To the west of Iran, only news of politics and economics, followed by not distinguishing the votes of admiring travelers. But when Granat and almonds bloom, and Persia Earth envelops a white-pink haze, it becomes easier to dismiss European bias and see One of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world In his best.
"The lunar light of Shiraira is amiced"
Century Back through a number of provinces of the country, the Great Silk Road passed, and in the Sacramental 60s and 70s, Hippie pilgrimage was performed in Iran. And merchants, and "children of flowers" admired mosques whose dome covered with blue tiles, shone under the sun, Like precious stones; Surprised by the endless deserts and the striking hospitality of the Persians. After the Islamic revolution Country Closed for travelers for a long time And again it became affordable not so long ago.
Despite the emergence, Iran – absolutely safe country; Even walking in full alone by deserted streets or wandering in the labyrinths of old cities, you do not have the slightest concern. The main thing is to follow the rules, established in the Islamic Republic, and comply with the dress code – first of all it concerns women obliged in society to appear with a covered head and wear skirts below the knees.
Worldwide, Iran is known primarily as the Earth of Poets, the Motherland of Middle Eastern Graceful Literature, the main heralds of which – Firdosi, Hafiz, Saadi and, of course, Omar Khayam. In Shiraz, the ancient center of Persian poetry, there are tombs of great mystics: hafisa (this is not just a name, and the post; and so ones, Hafiz is the Quran Chetch) and Saadi, the author "Gulistan" translated into Russian as a "Pink Garden". Tombs are surrounded by fragrant in spring orange gardens. With all beauty and significance "Mirror" Mausoleum Shah-Cherakh – the most important center of the Shiite cult of martyrs, – the beautiful mosque of Olm-Molk, Impressant Madrasa Khan and numerous saints Mausoleums main in the city – these are gardens blooming near the summer palace residences of the rulers of Persia and Tomb of Sufi Poets. Especially beautiful Eram, "Paradise Garden", and Nurseystan, Orange Garden, where You can spend a lot of time with a torus of poems, Pulling burning tea in teahouse.
Not far from shiraza huge bas-reliefs, Carved in the rocks around the burials of powerful Persian kings – Dariyev I and II, Xerxes I and Artaxerks.
However, the famous is best preserved Persepol, Built in the VI century BC and serving an expression of ambitions and richness of the rulers of Persia. Despite its name, Persepol is not a city, but Palace complex, used for especially festive cases and ceremonies. It was completely listed by sand and dust, large-scale excavations began only in 1930, after a half thousand years after a fire, arranged by the troops of Alexander Macedon. The sands were removed in Persepole many carved monumental columns, stairs and walls.
So spoke Zarathustra
Yazz – implausible beauty ancient city in the desert, the main center of Iranian Zoroastrianism. His symbol is an eagle man, Emphaming purity of thought, speeches and actions, three basics of this religion. Zoroastrians are often called fireproins, but in fact the restless "eternal flame" in the temples – only the symbol of a single almighty God.
Business card Yar – Numerous chicken tower Badgira. Special design allows them to capture the easiest blows of the breeze and the directional flow to serve in residential premises. Under the most cool jets there was a room of the family chapter; With the help of opening and closing windows, flaps and doors, the ventilated air has spread throughout the rest of the houses. Whole forest of such towers towers over the quarters of tiny global houses, which, coupled with slender minarets, gives the city right Fabulous look. By the way, such badgira can be seen in the old part of Dubai and Sharjah, in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, but the birthplace of wind turbines – it is Iran.
And on the doors of some houses in the eezde you can see Two different hammers. Male, round and massive, make up a heavier and thick sound than women’s – long and thin. Now it is a tribute tradition, but earlier the owners were determined by the door, who stands at the door and to whom – a man or a woman – to celebrate guests.
In the eezde you can visit a special, exclusively Iranian idea that takes place in Zurkhan. "Place of Power", as this name is translated – Site for an unusual show, combining the theater, religious wagon, concert and … Sports event. A group of 10-15 people dispersed around the perimeter of the arena performs ritual dances, accompanied by push-ups, various power exercises with weights, chains and bulbs similar to baseball bits – all this under the hypnotic drum fight and pronouncing the Naraspev Sura from the Quran.
In the vicinity of Ying still come out "Silence Towers". According to the Zoroastrian tradition, numbering more than 3000 years, they have placed the bodies of the dead, leaving their sun, wind and birds. This custom has been banned for six months, so "Silence Towers" is now one of the tourist objects.
Half of the world
The culmination of any journey through Iran will certainly be an Isfahan – a real pearl, a masterpiece of architecture and, undoubtedly, One of the most beautiful cities of the Muslim world. In this ancient Persian capital, the highest concentration of magnificent mosques, elegant koranic school grazers, souvenir bazaars, wonderful tea and grand stone bridges in the country. Her epicenter is under the patronage UNESCO Imam Square, on which you are built in the XVII century Ornate decorated Mosque Imam, Sheikh Mosque, and the Elegant Palace Ali Cap.
Isfahan Mosque with swinging minarets is considered to be a wonder even on these standards. Every day, at a certain time, the servant rises inside one of the minarets and, after chanting the praise of Allah, shakes him Under the admiring applause of viewers. The second minaret is swinging in itself, synchronously, which is considered to demonstrate the power of the Most High.
The commodity expression "Isfahan Nesfa Jahan" means "Isfahan – half of the world". This city is like Created for acquaintance with Persian heritage, Long walks on bridges, gatherings in teahouses and souvenir shopping.
Near the Imam Homeney Square is located Many workshops calligraphes and miniaturists, whose art is known all over the world; The best masters – it is in Isfahan. Sometimes in the studio offered to use a magnifying glass to evaluate Virtuoso artist’s skill in working out details.
Particularly carefully drawn the beard of the dervish; Miniaturists are often used by a worst of a feline hair – Only this material able to provide the depiction due.
In Isfahan are made and Best Printed Fabrics. With the help of special wooden wizard blocks, intricate ornaments of black, red, blue, yellow and green colors are applied to a beige basis. After the canvases wash in the river to fix the paints, and send to the counters.
Isfahan is a suitable place for a close acquaintance with such an important aspect of Eastern culture as teahouse. Tea – National Drink Countries. Iranians drink it from small glass glasses, and exceptionally black, other varieties here are not in favor. How and everywhere in the east, tea drinking implies a large amount of sweet. Sugar served Kolotim, White and magnificent – such crystals resemble caramel. Many Iranians drink tea through a piece of sugar squeezed in the teeth, it is broken. Samovars are extremely popular in the country – this unit can be found Almost in any house And, of course, in roadside cafes.
For many Iranians Traditionally decorated teahouses are the main meeting place. You can not change this habit due to the state ban on alcohol and lack of bars. Once poets, singers and teachers performed in teahouses. Nowadays, travelers come here to give a vacation, Try the hookah and drinking tea, move to the wondrous Persian fairy tale.