Halva in Turkey

What is halva, and how they cook it? What is the difference between Turkish Halva? What varieties and species prefer the Turks? How and where better to buy halva tourists? What are the prices in confectionery and shops? Read the answers in this article.

Prices in this article are relevant for June 2021. Unfortunately, over the past six months, Halva in Turkey has increased markedly in price. And it is logical, because the course of the Turkish currency in half a year collapsed by 20%.

What is Halva

Halva (tour.: Helva) is the eastern sweetness that is prepared from sugar syrup or honey. Syrup mix with the base, it can be a nut paste, flour or a manka. Nuts, dried fruits, flavors, dyes often add to the mixture.

Pistachio Sort

By consistency, sweetness is solid and moderately crumbly. In the hot form, it has a fibrous structure, but when cooled, the structure becomes a homogeneous.

Halva invented in the Arab world. For the first time it is described in the 13th century in the Arabic culinary book "Kitab al-Tabik". The name comes from the Arabic word "&# 1581;&# 1604;&# 1608; " ("Helv"), which is translated as "Sweet".

What is the peculiarity of the Turkish Halva

There is also a third mandatory ingredient in Turkey. This is the plant root extract Gypsophila Rokejeka. This extract is digested from roots for 20 hours.

Extract is added in very small quantities – about 0.1-0.2%. It has a foam effect, that is, halva gets more air. Taste also gets better.

Two types of Halva

In total, there are two main types – a flour (semolina) and sesame (aka tahini). They differ in the formulation, and the culture of consumption.

Of course, for the base can be used and other nuts. There are: peanuts, sunflower, walnut, hazelnut or almond. But all these types are almost never found in Turkey. The Turks do not like them and do not respect.

Flour and semolina

Flour (Un Helvas&# 305;) and semolina (&# 304; rmik Helvas&# 305;) common types of halva in Turkey. They cook at home, but the stores are selling extremely rare.

flour grade

The fact that such a paste in the culture of the Turks is a memorial meal. It prepares immediately after death, at the 7 th, 40 th, 52 th days and death anniversary. It is also called "&# 214; l&# 252; Helvas&# 305; " ( "Halva Dead"). In Turkey, made to meet the relatives of the deceased, all together to eat this halva and remember something good about the deceased.

Halva memorial, decided to give to all the neighbors and even handing out to passers-by. Therefore, if the street near the house are treated by it, it means that the house someone had died.

Prepare it simple. Semolina or flour roasted with butter and nuts. Separately, cook the sugar syrup. Then mixed and boiled for about 10 minutes.


Grated sesame seeds mixed with a little water, it turns out "tahini" – sesame paste. Hence the name of "tahini» (Tahini Helvas&# 305;). The paste is mixed with a thick sugar syrup, so it turns the classic halva.

Sesame halva is found in every store, and in many stores available only she. Many manufacturers do not even write the word in the title «Tahini», and it is intended that this Sesame halva.

There are several popular variations:

chocolate grade

Sade (simple) – without additives.

Kakaolu (cocoa, chocolate) – with cocoa powder. It is usually prepared in a special way. Two mixtures were prepared: one without cocoa, the second high-dose cocoa. Then the mixture was stirred so that the layered structure is obtained. Looks very color. Watch the photo near, click on the photo to enlarge.

F&# 305; ND&# 305; k (with hazelnuts) – with the addition of a whole or ground hazelnut. Nuts are inside the mass and can be topped.

F&# 305; ST&# 305; kl&# 305; (with pistachios) – with the addition of pistachios inside, it is possible to put on top.

Cevizli (with walnut) – with the addition of walnuts inside, it is possible to put on top.

Karamelli (caramel) – With the addition of caramel inside.

Prices for halva in Turkey

Prices in stores are about the same everywhere, except for some stores in resort areas where tourists are trying to sell Slatoroga.

Normal sesame halva in stores – 35-40 Turkish lira in terms of kilogram. In good bakeries – 40-50 lire / kg. Actual course, see our article "Turkish currency".

Sesame with walnuts costs as much – 35-40 lire / kg in stores, 40-50 in bakeries.

Sesame with chocolate or (s) Caramel as much – 35-40 lire / kg in stores, 40-50 in bakeries.

