Iranian yellow deer
If you remember, we talked about the reserve Argen and Parishan, located on the southern slopes of the mountain range. We also mentioned that this area is the main habitat and reproduction of the Iranian yellow deer (lady Mesopotamika), which doubles the environmental significance of the reserve.
Iranian yellow deer is one of the most beautiful and majestic creatures in nature. In total, there are two kinds of creatures of this mammal. One of them lives in Iran, the other in Europe. The view found mainly in Iran is called an Iranian yellow deer. The average duration of this animal is about 20 years old, its main food – rye, corn and acorns. Yellow deer leads a stadium lifestyle, its individuals are copulating in early September, after 8 months, a cub appears on the world. Newborn deer can immediately walk and even run. After a year and a half, he already reaches puberty. Horny males begin to grow. In winter, the horns disappear, new growths appear instead that reaches maximum growth by the summer. In the summer, yellowish wool on the sides and on the back of a deer becomes orange-reddish, but on the stomach and tail has a white color. The main range of Iranian yellow deer are forests on the shores of two major rivers, des and Carla in Khusistan, in the south-west of Iran.
In the interval from 1960 to 62, when it seemed that this magnificent view of the mammal would completely disappear in Iran, the efforts of the trackers and other specialists, several individuals of the yellow deer were caught in the forests on the banks of the Karche River and, as a result, it turned out that the Yellow Iranian deer was not extinct. After that, various events were taken to preserve and reproduction of this valuable animal, including the remaining individuals were transferred to a strictly protected wildlife reserve Nazi in the province of Mazendaran, where their population was subsequently increased to an acceptable level. Reindeer habitat in the valley Dashta-Naz is a rather limited area of 55 hectares. About 20 years ago, the organization of environmental protection issued a question about the return of Iranian yellow deer into his original area in the province of Khusistan, but due to the absence of the necessary conditions for reliable survival of this animal on the slopes of the opposite, this event was postponed. During the same years, several individuals of the yellow deer in the valley of Dashte-Naz, where his livestock has already exceeded 100 individuals, were transferred to the islands of Ashk and Kabudan on Lake Urmia, the islands of Kish, Siri and Lavevan in the Persian Gulf, and one of the appropriate reserves in the province Kermanshah. And although on the basis of Ashk (in Lake Urmia), a good reproduction of deer was observed, ultimately this animal was to return to his original area, on the slopes of Zarros.
Careful studies conducted by experts in the Zagros region ended with several districts. Including the most suitable habitats of Iranian yellow deer selected small groves on the slopes of this ridge with a total area of 7,000 hectares, in the area between Lakes Argen and Parishan. In the selected region, the walking of livestock in pastures was prevented, and after creating full security, the area of about two hundred hectares was observed by an iron fence. Then a few individuals of the yellow deer were delivered here from the valley of Dashta-Naz. Currently, deer fully adapted to the new habitat, their population continues to multiply and since February 1993, there was no loss in it. From the point of view of environmentalists, Iranian yellow deer, having gained its original area on a rather extensive territory, was saved from the threat of extinction.
It is interesting to note that thoughtful events of the organization of environmental protection of Iran on the return of yellow deer to the Zadros area had important side results. Since 1992, when the cattle and destruction of forest arrays was prevented in the area, the nature of this area was completely transformed. Easy abundance of vegetation recovered. The layer of soil, almost completely destroyed by erosion, was again covered with humus, flowers and plants, forest trees. From year to year in the area there are more and more reverse tulips, bells, white lilies, yatryshnik. Dubov seedlings are visible everywhere, thickets of mountain almonds, hawthorn aged one to four years. Many types of plants located on the verge of disappearance in the zadros area have received the second life and the possibility of breeding on this limited space in 7000 hectares. Also rapidly grow populations of birds and other animals, including boars and wild pigs. Apparently, the boars themselves came to this area, finding it more secure than others. Brown bear, whom nobody saw for many years in these places, began to multiply again. So, the side achievements of the project to create a protected area for deer were very valuable and instructive. In recent years, this reserve has completely transformed, which suggests that if you correctly handle the unique nature of the opposite, we can get prosperity of flora and fauna.
Friends, it is appropriate to note that at present Iranian yellow deer, considered a peculiar symbol of the wildlife of Iran, carefully persists in the Reserved areas of Dashta-Naz and Samsaland in the province of Mazendaran, the Reserve Argen and Parishan in the province of Farc, and the National Park of Lake Urmia in Western Province Azerbaijan.