general information

Thailand is located in Southeast Asia on the Indochina Peninsula, washed by the waters of the Andaman Sea in the south-west and Siamese bay in the south-east. His eyes remind the head of the elephant and often the Thais themselves call Thailand "Elephant country", and the royal symbol is a white elephant.Total area area – 513 115 km2, which is approximately equal to the territory of France. Capital of Thailand – Bangkok (in Thai "Kroogy" -"City of Angels") is the largest city in the country. In 1995. Bangkok was 17th in the magnitude of Asia’s city with a population of about 7 million. human. The highest point of the country -Gor DOI inthanon 2559m above sea level is located in the north-west of the country, not far from g. Chang May. National parks and reserves are located across the country, which are about 70. On the coasts of the Andaman Sea in the south-west and Siamese bay in the east of the country, hundreds of clean sandy beaches

The neighbors of Thailand (moving clockwise from the north) are Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia and Myanmar (Burma). The ancient core of the future state has become settlements in the River Delta of the Chao-Prii. Local fertile land allows you to conduct intensive farming and largely cover the needs of the country in food. In the East, surrounded by low mountain ranges (700-1000 m), the mountain plateau of the coat, almost deprived of vegetation as a result of intensive cutting down of forests. In the West of the country, mountain range stretches (1500-2000 m), with impassable virgin forests serves as a kind of barrier between central regions and border with Burma. This ridge covers the northern part of the Malacca Peninsula, which caused the mountainous relief of the South Thailand. The southern coast of the country, with its countless bays and beaches, wash the waves of the two seas: the Andaman Sea of ​​the Indian Ocean in the West and South China, to which the Siamese bay belongs. Thailand is characterized by a tropical climate and three years of year. In the season of rains, ongoing from May to October, the south-oriental monsoons that bring rain rains are dominated throughout the country. Arid in winter, from November to February, the soft weather is installed here, and the daily temperature of the slightly inferior to the average annual. At night on the highlands of the Northern Thailand, the temperature drops almost to 0 c, and in Bangkok it is about 16 C. In the south of the country the temperature is significantly higher. In the heat season – from March to May, a strong heat and high humidity of the air is established, and there are practically no precipitation. In the eastern Peninsula, its special climate was formed, for which uniform rains are characterized during the entire year, and only in September there is a sharp increase in showers. Ideal time to stay in Thailand – Winter. Rains in this season almost never happen, and they do not interfere with long walking tour of the country. But in the season of heat from the scorching heat, even Thais themselves, and the Europeans are looking for salvation from him on the beaches. On O-Wah Phuket and Phui Pii rains go mainly in May-June, and on O-ve Samui – in October-November

Thailand’s river network. For rivers are characterized by sharp changes in water life during the year and high floods in the monsoon rainy season. Almost all rivers begin in the mountains of the northern regions and fall into the Siamese bay. Of particular importance in the life of the country has the Menam-Chao-Prya River, the longest and long-water river Thailand. Its length is 1200 km (shipping has for 400 km from the mouth). Together with her tributaries, she irrigates those areas where rice is grown. According to countless channels – clongs – water is removed from the river to rice fields. From May to October, in the period of rain, the entire lowland, in which Menam-Chao-Praya flows, filled with water. Other rivers: along the eastern and partially northeastern border of Thailand proceeds by the Mekong River. An important meaning of the Mekong River – Moon has an important meaning. Along the Western Border (partially) – Salouin River. The lard is insignificant; the largest – Kam (in the Mekong River system). In the life of Thai, water defines water: harvest depends on it; On the channels and rivers, the harvest is delivered to the city for sale; On narrow long boats – self-making – supported message between villages located on the banks of rivers and canals. Many villages are built on stilts over water. Many peasants live in large indoor boat mats, especially during long floods. After all, the river is not always the defender and the cormal. In the afternoon, it becomes cruel and merciless, as an evil dragon of folk fairy tales. In rivers and canals a lot of fish, and almost all peasants are engaged in fishing

Facts about the geography of Thailand:

Country Name – Kingdom of Thailand, Abbreviated Thailand

Location – Southeast Asia

Territory area – Total: 514,000 km2, from them Sea zone -2,230 km2

Domain – *.TH, commercial zone – *.co.TH, Non-Profit – *.Or.TH

Extreme Northern Point of Thailand – 20O 54 ‘Northern Latitude and 99O 86’. longitude.

