Interesting sights Tunisa
Although Tunisia is less than his neighboring countries, he has Incredibly rich history, And it proves the amazing archaeological sights of the country. The first cities of the current Tunisia began to develop almost 3000 years ago, And one of them – the ancient Carthage – the largest metropolis of the ancient world. In Tunisia, there are some of the most well-preserved and interesting medieval cities of the Arab world, such as old cities (media) – Sfax and Sousse. This article will introduce the most impressive sights Tunisia.
The longest famous cave of Tunisia, length 4100 m. With traces of human settlements and beautiful cave formations, including GUR.
Midecess Gorge and Oasis
This mountain oasis is located in a very impressive gorge. The length of the gorge is about 3 km, the height of the walls is approximately 50-60 m.
Once very important, Legendary city, Based as the Phoenician Colony in the 9th century BC. NS. Carthage, like the capital of the Punic culture, was the main rival of the emerging Rome and, after many attempts, finally, was destroyed Romans in 146 BC. NS. Then the Romans restored it, but in 698. e, the city destroyed Muslims.
Extensive ruins of the magnificent Punic, Roman and Byzantine city, one of the most well Preserved Roman cities. Contains the ruins of many buildings, in particular, the Mausoleum, the capital, theater, the temples of Saturn and Juno Kesestis.
Amphitheater El Jem
The third largest Roman amphitheater after the Colosseum and the Amphitheater Capoi. He Really well preserved, built in about 238. NS. and accommodates 35,000 people. The amphitheater was used mainly for gladiators and chariot races.
Ruins of the city founded by Punams in the 4th century BC. NS., and then expanded by the Romans. Preserved magnificent mosaic floors. Many buildings partially underground – Method of adaptation to the African heat.
Ancient settlement where people began to live from the 8th millennium to. NS. Town It was founded here in III &# 8211; II centuries to n. NS. Later it was a numidian, Punic, Roman city and an important center of Christianity.
Temple Hathor Miscar
Ancient Punic Temple, built in the first century BC. NS., Reconstructed in the second century. NS. This shows that Punic culture continued here for a long time after the arrival of the Romans. The temple contained the longest well-known Punic inscription – 47 lines on 10 columns.
Ruins of Punic and Roman City. Here were found Beautiful mosaics, Big amphitheater, baths, capitol, aqueduct, as well as a huge temple of Jupiter.
Mausoleum Duggie – Numidian
One of the few preserved numidian royal mausoleums. This structure with a height of 21 m was built in the 2nd century BC. NS.
House of Hunting in Bulla Regia
Big city House of a rich Old Roman citizen With beautiful mosaic floors. The layout of this house is similar to the Basilica layout and, perhaps, elements of such houses were used for the concept of Christian churches.
Amphitheater of 110 sizes to 90 m and Capacity 15,000 viewers.
Salamo toffee in Carthage – Possible place of sacrifice of children
Punich Sanctuary and Children’s necropolis used in 730 g. to N. NS. – 146 g. N. NS. It is believed that it was a place where Carthagean sacrificed children. Now it is under a later crypt built by the Romans.
Rock KEF Negcha
Big Skala, towering over El Fayaya Forest. Prehistoric sacred place with signs of rock art. At the top of the cliffs, Numidian fortresses were built and even strengthening Algerian freedom wrestlers 1960-1962.
The unique village of Toglodites with numerous underground houses, carved in the rocks that are intensively used to this day. Matmata was founded as a shelter from the scorching Sugar desert, and perhaps she existed since the time of the Roman Empire.
One of the most sacred cities of Islam, founded in 670. NS. Has several very important buildings, including Great Mosque Ukba 9th Century.
One of the most well-preserved Arab old cities. All medina (270 hectares) are covered with thick, at first glance, a chaotic network of buildings and streets. Located here About 700 architectural monuments and stories.
Al-Zutuna Mosque (Zitun Mosque) and University of Ez-Zitun
A huge mosque in which one of the oldest and best universities in the history of Islam. The first mosque here was built about 703 years. NS. University founded in 737. NS. and is considered to be the oldest educational institution in the Arab world.
Synagogue El Mushroom
One of the oldest synagogues in the world. It keeps the most Old Sefer Torah – handwritten thorah.
Xar fell Soltal
Fortified barn, typical of Tunisia and Libya, Built in 15-19 centuries. Such utility Berber granaries were built to protect food reserves from raids.
Well preserved medieval city with magnificent fortress walls. Sousse has a characteristic architecture of snow-white houses with blue details. Interesting buildings – This is ribat, a big mosque, a mosque of Bu-Ftat and others.
Wall-made Medina Sfax
Old Town, surrounded by massive fortress walls with a length of 2.75 km. These walls whose height varies from 7 to 11 m, have two historic gates and 34 dungeons.
Old Town with a peculiar style of traditional architecture – richly decorated with brick masonry.