Halong Bay – the most beautiful place Vietnam
Halong Bay in Vietnam – one of the most exciting places on the beauty. The list of UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1994, and in 2011, this amazing attraction of Vietnam was recognized as one of the "New Seven Wonders of Nature".
Locals tell the story of the bay appearance very colorfully. They say that their distant ancestors ran once with the Chinese, and the gods sent to the help of the Vietnamese dragons. To arrange a barrier on the path of the Chinese flotilla, these terrible creatures were crowded from the pastes of pearls, which later appealed to the islands. It is the islands formed by the wall, and saved the Vietnamese from the invasion of aggressive enemies. The place where the Dragon’s mother fell, the Vietnamese nicknamed Ha Long (a literal translation "where the dragon went down to the sea").
Next to the bay there is a fast-growing resort city with modern infrastructure, built on an artificial dam, connecting two peninsula. Along the coast stretch numerous hotels, luxury residential buildings, shops, restaurants, tennis courts, massage salons, clubs and discos. Sandy city beaches artificial and do not fit for diving, but the water is very warm there.
The resort is warm and mild climates, the average temperature is about 22 ° C. The rainy season continues from June to November, from December to May sufficiently dry.
The Halong Bay District includes not only the bay itself, but also a 120-kilometer coast, as well as over 3000 islands located in its emerald water, of which about a thousand have their own names.
Almost all the islands of Halong Bay are rocky, and thousands of caves of various shapes and sizes filled with small waterfalls, stalactites and stalagmites are located in the rocks. The most popular caves are equipped with tourist attractions using highlighting multi-colored lamps, which makes them similar to underground palaces.
The reason for the occurrence of unusual rocks was the dissolution of limestone rainwater. Rain flows, such abundant in a wet tropical climate, a century burned across the century in limestone, giving it a fantastic outline, leaning caves and grottoes in them.
Such a phenomenon referred to as geologists of the tower karst is found in other places of our planet: in Madagascar or in South China, Guilin. But unlike them, Halong landscape, as it were, drowning into the water, and sea waves work tirelessly over the banks of the islands, deepening the caves, pulling out protrusions and grottoes.
Hang-dow-go ("Grotto Stone Pillars", Hang Dau Go Cave) – one of the main attractions of the Halong bay. Exactly ninety steps lead to her entrance, and there are many stones of the most bizarre form inside. The cave itself seems to be divided into two rooms with a narrow cage. At the end of the cave is surrounded by ancient walls well with clean drinking water. Near the Stone Stele, you can see the autograph of the penultimate emperor Vietnam Khai Diny, who visited these places in 1917.
Another local cave, Kuang Han – the record holder. Its length is a thousand three hundred meters, and it is called a cave-tunnel.
One of the grottoes – the drum grotto is known for its interesting acoustic features: at the time when the wind blows through numerous stalactites and stalagmites, who stand inside the grott of people are impressed as if they hear the distant Barabanov battle.
Other well-known caves in Halong Bay are: Grotto Bonau, Maiden and Heavenly Palace.
Katba – the largest island in Halong Bay. About half of the island (the total area of which is 354 kV. km and 90 kV. km coastal, waters) in 1986. Were declared a national park in order to protect various island ecosystems. They include subtropical evergreen forests on the hills, freshwater swampy forests at the foot of the hills, coastal manga forests.
Most of the coastal line make up cool cliffs, although there are several sandy beaches, located in small bays. On the island there are many lakes, waterfalls and grottoes in the picturesque, lime hills, the highest of them reaches 331 m above sea level. Poor vegetation on the tops of the mountains is due to strong marine winds.
The most, large constant source of water on the island is the lake of the Square, which covers the area in 3 hectares. A number of internal parts of the island are below sea level, but most of the island is located at a height of 50 to 200 m. In the waters near the island of Katba there are 200 species of fish, 500 types of mollusks and 400 species of arthropods. From large marine animals, seals are found here and three types of dolphins.
In 17 places of the island, stone implements were found, and the bones of people who lived 6-7 thousand years ago.
The most studied place is in the Caybeau cave, open by French archaeologists in 1938. and located 1.5 kilometers from the village of Katba.