In which countries is prohibited VoIP
Watchapp or Skype calls are a great way to solve communication problems. The quality of communication is not always high, but calls between messengers are free. Unfortunately, not in all countries it works.
In this article, read the list of countries where VoIP is prohibited or limited. Unfortunately, in this list there are very popular among Russian country tourists.
Simple explanation – what is VoIP
VoIP (Voice Over IP) is a data transfer protocol that allows you to transmit sound (voice) by conventional Internet communication channels. That is, information packages with voice are transferred on a par with email packages, requests for Web sites, YouTube and another common information for us.
Main plus – low cost. Or rather, the lack of an additional fee for voice transmission. For voice operation need only working Internet.
The main minus is the lack of quality guarantees. If you call on the usual telephone connection (paid), then the voice packages are transmitted in priority (QoS technology). Packages with VoIP voice are transmitted without priority. Possible packet losses and delays (lags).
The picture below shows schematically how it works. Note that the diagram shows only one node (router). On the way, due to the border, a package with a voice will have to go through a dozen nodes or even a few dozen.
VoIP now use not only Whatsapp, Skype and other messengers. You can also call on Facebook, VKontakte and other social networks. On many Web sites there is an opportunity to call voice and make an order. Apple’s gadget owners have FaceTime. All this Voip.
We hope our explanation understood all readers. We tried to make an explanation extremely simple.
Why some countries prohibit VoIP?
The answer is obvious because it is free. Communication operators lobby the laws on the prohibition in order not to lose profits from international calls.
Countries where VoIP is prohibited or limited
UAE (United Arab Emirates)
In the UAE, VoIP communication is prohibited by law. This is not surprising, because both operating in the country of the DU and Etisalat operator belong to the state. Note: There are two more Virgin and SWYP operators in the UAE, but these are not separate operators, and "daughters" of companies Etisalat and du.
In the UAE, more than 90% of the population are concerned workers from India, Pakistan, Egypt and other countries, which we told in detail in the article "Population of the UAE". The state does not want to lose revenues from the calls of these people to their homeland.
However, in March 2020, the ban was temporarily removed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, not all VoIP services earned. For example, Skype, WhatsApp and FaceTime calls never earned. Now (June 2021) everything has already returned back.
4 applications with VoIP calls to the UAE are now officially authorized by the authorities and work: Botim, C’Me, Voico Uae, Hiu Messenger. Russians have these applications are not popular. Locking does not always work perfectly, so some tourists still manage to call messengers. For example, recently tourists write to us that there are calls by Viber.
If you are going to the UAE and you want to call home from there, then study paid connection methods. Details in our articles "How to call from the UAE" and "Internet in the UAE".
Other Persian Gulf Countries
Qatar. VoIP is allowed only for two companies licensed – QTEL and Vodafone. Popular free services do not work.
Saudi Arabia. VoIP was prohibited by law, but since September 2017 is permitted.
Oman. VoIP calls are allowed if the service server is located on the territory of Oman and authorized by the authorities. Popular free services do not work.
Kuwait. VoIP is allowed only for local operators. Popular free services do not work.
Bahrain. VoIP is allowed. Popular free services work normally.
The situation in the countries of the Persian Gulf is changing quickly. Something forbidden something allowed. In addition, operators often block some protocols themselves, using other restrictive laws. We will follow the development of the situation.
In any case, we recommend: if you are going to the countries of the Persian Gulf, you are interested in in advance and provide for alternative communication methods – options in roaming or buying local SIM.
From a legal point of view VoIP in Egypt is prohibited and allowed at the same time. Article 72 of the Law on Telecommunications prohibits "Bypassing international calls in any way". But it does not directly prohibit VoIP, only forbids it to use for international calls.
At the Board of President Mursi (2011-2013) All VoIP services were blocked. However, immediately after the 2013 revolution, the blocking was removed. But 72 The article of the law was, such and remained.
In fact, now in Egypt VoIP works alternately. There are periods when Skype or WhatsApp calls work full. There are periods when messengers work, but only on chat. There are periods when some messengers do not work at all.
If we get lucky. We have in our experience we know that you can communicate with friends in Egypt only by e-mail. Messengers may not work in a row and even longer. Skype may not work in Alexandria, but at the same time work normally in Hurghada.
Therefore, we advise: count on VoIP calls, but you will work alternative options in advance – options in roaming or buying a local SIM card. Read our detailed reviews "How to call from Egypt" and "Internet in Egypt".
China VoIP has never been completely prohibited, but never allowed. China has always been and is now in an intermediate state. Most services work, but some may not work.
In addition in China, local locks are practiced. For example, a separate subscriber (mobile or fixed) can block if multiple short calls are going. In this case, suspected illegal advertising by phone. Lines with VoIP traffic This practice also concerns.
Therefore, about China can be said: Skype or Whatsapp calls will most likely work, but. First, there is a chance of blocking. Secondly, the links between our countries are very stretched, and the communication quality can be low.
Therefore, count on VoIP calls, but do not forget to work out other options.
In Tunisia, the situation is something like Egypt. At the board of President Ben Ali was a block. After the revolution, the lock was removed. However, VoIP may not work, and messengers may not be available. But fortunately, in Tunisia it is a rare phenomenon.
In Cuba VoIP is not prohibited. However, the speed of the mobile Internet here is often so weak that there is no possibility to make calls. Cubans themselves use IP telephony usually by IMO, since this messenger consumes the minimum of traffic.
Calls on IP telephony with Cuba is a big lottery.
VoIP calls are blocked by telecom operators. However, this blocking does not always work. It happens that you can call, it happens no. Messengers work properly, but without calls. From stationary online lines Successfully call Skype is successful than from mobile.
Another big lottery.
In 2005, VoIP was blocked in Israel. However, soon this blocking was removed. Now calls on Skype and WhatsApp work normally.
Even if VoIP is not prohibited, then
Communication operators may interfere with its work. And on quite legal grounds. Block completely can not – this is illegal. But no one bothers them to set a low priority for VoIP packets, which makes the connection of unsatisfactory quality.
Operators are beneficial for you to call the usual telephony on high rates. They would love to ban the VoIP worldwide. Fortunately, can not.
Therefore, it is always morally preparing that calls over Skype or WhatsApp work will not work or the quality of communication will be terrible. We recommend hoping for VoIP, but have spare options.
It is important and useful to know
– Applications on a smartphone better download in advance, because there are countries where applications with VoIP are not available. For example, Apple Facetime in the UAE even download can not. It is better to rebuild and download everything you need in advance;
– bypass any blocking with VPN (virtual tunnel). But for an ordinary tourist, this is quite difficult, so in this article we did not affect this topic;
– If you are going to use roaming on a trip, then read our interesting article "Underwater rowing stones".
Specify the questions and leave comments below, and read our useful articles about tourism and for tourists (List of articles below).