From the bottom of the sea
On the coat of arms of the Perm region, a bear carrying the gospel on his back — Christian enlightenment to the edge of exceptional natural wealth. Once there, where now mountains, the salty Permian Sea splashed, who left almost the entire Table of Mendeleev. Every city of Prikamye unique — history, traditions, nature, and, moving from the capital to the north, and then south, you can take a real journey. Let’s call the route «Perm Necklace» — There is, in the end, the gold ring.
Big Capital: Perm
Perm, oddly enough, «capital» Young, she is not yet 300 years old. By the decree of Peter I here in 1723 laid the first stone of the His High Medelvillery Plant. However, archaeological studies indicate that human settlements on the territory of modern Perm existed from time immemorial, and on the XVI century cards the geographical name perm is adjacent to tartaria.
Modern Perm — This is a kama, a river that reaches a width of more than 1 km. There is no center of the city with a familiar Kremlin, but walking destinations for self-dating with the city — there is. Following the red or green line on the asphalt, you can learn a lot of interesting things. In the architecture of the city presented Baroque, classicism, modern, and almost skyscrapers will come out on the outskirts. Take pictures at the monument to Mishke (the same, from the coat of arms) and Perm — Salted ears should every right traveler.
Salty ears called salons. Salt was worn on his back, in high bags that accounted to the nape: women — 3 Pone, Men — 5.5 pounds. Salt fell on the ears, and they were always red and irritated. Having handed over the goods, Permyak went to the city by his affairs, and after he shouted: «In he-perm — Salted ears went!»
What to visit
Museum of Perm Antiquities. From a series of museums «for all ages»: Mammoths, Minerals, Plasma — All for high-quality self-education. Among visitors were found for people hardly three years, and it seems to them what to do.
Art Gallery. Located in the building of the Transfiguration Cathedral, which in itself deserves attention, in addition, a unique collection of wooden sculptures is presented here. Ural church decoration was not canonical: Former pagans could not worship flat images. In each village in Churches there were carved altars and carved sculptures: Mandatory Jesus in Doktnica (saved midnight), John theologian, Nikolai Wonderworker, Virgo Maria. Permians believed that at night the sculptures come to life, and dressed and shook the wooden gods, as alive, brought them gifts. Most of the sculptures were destroyed, and what was preserved, presented here in Perm.
Museum of Perm Neft. Even boring things can be made interesting: here «Menzurki» with different types of oil, «Cylinders» breeds, archaeological and paleontological «Nakhodka», Installation telling about geologist weekdays.
Salonic capital: Solikamsk
Solikamsk will be from Perm about 200 km. The road goes past fir forests, the sun hangs low-low, then hides behind the horizon, and the sky above the tops of the trees is still clear. Yes, this is the same 59th parallel, summer nights here are the same white as in St. Petersburg, Magadan and Oslo.
The main occupation of the inhabitants of the region was salt mining — Already since 1430. At one time in Usolye Kamsky, up to 70% of the entire salt in the country was produced.
In the old days, salt was on gold weight, as the search for deposits and their development were very laborious. So, in the first in Russia, the field in the Arkhangelsk region salt was evaporated under the influence of sunlight, the salt was warm in the winter. Such salt was glad gray and bitter and got a name «Pombor». In Germany and Austria still mining salt, cutting down gallery in the solenous rock, pouring cavities with water and pumping out the resulting solution after the year of insistence. It was easier in Solikamsk — Salt brine mined from the ground, the main thing — find the right place. The salinarity indirectly indicated: the salty taste of the Earth, the plants characteristic of saline soils, and traces of animals who came to enjoy them. In such low places and produced drilling, dropping into the ground the axle pipe — The hollow wooden design of a solid tree trunk, through which the Badja up to 10 vershs should have been held. Above the well was built a brine contained tower, from which the solution was fed into the stall, where he was stored until he fell into the Varnitz — shop. Here in terrible chad 12–14 hours brines were evaporated to dry state. Over the years, production has been modernized, but still remained very difficult and with time it closed at all, because in Astrakhan on the lake Baskunchak Salt was simply on the surface.
However, the city of Solikamsk is now — The main Russian supplier of magnesium and potash fertilizers produced from the corresponding salts.
What to visit
Old city. The house of the governor preserved, the Epiphany Church, and from the cathedral bell tower you can see the city from a bird’s eye view.
Salt Museum in Ust-Borovsky. The only Wooden Salt Museum in the world.
Botanical Garden Demidov. The representative of the merchant dynasty of Grigory Demidov in 1731 began to breed the amicable plants, built a greenhouse, discharged from the border of seeds and worked closely with Karl Linnem. The collection for the North was the richest. The garden after his death disappeared and now restored at another place.
Ancient capital: Cherdyn
On the coast of the river Kole stands a wooden temple — Trinity Church, behind him — Remains of an ancient earth shaft, smashed daisies and butter. Lazily around the bumblebee and bees. Time stopped… Silence breaks up the guys who are cutting out of grass with litter buckets of strawberries.
