Genius Places: Chelyabinsk Region
Atmospheric beauty Park Zyuratkul, Lace Castle casting, filigree patterns of Zlatoust gunsmiths – this is all Chelyabinsk region. And Chelyabinsk – Bridge from the Urals to Siberia. Traveling together with the project "My Planet" TV channel "Genius Places".
Chelyabinsk Paris and Nagyabaki
To see Paris, you don’t have to fly to Europe. We have everything: and Paris, and Eiffel Tower. True, Paris is here – the village, and the tower is six times less than French. In Chelyabinsk Paris (emphasis on the last syllable) in fact, Nagaibaki live – immigrants from Nagai Horde, baptized Tatars. They are now around 9,500 people throughout the country, and most lives in the Chelyabinsk region. For details we go to the local museum.
It turns out that Paris earlier simply post No. 4. Similarly, the German Kassel, Ostrain from Poland and French Fersampenauaz. Here is such a little Chelyabinsk Europe.
Park Zyuratkul: Mountains and Moose
The main natural sights of the region – Ilmensky State Reserve, as well as National Natural Parks Taganay and Zyuratkul.
Zyuratkul National Park – the most high-altitude in the Chelyabinsk region. Residents of the region enjoys well-deserved popularity. Because far from the city and among the pristine nature. There is always something to take yourself. Run on skis. Or ride on sledding or brass. Even just walk in the fresh air. And cozy houses, wood smells.
Lake Zyuratkul, in honor of which the park and named, is the most high mountain lake of the Urals, translated from Bashkir means "heart-lake". The development of this territory began very long ago. Primitive people appeared on the shores of Zyuratkul in Late Paleolitis, that is, about 12,000 years ago. On the shores of this lake open 14 parking people of the Stone Age.
The name was not attempting. The lake is as if in the cradle, surrounded by mountains that make up Zenig Ridge: Mount Zyuratkul, Ridge Moskal, Mount Lukash and the highest point of the Chelyabinsk region – Mount Nurgush (1406 m). Just 500 m lower than the highest point of the Urals – Mount People (1895 m).
The local mountains are covered with dense taiga forests and from afar seem blue. Therefore, the people nicknamed these places by Sinegore.
And we have changed the modern snowmobile on the old good Soviet "Buran" and overcame another 70 km along the snow-covered park. The next stop, and here among the trees I was waiting for a surprise – a huge ice mountain-icicle!
Losich Darnah lives in a special aviary in the park. By the way, about loses. On the territory of the park seven years ago, a geoglyph in the shape of moose. Geoglyphs are called geometric images from 4 m applied to Earth, well, and our elk is a giant area of 218 at 195 m! Presumably his age – 8000 years.
The whole part of the Chelyabinsk region, which is located on the Western slopes of the Southern Urals, is the so-called mining area, the historic part of the region. It was from here that the development and formation of the future Chelyabinsk region began. It is here at the beginning of the XVIII century in the midst of the mountains there were the first fortresses of the plants of this region, one of which became Zlatoust – the city of gunsmiths. In addition to him, the Mining Zone is a city of Satka, Katav-Ivanovsk, Bakal, Sim, Ust-Katav, Yuryuzan, Miass, Kusa, Minyar, Asha, Chebarkul and three-thorny.
It is not difficult to guess that they called the city in honor of St. John of Zlatoust, but why it is in honor of him – unknown. It is believed that this saint especially revered in the family of the founders of the local Mosolovye brothers, but it is just an opinion.
The city was founded in the distant 1754 as a ferrous plant, one of many in the Urals. And in 1815, a weapon factory has earned here – the first in the country for the production of cold weapons. For one and a half centuries, she was the main enterprise that supplied our army and fleet. Now the factory is no longer working, but the building has been preserved, there is arsenal here, and the local history museum.
The pride of the latter – the hall, where the works of the great master Ivan Bushueva are exhibited. He is considered the father of the famous Zlatoust engraving on steel, which was decorated with weapons and which the whole world knows. The winged horse is a squire of Zeus – from one of the wizards of the master after years he became a symbol of Zlatoust and even decorated his coat of arms.
You can see in the museum and the front door with the filigree patterns, and the most that the factory for the army and the fleet supplied.
With the production of cold weapons, you can get acquainted in the Armory Sloboda. Blacksmith courtyard is equipped with a modern weapon enterprise, which is also curious to get.
It turned out, for the century nothing particularly changed: the same hammer, the same anvil, the same heating devices and the same blacksmith. Is that a little more changed equipment. Metal is now heated in special electric hinges – it is more convenient, you can set the desired temperature and the steel does not overheat, and the former horn on this was not capable. Blacksmith runs a pneumatic hammer, but an anvil is only to give final strokes.
High-quality knives and generally cold weapons – the pleasure is not cheap. The easiest knife in Zlatoust can be bought for a couple of thousand rubles. And already exclusive products are much more expensive – from 150,000 and up to 1 million. But to look into the store at the factory costs: prices here, what is called, from the manufacturer.
