Gefesta Temple in Athens
In the Greek capital, a huge number of ancient archaeological monuments, but there is a special, famous for the whole world among them. In our opinion, each tourist should see him, who comes to Athens. We are talking about the temple of Hephaest or, as it is also called, Hephaestion. His uniqueness is that it was built in the V century BC, but preserved to this day almost unchanged. Popular landmark is located on the territory of Ancient (Athens) Agora. In the ancient times of Agora was the city center and Athenian democracy. It was here that all important meetings were held, religious rituals, the market was gathered and sports contests were arranged. Therefore, there is nothing surprising in the fact that the most important and significant buildings for the ancient Greeks were built here, among them and the temple of Hephaesta, to whom we want to devote our today’s article.
Gefesta Temple in Athens
After the famous battle with payments (in 479 BC. NS.), Greeks swore never to restore our shrines destroyed by Persians during this invasion, and leave them in ruins, as an eternal reminder of the war. Instead, all the funds of the Athenians sent to restore their economy and strengthening international influence. When the pericles came to power, he developed a plan for the transformation of Athens into the center of Greek power and launched a grandiose construction.
The times of his rule, as a rule, call "pericles of the age". Many believe that his plans were too ambitious and did not have a chance of incarnation, but precisely thanks to this statesman, the stunning speaker, the philosopher and the commander in Athens appeared buildings that are striking their grandeur even our contemporaries.
Gefesta Temple on Agore
According to his order in 449 BCA began construction of the temple on Agora dedicated to God Fire and Volcanoes Hephasta (volcano). Strength stretched for long 30 years. The main reason for "long-term" was that two years later, the construction of the legendary Parfenon and a significant part of the workers began in Acropolis, was transferred to its construction. The construction went by urabs: Western Fris was completed between 445-440, and the east construction stretched as much as 430. The official opening of the temple took place only in 416-415 to our era.
Hephaestion in Athens
Hephaestion became the first Athenian temple fully made of marble. For construction, a marble was used, which was mined on Mount Pefodonont, from him, by the way, was built by Panfenon and Stadium Panathinaikos. The dimensions of an ancient peripteer are not as impressive, such as Olymponeon, but also affect tourists: length – more than 31 meters, and width – almost 14 meters, the roof of the sanctuary is supported by 34 columns.
Tesseon on agior
Unfortunately, the name of the architect, who designed this ancient structure, the story did not save. According to one of the versions, Hephestion was built by the Greek architectural alkamen, thereby attribute to the authorship of no less famous temple of Poseidon at Cape Sunion. But some serious evidence of this version does not exist.
Columns of the temple Hepesta
In written sources, it is often possible to meet the name Tesseon (Tision), moreover, there were controversies for quite a long time that the temple was devoted to the Teshe, and not the God of fire at all. As evidence of this version, the sculptural jewelry of Hephaesteon, which depicts the exploits of the legendary Greek king are depicted.
The version was also existed that the delicate of the Tereus was resting under the temple of Hepesta, but the excavations showed that there were no burials under the sanctuary or next to him, except for those that were taken at the beginning of the XIX century. Archaeologists were found an ancient sanctuary, but to whom it was dedicated to establish.
Feats of Tesseon depicted on the temple of Hephaest
Gefesta Temple in Athens in 1890-1895, Agora’s excavation has not yet begun
In the VII century, our era in the pagan church "settled" the Orthodox Church of St. George Akamas. In many ways, thanks to it, it was also possible to maintain this amazing architectural monument in his original form, because the columns, frontones, part of the roof – all this was preserved since the construction times, but the famous temple decorations for the centuries-old history were looted and lost. Ranuli in the fly and two bronze statues that certain chronicles mention in their writings.
Sometime inside the temple there were bronze statues
In the ancient times at the entrance to the temple in the depths of the hall, the visitor saw a pedestal from a dark marble, on which two bronze figures of volcanoes and Athens were towering. It is believed that the sculptures were fulfilled by the same alkmen.
The sculptures were not preserved to this day, but the records of Cyciron were left, which he wrote about the figure of Hephaesta: "We praise the volcano in Athens of the work of Alcmen, where God is represented and dressed; The chromotype of it is shown slightly and is not striking. ".
Gefesta Temple in Agore
The Orthodox Church was located in the walls of the temple dedicated to God Hephasta, until 1834. The last service was held on February 21, 1833, by order of the king of independent Greece Ocelon here it was decided to place the Central Archaeological Museum, which was in his walls until 1934.
Gefesta Temple – View from Acropolis
Unfortunately, to inspect the temple today you can only outside, pass inside is prohibited. Is it worth paying money for the entrance to Agora to see the temple of Hephaest? In our opinion, it is worth a visit to the Roman Agora, Olympone, the Adrian library can be neglected, then this ancient Greek temple built to our era should be seen, because nowhere else in the world has no similar architectural monuments that would have not changed in more than 2500 years.
Useful information about the temple of Hephaest
How to get: Gefesta Temple is located on the territory of the ancient (Athens) Agora and see it close to it, only if you have a ticket for its territory. Getting the most convenient from the metro Tissio or Monastiraki.
Ticket price for the temple of Hephaest
What is the price: Entrance ticket to Agora costs € 8 or you can use a single ticket that includes a visit to almost all the main archaeological monuments of Athens. If your finances are limited, then you can admire the temple of Hepesta from the observation deck in anaphiotic or the hill of Areopag.
This article was stolen from http: // poznamka.Ru.
When it works: The territory of the Athenian Agora works daily from 8 am to 15.00 (winter) and until 18:00 (in summer).