Dubai (Dubai) – City on the banks of the Persian Bay in the UAE, the administrative center of the eponymed Emirate, the country’s largest city. Population – 2,262,000 people (2008).
Dubai – the largest shopping, financial and tourist center of the Middle East. At the rate of development, the city will be comparable with Shanghai. The third most important center of re-export in the world (after Hong Kong and Singapore).
The city attracts guests a superbly developed tourist infrastructure, good conditions for shopping and beach holidays, as well as saturated nightlife.
No less important is the role of Dubai as the venues of international conferences and exhibitions.
Burj Khalifa (Burj Khalifa) – skyscraper resembling stalagmit. Reads the highest construction ever existed in the world. The skyscraper was officially opened on January 4, 2010. Its height is 828 meters, 163 floors. The total cost of the construction is about $ 1.5 billion.
Burj Khalifa – key element of the new business center in Dubai, city in the city, with own lawns, boulevards and parks. Inside the complex accommodated hotels, apartments, offices and shopping centers.
According to the project, at 37 lower floors there is a hotel, and the floors from 45 to 108 occupy luxury apartments. Most of the area is assigned to office space. The exception is 123 and 124 floors, on which the lobby is located and the observation deck, respectively, the height of the observation deck from the base is 505 meters.
It is assumed to function more than 50 elevators, with a lifting speed of 18 m / s.
Deira (Deira) – Old Financial Center of the City and Vilitary Trade District.
Bur-Dubai (Bur Dubai) – Historical center of Dubai.
Sheikh Zayed Road (Sheikh Zayed Road) – Business center of the city, the main and longest street Dubai, named after Sheikh Zaid Ibn Sultan An-Najian. Passes through the entire city along the coast and connects the shopping center Dubai and the capital Abu Dhabi (extends for 55 km). Along the street at a significant study passes the red branch of the Dubai Metro.
The highway has for most parts 12 lanes for car traffic. Movement on the highway is paid, all entrances and trips are equipped with scanners that are removed from the car in the amount of 4 dirhams (about $ 1), but not more than 24 dirham per day.
Jumeirah (Jumeirah) – Coastal tightly populated residential area, along the sandy beaches of which stretches the built-up luxury hotels and expensive shops Promenade Jumeirai Beach. There are world-famous Burj Al-Arab and Walway Jumeira Beach Hotel. Jumeira Square is 6.9 km².
Jumeira is one of the most expensive residential areas of Dubai. Another 30-40 years ago, there were only a few dozen local fishermen with their families, foreign workers and minor traders. Currently, this area is built up with villas, major supermarkets, tourist infrastructure.
In 2001-2008, the first artificial island of Palma Jumeira, from the Palm Islands group, was created before the Jumeiir coast. On the western border of the district of Jumeira, the quarter of the skyscrapers of Dubai Marina and the chain of high-altitude buildings Jumeirah Lake Towers.
Dubai Marina (Dubai Marina) – Active residential area under construction, located around the man-made bay in the west of the city. Here is one of the most fashionable yacht marins in the world.
Climate in Dubai – Very hot.
Dubai is considered one of the hottest cities in the world. The average temperature of August (the hottest month) +36…+40 °C. Sometimes the temperature in the shade can be seamless to a 50 degree mark. Winters are cooled, with moderately cold nights. The average temperature of January +19 ° C (the coldest month).
Most hotels in Dubai – Urban (mainly 4-5 *). Almost every city hotel several times a day provides its guests with a free shuttle service to the main shopping centers and the beach.
In some hotels in the settlement, they may ask for a deposit in case of additional expenses. Deposit amount 200-1000 USD, cash or «credit card». Deposit returns on the day of departure, minus the amount spent (if any).
In the prestigious beach area of Jumeira, there are some of the best hotels in the city (all of them, with the exception of the two "fourths", have a category 5 *). Here is the luxurious Single-Snowdate Hotel Burj Al Arab.
Another hotel, claiming 7 "stars", Atlantis, opened its doors in 2008. Here is the most expensive room in the world, the large oceanarium and their own dolphinarium. And in the hotel’s water park you can ride on a glass tube among sharks. Atlantis himself is located on a unique artificial archipelago "Palma".
On the coast of Dubai are two beach complexes, which enjoy holidaymakers most urban hotels: Al Mamzar Park and Jumeirah Beach Park. The entrance ticket to the beach costs 5 AED per person, using the sun bed – 10 Aed.
Beach complexes have a full infrastructure: a small park area, restaurants and bars. In the Al Mamzar Park complex, there is also a swimming pool (the entrance to it is optional 10 AED), which is very convenient when in the bay strong excitement and bathe is unsafe.
