From where a caste appeared in India?

Social bundle is characteristic of many countries, but only in India, the caste form a system covering all Indians. Belong to a particular caste – it means to have differences in traditional classes, rites, language features. And most importantly is a hierarchy that limits communication with other similar groups. For example, the possibility of marriage conclusion outside the group is excluded.

Theatrical troupe in the robes of representatives of different castes. Bombay, middle of the XIX century

There are several theories explaining the occurrence of caste.

In the ancient sacred books Everything is explained by the legend, according to which Varna was created by the Body from the Body of First River Purusha: Brahmins – from His mouth, Ksatriya – from the hands, Vaishi – from the hips, shudra – from the feet. Members of different Varna, and in the future – Different Jati ("Caste" on Sanskrit) entered into mixed marriages, from here – Custom manifold. As a result, an idea of ​​the fact that different castes have different degrees of ritual purity. Consequently, someone from someone can take water and food, and someone – no, with someone it is necessary to limit communication, finally, to some it is impossible to touch or allow you to touch you. (Previously, "My Planet" talked about how the Indian maid lives from the caste.)

Scientific version suggests, That Indo-European in the language of the tribes is already on its ancestors, in the Black Sea and Caspian Steppes, had a social division: priests (magicians), warriors and farmers. He was brought to the occupied territory of modern Iran and South Asia.

In Iran, such social groups were called "Pishtra", and in India – "Varna". Both the term mean "color". So Indian Varna and became associated with color: Brahmins (priests) – with white, Kshatriya (warriors) – with red, Vaishi (commoner) – with yellow. The fourth Varna – Shudra appeared, whose share, if judged by the Holy Books, was to serve three more "clean" varnarms. They were assigned black.

True, four Varna are not traced everywhere. So, in South India, there are practically no kshatriev, and the caste of merchants occupy the social situation below the welllals, which are counted for the shudras. In the state of Maharashtra, a two-welded system was installed: Brahmans and Shudras, as well as untouchables.

Misconception is widespread, that the caste appeared as a result of the fragmentation of the initial Varna. However, Varna and Caste – the concept of different levels. The first – the generation of primitive mythology, the second – real social groups. Varna Brahmanov and Kshatriyev did not rush into the caste, but developed from various communities (brahmanas – from priests, kshatriya – from militant). And the third Varna – Vish, or Visia, – was understood in antiquity as the main part of the tribesmen. They were prescribed to engage in agriculture, cattle breeding and trade. However, from the Middle Ages, Vaisya is considered only merchants and realmists. Finally, in antiquity, a layer of people in different degrees of subordination were created. The work of the agriculture and cattle worker began to be considered as a ritual pollutant, and people who work in other people’s farms belonged to the shudras.

From where a caste appeared in India

The work of the agriculture and cattle model began to be treated as a ritual pollutant.

It is also considered to be, that the caste system has strengthened the British. The division on the estate was to them, and the daughter of Brahman could not marry the vision, but in Russia, the merchant daughter would not come out for the fortress. During the colonization of India in the XIX century, the British decided to conduct a census of the population and weaned the caste.

Undoubtedly one: The caster system originated and developed as the execution of a public division of labor. However, economic factors, its appearance still not explain. Many castes do not differ from each other in the main occupation or specialty. And some, mentioned in ancient books, no specialty is prescribed.

The rules of communication between the caustes are very contradictory and are not always respected. "Theoretical" reinforcement of prohibitions is the doctrine of ritual purity. Based on it, scientists have tried to build a logically reasonable system of caste, But so far it failed to anyone. Especially since the rigidity of the caste system is one of the myths enveloping India. The castes are divided, merge, increase their status, capturing power in some terrain, decree, by imitating the lifestyle of high castes or other methods.

Currently, in conditions of democracy, the caste is not canceled and not prohibited, but discrimination condemns. Moreover, the prevention of untouchables in the temple or to a rustic well is a criminal offense. On the contrary, they are given privileges in the elections of deputies of all levels, in the employment of posts in the administration, upon admission to universities. And what will be Indian society across a hundred years, unknown.

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