Hasselt. Medieval city of Belgium

Hasselt – A small medieval city of Belgium, located on the shores of the Diemer River in Western Flanders and is the capital of Limburg Province. The area of ​​the city is 102.24 km². There are about 70,000 people in it, which speak three languages: Dutch, German and French. The road from Brussels will take only 1 hour.

Settlement on the site of Hasselt appeared in the VII century. In historical sources, the city is first mentioned in 1165. In 1200, he becomes the capital of the County of Loon, in 1236 a college and a monastery appear in Hasselte, which were founded by Augustine monks.

In 1366, the county began to belong to Liege Bishopracy, only in 1795 it was disbanded and became part of the Department of Lower Mas. Later the city belonged to Prussia, then to the Netherlands. In 1830, Hasselt became the temporary capital of the Belgian part of Limburg, and in 1839 – Permanent.

The twilight period of the city fell on the XIX century: the railway appears, the production of local alcoholic beverage is growing. At the beginning of the 20th century, Albertkanal was built, contributing to even greater development of the city industry. In 1955, the largest Philips branch opens in Hasselte. In 1971, the city was founded by the University of Hasselt.

A distinctive feature of Hasselta is its extremely developed infrastructure, convenient transport links and cheerful nightlife. Lovers of history will appreciate its monuments and attractions, Lady will be happy to visit the Museum of Fashion and spend time in numerous shops and boutiques of the city.

Men waiting for a unique opportunity to try a local alcoholic drink Jenever in a museum wearing his name. Together with the children, you can walk along the paths of the Japanese garden, sit on the benches of the inn of the bias of Abbey Herkenrod and inspect the exhibits of the urban museum.

Basilica of Our Lady of Dreva Jesse is located in the historic center of the city near the station. In the XIV century, at her place, a chapel appeared, which in 1727 a new church changed. During World War II, she seriously suffered from a bomb explosion. In 1998, she was given the title of Basilica.

The most valuable exhibit of the church is the sculpture of the Virgin Mary, made of oak and belonging to the beginning of the XIV century. She is very readable, she is attributed to many wonders and healings. The body was created in 1860. The baroque altar of the XVII century is a significant interest, confession of the XIX century, the Mausoleums of Anna Katharina de Lamba and Barbara de Raveira d’Arshot.

Cathedral of Saint Quintina is located on Vismarkt Street. The first church in his place was built in the VIII century. She was small, so over time there was a need for a larger cathedral. It was built in the XI century in the Ranneromanian style. In the XV century, they were built, and in 1725 a new spire, which changed the ruined lightning.

In 1967, the temple receives the status of the Cathedral. His carillon, consisting of 47 bells, is recognized as the best in Belgium. In the cathedral there is a unique body, most of its pipes belong to the XVIII century. In the temple, the medieval statues of the Virgin Mary and John, Copper Pupiter of 1563, are kept, a few cloths of the XVI-XIX centuries.

The adoptive house of Abbey Herkenrod is located close to the historic center of the city. Built it in the middle of the XVI century by decision of the monastery. In its territory there were chapels, stables, rashes and other economic buildings.

During the wars of Louis XVI, the house often served as a refuge, later his premises began to lease. In 1832, the house was redeemed by the city authorities who posted barracks in it. From 1888 to 1956, infantrymen quartered in the house. At the end of the XX century, he was transferred to the world court.

Hasselt. Medieval city of Belgium

The preserved buildings of the Augustinian monastery are located on the streets of Havermarkt and Kapelstraat. The monastery itself appeared in 1236, the church, Lazaret and School were built later. The library building is best preserved, in front of which is a small yard with a garden. It is built in baroque style.

The Church of St. Rohy is located on the street MinderBroedersstraat. It was founded by the Franciscan Order in 1645. The temple is a very interesting architectural structure of the city. It was built from traditional red brick and limestone, his tower crowned thin long spire.

The arch is decorated with stucco. The Church is kept the canvas of the Belgian artist Louis Aspersland and the statue of the Virgin Mary XVI century. The main altar is made of wood and marble. The body appeared at the beginning of the 20th century.

Facrow house «Sword» Located on a large area. This wooden building on a stone foundation was built in the XV century. On one of its corners there is an unusual composition, which depicts an elongated hand holding a sword in the fist. First in the building was a stable courtyard, later opened a pharmacy, which is still working here.

Museum of local alcoholic beverages on Witte Nonnenstraat Street. Once his building was the property of the Franciscan monastery. Museum opened in 1987. It presents a large collection of bottles, glasses and posters. In the halls arrange tastings. Part of the museum is the house of Lickers. They are also preparing for old recipes. Liquors can be trying first and then buy.

The Japanese garden was laid at the end of the last century. He is a symbol of friendship with the Japanese people. In his center there is a ceremonial house «Korokhan». There are in the park and a tea house, and a stone lamp, and bamboo paling – Traditional elements of the Japanese garden. It is always beautiful: in the spring, the roses and sakura are amazingly in the summer, the water irises bloom in the summer, and the colorful leaves are pleasing to the eyes.

Every seven years in Hasselt hold a holiday in honor of the Virgin Mary and Jesus. Three Sundays in a row in the city center are a solemn procession. Residents are beautifully dressed up the streets and prepare performances on folk topics. And on Monday, after the first procession, everyone eats pea soup.

Hasselt. Medieval city of Belgium

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