Extreme South Point – 5O 68 ‘Northern Latitude and 101O 13’ Eastern Longitude.

Extreme Western Point of Thailand – 18O 38 ‘Northern Latitude and 97O 49’. longitude.

Extreme East Point – 16O 68 ‘Northern Latitude and 105O 67’ Eastern Longitude.

Area – 514,000 km2, approximately equal to France or Khanty-Mansi Autonomous. district

The highest mountains – Doi inthanon (2 595m), Doi Pha Ham Pok (2 297m), Doi Luang (2 195m), Doi Suthep (2 185m), DOI PHO CHO (2 024m)

The longest rivers – Mun (673km), Nan (672km), Ping (590km), YOM (555km), Pasak (513km), Chi (442km), Chao Phraya (365km)

Land boundaries – 4,863 km; Barma borders – 1,800 km, Cambodia – 803 km, Laos – 1,754 km, Malaysia – 504 km. Thailand monitors the only land path to Malaysia and Singapore

Natural disasters – drought due to impairment of groundwater balance in densely populated regions

Landscape – plain in the central part, the coat plateau in the northeast, the mountains in the north

Forests make up 26% of all land resources of the country

Natural Resources – Tin, Natural Gas, Tantalum, Wood, Lead, Fish, Fluoritis

Irrigated land – 44,000 km2

Coast Length – 3,219 km

Thailand is located in the zone of wet rainforest. About 65% of its area occupy a jungle. In the vegetation cover of Thailand, leafy tropical (monsoon) forests, in which teak and red trees, Sal, Bamboo and others grow. In the most wet areas, mainly in the mountains, on the raised outskirts of the coat plateau, on the cage of Kra and in the north-east of the seaside part, wet evergreen forests grow. Main breeds of these forests – dipterocarpats, hopes, ficuses, pandanas and various palm trees. In the seaside strip in the south, mangall vegetation is developed. On the plateau, the coat is widespread savanna and thickets of prickly trees and shrubs. On dry (led) slopes of the mountains, pine-oak forests are growing in the zone 700-1700 m, in the upper zone of the mountains – evergreen shrubs. Many valuable wood breeds grow in the jungle. Residents of forest areas receive various resins from these trees, balms, gods, varnishes. Fruits of some forest plants (Monguban, Diaan, Banana) edible. Large economic importance are palm trees – coconut and sagovaya. On the slopes of the mountains of the northern district grows tac. Its height reaches 40 m, and the diameter of the trunk – 2 m. Tika wood is extremely durable, it is an excellent material for the construction of ships and port facilities

Almost all Thailand refers to the Indo-Malay zoogeographic area. In the forests and in bamboo thickets live a wide variety of animals: rhinos, elephants, tapir, tigers, leopards, wild cats, proteins. Especially many monkeys there. There are not only macaques, but also humans – Gibments. Antelopes, deer, wild buffaloes and wild bulls – Gaur and Bangong are found in Savannaps. Throughout the country, in the forests and fields, the mass of snakes, among them there are many poisonous, for example "Motley ribbons" and huge royal cobra. A variety of birds: Pheasants, Peacocks, Parrots, Rhino Bird, Herons, Siamese Red Cornskogo Crane. In rivers – crocodiles; A variety of fish types (mainly carp).

In the northern, wide part of Thailand, red soils of highly harvested savannes, brown-red soils of tropical dry leafy forests and mountain forests are red, and mining In the valleys of rivers – alluvial and meadow. In the southern part of Thailand (including a zone adjacent to the northern coast of the Siamese Gulf) – Lotheric opodrilative soils

There are now found confirmation that about 7 thousand in Thailand. years to N. NS. There were settlements. Settlers arrived in this region mainly from the north and west. The main classes of the ancient peoples of Southeast Asia were agriculture and cattle breeding, achieved success and art and trade. The influence of ancient Thai culture is evidenced by the fact that the technology of metalworking the Chinese adopted precisely from Southeast Asia.

In Thailand, now many language groups are the most common of which: Thais, Laos, Malayse, Karen and Khmer. In large cities, pretty large communities of the Chinese, Bengaltsev and Faragov (general name for all residents of Thailand of European origin). The official language of the country is Thai, distributed Chinese and English. If you judge the signs, guidebooks and other secondary things, it consists of imprinting that the progression of knowledge of foreign languages ​​by Thais goes in such a sequence: English, Chinese, Japanese, German. It can be argued that everything is duplicated in Japanese in Paris, I will add from myself that Japan is the main partner of Thailand in trade, which is more likely to tourism.