There are two seaports in the city, several bus stations (the largest in Bar-Dubai) and two major international airports (Dubai and Al-Mackum).
Since 2009, the metropolitan has been operating. In addition to the subway, since 2009, the Monorail road Palm Jumeirah Monorail, which connects the Palm Jumeirah Island with the mainland Dubai.
There is a fairly developed bus network, part of stops conditioned.
Chief public transport in Dubai – Taxi.
Diyra and Bur-Dubai areas are connected by the traditional transport type: small boats «Abras».
Since May 2010, new 11 local water taxis began to run in Dubai Bay.
Dubai Metro (Dubai Metro) – The first line was opened in 2009. There are currently construction of other lines, and the existing line stations are completed. Total planned to build four lines.
Fully built dubai metro will have a length of about 129 kilometers,
79 stations. The average speed will be 45 km / h. It is assumed that the subway will be carried out by 12% of all passenger traffic of the city.
Air at all metro stations, transitions and trains is conditioned and maintained at level 20 °C. Stations are equipped with escalators, traversal transitions.
Rails are held mainly by Viaducts, and in the center of the city – under Earth. Most of the above-ground stations, located on the overpass, however, there is a small underground plot with several stations.
Red Line: 52-kilometer line with 29 stations.
Green Line (Green Line): 24-kilometer line with 22 stations.
Blue Line (Blue Line): 47 kilometer line along the Emirate Road. Accurate route is currently not known. 18-20 stations are planned.
Purple line (Purple Line): 49 kilometer line along the road Al Khail. It is planned as an express between Dubai International Airport and Al-Maktum International Airport.
Metro electric trains function in fully automatic mode without machines.
The composition is divided into three sections:
Section «Golden» Class for passengers who bought a Golden ticket. In this half of the car, there are usually few people and there are seats. When moving the composition aside "Jebel Ali", passengers overlook the landscape as the driver in ordinary trains, that is, passengers are in the head car. The passage of this class is 2 times more expensive than usual.
Section (half of the car) exclusively for women (those who for any beliefs prefers to ride separately) and children; Travel for children under 5 years old and with increasing less than 90 cm — free.
Conventional places – 80% of the composition.
Design capacity of 5 wagons composition – 643 people. Limit speed – 110 km / h, average speed from 32 km / h to 42 km / h.
Stations are announced by a male voice in Arabic and English, as well as using a running line of the LED scoreboard.
The cost of the trip depends on the range. When traveling in the usual class, the price varies from 1.80 AED (≈0.5 USD) to 5.80 AED (≈ 1.6 USD). Smart cards are used as tickets as tickets, the account on which can be replenished either in the payment machine guns, or through the cash registers. Ticket check is carried out when passing through the turnstiles both at the entrance to the subway and at the output.
International Airport in Dubai takes many flights from around the world.
Numerous charter and regular flights (Aeroflot, Transaero, S7 Airlines, Emirates fly from Moscow to Dubai
You can get from the airport to the city center on the subway (red line, one station is located in Terminal 1, the second station – in terminal 3), bus or taxi.
Palm Islands (Palm Islands) – Artificial Islands Archipelago. The archipelago consists of three groups of the islands: the cruise palm of Jumeira, almost the finished Palma Jebel Ali and the launched Palma Deira.
Palm Jumeirah (Palm Jumeirah) – is an artificial group island in the form of a palm tree. This unusual island is going deep into the Persian Gulf of 6.5 km, and its size is so great that it can be easily seen from the satellite.
Palm consists of three parts: palm tree trunk, branches and 11 kilometer breakwater around, protecting the island from the sea. The upper part of the island, crown palm, consists of 16 elegant curved branches. It is planned to build about 2,000 villas on them. On the trunk «Palma» 2-3 thousand apartments will appear, and 22 resort will be demolished on the wave.
Palm device reminds small town. There will be luxury villas, apartments, yacht clubs, amusement parks, hotels for tourists, shops and beach clubs.
Palma is connected with the mainland 300-meter bridge, and the crescent is connected with the top of the palm tree underwater tunnel. 5-kilometer monorail roads are laid on the island.
The first resort complex that opened its doors for tourists was Atlantis Resort. His discovery took place on September 24, 2008.
Palm Jebel Ali (Palm Jebel Ali) – One of the three artificial island groups, united under the title of Palm Islands. Bulk work was completed by the beginning of 2008. This project is 50 percent more Palma Jumeira.
In the coastal line of palm trees will be erected more than 1,000 bungalows leaning on piles in Polynesian style. Planned construction of more than 2,000 villas of different layouts. It is predicted that the so-called "palm" Jebel Ali by 2020 will accommodate about 1.7 million. residents.
