Hue ancient capital of Vietnam
The ancient capital of Vietnam, the city of Hue, more than four hundred years was the center – first only South Vietnam, and then and the total feudal Vietnam. This is a real heart of Vietnam, an ancient center of cultural innovations and political intrigues, education and religion. A huge number of cultural and historical plans in the city are attracted annually a considerable number of tourists. Magnificent palaces and tombs of emperors of the Nguian dynasty, Pagoda T -den Mu with a seedroom tower, Aang Co. Beach, Park Bach Ma For many years already have amazing and delight of all guests of Hue. The city on the shores of a calm and majestic fragrant river, and the parks broken on her shores create an amazing contrast between the city scenery and the species of nature. But in general, the appearance of the city is very harmonious.
Hue – the most interesting in the historic Plan of Vietnam. Even before the unification of Vietnam, which occurred in the eighth century, the city of Hue was donated by the state of Vietov King Chamov. It happened in connection with the marriage of the Cham King on the princess from the Chan dynasty. In 1588, Hue becomes the capital of southern provinces by the will of Prince Nguen Hoang. Starting from 1802 and 1945, he was the capital of the emperors of the Nguyen dynasty, including the capital of the last emperors. This is the third largest city of South Vietnam. Thirteen emperors of the Nguyen dynasty ruled the country from its walls. The modern name of the city comes from the ancient name Thanhoa. In the Vietnamese language "Hoa" means "Harmony", "Peace". The name Hue exists for more than two hundred years. In 1993, the territory of Hue was proclaimed UNESCO cultural treasure of mankind.
Hue traditionally and remains one of the main centers of religion, education and culture of Vietnam. Nowadays, thanks to financial support from UNESCO, this fame is only strengthened. Built in the nineteenth century in the image and likeness of a forbidden city in Beijing Imperial city, contains many palaces and pagoda worldwide worldwide. For example, one of the most famous Vietnamese buildings – Pagoda Thaien Mu. A great interest in the historical and architectural plan is both the remains built by the emperor GIA LOG in 1804 a huge citadel. These include many interesting artifacts, such as the halls of Mandarins, nine sacred cannons, NGO Mont, nine dynastic urns and the Palace of Higher Harmony. Unfortunately, a forbidden burgundy city, also capable of hitting the imagination of any tourist, was almost completely destroyed during the Vietnam War.
Behind the city is also a lot of interesting places. This, for example, spread out only fifteen kilometers from the city of the royal tombs of the emperors of the Nguyen dynasty. Many attractions located in Hue and good museums will not let you get bored, and not only they: Local cuisine Hue is rightfully considered one of the best in Vietnam. You can enjoy exotic dishes that do not try more practically anywhere: after all, one thing is Vietnamese cuisine in my homeland, and quite another – abroad. Little restaurants who launched Hue Streets are ready to treat you with excellent dishes and at the same time can pleasantly please at low prices. It is said that the best food in the Vietnam is prepared in the kitchens Hue, and, I must say, these rumors have a very real foundation: after all, it was in Hue that the best cooks of the empire worked in Hue, in order to delight the taste of the emperor. For one meal in those times could serve up to a hundred dishes. Now, of course, the scope of food meals is much more modest, but try extraordinarily delicious food. You will probably succeed. Kitchen Hue has passed the long way of evolution, fueled the best features of French and European cuisine and while retaining the unique charm of traditional Vietnamese kitchen dishes. Already in order to enjoy this magic combination, it would be worth visiting Hue.
Friendly belong to tourists and locals who are famous for all Vietnam with their beauty and friendly. Tourism is largely owned by its existence of historical buildings Hue. The fact is that in the period between 1975 and 1990, they were recognized as the power of the ideologically harmful signs of the past feudalism of the Nguyen dynasty and balanced on the verge of destruction. Fortunately, by 1990 the government fully realized how historically the buildings of the city were valuable, and they were declared the national property, which, in essence, were. A little later, in 1993, the Hue Monument Complex was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and serious restoration work were launched.
The most common excursion in Hue is an exciting swimming in a dragon boat along the fragrant river, then landing ashore near Pagoda of Tien Mu and again swimming in the tomb of the ancient emperors. As already mentioned, the city of Slangeda is not only at attractions and cultural and historical program. Many festivals held in Hue festivals give an excellent opportunity not only to enjoy the art of Vietnam and penetrate the beauty of the melodies of the vintage songs of Ka Hue, who sent the hearing of the ancient emperors, but also to have fun from the soul along with the licking local population.
The climate in Hue is soft and warm, ideal for tourism for almost all year round, with the exception of October and November, when the rain period comes in Hue. The best time to visit the city is for the period from March to September, and from April to June the weather is at all ideal.
Now let’s stay in more detail on what attracts hundreds of tourists from year to year – on the main attractions that must be visited, being in Hue. One of them and, probably, the most famous is a citadel. It is located on the left bank of the aromatic river Military fortification of ten kilometers in a perimeter. It costs exactly opposite the modern city, and one of the walls of the citadel repeats the bending of the river, and the three others together with it will form a slightly wrong rectangle. The citadel was built in the period from 1804 to 1832 and that is why it is called French manner. The fortress tree of the citadel is reliably protected by a zigzag pv, the depth of which is about four meters, and the width is just over thirty. Citadel communication with the city provide ten excellent fortified gates. But the citadel itself, already quite impressive with its appearance – this is not all that can be seen on its territory.