Castle: Casting Casting
Another city that glorified the Chelyabinsk region and our country – Casli. It was founded in 1747, as almost all cities in the Urals, with a ferrous plant. His difference is that it was at the Caslin Plant Master-Cleells who have learned to make the most real works of art from coarse cast iron.
The first place where all tourists go to Kaslights – the cemetery. Because the local cemetery is the object of cultural heritage of the Chelyabinsk region. More than 80 tombstones here have historical and cultural value
What associations arise with the word "cast iron"? Pig-iron skillet, and with her mother-in-law standing in hair curlers and it waves. Battery. Or cast iron bath – huge. Here they are all, these associations, some rude. Rough Material – Rough Items. A cast iron can be openwork, filigree!
And the first place where all tourists go to Kaslights – a cemetery. Because the local cemetery is no small object of cultural heritage of the Chelyabinsk region. More than 80 tombstones here have historical and cultural value.
The uniqueness of the cemetery is also in the fact that famous sculptors are buried here, which laid the foundations of art casting at the local factory. Actually, there is an excursion and continues. The first to do tourists show the reference room: it keeps product samples in the entire history of the plant.
The artistic casting in Kaslyach began to engage in the XIX century. First, the masters simply copied the sculptures known to the whole world. Own original work appeared with time. The legendary Castle casting at one time thundered, produced a furor, received awards at world exhibitions.
Technology process is such. First, the model is made of clay or plasticine, then repeated in the gypsum and, finally, in the metal: bronze or aluminum. The resulting metal model is used to create a form in which the cast iron will subsequently. The form is made by sand or land, as well as wax, technology depends on the size of the product. Molded parts of large products are sent to the assembly, and artwork – on a chasing where the seams and irregularities are removed. And finally, the last stage – painting. Paint prepare themselves: boil on the basis of olifa and lead turbine. One product is applied by two or three layers, and then dried in the stove at 250-280 ° C.
Products made of cast iron in Kaslyami, you can get a lot where to purchase. We need to carry them very carefully, because despite the fact that they are very heavy, they are very fragile. Keep this in mind.
Chelyabinsk: Gate to Siberia
The administrative center of the region is one of the largest producers of high-quality metal in Russia: on the industrial power it is in the top ten cities of our country. Here and for castle cast iron make.
At the same time, the history of Chelyabinsk began in 1736 not at all with the creation of the plant, but from the creation of a fortress. This is evidenced by the urban coat of arms: it depicts a fragment of the fortress wall, as well as a navigated camel – a symbol of trading, which lived and lives.
Due to Chelyabinsk – the city of industrial with many plants, there is an opinion that people are harsh, and the snow is gray. In general, place is not for life, but for work. So, to make sure about the opposite, it’s enough just to come here. The capital of the Chelyabinsk region is one of the most comfortable Russian cities with a very high standard of living. Here are good roads, clean streets, neat houses and very friendly residents.
Home Street For Tourist – Pedestrian Molding. It is old and all stuck curious sculptures that are suitable for a photo shoot, and to explore urban history. Most sculptures on the kirovka are not installed ababy as, but with the meaning and fraction of irony. Opposite the Legislative Assembly – the peasant reading a decree, in front of the bank – the poor, the shoe salon – a shoe cleaner, at the clothing store – fashionista with a mirror, near the Alley of Glory – Veteran, well, and opposite souvenir shops – left-handed flea. Well, without notorious Chelyabinsk camels can not do.
The city museum is the pride of Chelyabinsk, his collections began to gather over a hundred years ago. The main exhibit here is of course meteorite. That is. Chelyabinsk! 4 billion years in space stayed and flew to Earth. In 2013, at 10 am fell into Chelyabinsk. On the one hand, lucky, they say local, now the memory, and on the other – he brought a large number of destruction. "The moment of the outbreak is a feeling of the bright, dazzling sun in a cloudy morning, which immediately caused the understanding that something was inordinary" something happened ". And only a minute later, a shock wave came, when a huge number of windows in the city were shelled and were affected.
Walking through the halls, you can learn that Bashkirs lived on the territory of the current Chelyabinsk. And the local fortress was built not only for the protection of the borders of Russia, but also for the development of trade with Asia – after all, the camel on the coat was not accidental. The second birth of the city survived at the end of the XIX century, when the railway passed through Chelyabinsk. It is then to trade and boiled.
Separate exposure – about Arkim, Mysterious ancient city in the south of the region.
Chelyabinsk is called "Gateway to Siberia": the city is located on the border of the Urals and Siberia. The western part of the city is "granite", that is, a typical Ural, and the East is in the zone of sedimentary rocks, that is, Western Siberia. A kind of border between the two geographic regions is the Leningrad Bridge over the Miass River. So Chelyabinsk people several times a day "travel" from the Urals to Siberia and back.
When only the trains were allowed, many travelers right at the railway station bought postcards and sent relatives as a testimony that they were on the border of the Urals and Siberia. And now you can take pictures, for example. Yes, and send a postcard too – mail is not far!