Milan, the capital of Lombardy and the second largest city of Italy, is extremely difficult to characterize in a nutshell – so many people and diverse. The same city is the largest industrial, financial and cultural center, the capital of science, art and fashion, the keeper of historical values and at the same time the focus of all the most modern and avant-garde, no wonder Milan is called Italian New York.
Milan Universaln: Even the most demanding tourist will find here a lot of interesting attractions; A businessman comes here to establish business contacts with the largest firms and famous banks of Lombardy, because it is in Milan a majority of trade and financial transactions of Italy takes place; Fullies from all over the world go to Milan to update their wardrobe to the nearest season, and just hang out in numerous clubs and trendy restaurants; Lovers of classical music – visit the world famous opera house "La Scala"; Football fans go to support favorite teams "Milan" and "INTER"; Gourmet – Enjoy exquisite dishes so popular worldwide Italian cuisine and so on. No wonder most of the guests of Milan, having visited here at least once, seek to return here again.
To penetrate the spirit of the fashion capital, experts are recommended to start acquaintance with Milan with evening walk through Via Monte Napoleone with its famous boutiques that represent the products of the legendary Italian brands: Valentino, Armani, Versace, Dolce E Gabbana, Ferre, Gucci, Krizia, Moschino , Fendi, Trussardi, Laura Biagiotti.
According to Tita Libya, Milan arose as a Celtic city: one of the Gallean tribes in search of new and more convenient seats came to this place and founded here the first settlement. The name of the city – Mediolanum – has happened from its location: "Medio" – In the middle, "Lano" – plain. By the way, Milan’s location at the intersection of most European trade routes has contributed to its economic and cultural development.
In III B. to N.NS. Milan was conquered by the Romans and eventually became the residence of the Western Emperor. The development of the city was suspended by the invasion of barbarians, most of the population was exterminated. The restoration of the city began only after the arrival of Langobards, who soon changed Frank Karl the Great. The conquest of power by Franks was rather religious, so with time in Milan, the figure of Archbishop has gained special importance.
In 1158, Milan was captured by the troops of Friedrich I Barbarossa. However, in just a few years, the rebels of the Lombardy communes created the Northern League and in the battle with Lenyano broke the troops of Barbaras.
Numerous internal intrigues led to the fact that in the XVI in. Milan Duchy has passed under the power of the Spaniards, the dominance of which continued until the beginning of the 18th century, during which Milan was rejected by Austria, then to France, when Napoleon proclaimed Milan the capital of the so-called Tsizalpin Republic. At the beginning of the XIX in. Milan again became part of Austrian possessions. And only in 1859 the capital of Lombardy became part of the United States, becoming one of the main economic and cultural centers of the state.
Large damage to the city brought the Second World War, the unique historical monuments were injured. However, Milan not only survived, but also became one of the most beautiful and popular cities of post-war Europe.
What to see
Milan Cathedral – the architectural symbol of the city, one of the most remarkable Gothic monuments of Italy.
Construction of the cathedral began in 1386, over the centuries over him worked different architects, as a result of which the unique mixing of styles of different eras was working, which makes the Milan Cathedral unique in its kind monument of architecture and history. The height of the cathedral with a total of 135 spiers reaches 157 meters, and its internal area – 11,700 kV. meters.
A completely stunning view of the entire city opens with an open gallery located on the roof of the Cathedral.
Castello SFORZESCO – Fortress was built in the XIV century. In the center of the facade – a 70-meter clock tower, through the gate of which you get to the courtyard of the fortress. Now in the fortress there is a museum of arts, and the Palace Park is a favorite holiday destination citizens and tourists. Located on Piazza Della Scala, perhaps the most famous opera house in the world, designed for 2800 listeners, was built in 1778. The theater building is a wonderful monument of neoclassicism. In March 2002 "La Scala" Closes on the reconstruction until October 2004. So the fans of the Italian opera have a very little time to visit the famous theater before closing.
Next to the Gothic Church of Santa Maria Della Grazie there is an entrance to the former Dominican monastery, in the reference of which is one of the famous masterpieces of Brown Leonardo da Vinci – painting "Mystery evening", Created by a master in 1495-1497 and recognized by subsequently one of the vertices in the development of all European art.