Greece: Evie Island
The second largest island of Greece, Evvia (Evvia, Euboea) is separated from the mainland attic of the series of narrow sheds Orios, Klomis, Vorios-Evvoikos and Nootios-Evoicos, whose width in the narrowest place is barely reaches forty meters.
According to the ancient legends, Eviea was separated from Attica and Fessiona to the strike of Poseidon’s trident, which clearly reflects the echoes of a tectonic catastrophe, who once formed these narrow straits. Geologically island is a continuation of the chain of the mainland mountains and in itself also mountainist. Iverbone it was considered "Hitter Athens", producing grain, cotton, vegetables and meat – the name of the island itself with ancient Greek translates as "rich in cattle". For his possession was carried out serious wars between the rulers of Attica and the Halkidiki Peninsula, who subsequently replaced Persians, Romans, Thracians, Frank, Venetians and Turks (Ottoman garrison in violation of all contracts lasted here at 1833!). Accordingly, the culture of the island is complex and multifaceted – the Greeks, Turks, Albanians, Slavs and representatives of other nations live here, and each of which brought something to.
The capital of the island is the ancient city of Halkis, or Chalkida, lies in the center of the west coast, opposite the very narrow place of the Strait of Evripos (Evrip, Evrin), separating Evbei from the mainland. Shipyard, port, railway station and cement plant hardly make it attractive for tourists, but the history of the city is very long and heated by legends.
The coastal road to the east of Halkis on the initial area is able to bring to the horror of any tourist. The industrial zone is replaced here quite gloomy suburbs with their "Baochate" Architecture, followed by such uncompatible distant outlook, replaced by a series of seaside hotels, claiming to the role of resorts, but in reality, hardly reaching cheap boarding houses.
Then the road goes to the sad resort town Eretrius (Eretria), the only attractiveness of which for most tourists is only a ferry terminal connecting Evbey with the port of the rock oropou (Skala Oropou) in Attica. However, if you stay here for a couple of hours, then you can see the echoes of the glory of Antique Eretria, many centuries arguing on an equal footing with Halkid for the right to hold all the island. Excavations are conducted on Agora Temple Apolloon, in the northwestern part of the city, behind excellent small Archaeological Museum (Thursday – Sunday from 8.30 to 15.00; 2 euros), the ruins of the theater and the underground storage with the system of secret moves, and a little south – the so-called home mosaic and gymnasics of the approximate IV-III centuries to N. NS.
10 km east is a little smaller, but a much more premature seaside resort Amaryintos (Amarynthos) with a good choice of taverns and a good beach. It begins exceptionally severe landscape – a consequence of devastating fires 2007, revived only by individual medieval towers. Then the road turns to the north and goes to the sea on the coast of the bay of Kimi with his isolated shores Calamos, Stomo and Koraracida, Basilica Ayos-Dimitrio (XIII B., The biggest and most beautiful on Evbea) and many of the Byzantine chapels around.
But the south-east coast, "Around" Dear, it remains usually beyond the attention of travelers – these harsh (by local standards, of course) and unprotected from the wind place, externally most of all reminiscent Andros with its shales and marble, from the XV century are inhabited by Albanians-Arnauts and are rarely visited by foreigners. Only Lake Distos (6 km southeast leptura) with its settlements of thousands of birds by swamp, the ruins of the same name ancient city in 7 km south, and folded from huge stone blocks "Dragostip" ("Dragon Houses") In the Street (Stry, 35 km from Lepura) attract the attention of rare guests and scientists. But small seaside resorts Nea-wash (3.5 km south of the Styra) and Marmarion (Marmari, Marmarion, 20 km south) are very popular with the Greeks themselves who know about their convenient post with the mainland ferry on Iia Marina and Kato Sulion.