In Thailand, the freedom of religion is fixed, but Buddhism was, there is and will obviously remain a leading religion in the country. Currently, the population of Thailand is about 70 million. A person who overwhelming majority (95%) confesses Buddhism, and Buddhism of the southern sample (Theravad Buddhism, the branch of the Mahayan Buddhism, common in the countries of Southeast Asia) Muslim (3%) and Christianity (about 1%) are common among national minorities that inhabit First of all, Bangkok and South of Thailand

Facts about the population of Thailand:

Population – 61.2 million. man (2000.)

Language – Thai, English, Chinese

Religion – Buddhists (southern direction) – 95%, Muslims – 3.8%, Christians – 0.5%, Hindus – 0.1%, others – 0.6%. In Thailand adhere to freedom of religion

Ethnic groups – Thais 75%, Chinese 14%, Malayers 3.5%, other: Peoples Shang, Mont, Khmer and Karen

The total population of the country is 60.7 million. human

Population growth – + 0.93% per year (199.)

Birth rate – 16.86 / per 1000 people (2000)

Mortality – 7.53 / per 1000 people (2000g)

Life expectancy – 68.6 years (2000)

Literacy – 93.8% of the total population

Age structure – up to 15 years: 24%; 15-64 years: 70%; 65 years old and older: 6%

Age of achievement of the age of age – 18 years

State and politics

In 1932. as a result of a bloodless revolution in Thailand has adopted the first constitution of the country, therefore Thailand is considered to be officially a constitutional monarchy. But the latest version of the same version of the basic law of Thailand said that the King ruled not by law, but by "on this wise tradition of our ancestors". Anyway, the head of state is the king, whose power is greatly limited by Parliament. The present King of Thailand – Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX, came to the throne in 1946.), And the most powerful man in the country – the Prime Minister, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. The supreme legislative body – bicameral parliament (National Assembly), which consists of the House of Representatives (500 members), who are elected for 4 years, and the Senate (200 people), whose members are appointed by the King for 6 years. The Prime Minister is elected from among the deputies of the House of Representatives. the country’s highest court – the Supreme Court and its chairman is appointed by the king. The country is divided into 76 provinces (tyangvat) . The nation’s capital – Bangkok. The largest city in the country: in the north – Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, in the south – Nakonsitamarat and Hat Yai.

Vooruzhnnye Forces consist of the Army, Air Force and Navy. The total number of 211 thousand. human. Supreme Commander – King, direct management vooruzhnnymi forces exercised by the National Council of Political and General Staff. Land forces (141 thousand. persons) are composed of armored division 1, 6 infantry divisions, including 4 tank battalion. Furthermore 3 regiment combat group 4 airborne battalion, 1 missiles Division ("Hawk"), 5 companies of army aviation and several separate specialized units and subunits. Armed: lgkih over 150 tanks, more than 300 armored personnel carriers, 400 artillery and anti-aircraft guns, 40 SAM units, about 90 lgkih samoltov, over 170 vertoltov and other military equipment. Air Force (43 thousand. person.) Have about 150 combat samoltov +100 vertoltov. Include squadrons: 1 – bomber fighters, 7 – to combat rebels, 1 – intelligence, 3-transport, 2-helfal, 1 – auxiliary aviation. There are 4 aerodrome battalion. Navy (28 thousand. man, including 8 thousand. Marines) have 3 frigates, 26 watchdogs, 3 rocket and 20 guard boats, 30 boats of coast guard, over 40 landing ships, 1 patrol squadron of basic aviation, 1 marine infantry brigade (3 infantry battalion, 1 Artillery Division). Basic VBMS – Bangkok and Sattahip. All military equipment and weapons are foreign (mainly American) production. Armed Forces are completed on the basis of the Law on Universal Military Means. Time of valid military service 2 years. In addition to the armed forces in Thailand are: Volunteer Defense Corps (52 thousand. man) and border police (14 thousand. Man, 54 helicopters).

Facts about politics, state and administrative device Thailand:

Political Parties – Thai National Party, Democratic Party, National Development Party, Liberal Democratic Party, Renewal Party, etc.

The form of the Board is a constitutional monarchy (since 1932.)

The current Prime Minister – Taxin

In the period 1932-1992. In Thailand, more than 20 public coups were committed

The Constitution is the current Constitution adopted in 1997.

