The historical region in the north of Israel is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible. It is believed that the childhood of Jesus Christ was held here — That is why the visit to Galilee is a mandatory point of the program of any pilgrim tour.
In addition to the ruins of the biblical period, in the north of Israel, many religious attractions, pedestrian routes on nature reserves and well-kept beaches. And in recent years in Galilee is gaining popularity and agricultural tourism.
Galilee is located in the northern part of Israel. The region is limited by the state border with Lebanon in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the West, the Israel Valley in the south and the Valley of the Jordan River in the East.
Galilee is divided into the upper, lower and western. Natural attractions are concentrated in Upper Galilee, the sacred city of Safed and several picturesque villages. In Nizhnya — Concentrated biblical places, including lake Kinryet, and Western Galilee is located on the Mediterranean coast.
In the upper Galilee there is a mountain range of Meron, the highest point of which is the mountain. Its height is 1208 m, several more vertices reach 1000 — 1100 M. This is the rainy area of Israel — It is characterized by an excess of moisture, which leads to undesirable consequences.
Mountains of the Lower Galilee are significantly lower. The highest peaks — Kamon (598 m), Tavor (588 m), iodfat (548 m). Mountain chains are separated by fertile valleys.
Now Galilee — One of the main directions of eco-tourism in Israel.
Climate Galilee is heterogeneous — In this area, mountain, hills, sea coast and plots below sea level are concentrated. That is why the Galilee is characterized by substantial differences of the temperature and humidity characteristics of the air. Northern Galilee — The most rainy region of Israel: in the winter season, up to 1000 mm of precipitation can fall here, including in the form of snow.
Rainy season in Galilee ends in February, and in early April, a dry, warm weather is installed. The hottest months — August and September, but heat is easily transferred thanks to the relief features. The water temperature in the Mediterranean varies from +17°With up +31°With over a year. The minimum temperature, comfortable for bathing most people — +24°WITH.
In the first half of November, in the cities of Galilee, it becomes cool, but this time is great for long hiking.
In general, the climate of Galilee is characterized by moderation and softness compared with the center and south of the country.
Attractions in Galilee incredibly many — It will not be able to inspect. Those who are going to the north of Israel for the first time, it is necessary to see Acco, Nazareth, Tiberia and Safat. But if there is time, you can visit natural reserves, archaeological parks and small towns with a special atmosphere.
At the very border with Lebanon, the next “the eighth wonder of the world” — Carst Cave formed as a result of flushing rocks from a chalk cliff. Grots filled with bright turquoise sea water are an incredibly beautiful sight. The total length of the cave is about 200 m.
Once inside the cliff passed the tunnel, dug away by Alexander Macedonian to connect the Phoenician cities of Tir and Sidon with Palestine. Later on this road passed and cradled paths and troops. During the years of the British mandate, the highway was laid here and the customs point was established. In 1942, a railway connecting Palestine and Lebanon was laid through the rock. After the war of the independence of Israel, the tunnel was blown away in order to prevent the invasion of troops from Lebanon. Soon, Roche Has-Nicra’s grotto became a tourist object and were included in the reserve Sullam-Tsor.
In 1968, a 400 m long gallery was broken in the rock, which allows you to love unusual caves near. Visitors to the caves delivers the funicular — This cable car is the shortest in the world (just over 70 m) and one of the coolest.
Near the grotes are the ruins of the ancient Phoenician city and the border point between Israel and Lebanon, not working since 1948.
Tiberiaty Lake (Kineriet)
Kineriet (other names — Lake Tivselia, Galilee Sea) — Freshwater Lake, located in the east of the Upper Galilee. It serves as the main source of water for the country’s water supply system and, in addition, is an important tourist object.
More than 20 species of fish live in Lake, thanks to which there are many fish restaurants on its coast. In each restaurant, the fish is prepared according to a special recipe, so the rest on the shore of the lake will definitely enjoy lovers of gastronomic delights.
Both pilgrims and tourists-Christians are worth visiting churches and shrines on the West Bank of Lakes related to biblical plots.
For those who like to swim and sunbathe, on the coast of the Galilean Sea there are several paid plates of beaches with sun loungers, umbrellas and rescuers. There are wild beaches — For those who do not want to pay.
Wishing to strengthen health is worth going to the Hamay-Tiberia National Park, where hot springs are located. Their healing properties were still known to the Egyptians in the XIII century BC. NS.
And, of course, Kinryet will not leave indifferent lovers of history and architectural monuments of antiquity. On the shore is a rich attraction of Tiberia — One of the four sacred cities in the Jews. And near Tiberia, antique ruins are preserved.
On the shore of the Tiberiatic Lake (Kinerelet) there are ruins of the ancient city of Capernaham. He was repeatedly mentioned in the New Testament: Jesus Christ pronounced sermons here and found students.
At the beginning of the I century n. NS. Capernaum became the main Christian center of the region and remained in this status more than 600 years. However, in the VII century. NS. Kapernaum suffered the same fate as other cities of Palestine — He was captured and destroyed by the Arabs. Local residents left the city, and since then it was never restored. Only in the middle of the XIX century on the territory of the capernaum began the first excavations.
