Goddess Hathor in ancient Egypt
At the night sky, you can see the tiny asteroids Hathor and Athhor, named after the ancient Egyptian goddess of the sky, love, beauty, femininity, dancing and fun. True, you can see these miniature planets only in powerful telescopes. Athhor discovered only in 2002, has a diameter of only 44.19 kilometers. Hathor, asteroid № 2340, one of several tiny asteroids of ATON group, named after the ancient Egyptian gods.
Ancient Egypt knew many gods and supernatural beings. Entrepreneurities gods grew up from local apartments that go out in totemism and animistic beliefs. As a result of the merger of cults, such "hybrids" as Amon-Raharyuti (Amon + Ra + Choir) or Ptah-Socar Osiris. Knows the history of Egypt and borrowing gods. So, the Egyptians "lent" at the neighbors of the Khanansky god of Rechesh, Westernity, Anat and Astartu and Assyrian-Babylonian goddess Ishtar. However, the last, long-haired thinking, immediately combined with Astarta and their own goddess Sekhmet.
Hathor and Sekhmet
Choosing what to buy in Egypt as a souvenir, tourists are often acquired among other things. Beautiful figures with wings, the figurines of the goddess Hathor. In RA, the lord of all things were daughters Hathor and Sekhmet. The first is the goddess of heaven, love, beauty and fun, motherhood, fertility, life, patroness of the Milky Way and Pharaohs, protector of people in the desert. From the tomic times, the bright daughters of the Sun god preserved zoomorphic features of the cow. Later, Hathor (Hellenistic Option name, Ancient Egyptian – Cher) began to portray in the form of a beautiful girl with sunny disc and cow horns, gradually turned into a kind crown.
Hathor – the embodiment of femininity and the heavenly cow, who boring the sun and splashing Milky Way Milk. She patronizes in love, family uzam, family hearth and pregnant women. In the hands of it you can see the temple rattle of Sistr, as Hathor also also the goddess of music and dancing. Handles Sistems often did in the form of a cat with the features of a person’s face. In the main sanctuary of Cult Hathor in Dendere stood a large gold syster. The god of music Aihi, on one of the versions of the God of the only tool – Sistra, was the son of RA and Hathor.
Goddess Sekhmet (Saves) – the exact opposite of his sister. Daughter of RA and spouse Pthaha often portrayed with a lion’s head. Sekhmet, "Mighty," was the patroness of Memphis and the goddess of war and the scorching sun. The Terrible daughter of Sunny God defended his heavenly father from evil demons, brought epidemics and war, drought and mor, punges of people for the scents.
The Pyramid of Micheryina is not so noteworthy as the neighboring Heops pyramid or the Pyramid of Heffren, but it was near the famous Triads of Micheer found near her. In the center of the sculptural composition exhibited in the Cairo Museum, stands by Pharaoh Menkura, and on the sides of him – the goddess Hathor and Input, the wife of Anubis, sometimes considered the female embodiment of one of the most gloomy deities of the ancient Egyptian Pantheon. In all five triad statues found in the temples at the pyramid, there is necessarily the goddess Hathor and Pharaoh, the third figure is changing. Hypothesis was expressed that such triple statues were made for each Nome district and each triad had to protect the king from local deities. On the composition with the Inte, both goddesses are close to Michery. On other triad statues, Hathor is as close as possible to the king, and the second goddess – a little in the distance. Two of the five triad found are stored in the American Boston Museum, and two – in the Cairo Museum. Statues are very skillfully made from a crystalline slate, heights have a little less than a meter, and weigh an average of 200 kilograms.
The main center of Cult Hathor was in Dendere. That is why it was often called the "holder of denders". However, the goddess was revered in other cities of ancient Egypt and even beyond: in Biblos, not far from the current capital of Lebanon; In the mysterious country, Punt, presumably located in the area of African horns, on the territory of modern Somalia; In Nubia, centuries serving one of the main "hot spots" of the region; on Sinai. The temple of the goddess is near the city of Aswan on the island of fillet and on the territory of modern Israel, not far from the resort of Eilat, in the Timna Valley.
The famous closed temple of Hatsepsut in Deir El Bahry, in the vicinity of modern Luxor, also did not cost without the goddess of heaven, love and beauty. Once there was a sanctuary dedicated to Hathor. In the vicinity of Luxor, where the valley of the kings is located, Deir El Medina, FVAN necropolis and settlement of artisans, built temples in the "city of the Dead". In the Hellenistic period of Ptolemye, the temple Hathor was built here, later converted into the Christian church.
In the time of the interpenetration of Greek and Egyptian culture, the daughter of Ra began to identify with Aphrodite. Such metamorphoses happened. Greeks, and later and Romans, perceived Egyptian mythology through the prism of their beliefs. As a result, Imhotep, the deified builder of the first stepped pyramid, turned into the Greek god of healing asclepia, and then in the Roman Eskulap. Gebu found a correspondence in the Greek Pantheon in the form of a Kronos, and in Roman – Saturn. Amon personified with Zeus and Jupiter, and Hator – with Aphrodite and Venus.
For the goddess Hathor was given a place in many shrines throughout Egypt. She was one of the most respected goddesses. The main temple of the cult in the dendere was built not one century, but the building that can be seen today was built at Ptolemia, and the Romans were already completed. This is one of the most beautiful ancient Sanctures of Egypt.