Inappropriate artifacts, or what can not be
Many have heard about the stones of the ICIs and Geoglyphs of the Nauki, but not everyone knows that there is even a special term for such finds – "inappropriate artifacts".
Inappropriate artifact is something that is impossible from a scientific point of view, but, if neither paradoxically, fact.
Sometimes such finds are banal fakes. For example, the famous Piltdown man whose skull allegedly discovered an archaeologist-amateur Charles Dawson in the distant 1912. Nakhodka became a sensation, as he testified that the ancient ancestors of people had already lived in England in the territory of England (where they found a skull), while all the data said that they were still firmly "sit" in Africa.
Only a few decades later managed to prove that Piltdown man is a hoax: the skull was glued from the actual remains of a person (far from such an ancient one, as believed) and. Orangutan.
However, not all finds of this kind are fake. Many of them are the result of an amazing chance, others can be called real scientific ries.
London hammer. From the chalk period immediately in the XIX century
This most ordinary iron hammer found, according to various sources, either in 1934, or in 1936 the spouses Max and Emma Khan near the small Texas city – theses of the British capital. The hammer lay among the stones of the Ordovik and the chalk era on the shore of the rag Red Creek. And everything would be nothing if the subject literally not in ancient breed. In 1983, a strange find acquired American Karl Bo and transferred it to the Museum of Creation of World Creation in the same Texas.
Creationists were rejoiced: here it is proof of the existence of the highest reason, which created the land, according to the Old Testament, about 6000-7500 years ago. Scientists just swung their heads: a hammer with a fragment of a wooden handle is very similar to the model spread in the US in the XVIII-XIX centuries. Scientific studies indicated more accurate dating – the subject was manufactured in the second half of the XIX century. How he got into the chalk deposits? Probably, fell into the crack in the breed, where the groundwater was simply clocked.
Head from Kalitztlauaki. Greek statue in the possessions of Aztecs: how so?!
What, and discover the terracotta head depicting a person with European features of the face, under the three intact gloty layers of the Indian settlement of Kalitstlauaka Mexican archaeologist José Garcia Pion during the excavation of 1933 did not exactly expect. The head of the statue, similar to the style of Roman (and not Indian), was in the Aztec burial dated 1476-1510.
Nearby were quite ordinary for Aztec clay painted bowls, figure Ocelot and tips of copies from obsidian and silicon. And although Columbus opened America in 1492, he hardly captured the Roman Statue in the style of the II century BC. NS.
It is not surprising that many scientists considered the mysterious head of ordinary my swelling that someone from the expedition participants posted in order to jerk over her leader. It is impossible to learn more about this, since all participants in the excavations have long been retaining in the Bose.
Many, however, are fully allowed that the "missing head" could indeed be at Aztecs. It could be nailed to the shore of the ocean flow after the shipwreck of the Roman, Carthaginian or Berber Ship. After all, traces of the residence of these peoples on the Canary Islands and Tenerife in the VI-V century BC. NS.
Baghdad battery. Age 2000 years old
This is how this strange artifact described, found in 1936 on the territory of the former Mesopotamia, its discoverer, the German archaeologist Wilhelm König: ". The upper end of the rod approximately on the centimeter performed over the cylinder and was covered with a thin light yellow, but fully oxidized layer of metal, in appearance similar to Lead. The lower end of the iron rod did not reach the bottom of the cylinder, where there was a layer of asphalt with a thickness of about 3 mm ".
Outside it is similar to the usual clay vessel, if it were not for the fact that it is filled with a bitumen, and inside is a copper cylinder through which the iron rod was held. All together resembles the device of an ordinary battery.
But there is a problem – the age of the find. It is about 2000 years. The first galvanic element, as you know, invented the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta in the late XVIII century.
The most amazing thing is that experiments have shown: with the help of the Baghdad battery and in fact, you can get electricity. When copies of such "vessels" were filled with copper sulphide, they issued a voltage of about 2 in. And with lemon juice – and at all 4 in. German Egyptologist Arne Eggborcht even experimentally showed that with the help of such "batteries" and a salt solution you can cover the clay statuette with a smooth layer of gold.
Many skeptics, however, believe that The possibility of obtaining current does not mean that residents of Mesopotamia guess. They indicate that in the Baghdad battery there are technical flaws and in general it is very similar to the vessels found in the nearby ancient city of Seleucia, which were used to store the scrolls.
Map Antarctica 1513. But Antarctica was then not open
This card made by Turkish Admiral Piri Reis in 1513 on a piece of skin of the Gazelle, is considered one of the first geographical maps, which is fairly accurately depicted by the coast of South and North America. But the most amazing thing – the outlines of Antarctica are identified on it, which in those days did not hear. This is understandable – the map was compiled in just 21 minutes after the Poland’s Epochal Travel.
By the way, Antarctic is depicted on the map not entirely, but is connected to South America. This fact makes geographers doubt that under these lands the author meant the White Continent, and pseudo-scientific – to build fantastic theories. For example, that the card was drawn by mysterious ancient sources that make those times when the glacier lay between Antarctica and South America. However, in this case, the snow was supposed to be covered and dry, which does not follow from the card image.
The ice shield itself has formed several million years ago. And Homo Sapiens appeared, by different estimates, from 200,000 to 40,000 years ago. In general, while alone is looking for a trace of ancient civilizations on the map of Piri-Risa, others consider drawing Banal error of the cardograph or the embodiment of fantasy on the existence of hypothetical southern lands, The ideas about which arose long before the Piri flight. How otherwise, such cards would appear with marine monsters on them?
Abido hieroglyphs. Egyptians flew aliens?
Another favorite object of conspiracy theory – hieroglyphs found in the temple of the Egyptian God of Osiris in the ancient city of Abidos. And all because the images of them are suspicious similar to cars of the 20th century: glider, helicopter, submarine and airship. In other tombs and temples, such drawings are not found, so the version that they could have their meaning for the ancient residents of the Nile Valley are excluded. You can imagine how such finds are pleased with conspiraologists. Here it is proof that the pyramids did not build an ancient Egyptians, but the most real aliens who arrived in Egypt – naturally – in the "blue helicopter".
The version of the "boring" scientists, as usual, is boring. Studies have shown that ABIDOS hieroglyphs – nothing but the so-called palipses, that is, letters that were used secondary. The names and titles of Pharaoh Ramses II, who completed the construction of the Osiris Temple, simply wrote on a launched mention of his father, which began construction. After thousands of years, the plaster plastered, turning the inscriptions in nonsense, surprisingly similar to the outlines of the cars of the last century.