Inhumanly smart: famous animal intellectuals
Our smaller brothers are sometimes not only not inferior to us in intelligence, but even turn out to be more brainitis. The most intelligent among animals are our closest relatives – chimpanzees, as well as gorilla and orangutans. This does not mean, however, that the remaining representatives of the animal kingdom do not show the wonders of ingenuity.
Sher Ami: saved 194 soldiers
It happened during the First World War, namely, with the Möz-Argonnian offensive of the AntsTHA troops at the position of the German troops on October 3, 1918. Major Charles Whitels, and with him more than 500 people were surrounded by an enemy without food and with a minimum of ammunition. Otherwise, the allies were mistaken to fighters in the fighters, and in the first day most of the battalion. Soldiers tried to inform the attacking that they shoot their own, sending mail pigeons. The first two birds died, not a memorable message to the addressee.
Then they launched the last diet to the sky named Sher Ami, to the left foot of which the capsule was tied with a note: "We are along the road, height 276.4. Our artillery strikes directly. For the sake of the saint, stop the fire ". The Germans tried to knock down the bird, but she managed to break through to the territory of the Allies and flew 25 miles (about 40 km) in just 25 minutes, having delivered the message that saved as a result of 194 people.
When the dove collapsed into the hands of his fighters who took her fighters, those with amazement understood that the Germans got into her, and more than once: she lost her eyes, lost his right leg and was wounded in the chest. Doctors fought for the life of a brave dove, and he survived. The bird did a wooden prosthescent instead of a lost foot, and also awarded the French military cross and a gold medal of the American Society of Postal Pigeons. Sher Ami died on June 13, 1919.
Birds can generally be very intelligible. So, for example, Novokhaled Crowners are able to make workers of labor and use them, and some parrots – even read the letters and understand what zero is! We wrote about this in the article "Why parrots talk".
Congo Chimpanzee: the most famous animal artist
"He took a pencil, and I put a piece of paper in front of him. Something strange came out of a pencil. It was the first line of the Congo. He spent a short cut and stopped. Will he continue?? Will it happen again? But he repeated it again and again, "Researcher Desmond Morris, who studied the male chimpanzee named Congo. Monkey from an early age demonstrated interest in drawing: in just two years Congo drew 400 paintings. At first, the animal, like any other chimpanzees, simply sprayed paints, but in one fine moment the manner of keeping the brush has changed a lot, as is the attitude towards your classes. Congo became much more attentive, pursuing every smear.
Morris who watched him was surprised that the monkey was independently learned to draw a circle, a certain composition even became viewed in her paintings. When Morris drew something on one side of the sheet, chimpanzee took a brush and added strokes on the other side, making a drawing symmetrical. At the same time, the Congo never painted outside the canvas and, it seems, he knew when the picture could be called complete, – in this case, he simply postponed a brush aside. If a blank sheet was brought to him, he immediately took up his job, if it was his old work – he did not touch him anymore.
Slava Nastiga Congo already after death. He fell ill with tuberculosis and left this world in 1957, in the very twelve of his monkey forces – he was ten years old. After the death of the Congo style will be called lyrical abstract impressionism. One of his paintings will acquire Pablo Picasso, another Joan Miro exchanges on his two sketch, and three others will be sold at the prestigious Bonhams auction for $ 26,000 – more expensive works of Pierre Augste Renoara and Andy Warhol on the same bidding. And, by the way, the exhibition and sale of works of the brilliant chimpanzee will be held very soon in London.
On other outstanding person-like primates – in particular, about the "speaking" chimpanzee Kanzi and Gorilla Coco – we wrote in the article "Amazing abilities of monkeys".
Dolphin Moko: Savior Seven Coughs
This happened in 2008 off the coast of New Zealand, not far from Gisborne. Zoofronts tried to save the female dwarf coushlot and her cubs who were black and lost their orientation in space. Attempts to return them to the open sea were not crowned with success, so the rescuers planned to kill them in order to get rid of the long and painful death. And here the local favorite came to the rescue – Dolphin-Afultina Moko. He lived off the coast of the North Island and was known to everyone in the district with his playful character: he loved to play with the balls who threw him swimming, although sometimes hooliganil – turned the boats and stole the boards from surficists.
But this time Moko showed himself as a real hero. Somehow Dolphin was able to establish a connection with cough-stuck coulters and spend them about 200 m along the coast to the canal, which led to the open sea. Alas, Moko himself has lived after this incident only two years. In 2010, his body was discovered on the shore of the small island of Matakana – it is assumed that the death of the animal came as a result of a collision with a boat. Four hundreds of local residents gathered for the funeral of the universal favorite. The body of the Melko was put in the coffin of blue, immersed on the boat, who, after the farewell ceremony, traveled all the coastal bays – favorite places of brave dolphin walks. Then Moko buried on Matakan Island, where sand from the North Islands was specifically brought. Maori believe that it will help the animal after death to return to the places where he lived. In 2011, Time magazine included Moko in the top ten most bold animals in history.
Priscilla Pig: The first of the pigs began to use workers
But this news struck the scientific world literally the other day, in mid-October 2019. Although the precedent himself happened for the first time in 2016, when Ecologist Meredith Rut-Bernstein watched rare Visai warts in the Paris Zoo. It was she who first drew attention to the fact that one of the females named Priscilla suddenly took a piece of woody bark in his mouth and began to dig a hole with energetically for a nest device. To the question of a scientist, what it was, the employees of the zoo were only confused with their hands, because before that they did not notice anything like the pigs. The same result was requested to other zoos, where they contained Visai pigs. Meanwhile, the pricked continued to use the bark than a lot of puzzled zoologists around the world. After all, the types of animals that can use the tools of labor can be counted on the fingers: it is chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, macales, cappucins, Novokhaledon crows, dolphins, kalans, beavers and some others. Nobody expected such innovations from pigs!
So Priscilla made a real breakthrough. But that is not all! With a stick in the mouth, one of her daughters was later seen, and then a member of the same group – the Billy male (who, by the way, is not necessary to build a nest, only females for growing piglets are made). They all used sticks and slices of the bark ineptly, which indicates that the first it was pricked exactly, probably becoming a kind of founder of real pig "Culture".