Sesame with pistachios – 50-60 lire / kg in stores, 60-80 in bakeries.

Famous brands

The most popular and famous Halva manufacturer in Turkey is "Koska". This confectionery factory has been working since 1907, now they own the plant with a total area of ​​22,000 square meters.M. Halva Koska is considered very good quality. And it is logical, otherwise they would not be market leaders. Koska has the largest range.

Prices for Halva Koska are a benchmark. That is, everything more expensive Koska is dear halva. Accordingly, all that is cheaper is cheap. Above, we brought prices on Koska products in Carrefoursa and Migros M supermarkets.

Also in stores there are Tatlan and Torku brands, their halvah is also high quality.

Where and how to buy halva in Turkey

Important moment! Halva has a huge shelf life – up to 2 years. However, over time, it becomes worse – an unpleasant mustard is formed in taste, nuts are hardening, a fat mass is separated. Halva in 2 years will remain suitable for use, but the taste will be thoroughly sought.

Therefore, first of all pay attention to the date of production – the fresher, the better. If you take the factory packaging, it is not more optimally buying a halva.

Options where to buy, tourists are three: in factory packages in supermarkets and shops, for weight in stores in the resort areas, in confectionery.

Countertop in the supermarket

In confectionery sell halva of own manufacture. It is always the fresh, the most delicious, most beautiful. Confectionery we recommend first. However, prices here are higher than in stores.

In supermarkets Halva in factory packages are usually more recent and cheaper than in souvenir shops near hotels. If it was aimed to buy factory packaging, we recommend right to go to the nearest Migros M or Carrefoursa.

On trays in resort zones it’s not always the same. There may be a magnificent fresh halva from bakery. Can simply open the factory packaging and put on the counter. Can bring from some workshop in the basement, where no one ever heard about the sanitary rules. This is a lottery. We do not recommend buying here.

Pseudo-variety Halva in Turkey

Tourists in supermarkets look at the inscriptions on the packages, on the variety of words, and think: "Wow! How many varieties came up with Turks ". In fact, species how much it was, so much and left. But the attributes to the names became a lot. Tell what the word means.

S&# 305; Cak Helva. Literally translates as "hot". If Halva is just cooked in a bakery, then it can be filed by the client. In this case, it has a fibrous structure. But there are factory packaging with such a name, and then these words mean nothing.

F&# 305; R&# 305; NDA Helva. Literally translates as "from the furnace". If we are talking about factory packaging, this is a common halva, which you need to warm up in the oven. The taste of her slightly different, but in general it is common.

K&# 252; REK HELVA. Literally translates as "shovel". It’s a hint that she is mixed manually. This is just an attempt to fill the price, if we are talking about factory packaging.

&# 350; Ekersiz Helva. Literally translates as "without sugar". In this grade instead of sugar used sorbitals. Be careful because sorbitals has a laxative effect.

Papatya Helva. Literally translates as "flower". Floor-shaped packaging, no longer different.

BOL HELVA. Literally translates as "a lot". In this grade increased the content of nuts.

Tepsi Halva. Literally translates as "in the tray". Packaging in the tray.

Yaz Halva. Literally translates as "Summer". This halva has more brighter colors. She is also a bit different on consistency and taste. What is sitting in it? Mystery.

Interesting food habit in Turkey

In the inhabitants of Turkey, it is customary to eat halva immediately after fish dishes, it is called "a&# 287; Z&# 305; Tatland&# 305; RMAK I&# 231; IN "(" Azi Tatlandirmak Ichin "," Sweese the mouth "). That is, they are walking the fish halva. Some Russians are surprising, some leads to shock.

Turks believe that any fish has a bad aftertaste, and this aftertaste needs to be removed with something sweet. Most likely, this habit went from the Turkic peoples after arriving in Anatoly from Central Asia. Fish for nomads-turks was an unusual product, it had to dwell.

