He did not reach heaven, but the languages were mixed
Throwing the head, standing in front of the 25-meter tower, which in the east was called zikcurat. It is built from raw bricks and lined with burnt bricks. It is very like what is said in the Old Testament: Builders "They said to each other: put on bricks and burn fire. And they became bricks instead of stones, and earth resin instead of lime".
In the Bible, we are talking about the Babylonian Zikkurat Tower, but access to its ruins is blocked now. After all, the Babylonian state was located on the territory of modern Iraq, and there was not even a tireless wanderer late Pope John Paul II. However, on the Babylonian tower, the clig was not descended: such zickkrats were preserved in the territory of the neighboring Iran. The most impressive of them is the architectural complex of Hog-Amblin. It is located in the southwestern Iran, north of the city of Ahwaz and not far from the ancient soup.
Way to chog-farm red and folded. You can, of course, take a bus from Tehran to Ahvaza, and from there to the bushes, to the famous zikkurat. But the East does not get tired of reminding that he is a delicate matter. In television news, before the trip, they reported: in Awawa there are collisions between the local residents of the Persians and the Tower of Arab Community. As a result, about 60 people have already died. And while local "Special Forces" "Zamriet" The warring sides, in the Ahvaz it is better not to appear.
Pretending: Hog-Ambl and the Suids are located between "Problem" Ahvaz and peaceful gorrybad. So, you need to get to it, and then move to the south. The bus from Tehran in the morning goes to Horrebad from the southern bus station and, overcoming about 500 kilometers around the desert mining plateau, in the evening delivers travelers to the destination.
Local owner "Karun" Lukav. Rates for foreigners are designated in dollars, and the most special number will cost 15 "Green". I detect with an eye "Double standard": Immediately the price list on Farsi, and prices 4 times lower. But to argue S "Charter" In someone else, the abode will not be, and you have to lay out the required amount.
Before sunset there is still time to examine the city. His pride is the medieval fortress Falac al-Aflak. She about 12 towers, snacks on a rocky grief and visible from everywhere. It was the main citadel of Atabekov – Dynasty, who ruled the province of Lorestan from the CP Century until 1600. The last ruler in this family was captive and executed Shah Abbas I. Over the centuries, the fortress was called differently: Shapur Hast, "12 towers") and Falc al-Aflak – NEXT PUP.
The fortress was a multidisciplinary institution: military base, and at the same time prison for opponents of the Shah regime – until 1975. Now here is the ethnographic museum, and from the walls of the fortress can be admired the surroundings of the mountain Lorestan. Horrebad was a major shopping center, and many caravans arrived here from all the ends of Persia. An old caravanseray is preserved in the city, in "Calesy" which is located jewelry shops.
Returning to the hotel. The porter issues the key and reports news: some tourist from France settled in the hotel. But I’m more interested in the other – how to get to the ancient soup tomorrow? It’s simple, explains the receptionist: a minibus to get to the town of endimeshk, and there are 40 kilometers on a taxi. The trip to the penny will cost, but the desires are worth. And if you are lucky and found fellow travelers, it will be cheaper.
In the morning – a pleasant surprise. In the cabin minibus among local passengers — "my" Frenchman from the hotel "Karun". He also craves to visit the ancient ruins. TAPK that all the upcoming expenses – in half. See you. Jacques worked as a designer, but for several years as retired. In Native Orleans, he is not sitting, and it dulls in countries and continents. Recently I was in Mexico from the Aztec pyramids, and now I pulled on zikcrats.
In Iran, oil – fired, gasoline cheap, on the bus you can drive for pennies. But to the center of the city of long-distance buses, as a rule, do not go, and from one bus station to another you need to go by taxi. 10 minutes drive costs as much as two hours on the Avtobus. But we ride more fun with Jacques: "My office takes all expenses. In the size of half".
At one of the Maidanov (city square), a monument on a topical subject. Right on the flower bed, a gypsum muscular hand in two human growth. In the fist is compressed "Intercepted" Rocket with the inscription: "USA": The enemy will not pass!
But we are interested in more ancient objects with Jacques, and, waiting for transportation from the bus station, we deepen in history. For convenience, we agree: everything that the story will go, happened before our era. So litter "to N.NS." I will omit. And in cases of short return and our era, it will be agreed.
Iran was the cradle of the Great Civilization created by Elam. These are the people of non-EDO European origin like Iranians, but not Semitsky, like Arabs and Jews. Starting from the 4th Millennium, for about three thousand years, in the country, which was subsequently called Iran, a highly developed culture of Elamites flourished.
Its flourishing in a special extent was marked by the achievements in architecture and urban construction from the earliest times Elam supported trade relations with Mesopotamia, Syria and Malaya Asia. With the development of trade, there was a need for writing, and it was invented. The most ancient of the writings known to us was developed in this country and is known as "Proefallamite" letter. It was already used in the 4th millennium before the Nativity of Christ.
In 843, the Assyrian king Salyanass 2012 captured the country of Parsua south of Lake Urmi. 150 years later, the Persian cavalry fought on the side of the Elamitian army in Suzian against Assyrian Xinaceriba. Then, approximately in 640, in the chronicles of the Assyrian Tsar Ashurbanipal, who seized and defeated Elam, reported that after the capture of the religious center of Dok Untash (this is our His-Ambille) and after the transition of the River, the Assyrian army advanced further to the guide area (in Currently – the city of Shushtar), a short distance from Medez-Suleiman.