Now Capernaum refers to the system of National Parks of Israel. Visitors can see the ruins of residential buildings from Volcanic Basalt, Catholic Church and White Synagogues. Preserved the era of the Crusaders. In the eastern part of Capernaham there is a Greek Orthodox monastery of the beginning of the XX century — From here opens the most beautiful view of the lake. And next to the ruins of Capernahaum, where the Jordan River flows into Kinryet, another ancient city is located — Vifsaida. According to the legend, in this city the apostles Peter, Andrey and Philip.
A small settlement on the slope of Mount Knan was built by Romanian outputs at the turn of the XIX — XX centuries. Baron Rothschild, famous patron, invested its own funds in the development of a new settlement, and then in Rosh Pin there appeared tobacco and silk factory, winery, synagogue. Then several crises happened to the country, as a result of which the settlement has declined. Only after Israel gained independence, Rosh Pina began to flourish again. Pastoral town with stunning species chose artists and artisans. In addition to art, in Rosh Pine again began to develop winemaking, and soon — tourism.
Travelers love Rosh Pina for stunning views of the Hula Valley and Mount Hermon, tasty wine in cozy family taverns, galleries and shops with handmade products — All this resembles an old European village. There are several travel agencies in Rosh Pine, which offer unusual excursions around the town.
The ruins of the Scythopolis, one of the most important cities in Palestine during the times of Roman dominion, are located in the Valley of Harod near Beit Shean. In an archaeological park you can see the destroyed pagan temples, the Byzantine basil of the V century, the synagogue with the mosaic floor, the semicircular market square, their and the Roman theater, which accommodate 7000 spectators. Two central streets have been preserved colonnades; Many columns are crowned with the capitals of the Ionian and Corinthian order.
But the most remarkable object of the Archaeological Park — Public male toilet, where in ancient times, visitors led secular conversations and even concluded important transactions. Also on the territory of the complex are preserved the constructions of the Crusaders.
In the evenings in Skifopolis passes a unique light-sound show. Holograms, light effects and sound simulation allow the audience to see the ancient city during his heyday.
In some cities of Galilee, such as AKKO and Nazareth, a fairly high percentage of the Arab population, which is characterized by uncleanness and aggressiveness. Maybe so Arabs express their dislike for the Jews and the state of Israel, but tourists are not easier to tourists. To bright impressions of the exciting spirit of ancient structures and picturesque species were not spoiled, it is better to prepare in advance for unpleasant moments.
The Arab population of Israel does not mean the value of purity. Therefore, in the midst of the streets and even next to the monuments of architecture of international importance, you can see both piece garbage and whole permanent heaps. Often, vintage arched floors perform the function of free public toilets. In urban parks and on the beaches no less dirty.
Israel’s markets are no different from the markets of other countries of the Middle East. But, if the Jews sellers are only shouting loudly and waving their hands, it’s worth slowing down a step, their Arab colleagues can block the road, run to shout out dirty curses. If the tourist decides to stop and buy something, the salesman-Arab will try to deceive.
Insulting and persecution.
One of the favorite hobbies of Arab teenagers — Pursuit of tourists accompanied by insults. Sometimes adult men behave in a similar way, less often — women. In order not to attract attention, it is desirable to look like “Typical traveler” and do not attract attention expensive clock and jewelry. Women should not wear both short shorts and “kosher” Skirts below the knee. If you do not want to walk all day in the company of arrogant teenagers, you need to remove the backpack, turn around to them face and run on them, demonstrating the intention to hit. Ignoring is perceived by them as weakness and defenselessness.
Those who do not make a type of dirty streets and is afraid of annoying sellers, it is better to contact the services of guides and visit them only well-kept tourist places.
Those who do not want to move every day from the hotel to the hotel, but at the same time traveling to Israel by public transport, it is better to stay in Haifa: from here you can reach by bus or train to any city of Galilee. In addition, the city has developed a tourist infrastructure and many hotels in various price categories — from budget to very expensive.
It’s not too convenient to live in Acre: from the historic part of the city far enough to the railway station, and all the bus routes to other cities in Galilee are involved in a transfer in Haifa.
Tiberia — Ideal for those who want to spend a few days on Lake Kineriet and visit his sights.
Before many interesting places, Galilee can be reached from Nazareth. Since Nazaret — Arab city, accommodation and meals here are a bit cheaper than in Jewish cities, and most of the establishments work in Shabbat. You can also find relatively inexpensive apartments on AirbnB in small towns of the Northern District: Nof Ha Galile, Aful, Migdal Ha Emequa.
There are no attractions in these settlements, but scenic views of Galilean are opened from houses located on the hills.
It is also convenient to ride over the north of Israel, staying in one of the most ancient and beautiful cities of the country — Safat. However, public transport here goes much less.
Much more convenient to travel along Galilee on a rented car, because you can stay in any city like a city or even a village and do not depend on the bus timetables and trains.
The only way to get to Israel from Russia or other CIS countries — Fly to Ben Gurion International Airport . After passing passport control, you can immediately go to one of the cities of Galilee or Haifa on a rented car or public transport.
Make up the best route is most convenient on the official websites of Israeli carriers:
Israel Railways — trains;
Egged — Main bus company.
And within the cities, and between the neighborings, flights can make buses of other companies — To learn their schedule, the most convenient to use the Moovit app, which is in the smartphone of each Israelis.