Tips for tourists

– In most confectionery there are tables, pour tea and coffee. Any variety can be tried in place and then buy in large quantities;

– Most pastry sweets can pack in a beautiful gift box. Ask the seller about it;

– If you decide to buy sweets in a serious pastry shop, then there may not be made dollars and euros, but you can only pay the Turkish lips. Read our article "Exchange of money in Turkey";

– The export of halva from Turkey and the import into the territory of Russia is actually not limited. Just follow the volume to be within the concept of "personal consumption". Read the details in the article "What can be exported from Turkey and how much";

Halva in Turkey

– Natural color of sesame grade – gray. However, the color may be lighter or dark, which depends on the grade of sesame. Natural dyes can be obtained almost any color;

– Read our other articles about sweets in Turkey: "Top 10 Turkish sweets", "Lukums in Turkey", "Pakhlava in Turkey". About other gifts Read the article "What to bring tourist from Turkey".

We wish you a successful tasting of Turkish sweets and desserts, and read our interesting and useful articles for tourists about Turkey (List of articles below).

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This is an old version of the article. Saved for history.

In National Kitchen, Turkey is not so many dishes that would be something unusual for us. We will try to talk about some of them.

Eastern sweets are one of the first to carry tourists from Turkey. The diversity of Oriental Sweets Turkey is obliged to the court of Sultanov of the Ottoman Empire, most of the inventions in the sphere of sweet and tasty were made precisely on the Sultanian cuisine.

The first sweetness, which we will pay attention will be Halva.

Halva is two species – flour and nuts. Both in Turkey and in Russia the nutland has a popular halva. Puffy Halva Many Russians and Halva will not be called.

In our country, the foundation for nut halva serve the seeds of sunflower, since it grows well with us and his many. To be honest, in most cases, halva do not make seeds, but from the cake. Cakes – this is what remains of the seed after the outlet of the oil. On this I will finish talking about Russian halave, I will only say that it is delicious and cheap. In Turkey, Halva prefer to prepare from more expensive ingredients, and it is considered an expensive dessert.

In Turkey, a flour halva is prepared. Her just one species and she is preparing and served as a memorial dish. You have read everything true, food for a sound for a deceased person. If you are offered a flour halva, then someone died. It is customary to offer it on the commemoration of everything, even by random passers-by. In the tourist zone, this will not happen to you, but if you get into the usual city, it is quite possible.

In this case, give pictures of how the flour halva looks like so that you do not get into the unpleasant situation.

Puffy halva is quite crumbling, in this respect nut halva has much better properties. Walnut halva is considered to be more delicious and more diverse.

Walnie Halva in most cases is preparing in Turkey from sesame. It has a beige or cream color and sold everywhere. Sed in Turkey is used in many dishes, it is very common in Turkish kitchen, for flour products, such as the Burebs, which we told in another article, sprinkling sesame is mandatory.

Sesame shred to pasta. The paste is mixed with hot sugar syrup or honey. Honey version, of course, more expensive. This mixture add fruit juices, they give color and specific taste, forming halva grade. In addition to fruit juices, cocoa powder, chocolate or vanilla can be added.

Nuts can be added to the mixture, usually peanuts or pistachios. The resulting mixture is cooled and hardens, so it turns out Halva. We do not cite a detailed recipe, JJ-Tours.RU is a tourist site, not a culinary.

Despite the simplicity of this dessert in Turkey, you can buy many types of halva. Halva, prepared on the basis of sesame, is considered classic in Turkey. Other species can prepare on the basis of paste from:

– pistachios or peanuts, sometimes mixtures

– walnut or almonds, sometimes mixtures

When purchasing Halva, it is difficult to choose the necessary, since in most cases the Turks are not so good to speak Russian to know our names of nuts. Will have to or try or choose. This is not to be afraid, the tasteless halva in Turkey does not happen, however, like Pakhlava and Lukuma.

Some hotels serve a very interesting dish, it is sweet and consists of thin threads. Most tourists define it as sugar wool, but mistaken. Of course, it is very similar to sugar wool, but still it is also halva.

This dish is called "Pishmani". It is very gentle, and straight "melts in the mouth". It can be bought in finished packages in some sweets in resort areas. We highly recommend this, as it is very unusual, and can become an original gift for sweets lovers.

Many argue about what kind of halva is worth buying, wealthy or in packs. Of course, in packages are safer, but Halva in the wealth is usually more recent, it is almost always possible to try before buying, choose the desired variety. Choose you. We are on jj-tours.RU will not make recommendations, too controversial.

About other dishes of National Kitchen Turkey, read in the articles of this cycle (Links below).

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