In Europe, too, there are ticks – Berlin Vienna Prague, Austria Germany Czech Republic – Tourist blog
At work, I have been engaged in the spread of tick-borne infections in Russia for many years, and outside of work – Travel. In May, he talked with a tourist who brought ticks from the tour in the Swiss Alpam and my curious thing broke out: what about them there with ticks? It turns out that we have more terrible. For example, the annual cases of encephalitis in them in the EU 4 times more.
According to the results of the research, this news written here.
Russian tourists are risking with tick-borne infections, traveling in Europe. The most endemic seats include the seven major countries of the European Union. Over 10,000 cases of infection with tick-borne viral encephalitis are recorded in them. The risk is enhanced by the fact that the peak of the activity of the ticks lasts from April to November and coincides with the tourist season.
Ticks are carriers of pathogens of a number of death-hazardous diseases for humans, only anodic, which are the most frequent guests in the human body, tolerate 300 species of disease pathogens. Of these, no less than three viral, 22 bacterial and several protozoal infections are transmitted to man. EU epidemiologists are alarming: every year about 10,000 cases of tick-borne viral encephalitis are recorded in Europe. Even in Russia, this figure is four times lower and over the past three years has not exceeded 2500 cases.
The most endemic countries in Europe include popular tourist destinations from Russians: Czech Republic, Germany, Austria, Lithuania, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Romania. For example, according to the latest data of the Faculty of Natural Sciences of Karlov University, the Risk of the Risk of CBE infection for the most part of the Czech Territory is estimated at 3-5 points on a 6-Tibal scale1. Parasites are distributed not only in country areas, but also in any green urban area, for example in parks and squares. In Finland, hazardous parasites in the seaside regions, in particular, in Turku, Kotka, Himin. According to the publication "MEDSCAPE.Com»The level of risk of infection with tick-borne encephalitis in Austria comparable C Risk of infection with malaria in India. But, while malaria vaccination is a standard recommendation for all Russian tourists who have chosen the Asian direction, vaccination from tick-borne encephalitis is not a condition for visiting Europe countries. No travel agency in Russia, offering a trip to the EU countries, will advise to make vaccinations from the CA or take with them special clothes from ticks. This problem mentions MEDSCAPE.COM: "CE is practically not mentioned in any recommendations for tourists who spend their holidays in endemic areas, as the awareness of the problem among tourists is rather weak" 2.
Ticks are not insects, they relate to spiderman, and the means from mosquitoes do not act on them. As for vaccinations from ticks, as well as in Russia, there is a vaccine in Europe only from a single disease resulting from the bite of a tick – viral encephalitis. In addition to the CA, they transfer the pathogens of borreliosis, erchyliosis and a number of other death-hazardous diseases. One bite is enough to put the tick of the pathogens at once of several diseases. Therefore, measures are most effective, which in principle exclude the possibility of bite – this is the use of acaricidal aerosols and special protective clothing. The first method is very popular, but due to the high toxicity of acaricides, is dangerous to human health, plus has a very short expiration date. Some famous foreign brands of sportswear have antiquity models. But a rigid testing system developed by domestic epidemiologists, proven foreign overalls passes "for two". About ten different costumes from ticks of different price categories and protection levels are represented in the Russian market. For example, one hundred percent protection is guaranteed manufacturers of antiquity "Biostop", but it costs it from 5,000 to 7000 rubles. On the conclusion of epidemiologists of Rospotrebnadzor, this costume "on the efficiency of protection significantly exceeds all known domestic and foreign samples".
"Once every two years in Germany hosts the largest world exhibition of overalls, in which we represent the most effective Russian developments, – says the marketing director of the manufacturer of anti-leather costumes Anton flowers. – And every time the Russian anti-tech costume causes live interest among visitors from EU countries, which are not familiar with the danger of tick-borne infections and are looking for ways of the most effective protection against them ".
Gathering on a trip to Europe, remember that in the practice of Russian travel agencies it is not customary to warn customers about the risks associated with the trip – about their protection to tourists should take care of themselves.
reference. In the case, if you were bitten by a tick while traveling, I first call the insurance company and get approval for a doctor’s call or contact the hospital yourself. Injections of immunoglobulin, which put in Russia after the tick bite, in Europe are recognized as dangerous to health. Also, according to the laws of the European Union, antibiotics in pharmacies do not sell without recipe. Therefore, do not waste the precious time on self-treatment and do not postpone the appeal to the doctor before returning to Russia, and immediately contact the clinic, presenting medical insurance.