In foggy forests Fansipan

Six years ago, a joint Russian-Vietnamese tropical center was created. The routes of the expeditions spent already stretched to the most remote corners of Vietnam. You can talk about mangrove thickets in the Mekong River Delta and about the Giant Diptercarp Trees in Ma yes, which is not far from Ho Chi Minh, and about the wet tropical forests of Buonalya, and about elephant paths in the consiang, which is on Tingguen Plateau, and a lot, many other things.

But our latest expedition was especially memorable, which took place in March 1993. We visited the high-mountainous area of ​​Shaves and Fannsipan, where scientists of the whole world are striving – terriologists studying mammals, ornithologists, entomologists, soil zoologists, botany and many others. They are attracted here not only that this is the most high-mountainous landscaped area of ​​Vietnam with the highest vertex (Mount Fan Sapan, 3143 meters), but also a number of interesting natural features. I must say that the characteristic feature of Southeast and East Asia is an extraordinary "Mixedness" both flora and fauna; So it is in this place that the mixture of Palearctic (Palearkika (from Greek. Paleo – Ancient and Arctic) – zoogeographic area of ​​sushi; occupies Europe, Vneipic Asia and North Africa) and Indo-Malay elements reaches the highest level. In addition, it is here that it is especially interesting to trace the specificity of animal adaptation to subtropical high-altitude conditions and evaluate the role of mountain ecosystems in the preservation and regulation of water resources. All this and prompted the tropical center to start comprehensive studies of Shaps and Fansipan.

In general, the tasks of the tropical center are both theoretical and practical – extensive. Here are some of them: a study of tropical ecology, medicine and biotechnology, studying the remote consequences of the use of chemicals, issues related to the tropic resistance of various products and materials. Our laboratory of general ecology is engaged in the study of rainforest, their flora and fauna. That’s why we, to the envy of all "Cabinet" scientists, so often leave for the expedition.

In the market, you will always meet women from the Moo tribe in national costumes.So, our way began in Hanoi. Quickly passed the ancient Hanoi, enter the friendship bridge – the pride of Vietnamese, – built by our experts. From the bridge, a magnificent view of the Red River opens, one of the main rivers is not only Vietnam, but also of all Southeast Asia; The river goes to a foggy haze, rolls his reddish waters to the Tonkin Bay. Red River Valley – One of Vietnam’s densely populated places is the most important area for the production of rice and other farm crops. For the entire valley, the landscape of emerald green rice checks. Next, the road rises above, and in the province of Ienbai we see already low hills with palm forests. The hills are terrified, engaged by tea plantations and rice checks. On the road, bamboo water pipelines raised above the highway are often found, residents of them take water from the mountains to their villages and fields – water here is great value, so it is so carefully collecting and caught. Almost all the slopes of the mountains (excluding very cool) are mastered by a person, so the new agroleandshaft is formed and, accordingly, natural flora and fauna change dramatically. To the step approach late in the evening, it is a dense fog, moving at low speed, so as not to fall into the gorge. Fogs here frequent phenomenon, so it is not by chance in these mountainous areas, tropical forests are usually called "Misty". Not far from the Shape, we divide your expeditionary camp.

I will not stop on our everyday, painstaking work, so as not to fulfill the reader terms – "Populations", "Floral and faunistic community composition", "species diversity" and T.NS. Materials collected many, including for the project of the future reserve "FanCipa". I’ll tell you about what struck me.

From our camp, a view of the top of the Mount Fansipan. She seemed a grandiose us, I could not even believe that a dwarf bamboo forest grows on this top, just 20 centimeters height. And near the camp, such familiar plants grew everywhere – sorrel, plantain, dandelion, paint, Mattik, strawberry. As if we were in the middle lane of Russia. But the most amazing was ahead when we found in the rainforest "beard" lichens and mhov. They hung on the upper branches, and the tropical orchids were swore and. cowberry. Obviously existence here "ours" Plants are associated with a sharp drop in air temperature during the winter months (October – February) to -5 ° with an average air temperature + 5 °.

There were lifeless observations. Working in a very remote area, we registered the fact that many types of large mammals (hoofs and predatory) were practically falling out of local ecosystems. A decrease "Cute" Mammal species speaks of the disadvantage of the natural environment, indicates a strong anthropogenic effect on it.

In foggy forests Fansipan

I really want to write a few words about people living in these wonders. CJSC, Meo (or Hmongs), Other tribes live here. First of all, they were struck by their national clothes, so well harmony with local nature and climate. The closest managed to get acquainted with the Moo tribe, since we worked just in that mountainous area, where Meo live, treated with steep slopes of the ground and hunt.

In Fannsipan forests. Lichen and tropical orchids – amazing combination. They dressed in all black: men have a black shirt and kuts black pants, and on the head – a small black hat; Women – Dark Blouse, Black Pants to Knee and Heter. Naturally, women can not do without jewelry. They carry large aluminum earrings in the ears with various, skillfully engraved patterns, and in their hands – several aluminum or silver bracelets; The neck is usually – a chain with silver coins (one or more) Times of French Indochina is a traditional decoration for various Mountain tribes of Vietnam; Sometimes a chain replaces red or blue beads. Hairstyle supports black cloth hoop. All Meo, as a rule, wear shoes that we have called "Vietnamese", or generally cost without shoes, even in cold foggy weather with impacting wind. On the back of all the inhabitants – old men and young, men and women – a large oval bamboo basket, in which manica, rice, bamboo, spices, greens and other products. This, however, is also typical for many other peoples of Vietnam. Interestingly, Moo’s men still hunt wild animals by the wicking rifles of the last century. Such a weapon has a rather exotic type: it consists of a long (1.3 m) of the cast-iron barrel, a small butt with an unusual church and a trigger, as a rule, closed from rain and frequent fogs of a piece of mountain goat skins – Malla Surou; It is such a fur, thick and long, well protects the gun in these extreme conditions. The guns are delivered here from China more than 100 years ago, they met them yet.M.Przhevalsky at tribes of Tibetan Highlands.

These such ancient and not very comfortable hunter-hunter guns never want to change to modern, even when they offer big money. Maybe because with such a weapon there are many animals, mainly Mallas-Surou, do not shoot, that is, hunters, as it were, protect their facilities, support the number of populations at a certain level. And indeed, this kind of hoofs is very well distributed in this area.

Working in the monsoon rainforest Fansipan, where it was so unexpected and so pleased to hear the voice of our Preamka-Vesnetka, see familiar lichens and a lingonberry, and passing through the open slopes of meadows, scared Waldshnepa, I often thought about how the whole of our nature was one and how We need to take care of it "All world".

In foggy forests Fansipan

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