Double-deceased Yaroslav Wise
In Ukraine, on September 1, 1997, new banknotes were introduced in dignity 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 hryvnia. According to the design and color scheme, they differ from the equivalent bill of the previous series, and besides, incomparably better protected from fake. Nevertheless, all previously issued banknotes remain in circulation, on equal rights with new. The withdrawal of old hryvnia will occur gradually, as they are natural wear.
Ukrainian banknotes, in accordance with the widespread world practice, are decorated with portraits of the outstanding states of the country – from Prince Vladimir Red Sunchikovko to the president of the short-lived Ukrainian People’s Republic (which existed for a while after the collapse of the Tsarist Russia) of Grushevsky. The gallery of politicians there was a place for two pillars of national literature: Ivan Franco and Taras Shevchenko. Starting from last week, the face of all these decent husbands in the hryvnia can be seen in two versions: old and updated. Shipped on a two-vent Yaroslav wise even changed the views: before he looked to the right, and now – to the left.
As reported "I" Head of the press service of the National Bank of Ukraine Boris Rickber, Fakeyvoomoomoity is not in the fraternal Slavic republic. Over the past year, only about 600 fake bills were identified in the country, and most of them are satisfied with primitive ways (photocopying or ruling zeros to genuine small bills).
A set of modern means of protection against fakes, which are equipped with the Ukrainian money of the new sample, will make their production in handicraft conditions and at all unpromising. According to the official authorities, a model for new hryvnia was the German stamps, which, as is known, are one of the most protected on a global scale of cash varieties.
The banknote paper is advantage in 1 and 2 hryvnia, a thin metallized tape with a transparent microtext, denoting the denominations: "1 hryvnia" or "2 hryvni", respectively. If you just look at the banknote, the ribbon is almost invisible. When looking at the light, it is visible as a dark line with light text. Tape, to all other, machine-readable, that is, it allows you to automatically determine the authenticity and nominal bills on the appropriately adjusted currency detectors.
On the surface of the banknote in 2 hryvnia, in addition, chaotic scattered red and blue protective fibers with a size of approximately 6 mm (as on American dollars).
In the banknote, a vertical non-metallilled tape with a dark micro-timer is improved with a denomination of 5 and 10 hryvnia "Ukrainian", which can be read with the help of magnifying glass, looking at bills against light.
Banknote Nominal 20 hryvnia has a protective metallized strip without text, which looks out on the surface in 6 places (just like on Doychmark). With a normal look at the banknote, it looks like a silver dashed line, and on the lumen – as a dark continuous trait.
The main drawings and inscriptions on the front side of the banknote in 2, 5, 10, 20 hryvnia are made of metallographic printing, which can be felt on the touch. These banknotes also have relief designations of the nominal for visually impaired people. Additional guarantees from fakes are hidden images that appear when looking at banknotes under an acute angle to the light (such a way of protection is widely applied in the daughtermarks), and the Oryol printing – the method invented in the last century in Russia, but very poorly reproduced even with the help of the most Modern copiers. In the elements made by the Oryol seal, painted by different colors areas as if "Perevert" one in the other. At the xerox of such a smooth transition of colors is impossible to achieve.
On the banknotes, the nominal 2, 5, 10 and 20 hryvnia left (if watching from the front side) left the window, in which the watermark is visible on the clearance. He repeats the portrait of the corresponding historical figure.
Changed the design of banknotes. Rather, it is aligned with the style of previously issued bills of 50 and 100 hryvnia. Portraits of the Great Displays from the Center to the right and enclosed in a square frame. Color gamut has become richer and brighter.
Advanced 50- and 100-hryvnia banknotes did not appear. Ironically, the largest of those who are now in circulation of Ukrainian money is technically worse protected from fakes, the smaller banknotes of the new sample. In the National Bank Corresponding "I" reported that implementing plans for "hundred" and "fifty" There are current means of protection, but the deadlines for the implementation of this event are not exactly established.
It is also noteworthy that the new bills are marked 1994 and 1995 (when the national monetary unit of Ukraine has not yet hryvnia, but a coupon-carboan). An explanation of this paradoxical fact lies in the difficult story of the introduction of the Ukrainian currency. In this story, it was so possible, the cart (professionals responsible for the appearance of cash) suffered ahead of the horse (leadership of the country and the National Bank of Ukraine, in particular) until recently.
The plans of the introduction of the hryvnia appeared immediately upon reaching "Overlook". In 1992, a state order for printing banknotes in 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 hryvnia was posted in Canada and the United Kingdom. These were the money we call this article in this article "old".
In appeal, they got far from immediately. In Ukraine, inflation was rampant, and the authorities were fairly considered that it is pointless to change the temporary coupon for permanent hryvnia in such a situation.
In 1994, already in Kiev, banknotes were prepressed by dignity 1, 50 and 100 hryvnia, carried out in "Novom" style, but without metallic tape, portrait watermark and a number of other modern protective elements. This money was formed on the shelves of the repository of the National Bank next to Canadian and British products.
In the same 1994, the cash crust was replenished "New" Banknotes in 5 and 10 hryvnia, made by the latest technology. What could and still can serve as a reason for the legal pride of specialists of the Kiev Printed Court. Unfortunately, at that moment, this achievement was able to evaluate only a few employees of the banking storage.
A year later for steel doors were stubborn "New" Covers worth 2 and 20 hryvnia.
Finally, in September 1996, the Government decided that the situation was ripe for the introduction of a full-fledged national currency. Inflation was defeated. The coupon rate stabilized, which promised good prospects to shift hryvnia.
But the light of God, hryvnia banknotes began to extract in the same order, in which they got into the repository. In this approach, of course, there was a rational grain: once the means for printing "old" money was spent, it would be a shame would just put these banknotes under the knife, albeit not the most perfect of the existing.
Thus, the first were issued in appeal "old" (1, 2, 5, 10, 20 hryvnia) and "Polunovy" (1, 50, 100 hryvnia) bills. Obviously, over the past year, some significant part "old" Banknotes completed its life cycle (which for paper money is just equal to the year, well, a maximum of one and a half), and this is due to the decision to put into the case more protected bills.
Nevertheless, "old" hryvnia alongside S "New" remain a legitimate payment facility in Ukraine. Most currencies from existing rates of uncertain time will contact two options. The banknote in 1 hryvnia (with Prince Vladimir on the front side) is now even three varieties: "Old", "Polynovy" and "New". The last two, however, in appearance practically do not differ.