Cherdyn — The town is provincial, however, there is no not enough former capital of all Northwood lands. Decades reflected attacks of nomads and was the main center of Christianity in the Urals. Now here is a modern playground adjacent to a signboard «Hybushko», And the pretty rusted booth of the bus stop promises to take away travelers in «Bondyug», «Kushmangort» and «Pyanteg». The main street consists entirely of architectural monuments, and the local lore museum is located in the building of the former gymnasium, which then became a school after — EvicoPost, and now — Museum. Travelers will be offered to play Biryules in a merchant living room, commemorate the chambers of the 1911 catechism in the classroom and show weekdays of Cherdyni in the Great Patriotic War. The exhibition is completed by the European Decorated Exhibition on the Uncle of the First Romanov — Mikhail Romanov, tortured in the dungeons of the neighboring city of Yarl, by decree of Boris Godunova, — with plasma, information stands and notorious shackles.
Vintage Russian problem
Two sons and two fathers ate three eggs for breakfast, and each of them had to be on a whole egg. How could it happen? (Answer: these were grandfather, father and grandson.)
What to visit
Trinity Hill over the river Kolva. Height over the shore here is about 100 m, real power.
City center. Vintage Wooden and Stone Houses, Museum of Local Lore, Assumption Church with stunning paintings.
Museum of the History of Faith. The path of Orthodoxy to the Urals was not simple.
Tea capital: Kungur
Kungur — These are Cywail Fields and Grass Human Growth. From the bell tower of the Cathedral of the Tikhvin Icon of God’s Mother of God, Viden is far from Oklyt: Hemunion of the River Sylva, City Beach, Dome Buddles, Houses — Large and small, drowning in greenery.
Even more fantastic views are opened from a balloon cabin. Each year in the city is conducted by the festival of aeronautics «Heavenly Fair», collecting lovers fly from around the world. Popularity Event adds fact that it is not just flights, but air competitions. Special markers (ribbons with a crayler) pilot need to hit the goals: stadiums, bridges, other aerostats. There is anything from magic in this — Big bright ball flies in the sunset sky slowly slow, in the horizon…
If the festival is only once a year, then Kungur Ice Cave always exists. Very strange this feeling: From temperature +32 °From going to winter. Here is the square, the kiosks with souvenirs, lazy black cat. The guide in the winter vitro opens a heavy door, another, third… and the face hit the cold. In bright light, ice stalactites and stalagmites are transfused, giant snowflakes hanging from the ceiling. It is impossible to be long in this room — «Snow Maiden» Melting. Guide accompanses the group in the next room, then another one. After the cave, be sure to drink tea! No vain kungur is called the tea capital of the Russian Empire. Here in the XIX century, trading routes were converged, for which tea from China was taken further to the West.
What to visit
Kungur Ice Cave. Back in the XIX century, local peasants drove on the cave of first curious, then there were literally crawled among the stones. Now the paths are laid here, the backlight is equipped, around very beautiful and very cool. Those who have no winter clothes, it is recommended to take advantage of the rental (100 rubles. For a cute blue pixel).
Museum of History of History. Small, neat, actually, like the whole city, the museum tolerates Kungurg to the trade and industrial world: pottery, leather production, trade in tea, bread.
Belogorsky Monastery. Built on a white grief Cross-known temple, whose outlines resemble the Church of Christ the Savior in Moscow, visible for many kilometers. This place of pilgrimage, real power.
Cultural capital: Gubah
The words «Coke factory», «Methanolic factory», «Kizelovsky coal pool» the uninitiated person plunge into the thrill. Meanwhile, we see a green valley with neat factory buildings, and the mountain cross with ski lifts rises above everything.
Gubah — A small town: Central Street (Lenin name, of course, and not street, and a whole prospectus), five-storey Khrushchev on the sides, sidewalks paved with tiles, and lawns decorate sculptural compositions. 2012 Gubakh spent in the rank of the cultural capital of the Perm Territory. It was then that the first time the theater project on the mountain of the cross. This year, Musical Perm was brought here «Theater theater» «Scarlet Sails». The voice voice of the girl who tastes about the beautiful Prince is distributed throughout the district; Sun sits down, playing the last glare on the faces of 15,000 spectators who are sitting right on the grass under ancient rocks…
What to visit
Cold Log. High coast of the River Kosvy, birch, ingrown into the stone above the cliff, the wind, walking, how he wants. Sit, silend…
Stone city. Monument of natural origin, where the high cliffs of bizarre outlines form narrow passes and labyrinths. Once this place was the bottom of the sea.
Cuba Museum. 200 years in the region mined a stone coal, then the mines were closed for unprofitability. Museum of Kizele Coal Basin – new, fresh, still smells paint. The exposition tells about the house of Shakhtar so clearly that it is boring here well, it can not be. Armored phone… Strange rubber boots… Drawings drawn right on the wall of coal… Do you know, for example, that stone coal is used in medicine, construction, chemical, lightweight, perfumery industry, produce more than 400 products from it?