Island state Iceland Located in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean. The territory of the country is actually from the island of Iceland and a group of small islets, which are located near him. Literal translation of the country’s name means – «Ice Island», «Ice land» or «Ice country». Island Island began to settle from 870 g., First, the Norwegians predominantly settled here.
The Board of Iceland is a nationwide meeting (alttention), was first convened at 930g. After Norway has lost the status of the kingdom. In 1537, Iceland passed under the management of Denmark, and almost 400 years later, on June 17, 1944 at the end of the referendum, the island was proclaimed by an independent republic. Head of Iceland – President who is elected for a period of 4 years .
For Iceland, a truly amazing variety of natural forms is characterized, here you can fully immerse yourself in nature, see the bizarre coastal cliffs, majestic glaciers and picturesque lagoons with icebergs, waterfalls of different sizes, live volcanic activity. Mountain valleys, narrow fjords, wide beaches, quiet lakes and stones – All this is a magnificent and mysterious Iceland.
- language: Icelandic
- population: 317 thousand.
- telephone code: +354
- currency: Icelandic crown
- visa:Visa entrance
- traffic: Right-hand
- National domain: IS
- voltage: 220V
- current frequency: 50 Hz
- Outlet Type:Forks and sockets type C, plugs and sockets type F
- time: 16:00 (UTC + 0000)
Top cities and resorts of Iceland
The best regions, cities and resorts of Iceland
What is interesting to see in Iceland?
Top Sights of Iceland
National Museum of Iceland
Free Church Revyavika
Waterfall of Godfoss
Tingwell National Park
Video from Iceland
How to get to Iceland?
In 2013, direct flights between Russia and Iceland begins direct flights in two directions: in the first direction Reykjavik – St. Petersburg (Icelandic airline «Icelandair») Regular flights in this area will be performed by airlines twice a week on Tuesdays and Saturdays from June 1 to September 17. In the second direction of Moscow-Reykjavik-Moscow, regular flights will be carried out by the Russian Airlines Transaero.
Stable SAS and Icelandair flights with transfers to Oslo, Stockholm or Helsinki will continue. In addition, from London and Copenhagen to the capital of Iceland Reykjavik are available daily flights from Inexpensive airline Iceland Express. CIS citizens can get to Iceland only through Europe with transfers.
From Denmark and Norway to Iceland get on a comfortable ferry Naronia. Arriving with ferry in Seydisfjordur Tourists can further use a long-distance bus or flights of the country’s internal airlines. There is another way to Iceland – on a personal car through Northern Europe, and then on the ferry to the Faroe Islands and to Seydisfjordur.
How comfortable move in Iceland?
For traveling through the central part of the country, a car will rent a perfect option. This requires the driver’s license of the international sample and age from 21 g. (for renting an SUV – from 25 years old). Car rental Iceland – expensive pleasure, and if you take a car for rent – then it’s better a jeep, because the difference in price between the SUV and the passenger cars is small, and a lot more amenities. In addition, in many areas of Iceland, it is best to ride exactly on jeep. Movement in the country of right-hand, Russian rights act. In general, riding on the roads of the island does not cause special difficulties.
This type of transport in Iceland as a taxi is very common. There are several state-owned taxi transport companies and they work, as a rule, around the clock. Taxi travel costs about 100 crowns / kilometer (see the current course of the Icelandic crown to the euro, dollar and ruble), and at night and on holidays, the cost of the tariff increases by 10-15%. Taxi in Iceland can be enabled by telephone, renting on specialized parking or «to catch» Right on the street.
In Iceland, there are no railways, but there is an extensive network of high-quality road trails. Between many cities of Iceland and in small villages a bus service. Along the entire coastline of the island passes a ring road about 1’400 km. Bus tours on this highway are possible only in summer.
Where better to stop, traveling in Iceland?
Top hotels in Iceland
Climate in Iceland
The climate in Iceland is complex, subarctic, softer weather reigns closer to the coast, mainly due to the warm north-Atlantic flow. Also affects the climate and drifting nearby Arctic ice. In general, the temperature background on the whole coast is the same, unlike the central part of Iceland, where the continental climate prevails. Temperature in winter can descend to -20°C, and in the summer to rise only to +7°WITH. It is clearly visible on the schedule where you can see the weather in Iceland by months.
The precipitation in Iceland falls uneven – from 1000 to 4000 millimeters per year. In winter, cold strong winds are dominated in the climate of Iceland, and in December, the coldest and dark time comes. During this period, the length of the daylight is no more than five hours, which is more compensated in June, with the onset of white nights.
National cuisine Iceland
As for the kitchen of Iceland, it can be called a very specific. Main dishes from which it consists, these are gifts of the sea and lamb. In the restaurants of the country from meat dishes to tourists offer to try «Hangikot» (smoked lamb), «Blake» (charred meat), a dish of a chopped sheep lever «Slight», Blood and liver sausages, very peculiar dishes «Khrutspeungur» (constitutes pickled yokes lamb) and «Svid» (dried overproof sheep head).
From the gifts of the sea in Iceland it is worth trying – whale meat and a whale lip, «Hardfiscur» (dried cod, pike or ocean som), smoked salmon, pickled salmon with dill «Graralaks», Marinated herring with spices called «Sild» and numerous variations of sandwiches with fish. At all exotic seafood dishes should be attributed «hakar». It is a fish or meat of marine mammals, mostly sharks, which is stored in the ground for more than 2 months, acquiring a very specific smell. In restaurants of Iceland «hakar» Served by small pieces, filled with schnapps.
In addition, Iceland is worth trying «volcanic» Bread that is stirred on volcanic heat. To do this, in areas of activity of volcanoes, the dough in a metal container is placed in the ground and leave it there for a day. For dessert in the restaurant you will serve a local dairy dish «skir» (similar to yogurt) with berries, ice cream, fruit. The most preferred drink in Iceland – Coffee. The national hard heart is vodka «Brennivinn», which Icelanders are prepared from potatoes and flavored by Tmin. Fish in Iceland – One of the main export items is up to 80 percent of the country’s GNP. In addition, many vegetables grow in Iceland – the greenhouses are heated by a ferry from natural geysers.
Top restaurants Iceland
Safety of tourists in Iceland
In general, Iceland is one of the safest on the planet of the countries, so here it is unlikely to get into some unpleasant situation. But in recent years, cases of small stealing and attacks on the street increased in Reykjavik (migrants from Islamic countries appeared, and with them – and typical problems). Therefore, heading to the nightclub, you can easily witness fights or drunk disputes. No need to interfere, safer just cause the police. A certain category of Icelanders is not very good to foreigners since the number of emigrants increased dramatically in Iceland. This usually refers to the younger generation, so it is easy to observe vigilance.
There are in Iceland and dangerous to visit the place: it is worth showing vigilance, because snow collaps and avalanches are very often occurring in the northern part of the country, on steep mountain slopes. They represent a significant danger to life. Also in Iceland frequent earthquakes. If you independently move on unfamiliar area, special caution should be exercised, especially in mountainous areas, since volcanic activity on the islands is quite high, even outside of volcanic fields.
History of Iceland
Iceland: souvenirs for memory
Iceland: Entertaining Facts
If you are planning to visit Iceland, pay attention to the following curious facts characterizing this country: