Fruits in Turkey – Calendar and Prices
When the season for collecting peaches, apricots, oranges and other fruits occurs in Turkey? What Turkish fruits in the world are considered the best? What are the prices in the markets and in supermarkets? How fruits are called in Turkish? Read the answers below and watch the calendar.
Prices in this article are updated in June 2021. Just started the season of peaches, apricots, cherries and strawberries. Below in this article of the price of the new harvest of 2021. Unfortunately, prices rose, which is not surprising, because over the past six months, the Turkish currency fell by 20%. But first things first.
An important nuance
If you want to bring fruits from Turkey home, remember the constraints. Turks not against the export of fruit tourists in any quantities. But at the entrance to Russia there are restrictions. Read our article "What can not and can be exported from Turkey".
Calendar of harvesting fruits and berries in Turkey
|Peaches and nectarines||X||X||X||X|
|Cherry and cherry||X||X||X||X|
* – more popular by dried figs, which in Turkey is available all year round.
Why do you need to try and carry fruit?
It would seem that Turkish fruit is abundant on the shelves of Russian supermarkets. Russia is the main buyer of Turkish fruit. Why "lean" on fruit in Turkey? And even more so why bring them home?
The reasons are two – the first in quality, the second – in the price.
Cause 1. Taste and sweetness
For export to other countries, fruits are still immature. Manufacturers and sellers argue that fruits are successfully relying during transportation. We even pretend that they believe. But in fact, the taste is not at all.
For the domestic market, fruits are broken, they are clearly tastier and sweeter.
Cause 2. Prices below
Price difference big. For example, take a Turkish strawberry.
The average wholesale price of strawberries in Turkey in the summer of 2021 is about 8.5 Turkish lira per kilogram (1 dollar). In Turkish stores, this strawberry is sold at a price of 15-20 lire (2 dollars). In Russia, the same strawberries sell 500-700 rubles per kilogram (8 dollars).
Think that these numbers do not need comments. So everything is clear.
Well, if a good fruit is served at the hotel at the buffet, then it’s even better.
Obtained above and then we give prices in supermarkets. Prices in the markets in Turkey are usually even cheaper. However, if you buy fruit in stores in the resort areas, then prices can be 2-3 times higher.
All prices we bring in Turkish lies, as in supermarkets prices are exhibited in Turkish currency. Actual course, see our article "Money in Turkey".
The most popular fruit tourists
Apricots (Turkish: "Kay&# 305; s&# 305; "," Cayers ")
Collection season: Since the beginning of May to the end of August
Country Turkey – the global leader in the cultivation of apricots, total volume – 730,000 tons per year. Of these, about 200,000 tons go to export, and including the European Union and Oil Countries of the Middle East. Turkish apricots in the world are valued high.
Famous two varieties. The first is called "&# 350; EKERPARE KAY&# 305; s&# 305; " ("Sugar"). They are less than normal in size, sweeter and more expensive for 20-30%.
The second grade is called "&# 350; Ala&# 287;&# 305; " ("Shala"). Do not confuse the name with the word "Sala" ("Idiot")! This variety is coming from the region of YGDIR, which is in the east of the country, right on the border with Armenia. Such apricots of oval shape, slightly more ordinary in size, sweeter.
Of course, we recommend first trying to try these two varieties. Although the usual variety is much more common. The main "Hitter" of ordinary apricots in Turkey is the province of Malaty in the center of the country.
This year, the prices for apricots in Turkey are very high. Price – 10-15 Turkish lire per kilogram. For apricots grades &# 350; EKERPARE – from 20 lire per kilogram, for apricots from Ygdir – from 18 lir per kilogram. These prices are 2-3 times higher than last year. We hope that it is temporary and that soon prices will decrease.
Peaches (in Turkish: "&# 350; Eftali, "Sherthali")
Collection season: from early July to the end of October
Turks are very loved by peaches and nectarines, eat on average 7.5 kilograms per person per year. And grow a lot – 670,000 tons per year, they occupy the 7th place in the world of peach production.
However, in the world, Turkish peaches are not valued. Even in record 2018, the Turks managed to send only 128,000 tons to export. And the main buyer turned out to be Russia. In other countries, the Turks supply peaches are difficult due to the huge competition from Italy, Spain and Greece. Turks can not "enter" to the markets of the European Union, even with a lower price.
The best peaches in Turkey are grown in the Bursa region that on the seaside of the Marmara. Now Turkey is trying to get the protection of the origin of the GI for the peaches "bursa &# 350; eftali ». These peaches are recommended to try first.
The first peaches appear on the counters in June. But there is no meaning to buy them. These are the fruits of early grades that do not have time to gain sweetness and taste. Real tasty and sweet peaches appear only by mid August.
Price for fresh peaches in stores – 9-12 Turkish lira per kilogram, for nectarines – 10-15 lir per kilogram.
Grenades (in Turkish: "Nar", "NA")
Collection season: from early September to the end of February
Turks love grenades very much, consume 2.7 kilograms per person per year. Although it’s better to say that they love the taste of a grenade. Love juice and add pomegranate into dishes. For example, the pomestic taste of Turkish Lukuma is considered one of the best.
Turks consider pomegranate ultra-healthy health. And this is true, it is useful for the intestines and the heart, is the most powerful antioxidant.
In Turkey, 400,000 tons of pomegranates are grown per year, the Turks are considered the second in the world after Iran. More than half of the pomegranates are grown in the province of Mersin, which is in the south-east of the country.
Turkish grenades are valued all over the world, exported to Western Europe, the Middle East oil countries, Hong Kong, Singapore and other rich countries in Asia. Do not miss the chance to try and bring home.
Pomegranate is of great importance in Turkish culture. For example, in the New Year, it is customary to throw the fruit to the entrance door, and the more seeds fall out, the simpler will be the year. We told a lot about the festive traditions in the article "Holidays in Turkey".
Pomegranate is one of the symbols of Istanbul. Durable grenade leather symbolizes the unity of the city, and the seeds are many people who live in Istanbul.
Price 6-10 lir per kilogram. Pomegranate juice – 8-10 lire per liter.
Figs (in Turkish: «Incir», «indzhir")
gather Season: from early July to late September
Figs (figs) – a Turkish number one fruit. The Turks are grown in the year 305 000 tons of figs, one-third of the global volume, and of course the 1st place in the world. On the international market, they occupy 51%.
But pure Turkish figs eat little. Much more popular: Dried, preserves and jams. Most of the crop comes immediately or for drying or for processing. Turkey produces 70% of the global volume of dried figs, occupies 75% of the world market.
Naturally, Turkish figs is considered the best in the world. Dried figs conveniently bring home, its shelf life – up to a year. The main area of growing figs in Turkey – İzmir.
In Turkey, the most common two varieties. The first is called «Kahverengi» ( «Turkish Brown"). In color it is not brown, but rather purple. Second grade called «adriyatik», these fruits are green and yellow colors.
Fresh figs are available in stores in July, August and September. Dried available almost all year round. why almost? The point here is that they end. Figs very popular during Ramadan, and it happens that the entire crop eat. Then nothing can be done, you need to wait for the next harvest. Ramadan Timetable, see our article "Ramadan in Turkey".
Price for fresh – from 15 liras per kilo, depending on the variety. Price per Dried – 60-100 liras per kilo. In the season 2020 figs in Turkey rose sharply in the first place because of crop failure due to bad weather. What will happen to prices in the new season collection, which is about to begin? Probably prices will rise even more.
Strawberries (in Turkish "&# 199; ilek »,« Çilek ")
Harvesting season: the whole year
Many readers will wonder: "How is it possible to collect the strawberries all year round?". In reality, there is nothing surprising. In Turkey, the strawberries are grown in all regions, and each region its season. In addition, in the Mediterranean region are grown in greenhouses and crop there all year.
Turkey 5th in the world for the harvest of strawberries – 415 000 tonnes per year. But almost all the strawberries they consume and recycle themselves. A total of 20 thousand tons were exported in 2018. The main buyers of Turkish strawberries – Russia and Romania.
