Gran Canaria. Continent in miniature
The Canary Islands became known to the ancient world due to the campaigns of Phoenician and Greek sevosts and attended them when, going out of the limits of the media sea, they rushed to the south, following the African coast. It must have attracted them to the softness of the climate, a variety of abundant vegetation and contrasts of cliffs and gentle descents.
Homer and Gesiod mentioned some of the islands away behind the heraklovy pillars, called heralds – daughters of atlas and expire or yet the Elysey fields, where, according to legends, the souls were dwelling. There are beautiful legends about these islands, in which they were filed as the remnants of the mythical continent of the Atlantis, described by Plato in his dialogues. The naturalist Polynia argued that the Romans spoke about them not otherwise, as about the islands of good luck.
The first migrants moved to Gran Canary and other Islands of the Archipelago from the neighboring African continent with several influxes that coincide with the invasions of the Phoenicians there, Romans and Arabs. After the conquest of the islands – the Conquists – the population was replenished with Italians, Portuguese and, above all, Castillas, that is, the subjects of the Castilian Crown. "Castille" were mainly Andaluses, as well as Biscays, Galicians and others., The main part of the population of the island.
The Canary Islands are removed by 60 miles from the African coast and lie on the 28th parallel – the same as Florida. They have volcanic origin and, according to about 40 million years ago, formed about 40 million years ago at the same time, when Atlantic Mountains were formed and the Atlantic Ocean.
Isle Gran Canaria is located in the center of the Canary Archipelago. It has a sufficiently round shape with a diameter of 48 – 49 km, and its surface is 1532 kV.KM.
Friend beaches and shores
The length of the coast of Gran Canaria is 236 km. In the south-east of Cape Gando to Meloneras, low shores are dominated with sandy beaches, among which the Beach of El Ingles and Dunes Maspalomas are highlighted. Further, in the West and the southwest of Meloneras to the port of Las Nyevez, rocky robby shores dominate, except in the mouths of robusts and streams, where the shores are low and stony. In the north and northeast between Las Nyevez and Gando, these two types of coast alternate among themselves.
The climate of the islands define their relief, prevailing winds, sea currents as well as the geographical location of the archipelago.
Northeast Passat brings here ocean air – fresh and wet, – which, facing land, is allowed "Horizontal rain", While the paddle clouds filters the sun’s rays, reducing evaporation. Mountains block the penetration of trade winds to the south of the island, where therefore much more than the sun, there are no obstacles to evaporation and, accordingly, the air is much land. The Canary Current part of the Great Golphustrum brings cold water from the north, and therefore the temperatures of the sea on the Canarians would be lower than it would correspond to geographic latitude (20 – 23 C in summer and 17 – 20 bes in winter), and the temperature differences are much softer.
The relief of the Gran Canaria rises from the shores to the center of the island to the mountain range of La Cumbre, where the highest peaks are: Las Nywez (1950 m) and El Rock Nublo (1813 m) vertices, with a large symbolic value, giving a special feeling. Array of La Cumbre is surrounded by a number of blurred erosion of craters, which form the headboard of the ravine gorges.
Excursions in the Gran Canaria
Residents of the Gran Canaria are used to dividing the island into three large parts, the names of which coincide with the main ways. Meaning, coming from Las Palmas: Northern, South and Central. In the center, that is, in the inside of the island distinguishes, in addition, "Vershins" and "approaches" – what is found in the middle between the peaks and the coast.