Green Monument to Cecil Rez
By noon, it is thinned and disappears in the rays of the Sun, a tight fog, woven from the smallest drops of moisture, which the ocean breeze sucks from the green cover of the dining area. The impression is as if the artist’s canvas broke the bedspread, the eye opens a fantastically beautiful landscape: 560 hectares of flowers and plants.
This is the famous Kirstenbosh – National Botanical Garden of South Africa, the largest and most complete collection of flora on the whole continent. It spreads on the southern slope of the mountain, in the middle of a four millionth Cape Town, and helps to understand why this city is considered one of the most beautiful in the world. In fact, many metacols can boast such green wealth: residential neighborhoods, very similar to country, scattered among parks, forests and gear lesions of the mountains?
What remains after us on earth and in the name of what we, in fact, live? These questions from the discharge of the eternal, which we in in our ever-minimal bustle remember not often. But walking along the winding trails of Kirstenbosha, I caught myself thinking that I think about it. Beauty that surrounds me, would not be without Cecil Raza. This is his mark on earth.
At the university, I was taught that Rhodes are one of the most evil imperialists, a classic sample of a cruel oppressor, first of all – our unfortunate black brothers from Africa. And if so, then, maybe, it is not the more created by him and named in His honor of North and South Rhodesia, to change which Zambia and Zimbabwe. In the last state, by the way, the voices of radicals are listening to all louder, requiring throwing raza dust from his grave in the rocks Mathopos, allegedly defileing the ancient pagan capital of Naddeel.
However, life is much richer poster schemes. And Cecile Rhodes in them clearly does not fit. It would be worth thinking, and there would be the above-mentioned countries in their current borders, there would be cities, ran out in the South African land of the road, if it were not? And certainly there would be no Kirstenbosh Botanical Garden. He, like the University of Cape Town with his famous clinic Khrutekir, where Christian Barnard made the world’s first heart transplant, like many other facilities and complexes, built at the foot of the Dust Mountain, is part of the extensive possessions of the Rhodes Empire Builder. Once he acquired them for fabulous money and bequeathed by the state, and, essentially, the upcoming generations.
So the opportunity to enjoy the family of thousands of types of unique plants, which were accompanied throughout the southern tip of the continent, people presented Cecil Rhodes. And replacing each other from September to April wonderful fire-red and orange balls of protea – plants considered by the symbol of this edge, the luxury of snow-white Watsonius, and the giant silhouettes of camphor trees – all this memory of him. And of course, about the wonderful botanist Harold Pierceon, which created in Kirstenbosh "Flower landscape".
Of course, it is best to go to the Kirstenbosh South African spring – in September-October, when the flowering of plants comes. In a bright, saturated natural paint palette organically fits tutorials – emerald forests on the cutlery of the dining area borders the lawns of lightweight shades with splashes of yellow, orange, lilac beds. But if it was not possible to get out in the spring, it is not worth upset: in Kirstenbosh is good for almost all year round, except for July-August. On the local calendar it is the midst of winter and bad weather. Many plants transmit each other blossom relay, and the Queen of South Africa – Protest – Carries "Watch beauty" For long month.
Tired of walking along a rather steep slope, you can stay on the benches built from oak and another particularly durable wood and covered with dark varnish. On brass signs – the names and years of the life of donors. This is a local tradition. Agree, much better leave the memory of myself in such a way than to scat out autograph on the tree.
In the history of Kirstenbosha there are dramatic pages. When the founder of the first European settlement on the Kapskoy Peninsula Agent of the Netherlands East India company Yang Fan Ribek in the middle of the 17th century examined the surroundings of the dining area, at the place of the future botanical was the godda of virgin forests and dense thickets of shUSD In the era of wooden sailboats, the fate of the forests was predetermined. Moreover, the sailors of the Fan Ribek found a yellow tree among the forest beauties, as it is impossible to fit the ships and the manufacture of furniture. For the same reason, silver trees were cut down.
The rapid disappearance of forests was alarmed by Fan Ribek, and he in 1657 introduced the position of the forester of the Cape Colony to the state of the company. First, this post took Lindert Cornellissen. In his honor, Unnamed then the green array received his first name: Lindersbosh, Linders Forest.
On the cutting of employees of companies began to graze cattle – the growing population of the colony was required more than meat. Refined Dutch cows immediately caused not disinterested interest among neighbors from the local tribe Koykoin. To stop the massory of livestock, the Fan Ribek ordered in 1660 to plow the earth around the perimeter of the Label and land there wild almonds and blackberries for the speedy creation of a living hedge. That year can be conditionally considered the bookmark of the future Botanical Garden. He arose as an element of defensive structures.
More than a hundred years of Lindersbosh remained possession of the East India Company, and then became the private property of the Kirsten family, from where the modern name of Kirstenbosch is originated. At the beginning of the 19th century, with the seizure of the Cape Colony of the British, Kirstenbosh was divided between the secretary of the governor of the colony of Henry Alexander and a certain colonel Christopher Berd. He also left me about myself — "Bird Font" — bizarre bathing in the shape of a bird whose name is consonant with the name of Colonel.
The bathing was built at the direction of Bert in the place where the water of four modest sources formed a quiet creek. Ponded by brick, and now decorates the Botanical Garden. Kirstenbosch’s possession of several times passed from hand to hand. Accordingly, his appointment also changed, sometimes quite unexpected. So one time he was . vineyard. The farm would have come to full ruin and forgot, as many other Ferms of South Africa of that period, if in 1895 he was not lucky – he bought Cecil Rods. He dropped over the purchase of the money unheard of at that time – 9,000 pounds sterling, because I wanted to attach Kirsthenbosh to the Khrutekira and Cecilians acquired next door and to establish an extensive national park.
Roda managed to make in Kirstenbosh not so much – paved the road to the ocean through the constant, landed oaks, figs and camphor trees, which now give the desired coolness of the Botanical Garden paths. But he managed the main thing – handed over to Kirstenbos people of South Africa. And already in 1911, the Future First Director of the Garden Professor Biology Harold Pearson began to plant there, breed and protect against the disappearance of endemic plants.
Nowadays in the unique botanical garden are represented "subjects" two of the six existing on earth "Plant kingdoms". The first, widespread posicure throughout Africa – Paleozoic Flower "kingdom", comprising about 16 thousand species of plants of South Africa. Second "Green dynasty" — Kapskaya is less extensive: it includes 2600 species of plants that inhabit only the slopes of the dining mountain.
Wrinkling over the Kirsthenbosh Mountains covered the garden from the scorching midday heat and from cold southeastern winds. Fertile soils are irrigated by four streams. Per year has more than 1,500 miliemers of precipitation. In total, it turned out to be enough to create green paradise in the decades of purposeful efforts in a separate Cape Town. He did not like only succulents, the inhabitants of the anhydrous stony to heat the West and the North-West South Africa. At the wet coast, they did not fit.
And the entrance to Kirstenbosh, as and 350 years ago, reliably guard the prickly thickets of wild almonds and blackberries.