Still south, on the shore extensive Bay of Corristos, Lies the city of the same name, famous for its neoclassical buildings in the center, attractive old-fashioned shops and taverns, but most importantly – excellent shores of the bay. In addition to the ruins of the Roman period around the bazaar and an extensive system of fortifications with a small Venetian tower, nothing now does not speak about the age of the city. However, in a small but interesting archaeological museum of the city (open from Thursday to Sunday from 8.30 to 15.00; 2 euros) You can find a lot of evidence of the important value of the throbos in the ancient period. From here you begin hiking routes to Mount Ohkhi (1399 m) – the third top of the island and one of his best trekking centers. The decoration of these places is the green oasis of the village of Milli (Myli), the medieval castle of Castello Rosso (Cokinokastro) in twenty minutes on foot from the main church of Mile, marble columns of some ancient temple slightly above, Dimosari gorge and many colorful mountain villages.
North Halkisa lies a noisy seaside town Na-Artaki (NEA Artaki), from which the country road leads to the east to the village of Steni (Steni) – by and large, these are a few almost sparing villages at the foot of Mount Dirfis (1743 m) – the highest point of the island. From good hotels Kato-Steni The whole network trail is running through the slopes of the mountain and to remote areas of Derveni gorge (Dherveni, the gate to the northwestern regions of the island), a wide wooded Highland around the village of Proceion with her Church of St. John (Ukrainian soldier captured by Ottomans at the beginning of the XVIII century – it is believed that his power has a miraculous force). From Mandudiona (Mandoudhi, 8 km north of the proc.) can be descended to a good Paraly Cyrinty Beach, or Kriya-Vrishi, with the scenic scenic village and the center of folk crafts.
Another north the road displays to Ayia-ane (Ayia Anna) with her good folklore museum (open from Wednesday to Sunday from 10.00 to 13.00 and from 17.00 to 19.00; 3 euros) and then to the seaside village Anhalia (Angali, 4 km east) with a colorful beach from dark sand and cute seaside esplany with numerous cafes, bars and taverns.
At Cape Ayos-Nikolaos near the northern tip of Evbei lies a little Beach Elika With a picturesque, crowned with an island with a church at some distance from the shore. And from the village of Elinika (Ellinika), the main road (and bus line) goes to the southwest to the seabed resort Pefkion (Pefkion) whose pretty simple beach stretches along the north shore almost 2 km. 14 km in southwest lies the town Ohie (OREI), known for its excellent antique statue of the bull found at the seabed in 1965 and now installed near the pier. Nearby lie good beaches Neos-Pyrgos, Trikeri, Ayos Campos and Hair.
South road goes back to the mountains, leaving the coast at the town of Edipsos and ending in Loutra Edips (Loutra EDHIPSOU) – one of the most popular Greek resorts whose thermal sources are used since antiquity times. In addition to modern (and very awesome!) The Term Resort Thermae Sylla here you can swim on the adjacent (and free) public beach, where the thermal water is poured into the sea with an artificial cascade, or in equally accessible outdoor pools in Kato-Elia (Kato Ilia, 8 km to the East), where sulfur waters with a temperature of about + 65 ° C pour straight to the beach. Locals simply dig in the coastal strip of a mini-bath, in which this water is mixed with sea, acquiring a comfortable temperature.
Lying in the northern part of the west coast well-preserved neoclassical town Limny (Limni, Ancient Elimna) was once one of the richest ports of the island. Now he is considered the most attractive settlement of Evbei with a good beach in the northwest and a wonderful female monastery nearby. Not bad city museum (Monday – Saturday, from 9.00 to 13.00, Sunday – with 10.30 to 13.00; 2 euros) contains a rich collection of archaeological finds and historical and ethnographic assembly.
Just 5 km separate Limni from the seaside town Rosay (ROVIES), famous for olives, a medieval tower and a good resort area oriented on family vacation. And in the opposite side, 9 km south of Limni, the famous Monastery complex Ayos-Nikolaos Galatics (Open daily, in winter – from 8.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 17.00, in the summer – from 8.00 to 12.00 and from 16.00 to 20.00; Photographing on the territory is prohibited), spectacularly angry on the wooded slopes of the mountains of Candilion. This Byzantine Temple is built on the foundation of an ancient sanctuary of Poseidon, and his female monastery (XIII in.) Keeps an interesting defensive tower and many unique frescoes dating from the XVI century. Below the monastery is a sandy-pebble Glife Beach – most isolated on evbee, but also the cleanest.