Here Kurush (or, more consumed, Cyrus I), the king of Persians (Grandfather Kira Great), appeared before the Assyrian commander and his own senior son himself as hostage. This gesture of Cyrus showed that he recognizes the dominion of the Assyrian Tsar.
Before the ancient suz, we hope to get to the local bus. But it’s not all and no, and we take a taxi. 40 km – not a distance, after half an hour we have a goal. Guides to honestly warn: many tourists arriving at the ancient ruins are disappointed – they expected more. On the territory of the archaeological reserve, only the remains of the foundation of the Tsarist Tower, the residence of Darius I. Some of them are dating the time of the board of the Dynasty of Seleucidov and Parfyan. The remnants of the later Arab mosque are also installed.
And once life has been bilted here. At about 640, the disadvantages were betrayed by the Assyrian king ashurbanipal, but were revived in the era of the Darius rule. He moved his capital from Babylon in thessum about 521. Here on the Acropolis, he built a powerful fortress, and on the nearby hill – his palace. The city itself was located on the east, from the palace he separated a wide alley.
The whole urban ensemble was surrounded by a durable wall with towers. And her foot Darius ordered to dug a wide and deep ditch, the investigative of the whole city. Filled with water, he turned the capital into an impregnable island. Suids were associated with the sea four rivers. Life in the capital was boiling: the high guests arrived – the kings, princes, ambassadors, lived and created artists and poets. During sucneths (224-637. Already our era) Gorgeous fabrics were produced in the workshops.
Near the ancient ruins work a small museum, but all the most valuable from the archaeologists found, as usual, has long been taken to the largest museums of the world. I seemed curious imprint of cylindrical print found in the sowas. It depicts the God of Assore on the background of the winged disk. Persians used this symbol for the image of their god ahuramazda.
There are no hotels in Suza, and we decide to spend the night in the nearby Schoustore. The most interesting here – water mills. In the epoch "Couple and electricity" They turned out to be abandoned, but now they have a second life as a tourist facility. Indeed, on the territory of Persia, water mills began to be widely applied in the IVEK. In the meantime, local fishermen put their networks in a quiet creek.
My new friend has a special talent for communicating with locals. And one of them kindly invited us to her who saw the Pickup – to make a tour of Sachhutstar. This small town has greatly suffered during the Iranian Iraq war for the newest time (1980-1988), but much restored. The spans of an antique stone bridge built during the sucneers are preserved, a Friday mosque is restored.
Guide driver brings guests to the hotel: the excursion is completed. We are trying to give him a fee — "For gasoline". But he resolutely refuses: we take it from the guests!
At sunset – a small walk along the river shore. Here is a small beach, and the pleasure esplanade. For local youth, a special chic – sitting at the table and, looking at the setting sun, smoke Hookah. Demand gives birth to a proposal, and all the embankment is styled with tables with these smoking devices.
Early in the morning we take a taxi and go to the long-awaited hog-land. The driver promises to deliver us to zigkurat and after inspection "Babylonian tower" Take the travelers back. Half an hour of way, and here before us – 25-meter zigkurat.
Of all the buildings of Elamite architecture, he is the most well preserved. This magnificent structure snaps on the edge of the plateau, which goes to the Ab e-Diz river and surrounded by Tamarind Forests. The complex consists of three concentric walls isolated from raw bricks. The first surrounded the large reservoir, 3 palaces, 5 underground crypts and the sanctuary of the god fire nurse. The second wall was heated 7 temples and the third – three more. The complex was built by the king of Untash with a steadfast, which was ruled from 1265 to 1245, of course, to n.NS.
Dok Undashi (the city of Untasha) was not yet completed when his founder died, and for the next six centuries, until the invasion of Assyrians, under the leadership of the ashurbanipal, only priests were. As for the 25-meter zikcurate, then in time immemorial it was twice as high – and this was already considered "Little to Heaven" (Gen.11.4)
Until our time, only three of the initial five floors of a huge cult facility reached. The tower was built out of a brick on a solid wide base (103 103 meters) and 52 meters high.
After the destruction of Lur-Unduha Assyrians, the city retired and over time gradually was buried under the sandy nanos. For two and a half millennia, he was forgotten by the world, and discovered it relatively recently thanks to a happy chance. In 1935, the Anglo-Iranian oil company produced aerial photography in these places, and they found it from above that under the wing of the aircraft is not a random journey of natural hills, and the man-made complex created by geometrically clear plan.
From 1951 to 1962, excavations under the leadership of the French Professor Roman Girschman were conducted in Hog-Ambil. And now Zigkurat in Hog-Ambil is included in the World Heritage List of Humanity and is under UNESCO Protection. My fellow traveler Jacques does not hide the feelings of pride: Chog-Amblor Dipped the French, UNESCO headquarters is located in Paris. Yes, and the jacket itself is not from somewhere, but from the glorious city of Orleans, the Motherland Zhanna d’Ark.
Local watchman shows us the preserved clinical inscriptions on Eyamsky and unsuccessfully trying to express guests to the guests on Farsi. But we do not understand each other, and the wines of everything, by the way, the ancient zigarat. After all, the Lord said: "Here is one people, and one in all languages; And that’s what they started to do, and they will not stop from what they conceived to do; we will go and mix them there, so that one does not understand the speech of another. " (Gen. 11, 6-7).