State appearance – 1238. The date of the foundation of the first Thai state is considered, Thailand has never been a colony.

In the 70s, the civil war between the Communists and government troops was actually happening in the country, especially in the territory of Northeast Thailand

Administrative division – 76 provinces: Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Buriram, ChachoengSao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon ( Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai , Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phanganga, Phatchalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, SA Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, SAMUT SAKHON, SAMUT SONGHRAM, SARA BURI, SATUN, SING BURI, SISAKET, SONGKHLA, SUKHOTHAI, SUPHAN BURI, SURAT THANI, SURIN, TAK, TRANG, TRAT, UBON RATCHATHANI, UDON THANI, UTHAI THANI, UTTARADIT , Yala, Yasothon

Territorial disputes – some sections of the border with Cambodia and Laos are undefined, the border with the Burma is definitely determined

Divisions – Royal Army, Royal Naval Forces, Royal Air Force

Cravale age – 18 years

Army – 580, 000 people (1999)

Army costs – 2.0 billion. USD / 1.3% of GDP

Thailand is rightly considered "Dragon Asia" The second wave is on a par with Macau, Indonesia, Phillipins and Malaysia. The turbulent economic development of these countries began against the background of economic growth of their economic partners (Japan, USA and DR.) and still strongly depends on the state of the economy in these countries. When in the mid-90s, East Asia experienced the strongest economic crisis, no country was left away from him. In Thailand, the result was a change of economic growth by an average of 9% per year on a stagnation in 1997. and fall 1998-1999. The Thai government refused to hold the course of the national currency, as a result, it devalued almost twice. Economic stabilization in the present allows Thailand to continue economic growth and hope for the future

Features of the formation of the economy

At 19 B. Intected penetration into Thailand colonial powers (England, USA, France), and later and other capitalist states imposed the country’s capitulation regime. Being at the junction of the colonial possessions of England and France in Southeast Asia, Thailand was able to preserve political independence. In the development of the economy of Thailand, a number of features were marked. Compared to other countries of this area, which fell into colonial dependence, Thailand was a lesser extent to the object of imperialist exploitation, which left the opportunity for the country’s economic development. However, by the end of 19 in. In the hands of foreign, mainly English, monopolies were the most important industries, including the production of tin and tungsten, the preparation of teak tree, banking. On the eve of the 2nd World War, England monitored up to 70% of foreign investment and the same share of Thailand’s foreign trade. In fact, Thailand was turned into a half-colony. In the period between global warriors in the Thai village, the process of detonation of the peasantry was deepened. On the eve of the 2nd World War II among the ruling circles of Thailand, the positions of supporters of a prognosponian orientation strengthened; Thailand took part in the war on the side of Japan. Taking advantage of this, England after the end of the war tried to achieve monopolized rights in this country. However, England failed to fulfill its plans due to the expansion of the United States, which in 1950 imposed Thailand inequal agreements on military assistance and economic "Cooperation". And in 1954, the country was drawn into the SEATO bloc, participation in which required large military expenses from Thailand (about 60% of the budget). It put Thailand into strong economic and political dependence on the United States. Already by 1962. Thailand’s public debt reached 12 billion. BAT and constantly grow. Now the country’s foreign debt is about $ 90 billion., But this amount tends to reduce.

Central Thailand (about 35% of the territory) is an extensive low-lying valley of the Menam-Chao-Praya River with an abundant amount of precipitation and fertile apparent soils. Here is the main center for the production and export of rice – "Rice Bowl" Thailand. Corn, fruits and vegetables are also cultivated. The most important industries: rio-optic, sawmill, textile, cement, paper, pottery. Cities: Bangkok (Capital), Tonburi, Ayutia.

Northeast (32% of the territory) covers predominantly coat plate, a dry area with small and uneven precipitation. The main occupation of the population is agriculture, mainly on fertile soils of the plain sites (Bogar Riga, Corn, Jute, Cotton, Castor Seed), as well as animal husbandry (buffalo and other cattle – 53% of the country, pig breeding). Developed craft production of yarn, lacquered and carved wooden products. Main cities: Fed-Rachacima (Korat), Ubon, Udantani, Conpen.

North (19% of the territory) – the mountainous area covered with the forest with the amount of precipitation to 2000 mm. Country-overlapping agriculture system (rice, legumes, corn, opium poppy), the basis of the development of teak. There are oil deposits, combustible shale, lignites. Developed handicraft, textile production (slave and cotton fabric), silver carving. Main cities: Chang May, Chang Paradise, Lampang.