Western European markets have not yet been pleased to Turkish strawberries, despite lower prices than the Spanish. What’s the catch? It is hard to say. Yet problems with the quality of strawberries from Turkey were not.
The main producer of strawberries in Turkey – Aydin is a province on the Aegean coast. The Russians, the province is better known not strawberries and magnificent resort of Kusadasi and Didim.
Year-round season does not mean that the strawberries in Turkey lies on the shelves all year round. In some months, a lot of strawberries, it is cheap. In some months only strawberries from the greenhouses, it is expensive, its not enough. Below are the prices in the harvest season on open ground – April, May, June, when prices are low.
Price – 15-20 lire per kilogram. In the off-season greenhouse strawberries worth 30-50 lire per kilogram.
Cherries (in Turkish: «Vi&# 351; ne »,« cherry »and« Kiraz »,« Kiraz »)
gather Season: from early May to late August
Now cherries and cherries are grown in all regions of Turkey, the whole of the country, there are 24 different varieties. Acidic varieties are called «vi&# 351; ne », sweet varieties are called« kiraz ».
Turkey – is a 1st world producer of cherries, volume – 600 thousand tons per year. And the third in the world producer of cherries – 192 000 tonnes per year.
Turkish cherries and cherries are exported to 52 countries. Most of the crop is exported. Turkish cherries carry even in the US – the second in terms of volume manufacturer. The Turks have a great advantage in price, and American farmers demand that their government subsidies or protective measures. At the time of updating this article (June 2021), no action had been taken so far.
The most common variety in Turkey – "Napoleon". This late-ripening varieties. Therefore, in May, still not expect an abundance of cherries and cherries in the stores and markets. Indeed many will be only from mid-July. It is very interesting to try white cherries, but find it difficult in the resorts, it is grown a little and only in Konya province in the central part of the country.
Turkey – the birthplace of cherries. And most of the farms are grown its old-fashioned way – traditional varieties, without chemical fertilizers in gardens with rare tree planting.
Price – 12-15 lira per kilogram of cherries, 8-10 lire per kilogram of cherries.
Grapes (Turkish: "&# 220; z&# 252; m »,« yuzyum ")
gather Season: from early June to late November
In Turkey, grow 4 million tons of grapes per year, they are 6th in the world. Turks like grapes in any form – fresh, juice, raisins or pekmez. Despite the Islamic taboos in Turkey produce wine and the local grape vodka "crayfish". Of grapes prepare traditional sweets "dzhevizli sudzhuk", which we described in the article "Sweets in Turkey".
The main grape variety in Turkey called «Sultaniye», is a local white variety. He still is used as a table, and for wine, raisins and dried on. Home granary grapes in Turkey – a region around the town of Sarıgöl Manisa province that east of Izmir. It is a local grape gives the Turks more than half of the export of money.
And the main buyer of Turkish grapes is Russia. In 2020, the Turks sent for export of grapes on 120 million dollars, of which 67 million bought Russian. Markets in Western Europe until the Turkish grapes are closed, as is too great competition from Greece, Spain, Italy, France. Even super-low prices are not helping the Turks.
Besides Sultaniye, Turkey circulated grades, "Thomson", "superior", "Yalova", "Emir", "Narine", "ykyuzgozyu", "kaledzhyk Karasu", "adakasari". All of them are great in taste and appearance. Most of the cultivated in Turkey seedless grapes.
Turkish "seedless" sounds like "&# 231; ekirdeksiz »(« chekirdeksiz ").
How many readers have noticed, very long season grapes – all summer and all fall. In Turkey grow more than 100 varieties, each variety its moment of maturation, hence the very long season. However, the experience, until August of grapes on the shelves may not be. Indeed a lot of grapes appear only in September.
Price – from 5 to 15 lire per kilogram, depending on the variety and quality.
Melons (in Turkish: «Karpuz», «Karpuzov» and «Kavun», «Kavun")
gather Season: from early May to late August
In Turkey, the season of melons moved to 2-3 weeks on our. We are sweet and tasty melons appear in August in Turkey they appear in July. Up to this point available watermelons ripening varieties, which are very expensive, but no taste, no flavor, no sweetness in them no.