For 30 000 kV. M. It is planned to rebuild the complex of buildings from glass and concrete, which in shape will resemble sails yachts. At the Crescent, the surrounding Palm Jebel Ali will deflate 4 Thematic Amusement Park – Seaworld, Aquatica, Busch Gardens and Discovery Cove.
Currently, palm is built up, but due to low demand for real estate, part of the construction work is temporarily suspended.
Palm Deira (Palm Deira) – the largest of the three groups of the islands. Is in the initial stage of construction.
Palma welded approximately 8,000 villas with all amenities and developed infrastructure, shopping centers, sports clubs, yacht pier and much more. The length of the project will be 14 km deep in Persian
Bay, width – 8.5 km. The total area of the new palm will be approximately 80 kV. KM.
Palma will be the biggest artificial island in the world and will be located in the old part of the city. At the first stage, work is underway to build a breakwater and backfilling of the right amount of land. On the creation of the trunk, 41 branches and protective arches will leave 1 billion cubic meters of stones and sand.
Artificial Archipelago World (The World) – Artificial archipelago, located 4 kilometers from the coast of Dubai and consisting of several hundred artificial islands. The general form of the archipelago repeats the continent of the Earth.
The total area of the archipelago is 50 million square meters. m, which makes it the largest artificial archipelago in the world. The size of the islands range from 14 to 83 thousand kV. m, the width of the straits between them is from 50 to 100 meters with a depth of 8 to 16 m.
«Peace» Unlike palm islands is not connected with the continent, there are no bridges here. All building material was delivered by sea, and not on the machines, as in the case of palm islands. Engineers have shut up sand from the bottom of the Persian Gulf and sprayed it over the construction site to create islands.
To protect the islands from the sea, it took the construction of a major breakwater. It is a pyramidal wall, fortified by boulders weighing 6 tons, able to withstand the power of the sea. Bolorez was able to confront storms from the north who fell ashore Dubai twice a year with two-year waves. But it does not close the view of the sea what happened to the draft Palm Island. Therefore, the form of the breakwater was chosen stepwise. The design works in several stages, reducing the energy of the waves from 100 to 5%. The wall of the first stage takes half of her strength at the wave. The friction of the wave about the shallow water increases and, hitting the second stage, the wave is losing strength again. Finally, when the wave reaches the vertex of the breakwater, it almost stops.
As the "world" grew, increased the danger of stiring seawater, which could green and turn into a swamp. This contributed to that, along the islands there was no current. Ecology of this area threatened serious danger. But engineers found a solution that "saved the world". They became the blades that were made in the breakwater. Also for rapid water circulation engineers deepened channels.
On January 10, 2008, the last stone was laid on a breakwater, thus completing the construction of the archipelago.
The price for the island in the world archipelago reaches 38 million dollars and varies depending on the location, size, and proximity to other islands.
Access to all islands will be carried out by sea or air transport, regular (every 15 minutes) ferries, as well as private yachts and boats.
Ski Dubai (Ski Dubai) – The first indoor ski complex in the Middle East and one of the world’s largest with an area of 22.5 thousand m² (Equivalent area 3 football fields, round year covered with real snow). Capacity 1.5 thousand visitors.
Aquarium in Dubai Mall (Aquarium of the Dubai Mall) – One of the largest aquariums in the world is located in the largest trading and entertainment center of the Middle East – «Dubai Mall». Aquarium in Dubai is designed for 10 million. Water liters and has the world’s largest external panel to view the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Under the aquarium is a tunnel for visitors, from where you can observe 33,000 species of various sea inhabitants of the ocean, including tiger sharks and skates.
Burj Al Arab (Burj Al Arab) – Luxury seven-star hotel in Dubai. The building stands in the sea at a distance of 280 meters from the shore on the artificial island, connected from the earth with the help of a bridge.
Having a 321 meter height, the building has recently lost the status of the highest hotel in the world, as in April 2008, here, in Dubai, the hotel has a 333 meter tower.
The construction of the hotel began in 1994, for visitors it opened on December 1, 1999. The hotel was built in the form of Sails Dow, Arabic vessel.
Closer to the top there is a helicopter and restaurant «Al-Muntaha» (&# 8206; Highest).
Bastakiya district (Bastakiya District) – Vintage Part of Bur-Dubai. Located between the city museum in the fort al-Fahidi, the embankment of the bay and Musalla Street. Most local buildings were built at the end of the XIX – early twentieth century. Here they settled wealthy merchants from Persia; The very name of the quarter comes from the Persian Province of Bastak.
Now Bastakia is actively restored, and it turns into a cultural and tourist center with cafes, restaurants, souvenir shops and art galleries.