South (14% of the territory) dates almost all products of tin, tungsten, lead in Thailand. In agriculture, rubber production prevails (90% of Thailand’s total). In the coastal part, fisheries play a big role, including sea fishing. Main cities: UplinammatMarat, Sonkla

Although speaking of Thailand always need to make a discount on the tropics. Thais themselves – extremely lazy people due to climate of terrain, where they live. If you look at the world map, it is easy to see that the adding majority of developed countries are located in a temperate belt. In a moderate belt, the change of seasons makes it becomes moving, eager for a housing for at least make reserves for the winter. And in the tropics, all year round is hot and the wet climate, that neither the system rotates everything, the reserves of food do – yes, there are always fruit and rice yields can be shot three times a year. Until recently, in Thailand, there is a simple economic policy – international organizations lend Thailand, and Thailand credits Western companies, buying their goods.

To speak as an economy affects travel – it is very simple: I had a chance to visit Thailand in "gold" period (difficult to evaluate it is definitely, therefore the quotes), which probably will not happen again. Thai government released Batt in free swimming in mid-1997. And he depreciated twice. Our Russian held to a complete default in August 1998. Consider during this period on cross-courses it is possible to calculate that the cost of shopping, food and a lot of things have fallen twice for Russian tourists. True flights and hotels, the cost of which is considered in dollars, rather even went up (the ruble rate for the same period fell 6p / $ to 7 rubles./ $, but still an awesome to Thailand was much cheaper than ever. So if the Thai Butt falls in relation to the dollar it seems to be good, but as they say there is no smoke without fire – Thai Batt is focused on the yen and the Nikkei index, and the falling Nikkei does not carry anything good. Whether our government will be artificially to hold back the ruble exchange rate in universal fall – unlikely.

Fiscal year – October 1 – September 30

Major Export Points – Industry Products (especially – Computer Equipment), Agricultural Products (Figs)

Export volume- $ 58.5 billion. (1999)

Main partners in exports – USA (22.3%), Japan (13.7%), Singapore (8.6%), Gong Kong (5.1%), Netherlands (4.0%), United Kingdom (4, 0%), Malaysia (3.2%), China (3.2%), Taiwan (3.2%)

Major import items – Production, raw materials, consumption products, fuel

Export volume – $ 45 billion. (1999)

Main Import Partners – Japan (23.6%), USA (14%), Singapore (5.5%), Taiwan (5.2%), Malaysia (5.1%), Germany (4.2%) , China (4.2%), South Korea (3.5%), Oman (2.6%)

Population Behind Poverty – 12.5% ​​(1998)

External debt – $ 80 billion (1999)

Budget – $ 20 billion. Revenues / $ 23 billion. expenses (98/99 fiscal year)

Help on the line of surgraft organizations – $ 1.7 billion (1995)

Fielded population – 32.6 million, man (1997)

Main sources of income – tourism, light industry, agriculture, Tobacco, cement, jewelry, computers and components, furniture, tin mining

Employment of the population – agriculture (54%), industry (15%), services, including government (31%)

Main products S-X – Rice, Tapioca, Rubber, Corn, Sugar Cane, Coconut, Soy

Inflation – 2.4% (1998)

Internal gross product – $ 388.7 billion (1999)

ON WFP per person – $ 6.4 thousand. (1999)

GDP growth – + 4% (1999)

Investment growth – + 12.6% (1999)

GDP Structure – Agriculture (12%), Industry (39%), Services (49%).

Electricity – 85 billion. kW / h (1999)

Thai Bata

Thai Bata

Currency Thailand – Thai Bat (THB).

General information

It should be noted that in the past time, Thai Bat fell in relation to almost all Asian currencies presented here, but on the contrary, it rose in relation to currencies included in the euro area.