Does it make sense to drive from Turkey watermelon or cantaloupe? Probably not. Until get home, we have to begin the season. Try on vacation highly recommended, especially melons. Prices for melons in Turkey several times lower.
Turkey – is the world’s second producer of watermelons, volume – 4 million tons per year. A main area – everyone knows Antalya, where they grow about 500 thousand tons.
Highly recommended to try the «K Turkish melon varieties&# 305; rka&# 287; A&# 231; " ( "Kyrkach"). They fascinate already look – bright texture with gray spots and a little pear-shaped. They taste very interesting.
An interesting point that in supermarkets and shops melons are not always sold by weight. It often happens that sell by the piece. Seller declares the weight of the fruit, such as 3-5 kilograms, and announces the price, for example, 4.5 lira. You are free to take the watermelon, which is more like, or which is the biggest, always pay a fixed price – 4.5 lira.
Prices of watermelons – 1.5-3 lira per kilogram, melons – 2-5 lire per kilogram.
Oranges (in Turkish: «Portakal», «portakal")
collection season: from the beginning of October to end of February
In Turkey are grown hundreds of varieties of oranges. Different varieties of different ripening time, so here’s a long season. There are even some varieties that ripen in March, April, May and June. The most common such class – "Valencia Late".
The most massive variety in Turkey called "navelina" These oranges ripen in October, November and December. The three most massive varieties ripen consistently – "Navnelina", "Washington", "Valencia". Externally, these oranges are similar, and the overwhelming majority of tourists do not see the difference.
The best in Turkey are oranges from the field of china, near the city and the resort of Kashe, near the resort Kemer. Sort "Washington" is grown here.
You may have noticed that the Turkish name "Portalkale" is consonant with the name of the country "Portugal". This is not an accident. Turks got oranges from Portuguese, and before Turkey, oranges called "Portuguese fruit".
In the cultivation of oranges, the Turks in the world are far from leaders. Production volume – 1.85 million tons, it is 10th place in the world.
Price – 3-6 Turkish lire per kilogram.
Oranges have a huge shelf life – up to 6 months. Therefore, de facto oranges in Turkey are available all year round.
Mandarins (Turkish: "Mandalina", "Mandalina")
Collection season: Since the beginning of October to the end of January
Do you know which country is the main buyer of Mandarins in the world? Russia! We annually buy Mandarins by $ 625 million. Turkey is the 3rd manufacturer of mandarins, volume – 1.34 million tons. We are made for each other.
Very famous in Turkey "Bodrum Mandarins", they are considered one of the best. They are grown in the vicinity of the city of Bitez, which is not far from the famous resort Bodrum. At the end of December, the large festival of Mandarins is arranged here.
Mandarins from Alanya, Antalya and Rize are very good. But most of all tangerines are grown in Mersin and Adana, these two regions produce 80% of the total volume of the country. However, Adana is more famous thanks to his kebab than mandarin.
The mandarin season is long, as different varieties are consistently ripen: Mikhovas, Add-Beni, Satsuma, Nova and Musottt.
Price in the markets and in stores – 5-8 Turkish lira per kilogram.
Tips for tourists
– buy fruit best in supermarkets – prices below, quality is usually good. Look for the nearest Migrosm or Carrefoursa;
– To better navigate in supermarkets, remember the word "fruit" in Turkish – "Meyve" ("Male"). If the fruit is dried, it is called "Kuru" ("Kuru"). We also led a lot of useful words in the article "Words of Turkish for Tourists";
– Under the word "Male", the Turks usually understand the berries – strawberries, raspberry, blueberries and others;
– in supermarkets and in the markets it is more convenient to pay to the lymers. Although dollars and euros are usually taken, but recalculate at a disadvantage. Read our article "Exchange currency in Turkey";
– about what else interesting can I buy in Turkey, read in our article "What to bring from Turkey";
– If you decide to try fruit before buying in the store or on the market, the possibility to wash them most likely will not be. We recommend stocking wet napkins, and better antiseptic. Read our article "How not to poison in Turkey".
Have a good holiday in Turkey, and read our useful tourists and interesting articles about this country (List of articles below).