Dynasty Sui in China
Dynasty Sui (581-618) did not last four decades, but left a well-notable mark in China’s history. These forty years, the time of the reign of two emperors, father and son, were marked by the completion of the three-year period of feudal fragmentation, bloodshed civilians and wars with external enemies. By the time the dynasty of the Dynasty, many the ancient cities of China were lying in the ruins, thousands of so and not the attractions of China were irretrievably lost, the human life was almost nothing worth. In the deplorable state there were trade, agriculture and education. The main achievement of the suous emperors was the union of the Middle Kingdom, which was the basis of three hundred years of the existence of the Empire of Tang, who came to replace them.
Two emperors Sui
Yang Jianghu (Wen-di) managed pretty quickly, and with minimal blood, combine the country. With it, several state monopolies were canceled, taxes were reduced, legislation was significantly simplified. Trade and agriculture revived. True, the second emperor, Sun Jan-di (Jan Guang), who probably who killed his own father, quickly leveled the achieved. He raised taxes, threatened millions of people in unsuccessful military campaigns and large construction projects. The result was a new trouble, ultimately led to the change of dynasty.
The brief period of the Board of the suous emperors did not leave behind the many artifacts, but something can be seen in the Shanghai Museum of Ancient Art, the Museum of Hubei Province and a number of other museums, and the richest collection is located in the National Museum of China on Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The few works of the art of the AU themselves are distinguished by aesthetic and grace, showing a high level of masters of this short historical period.
Grand construction sites
With the Dynasty of Sui, a number of grandiose construction projects were implemented. The great chinese wall was actively rebuilt, the majestic palace complex was built in Luoyang, the Great Channel was laid. At the "Construction of the Century" worked a huge number of people. Palace in Luoyanga raised about two million workers. A million people were involved in the laying of the Great Channel and the large-scale reconstruction of the Great Wall of China, by that time heavily destroyed. The Great (Imperial) Channel until the 19th century remained the largest artificial waterway in the world. The channel, connecting the River Juanhe and Yangtze, became the most important trade in China for many centuries, the main transport hub between the southern and northern parts of the subway.
Yang Jian, who became the first emperor of Sui, had to test the penultimate ruler of Northern Zhou. Together, the military career was pretty successfully built on the throne. At the age of 14 becomes Prince of Chanzzi. Marrying at the daughter of General Dug Blue, strengthens its position in a military aristocracy environment. Fighting with the kingdoms of Chen and Liang, then gives his own daughter married to the future emperor Xuan-di. In 580, he convinces the emperor Xuan-di to refuse the throne, it creates a troon Jing di, but almost immediately shifts him and bases the new Dynasty of Sui in 581.
For nine years, Wen-Dee’s Board managed to complete the association of China, passing a military coup, rather raising the economy, having started the construction of the Great Channel, moved the capital to his native Changan and after building a new capital Dasin. Subsequently, when the Empire Tan changed the Dynasty of Sui, the capital was again transferred. Tang rulers made the heart of their empire City of Xi’an, now well-known tourists on the big pagoda of wild geese, the tomb of Qin Shihuana and the Terracotta Army.
Very much was made by the emperor in the internal policy of the state. Wen-di laid the foundation of the Institute of State Examinations, paid great attention to the development of science and culture. He canceled the monopoly of the state on alcohol and salt, significantly reduced taxes, streamlined the legislative base and rebuilt the management apparatus. Land and tax reforms allowed to raise the economy very quickly, and the introduction of innovative agricultural methods has significantly increased yields. To combat hunger, a strategic stock of grain was formed, huge granaries were built for these purposes with a total capacity of about 175 million kg of grain. Conducted a number of successful military campaigns, but at sunset of the board several times failed on the Korean Peninsula.
Sui Jan di
Sui Jan Di (Emperor Yang), unlike his father, is considered by traditional Chinese historiography and classical literature as one of the worst tyrants in the history of the country. In the thirteen years of the board, though completed large construction projects started by the Father, but at the same time threatened the lives of millions of people. At the same time, up to eight million people worked on the grand integrity. But if the figures are true that only six million died on the reconstruction of the Great Wall of China, then large-scale construction projects became the most real bloody meat grinder without war and natural disasters.
Jan-di again raised taxes, lost millions of soldiers in unsuccessful conquering campaigns, was distantized almost all of the state treasury and once again collapsed the economy. Tyrant was unable to extinguish the fire of an uprising caused by his reckless rule, and ran to the south of the subway, where he was strangled by his own general. In 618, a short-term era of the Board of the Dynasty of Sui was completed, but in front of China had an almost three hundred years of the heyday of the Empire Tan, in many respects of the statehood laid on the dynasty.