Galle (Galle) – The port city on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka, located about 122 kilometers south of Colombo and 230 km south of Candy. Population — 99 478 people (2012).
The date of founding the city of historians do not know, it is known that he was mentioned in the ancient chronicles in the 6th century and was a prominent seaport, and before the first Europeans here, in 1505, was called Gimhathitha (Gimhathita). First, the port belonged to the Portuguese, and in 1640 he was captured by the Dutch.
Europeans (laid the Portuguese, and completed the Dutch) built here by 1663 a large granite fort Galle, which is now the main attractions of the city, and the largest surviving fortress created by the first European colonizers in Asia.
In 1796, Kandy was captured by the British, in which his role as the main seaport of Ceylon significantly fell. British colonialists preferred to develop a port in Colombo.
The city was pretty much suffered from the catastrophic tsunami on December 26, 2004, during which several thousand of its inhabitants died, including tourists, and all coastal areas were badly damaged. However, now Galle has already been restored and is one of the main tourist centers of the south of the country, as well as an important industrial center of the island.
Approximately 5.5 kilometers southeast of Fort Galle is located the famous Beach of Unawatun, called in honor of the nearby village of Unawatuna.
This is right this is one of the most beautiful beaches of the island – To the Tsunami of 2004, he even entered various dozens of best beaches of the world by the versions of some popular magazines. It is also one of the safest places for swimming, because it is protected by a number of coral reefs.
From time to time, sea turtles are even selected to the beach of Unawatun to postpone their eggs in the nest. True, every year they are less and less, since tourists are more and more. With the number of tourists, the number of hotels, guest houses and restaurants, stretched by a strip along the entire coast in the area.
In general, if you are in Galle, we advise you to visit this place, because here you can not only sunbathe and swim in the calm sea, but also do diving and fishing. And gentle shore, and the lack of big waves make the ideal place to relax with children.
Fort Galle (Galle Fort) – Located on the edge of the eponymous bay Galle and is a well-fortified city built by European invaders colonizers. In addition, it perfectly demonstrates the relationship between the architectural styles of Europe and the traditions of South Asia, thanks to which it is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The construction of the fort began in 1588 in the portuguese, and was completed by the Dutch after 80 years – by 1669. On its territory of 52 hectares, a full-fledged city was created with 14 protective bastions, streets, residential and administrative buildings, temples, lighthouse and prison.
Due to the powerful protective walls in 2004, Fort Halle extended a destructive tsunami, which was damaged by most of the coastal districts of an unprotected city.
And still, be careful with the local followers of Scherists who offer foreigners walking along the fort and around him for a certain fee, since local authorities no fee for visiting forts do not take, because this is a whole fortified city, with residential buildings, shops, offices and hotels.
From the attractions of the city, in addition to the famous Fort Galle, it is also worth noting the Cathedral of St. Mary, the Maritime Archaeological Museum, several Hindu and Buddhist temples, as well as inverting incubators, stretching on the beaches along the coast, in which they are engaged in the population of these disappearing marine animals.
Saint Mary Cathedral (ST. Mary’s Cathedral) – I was built by Jesuits at the end of the 19th century. Currently considered the main Catholic temple in the south of Sri Lanka. Is a little west of Galle Railway Station.
Japanese Pagoda Peace Pagoda – He is opposite Fort Galle, on the other side of the bay, on top of a small mountain, offering good forts on the fort and the coast of Galle. Was donated by Japanese Buddhists, in honor of which and received their name.
From Colombo to Galle, you can drive by train, bus, minibus or car. Railway runs along the coast, and is the most convenient view of transport for foreign tourists. Travel time by train – from 2.5 to 4 hours, depends on the type of train, the number of stops and traffic. The bus goes around 3 hours, taking into account the metropolitan traffic jams.
In Galle, buses depart from the bus station, located in the heart of the city, at the stadium for cricket. From here you can reach almost any resort of South and Western coasts Sri Lanka. There are both air-conditioned buses, so without them, of course, its presence affects the fare. For example, to take a bus without air conditioning from Galle to Colombo will cost 63 LKR, and with it – 130 LKR. On a minibus – about 270 LKR.
Tuk-Tuk from the center of Galle to the popular beach of Unawatuna Beach tourists will cost about 200-250 LKR.