short time, selecting the hospital.
Better, of course, do not hurt, but if it happened, you should not be afraid, fever is not fatal, although very unpleasant. Every day in the hospital becomes like one on another. From morning to evening – dropper, antibiotics; The body temperature is rarely lowered below 38 ° C. Associations S "American slides", When, after injection, the temperature is for a while lowered, and then jumps up to 40 ° C again, capturing the spirit, in the literal sense of the word, and the hand reaches again to the nurse call button. With diseases such as malaria and fever, there is no gradual improvement in well-being. The disease goes as suddenly as it started. Suddenly you notice that the Sun is shining in the chamber window that the city’s noise is coming from the street that the nurse after the night shift is a tired look – and a pleasant confidence appears that everything is already behind.