PS. The difference in the course of reproduction between various banknotes of the US dollar shows that it is better to take with it. The difference in the course is 0.87 baht, i.e. with hundreds of dollars changed by one-dollar bills (science fiction, but still) you lose about 100 baht (

$ 2.5). Currency Code Currency Purchase Sale

USD bills $ 1 44.27 45.62

USD bills $ 5-20 44.65 45.66

USD bills $ 50-100 45.11 45.71

EUR Euro 39.61 * 40.27 *

GBP English Pound 63.54 65.37

DEM Doychmarka 20.02 20.68

CHF Swiss Frank 25.53 26.23

JPY Japanese yen (100 yen) 35.97 37.05

AUD Australian Dollar 23.20 24.19

ATS Austrian Shilling 2.73 2.94

BHD Bahrainsky Dinar 90.5 130.0

BEF Belgian Frank 0.94 1.03

BND Brunical Dollar 23.7 25.17

HKD Dollar Hong Kong 5.71 5.88

DKK Danish Crown 5.10 5.42

IDR Indonesian rupee (1000 rupees) 2.4 5.4

ESP Spanish Pesting 0.19 0.thirty

ITL Italian Lira (100 LIR) 17.7 22.nine

CAD Canadian Dollar 28.77 29.59

Qar Rial Qatar 9.55 13.48

CNY Chinese yuan 4.37 5.72

KRW Korean Won (100 Won) 2.8 3.eight

NLG Netherlands Gulden 17.63 18.thirty

NZD New Zealand Dollar 18.47 19.75

NOK Norwegian Crown 4.75 5.08

AED Dirham UAE 9.85 12.83

OMR Oman Rial 88.1 127.85

Sar Rial Saudi Arabia 9.45 13.09

SGD Singapore Dollar 24.68 25.24

TWD Taiwanese Dollar 1.05 1.43

FIM Finnish Brand 5.8 7.0

FRF French franc 5.94 6.17

SEK Swedish Crown 4.25 4.48

* – While the euro is not in cash, therefore the course of Bata to the euro – the purchase rate / sale of road checks

Monarchy in Thailand

Thai monarchy takes its beginning in 1238., The basis of the founding of the Thai kingdom in the city of Suktay and the coronation of the first Thai king. The first Thai king, however, was in his time a small prince and the vassal of the Khmer empire, and to strengthen his authority, he was still married to Khmer Princess. In the future, several dynasties have changed in Thailand, some cities rose, others went into oblivion. The ruling chakry dynasty appeared in 1782., When after defeating Ayuttayia Burmesers, the country plunged into the dark years. Thai general, subsequently the founder’s king of the Rama dynasty I was able to defeat the Burma and displace their troops outside the country. The state was revived, the capital was transferred to Bangkok . The current king of the country of Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej, the full name with the title – Phrabaatsomdet BoramintaramahaphumiPhonadunyadet) is the ninth king of the chakry dynasty. He was born in 1927. In the US, where his father studied medicine at Harvard University, and was educated in Bangkok and Switzerland. Thailand is often defined as a constitutional monarchy, but it is not quite so. In the Constitution of Thailand, it is written that the king rises to the throne not by law, but "According to the respected tradition" and not exposed to any kind of sentences. His Royal Majesty climbed the throne in 1946. After the premature death of his brother, who rules just a year. In 1996. Thailand celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Rama Rama IX. The king speaks free in English, French, German and naturally Thai languages, also writes jazz music and plays saxophone.

According to the law, or according to tradition, most of the simple Thays perceive the king as something type of demigod; Monarchy along with religion and national unity is very high in Thai society. Negative reviews about the Thai king as condemned by society, and persecuted by law. Punishment for insulting the personality of the king and the members of the royal family – 7 years in prison, so all guidebooks about the monarchy are recommended to respond or respectful or in any way.

While the criticism of the government and even culture (but not Buddhism) is allowed, it is considered a strong definition of the nation and monarchy not to get up with the sounds of a national or royal anthem. On radio and television, the national anthem is transmitted at 8:00 and 18:00 hours, in villages and small towns, the anthem sounds from loudspeakers on the streets. At this time, Thais postpone all their cases to stand to listen to the anthem (except Bangkok and Pattaya and other purely tourist cities). The royal anthem (by the way the Thailand works in the current king, who besides the musician and the musician) is performed only in movie theaters before the films; The whole audience should listen to the royal anthem from the beginning and to the end standing.

The current King of Thailand – Rama IX

King’s wife – daughter Ambassador of Thailand in France, the king got acquainted with her during his stay in Paris

Rama IX rules the country most of all years than any other monarch in the world among living, besides his board (1946+) the longest in Thai history

The inheritance system of the throne in Thailand allows women to edit; If the only son of the current king after the death of the latter refuses the throne, then he will rule his sister. (Now by the way to this and goes)

The most respected King of Thailand in his entire history – Rama V Chulongkorn

The greatest military power Thai state had Ramkhamhaeng to the Board, in the XIII century

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