For example, inside the Citadel is a thirty-seven meter flag tower, which is also often called "Royal Knight". This impressive work of architecture has a long history: the tower was built in this place in 1809, then completed in 1831, and in 1904 to the foundation was destroyed by Typhoon to be rebuilt in 1915. In 1947, the tower was again destroyed. Restored it in 1949 and in this sight it stands to this day.
For the serf shaft on the territory of the citadel there is another famous local attraction – nine artillery guns symbolizing the protection of the kingdom and palace. These guns are also devoted to five elements – wood, water, fire, metal and earth, as well as four times of the year. These tools are called "nine sacred guns". Inside the citadel of tourists, another majestic sight is waiting – the Forbidden City, another citadel, located inside the Citadel. Guard the forbidden city of six-meter stone walls with a total length of two and a half kilometers, and two pairs of gates. To date, only some of them are usually open – Ngomon Gate.
Thai Palace, or, as it is also called, the Palace of Higher Harmony, another landmark of both cultural and historical and architectural plan was built in 1803, and then in 1833 he was moved to forty-five meters, in his current place. From the point of view of European architecture, in the categories of which most visiting the Palace of Higher Harmony thinks, it is a spacious room with a wooden carved roof, which is held eighty columns, beautifully painted and varnished. The palace was repeatedly rebuilt and restored. In ancient times, it was used for particularly important official celebrations of monarchs, such as anniversary or coronation. It is worth looking at the legendary Hall of Mandarins, renovated in 1977, the most building, where tangerines were put into order their appearance and prepared to court ceremonies. In the western part of the Forbidden City there is another curious place – the Residence of Ditentho, the abdication of the queen of the Nguyen’s imperial dynasty.
The last attraction located on the territory of the Citadel is nine dynastic urns that are devoted to various monarchs of the Nguyen Dynasty, for a long time in Vietnam. Each urn is a height of about two meters and weighing from about two to two and a half tons. All of them are decorated with various ornaments, and their dimensions and weight symbolize the stability of power and position on the throne of the Nguynev dynasty. Decorated the most exquisitely central urn is devoted to the emperor of GIA Long.
But the attractions of Hyue only alone, of course, are not limited to. Four kilometers from her, on the top of the hill near the shore of the aromatic river built the famous Pagoda of Tien Mu, revered in all Vietnam and even beyond. The seven-story building of Pagoda was erected back in 1844 at the board of Emperor TWEU three and since then received the status of an informal symbol Hue. The building has a height of twenty-one meters, moreover, it is interesting, very different from European, architecture: the octagonal pagoda building looks fantastically beautiful. Each of the seven floors of the Pagoda is dedicated to one of the embodiments of the Buddha on Earth. However, the building of the Pagoda, which remained to the present day – is far from the first version, because for the first time the pagoda was built in this place back in 1601.
Scattered at a distance from two to sixteen kilometers from Hue on the shores of the aromatic river Imperial tombs – another object of the unchanged and close interest of tourists. Unfortunately, most of them were in due time were destroyed and looted, and today only three tombs represent the greatest interest to visit. The most, no doubt, the magnificent of them is the tomb of the emperor Ming Manga, which ruled the country from 1820 to 1840. Curious from the point of view of architecture and finely harmonious with the scenery tomb was designed by the emperor, but it was already built after his death by the successor of the emperor. Legends say that the emperor had about one hundred fifty children and uncountable many concubines. In honor of the male power of the emperor now even the vodka "Ming Tang".
Among the pine forest and the trees of Franjanipani there is another interesting tomb, erected in honor of the emperor, you soak, the country of the greatest relative to all other emperors time – thirty-five years. Of all the imperial tombs, the tomb you are so harmonious in the architectural plan and, that is noteworthy, I developed her plan personally the emperor, and until my death used it as a country residence. Unlike Ming Tanga, the emperor you did not have the heirs, with the exception of the reception son. Another curious detail concerning the tombs – its construction, which smoked with mad pace, even caused an uprising, which, however, was successfully suppressed by the emperor. High Diny Tomb – the last tomb of the emperor, built during his life. This grand cement structure only remotely resembles other tomb of emperors, combining both European architectural techniques and traditional Vietnamese.
How to get to Hue
Hanoi: 6 times a day, 1 million dong ($ 63)
Ho Chimina: 6 times a day, 1 million dong ($ 63)
Arrival to Fouai Airport (Phu Bai): 15 km from the city on the highway number 1.
Taxi to the city (100-120 thousand. dong). Minibus (20 thousand. Dong – $ 1.3) before the office of Vietmam Airlines, Nguyen Tri Phuong Str, 7, at the Thuan Hoa Hotel
Hue – An Hoa (Anho) car station to the north-west of the fortress on the highway number 1, tel 822-716.
Hanoi: 1 day, 170 thousand. Dongs
Hue Avtostania – Ankiu. Hung Vuong Str, 333A, tel 826-065.
Dalat: 20ch., 120 thousand. Dongs
Danang: 3 h., 20 thousand. Dongs
Ho Chi Minh City: 30 h., 120 thousand. Dongs
Avtostania Dong Ba (Dongba). TRAN HUNG DAO STR, 6, TEL 823-055.
On Thuan Beach: 20 min., 8 thousand. Dongs.
In hotels you can book a place in a minibus
Danang: 3 h., $ 3
Ho Chi Minh: 20 h., 18 $
Hoyan: 4 h., $ 4
Nha Trang: 16 h., 10 $